Angola: Drought - Office of the Resident Coordinator Situation Report No. 8 (as of 15 November 2016)

Situation Report
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  • Increasing rates of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) reported in Huila and Cunene provinces; 16,000 children with SAM admitted at health facilities.

  • 300,000 children need support in education;

  • The funding gap for the humanitarian response stands at 82 per cent, mobilization of resources started on February 2015.

Situation Overview

In 2015 the El Niño-induced drought affected 1.5 million people, and 1.2 million in 2016, specifically in the southern regions of Angola, according to the National Civil Protection National Committee (CNPC). In 2016 the agricultural production deficit is estimated at upwards of 40 per cent, livestock losses in 2015 were estimated at 360,000 head, according to MINAGRI.

Ninety per cent of affected people live in rural areas and are dependent on agriculture and livestock, with limited access to safe water and electricity. The situation is exacerbated by the economic crisis and reduced imports; reflected in the significant increase in staple food prices and lack of certain basic commodities. CNPC estimates that 43 per cent of affected people will soon be food insecurity. As every year, the lean season started in October, as food stocks are run out. Food prices have increased by 400 per cent, and will continue to do so until March 2016 when first wild fruits and leaves are available.

Since September 2016, SAM has increased by 0.8 per cent in Huila Province for out-treatment patients (OTP) (UNICEF) and reportedly tripled in Cunene Province for in-treatments patients (ITP) (NGO CUAMM). Dropout rates from nutritional program continue to be high, reaching 43 per cent in some health centers. Nutritional supplements are often used to feed the whole family. The situation is concerning also in peri-urban areas, where moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) rates are increasing, due to increased prices of staple food and no other alternative source of food available.

The increase of SAM and MAM rates is also related to the strengthened nutritional surveillance system through the 489 community mobilizers trained on screening malnutrition, breastfeeding and reporting cases to health centers Community mobilizers are also going to be trained in health surveillance and mobilization for water-borne diseases and other vector diseases of concern, given the incoming rainy season and forecasted effects of La Niña.