The gap between rich and poor in Angola, African second biggest oil exporter, is widening, according to United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). More than two-thirds of the country's 15 million people live on USD 2 or less a day, and four million of those survive on USD 0.75 or less a day
(Millennium Development Goals 2005 Progress report on Angola released mid-October 2006). Parliamentary and presidential elections, which had been scheduled for late 2007, have been postponed until 2008 for the parliamentary and 2009 for the presidential. Humanitarian advocacy is therefore essential and a real challenge.
Angola is prone to flooding and disease outbreaks such as cholera and the Marburg Haemorrhagic fever experienced in 2005. High poverty levels, malnutrition and poor access to health services put the already vulnerable people at risk. Many people have moved to the cities to make a better life, which has led to the mushrooming of the slums. This has increased their vulnerability to disease outbreaks, especially in the rainy season due to over crowding. The poor infrastructure and inappropriate water and sanitation conditions in the slums and rural settings further worsen the consequences of disasters.
Angola Red Cross (ARC) initiated a recovery programme towards becoming a well functioning national society and have made significant developments in 2007. Following the formation of the first national executive council (NEC), and three national commissions namely strategic, legal and fundraising commission), the General Assembly was held in 2006 and new board was elected. During the General Assembly, the strategic plan for 2006-2009 was:
Programme purpose and outcomes
Target population: Disaster-prone communities (over 1.5 million people) with disaster preparedness and risk reduction related training, mine awareness education and response interventions. Targeting 1,300 staff and volunteer for basic disaster management training.
Due to the prevalence of landmines and unexploded ordinances (UXO), mine awareness has been one of the core activities for ARC disaster response programme. The International committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been supporting the mine awareness programme and the restoration of family links (RFL) projects and its continued support is expected in 2008 and 2009.
ARC is also planning to establish a disaster risk reduction approach in their disaster management programme in 2008 and together with the climate change initiatives, community early warning mechanisms will be rolled out and vulnerability capacity assessment conducted. At least two communities will be targeted in each of the 18 provinces to test the VCA tools aimed at reducing vulnerability and increasing the capacities of the communities.
In disaster preparedness, ARC needs support with the deployment of contingency plans, resources for emergency operations and further training of staff and volunteers on social mobilisation, water and sanitation, health and hygiene promotion. The national society (NS) needs a sustainable approach to ensure that the branches are well prepared and equipped to respond to any emergency.
For further information specifically related to this Appeal, please contact:
In Angola: Warter Bombo Guange Quifica, secretary general, email email@example.com; Phone +244 233 39 91; Fax + 244 239 11 70
In Angola: Martin Acosta, Federation Representative, Angola Representation; mail firstname.lastname@example.org; Phone +244 222 372 868; Fax +244 222 372 868
In Operational Zone for Southern Africa: Françoise Le Goff, Head of Zone; phone: to be advised 218.104.22.168.55, 263.4.72.03.15; Fax to be advised, email email@example.com;
In Geneva: Busisiwe Tshili, Officer (Management Support Team), Coordination & Programmes Division; email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Phone: Tel: +41 22 730 4207; Fax +41 22 733 0395