WFP Emergency Report No. 15 of 1999

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 16 Apr 1999
This report includes: A) FR Yugoslavia and region - Kosovo crisis B) Angola C) East Africa: Burundi and Uganda D) Somalia E) Zambia F) Recently Approved WFP Emergency And Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations.
From Manuel Aranda da Silva, Chief, Technical Support Service. Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page at http://www.wfp.org/ or by electronic mail from Deborah.Hicks@wfp.org or Natasha.Nadazdin@wfp.org (fax 39 06 6513 2837). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Aleesa.Blum@wfp.org or Marius.deGaayFortman@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2004 or 06 6513 2250. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

This issue of the Emergency Report was prepared by Natasha Nadazdin.

PART I - HIGHLIGHTS
(Details below in Part II)

A. FR YUGOSLAVIA AND REGION - KOSOVO CRISIS

1. Update - information as of 16 April

a) Outflow of people from Kosovo continues, estimated by UNHCR at some 562,910. Northern Albanian border with Kosovo insecure: Qafa and Prushit crossings closed.

b) Concern for internally displaced inside Kosovo remains.

c) Budget for WFP regional emergency operation revised to include high value commodities such as canned protein foods and ready-to-eat meals for 650,000 beneficiaries for initial three months; donors' support requested.

d) In Albania and FYRoM, WFP distributes to refugees humanitarian daily rations, high energy biscuits, wheat flour, vegetable oil, pulses, sugar, canned fish and meat and bread from WFP-sponsored bakeries.

e) WFP Executive Director visits Albania and FYRoM between 12 and 14 April, visits refugee camps, observes WFP operations.

f) In Albania, WFP food aid distributed through new coordination body - Emergency Management Group chaired by Government, including other humanitarian actors.

g) 46 international WFP staff deployed in Albania and FYRoM.

B. ANGOLA

1. UPDATE - information as of 14 April

a) Shortage of funds for WFP air operations; food stocks insufficient to meet needs; unless contributions received, WFP may run out of stocks within months.

b) Shelling in Malange continues; food delivered by road depending on security.

c) In Kuito, WFP distributes to vulnerable groups; remaining stock insufficient.

d) Major IDP influx in Luena; WFP estimates some 5-6,000 in need of food aid.

e) Humanitarian mission (Government, UN agencies and NGOs) assessed needs of returnees from D.R. Congo at M'banza Congo. Short-term food aid recommended.

C. EAST AFRICA: BURUNDI AND UGANDA

1. Burundi

a) WFP completed seed protection rations distribution with CARE as distribution partner; 6,800 tons of WFP food distributed to 867,000 beneficiaries under this programme.

b) Some 370 tons of WFP food provided to 46,450 drought-affected in Kirundo and 240 tons to 30,810 people whose crops were destroyed by hailstorm in Kayanza province; Ad-hoc distributions in Bujumbura town.

D. SOMALIA

1. Update - information as of 9 April

a) Some 70 percent of total previous distributions to southern Somalia (10,400 tons) to Bay, Bakool and Gedo regions. Further WFP distributions planned to three areas.

b) Prolonged dry season continues in Puntland; Government appeals for interventions, asks for food, water, medicine; WFP distributes 125 tons in Mudug and Nugal regions in the Northeast; livestock in poor condition.

E. ZAMBIA

1. Assistance to refugees

a) New WFP operation to assist 21,900 Angolan and Congolese refugees in Zambia over one year; currently WFP borrows relief commodities from existing operation for flood victims in Zambia.

F. RECENTLY APPROVED WFP EMERGENCY AND PROTRACTED RELIEF AND RECOVERY OPERATIONS (EMOPs AND PRROs)

1. Details given below for the following WFP operations, approved since early January 1999.
a) Emergency Operations: Sudan EMOP 5826.02 - assistance to population affected by war, drought and floods; Comoro Islands EMOP 6098 - assistance to displaced persons; Colombia EMOP 6104 - earthquake damages around the coffee-growing belt of Western-central Colombia; Colombia EMOP 6108 - Emergency food assistance to population affected by earthquake; Mozambique EMOP 5832.01 - food assistance to floods and drought-affected; Senegal EMOP 6041 - regional Sahel early drought response; Cameroon EMOP 6084 - aid to the affected by locust/harvest losses; Tanzania EMOP 6112 - assistance to drought-affected in Tanzania; Ethiopia EMOP 6080 - internally displaced persons; budget revision for Kosovo, FR Yugoslavia EMOP 6040 Rev.003 - regional/food assistance to Kosovar IDPs and refugees;

b) Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations (PRROs): Nicaragua PRRO 6089 - assistance for families affected by hurricane Mitch; Yemen PRRO 6090 - food assistance to Somali refugees; Sri Lanka PRRO 5346.05 - food assistance to internally displaced persons.

