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North Africa: Appeal No. MAA82001 Programme Update No. 2

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Situation Report
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This report covers the period of 01/01/2007 to 30/06/2007.

In a world of global challenges, continued poverty, inequity, and increasing vulnerability to disasters and disease, the International Federation with its global network, works to accomplish its Global Agenda, partnering with local community and civil society to prevent and alleviate human suffering from disasters, diseases and public health emergencies.

In brief

Programme Summary: During the first half of 2007, support to the core programmes continued as per the plan. HIV/AIDS, psychosocial support programme (PSP), first aid (FA), community based first aid (CBFA) and avian and human influenza (AHI) were focused on in health and care. The disaster management programme aimed at responding to small scale emergencies in Egypt and Tunisia, conducting disaster preparedness trainings and risk reduction programmes, as well as vulnerability and capacity assessments (VCAs) in Morocco and Libya. In the organizational development area, three twinning projects were developed between Tunisia and Libya, and governance support was provided to Algeria. In Morocco, finalization and presentation of the Spanish government - Institutional Development for West Africa Red Cross (IDWARC) partnership was achieved.

The organization of the Algerian Red Crescent General Assembly was postponed once again and programmes and activities supported by the Red Cross/Red Crescent (RC/RC) Movement were reduced. Delays in programme implementation were recorded. In June, despite a good communication, the International Committee of Red Cross (ICRC) decided to withdraw from Algerian RC programmes. As a result, the contracts of 12 National Society programme managers supported by ICRC were terminated, causing a serious interruption in the National Society's programmes. The situation impacted the activities supported by other partners like the International Federation, French and Spanish Red Cross Societies.

Migration (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia) and AI (Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia) have been the new humanitarian challenges emerging. PACT meetings have been conducted and the implementation of Algiers plan of action and National Societies' commitments have been followed up. Focus was placed on food security and the preparation of the next Pan-African Conference in October 2008 in Johannesburg, the Republic of South Africa. Violence and social tensions in the region have been present in Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco, and most of these countries have reinforced their internal security systems.

Needs: The initial 2006-2007 budget was revised in 2007 to CHF 5,642,977 (USD 4,443,289 or EUR 3,526,860) out of which 77 per cent has been covered. This included balances left over from the two relief operations in Algeria and Morocco as well as the new partnership developed with the Spanish International Cooperation Agency (AECI). Outstanding needs are CHF 1,346,105 (USD 1,059,925 or EUR 841,315).

No. of people we help: The North Africa regional representation1 focuses on building the capacities of National Societies in the region. Therefore, direct beneficiaries of the regional programmes are National Societies themselves, including their staff at headquarters and branch level, governance bodies and volunteers. Through national and regional trainings, an estimated 1,500 staff and volunteers were supported in health and care (FA/CBFA, HIV/AIDS and AI awareness campaigns), community based social programmes (vocational training and social welfare), disaster management (risk reduction programme, VCA, road safety, and Sphere), and Principles and Values. The indirect beneficiary of the regional representation is the civil society. Except the beneficiaries of relief assistance (small scale disasters and post-recovery operations), the exact number of people supported through the International Federation funding will be difficult to determine considering the diversity of partners of North African National Societies. However, the scaling up of National Societies' health and risk reduction programmes and the new partnerships developed are valuable indicators of reaching communities or groups at risks and delivering services to beneficiaries.

Our Partners: The regional representation coordinated with a number of multilateral and bilateral partners; governments and international agencies. These included the ICRC; Red Cross/Red Crescent Office for the Cooperation in the Mediterranean, Organization of Arab Red Crescent and Red Cross Societies, Department for International Development (DfID), governments (Spanish, Swedish, Swiss, and South African), and Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (Finnish Red Cross, Kuwait Red Crescent, Netherlands Red Cross, Norwegian Red Cross, Canadian Red Cross, Japanese Red Cross, French Red Cross, Korea Republic Red Cross, and Danish Red Cross).

In addition, United Nations agencies such as the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), regional office of World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG), Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), and World Food Programme (WFP); European Union (EU) delegations; local authorities and ministries (social affairs, solidarity, education, civil defence/interior, and environment); local NGOs (women, HIV/AIDS, road safety associations); and the private sector (Coca-Cola, British Gas, country mobile phone companies, and DHL) were other partners who supported the International Federation activities in North Africa during the reporting period.