Algeria + 5 more

Disaster Relief Emergency Fund Appeal No. 01.95/2003 Programme Update No. 2

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments


Appeal Target: CHF 3,400,000 (USD 2,446,214 or EUR 2,336,657)
Period covered: May to June, 2003

The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 180 countries. For more information: www.ifrc.org

In Brief

Appeal coverage: 31.7 %; See attached Contributions List for details1.

Outstanding needs: CHF 2,321,238

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: N/A

Programme Summary: Since May, the International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) has allocated a total of CHF 480,000 to six operations: 1 in the Americas, 1 in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), 2 in Asia Pacific and 2 in Europe.

There is good information flow between the Secretariat and the field, both Federation and National Society offices, on the utilisation of the DREF. The DREF is also disseminated to persons within the Movement through the Federations Disaster Management Information System (DMIS). Donors continue to be kept informed through email as soon as allocations are made - however donors and all those who are interested in DREF are encouraged to submit their details to the Federation's Senior Officer-DMC in order to receive updated information on allocations and other matters pertaining to DREF.

2003: CHF 7'618'666 opening balance; CHF 235'372 voluntary contributions; CHF 2'322 2nd quarter interest; CHF 480,000 total allocation; CHF 220'000 total reimbursed; and CHF 7'528'311 closing balance.

2002: pending CHF 1,847,559; reimbursements CHF 8,089; waivers CHF 40,000 (carried out in April due to no funds being received in the project).

Operational developments

Since May, the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) has allocated a total of CHF 480,000 to six operations: 1 in the Americas, 1 in MENA, 2 in Asia Pacific and 2 in Europe. During the reporting period, CHF 228,098 was reimbursed from four operations bringing the total amount of reimbursements for the year to CHF 683,098. The closing balance for the period stands at CHF 7,528,311. The total amount of contributions for the reporting period stands at CHF 1,078,762 thus making the appeal coverage 31.7%.

Operations

Goal: the goal of the DREF is to provide immediate funding in response to major and minor disasters thereby enabling the Federation to react rapidly, effectively and efficiently.

Objective: to make DREF a secured line of credit for new emergencies

Progress/Achievements (activities implemented within this objective)

The DREF has provided six operations with immediate funding - out of which four have launched emergency appeals and two, namely Sri Lanka and North Korea, have fully reimbursed the Fund. Operations in Ukraine and Kazakhstan have both issued information bulletins.

The regional breakdown of the allocations is as follows:

Location
Disaster type
Date
Requested
Approved
Reimbursed
Remaining
AMERICAS
Argentina Floods
01.05.03
50'000
50'000
50'000
Americas Total
50'000
50'000
50'000
ASIA / PACIFIC
North Korea SARS
05.05.03
100'000
100'000
100'000
Sri Lanka Floods
19.05.03
50'000
50'000
50'000
Asia/Pacific Total
150'000
150'000
150'000
MENA
Algeria Earthquake
22.05.03
200'000
200'000
200'000
MENA Total
200'000
200'000
200'000
EUROPE
Ukraine Influx of Illegal Migrants
23.05.03
34'326
30'000
30'000
Kazakhstan Earthquake
27.05.03
50'000
50'000
50'000
Europe Total
84'326
80'000
80'000
TOTAL (CHF)
484'326
480'000
150'000
330'000

Chronological details of the above allocations are as follows:

Argentina - Floods

Amount Allocated: CHF 50,000
Status: CHF 50,000 outstanding (appeal coverage 87%)
Latest operations update: http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?03/100302.pdf

When the Salado River overflowed it blocked the freeway that joins the city of Rosario with the capital of the province. The city of Santa Fe found itself facing a serious emergency. The Santa Fe province was completely isolated when heavy rains collapsed the defensive system of the northern part of the city, cutting off the high way Rosario - Santa Fe. Over a third of the province was covered with water. All the sectors involved with service activities, municipal and provincial, the army and non-profit organizations, worked to assist some 50,000 people from Santa Fe capital and the surroundings.

The Argentina Red Cross (ARCS) sent ten tons of relief items from Buenos Aires to Santa Fe province. These goods were part of the provisions storage from the Argentina Crisis appeal. The ARCS rescued over 1,000 people stranded in their houses or on their roofs in the flooded zones. Delegates from PADRU and the Federation's Lima Regional Delegation were sent to Argentina to provide ARCS with support for relief activities.

The DREF allocation was used for the purchase of relief supplies, particularly food and hygiene articles. At the time of writing this report the appeal was 87% covered.

North Korea - SARS

Amount Allocated: CHF 100,000
Status: fully reimbursed (appeal coverage 51.6%)
More Information: http://www.ifrc.org/where/reg_spcrep.asp?txtRegion=44

This DREF allocation was made in order to immediately commence with the intervention operation from which an emergency appeal (http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?03/1103.pdf) seeking CHF 2,016,000 was launched. The appeal aimed to contribute to combating the national and international spread of SARS and increase the capacity of the long-term epidemic measures of national societies.

The DREF was used to respond rapidly and flexibly to the National Society's proposals, and to commence procurement of hygiene and barrier care supplies. The allocation has been fully reimbursed although to date the appeal is only covered by slightly over 51%.

Sri Lanka - Floods

Amount Allocated: CHF 50,000
Status: fully reimbursed (appeal coverage 99.3%)
Latest Operations Update: http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?03/130303revised.pdf

Floods from monsoon rainstorms wreaked havoc in Sri Lanka, while the landslides that occurred in certain parts of the country intensified the situation. Over 146,000 families were affected, and 250 people killed. Ratnapura and Galle, in the central areas of Sri Lanka, received over three metres of water and were unreachable and power supplies were disrupted. Highways were also cut off. Heavy rains and cyclonic winds south of Sri Lanka left many people displaced, and a massive trail of destruction, bringing down hundreds of trees and houses.

Many of the survivors however, lost all their belongings, as approximately 10,000 houses were completely destroyed and another 30,000 severely damaged. The DREF allocation was used to provide immediate relief assistance and is fully reimbursed.

Algeria - Earthquake

Amount Allocated: CHF 200,000
Status: CHF 200,000 outstanding (appeal 100.3% covered)
More Information: http://www.ifrc.org/where/country/cn6.asp?countryid=16

At least 260 people were killed and more than 1,800 injured in a powerful earthquake that struck northern Algerianear the capital Algiers on 21 May 2003. The government radio issued urgent appeals for medical staff and blood donors to ease the plight of those wounded.

The greatest number of fatalities was in the town of Rouiba where at least 61 people died and in Boumerdes where the death toll was at least 50. The epicentre of the quake, measuring 5.2 on the Richter scale, was located at Thenia, about 60km east of Algiers. The main quake lasted about five minutes, with aftershocks felt faintly for half an hour following the main tremor.

The Algerian government swiftly set up a crisis unit to coordinate the rescue efforts. The DREF allocation was used to cover initial response needs. The appeal, supporting Algerian Red Crescent relief activities, is at the time of writing this report fully covered (see contributions list on http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?03/1-2-3%20-%20Ap1403.pdf ).

Ukraine - Influx of Illegal Migrants

Amount Allocated: CHF 30,000
Status: CHF 30,000 outstanding (no appeal launched)
Latest information Bulletin: http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?rpts03/ukrainemigrants03a1.pdf

The Zakarpattya Regional Ukraine Red Cross Society (URCS) issued an alert that 320 illegal migrants were detected in Pavshino of which 167 of them were Chinese citizens. Since the beginning of the year 609 migrants have been detained in Zakarpattya, which is considered a staging post for undocumented migrants and consequently a high-risk zone for different disease outbreaks. In the detention centres, as a result of suspicion of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) amongst the Chinese citizens, strict quarantine and sanitary rules were applied.

There is no a common approach or action to respond to this problem mainly because of the lack of funds. Border troops near the detention centres are not in a position to provide those detained with even the most necessary things such as food, hygiene items, and bedding. Therefore the Red Cross is considered the only organization capable of caring for these people who entered Ukraine illegally and who will be detained 2-3 months or more in extremely poorly maintained detention centres.

The DREF allocation was used to procure food items, hygiene items and disinfectants.

Kazakhstan - Earthquake

Amount Allocated: CHF 50,000
Status: CHF 50,000 outstanding (no appeal launched)
Latest information Bulletin: http://www.ifrc.org/cgi/pdf_appeals.pl?rpts03/kazakearth03a1.pdf

On 23 May 2003, an earthquake, with a magnitude of almost 7 on the Richter scale, hit Zhambyl province. This was followed by seven aftershocks almost every hour. Continuous rains poured for a period of two days when the earthquake occurred. Over 10,800 people survived but found themselves with no shelter, food or clothing and temperatures dropping by 7-10 °C.

Six out of twenty affected villages were the hardest hit. At the time the DREF allocation was made three people were killed, 26 severely injured and approximately 600 with light injuries. 10,800 people were homeless and all food stock was lost. 3,120 were evacuated and accommodated by a combination of local authorities, private individuals and KRCS.

The DREF was used for the immediate procurement of emergency relief items.

Impact

The Fund continues to demonstrate its value when immediate action is required at the onset of a disaster. Procurement takes place and services are provided in minimal time thereby providing immediate relief to the most vulnerable. DREF allocations made during this period were to those operations, which were mainly a result of sudden onset disasters with the exception of that of influx of illegal migrants in the Ukraine.

Constraints

The main constraint, which faces the Fund, is reimbursements of allocations, mainly from those operations, which have not launched appeals. Reimbursements from 2002 are still being dealt with and the status of these reimbursements is attached in annex 2. Some operations have had to have their reimbursements waived as there were no funds and the operations had to be closed.

Coordination

There is good information flow between the Secretariat and the field, both Federation and National Society offices, on the utilisation of the DREF. The DREF is also disseminated to persons within the Movement through the Federations Disaster Management Information System (DMIS). Donors continue to be kept informed through email as soon as allocations are made - however donors and all those who are interested in DREF are encouraged to submit their details to the Federation's Senior Officer-DMC (email address given below) in order to receive updated information on allocations and other matters pertaining to DREF.

For further information please contact:

Amna Al-Ahmar, Senior Officer - DMC, amna.alahmar@ifrc.org, Tel: + 41 22 730 4427; Fax: +22 733 0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (SPHERE Project) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, please access the Federation website at http://www.ifrc.org

Footnote

1 This includes only donations made against the appeal and does not include quarterly interest

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