PART II - DETAILS

A. FR YUGOSLAVIA AND REGION - KOSOVO CRISIS

1. UPDATE - information as of 16 April

1.1 The outflow of people from Kosovo into the neighbouring Albania, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYRoM) and Montenegro, the southern republic of FR Yugoslavia, has not abated since the security situation in the province worsened in March. On 13 April, insecurity in northern Albania along the border with Kosovo deteriorated. Qafa e Prushit border crossing have been closed.

1.2 UNHCR estimates, as of 16 April, that some 562,910 people have left Kosovo including 321,000 for Albania, 122,000 for the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 74,200 for Montenegro. An unknown number has been displaced within Kosovo. In FYRoM, 33,800 refugees are living in collective accommodation, the rest with host families.

1.3 WFP is deeply concerned over the condition of displaced people remaining in Kosovo who are still inaccessible due to war.

1.4 Regional WFP operation to assist IDPs and refugees from Kosovo has received contributions from donors worth some USD 18 million. WFP has revised the budget for the Emergency Operation (EMOP 6040) to include high value commodities such as canned protein foods and ready-to-eat meals, to assist 650,000 beneficiaries for an initial three months. Donors' support is requested.

1.5 Between 28 March and 15 April, WFP distributed to refugees in Albania a total of some 1752 tons of humanitarian daily rations, high energy biscuits, wheat flour, vegetable oil, pulses, sugar, canned fish and meat. Between 24 March and 15 April, WFP distributed to refugees in FYRoM a total 455 tons of the same food basket. In addition to this, loaves of bread produced in Elbasan have been sent to Kukes, Albania. In FYRoM, there is currently enough baking capacity to feed the current 122,000 refugees.

1.6 Between 12 and 14 April, WFP Executive Director travelled to the region on a three-day mission to assess the efforts to feed the massive influx of refugees. In Albania, the Executive Director travelled to the northern province of Kukes which hosts more than 100,000 refugees, and then to Skopje, FYRoM. In both countries, the Executive Director visited refugee camps and observed food distributions.

1.7 WFP food is distributed in Albania through a new coordination mechanism, the Emergency Management Group (EMG formerly AEC) which is chaired by the Government. In the new EMG framework, OSCE coordinates the information centre, NATO the security centre and UNHCR the operation centre which includes food, health, shelter and transport. The current humanitarian priorities for EMG are mattresses, blankets, hygiene parcels and field kitchens, particularly in the cities of Fier, Shkoder, Vlora and Tirana.

1.8 There are 27 international WFP staff in Albania and 19 in FYRoM, deployed in WFP offices including Tirana, Kukes, Skhoder, Korca and Durres in Albania and Skopje in FYRoM.

B. ANGOLA

1. UPDATE - information as of 14 April

1.1 General: Recently WFP activities have been experiencing a shortage of funds for costly air transport which is the only way to deliver food to some parts of Angola due to security problems. Food stocks are insufficient and cannot meet needs of beneficiaries in some provinces. In addition, as needs and distributions have increased in the country, the food pipeline for Angola is fragile and WFP may run out of stocks in the next few months, unless new contributions are received.

1.2 Malange: Shelling in the city has decreased but continued. Food is delivered by road, when security permits. WFP assisted more than 45,000 beneficiaries in the area between 8 and 14 April.

1.3 Kuito: Due to shelling, the airport has been closed and the WFP air operation disrupted. After 23 March, the most vulnerable groups have been prioritized and food has been distributed to approximately 15,000 beneficiaries. Current WFP stocks are insufficient to maintain the existing feeding programmes.

1.4 Luena: A major influx of IDPs from surrounding areas has been registered in Luena over the past two weeks, due to continued fighting in the region. WFP staff estimate that between 5-6,000 of these IDPs are in need of food assistance. WFP operations in the city continue to be supplied by air only, but stocks remain sufficient.

1.5 Huambo: The city has been relatively calm. WFP and its implementing partners have initiated distributions of dry rations to additional vulnerable groups, particularly elderly people and the physically disabled. A WFP-supported therapeutic centre was opened by CONCERN on 9 April, to treat 100 seriously malnourished children.

1.6 M'banza Congo: A humanitarian mission to M'banza Kongo on 8 April evaluated the need for assistance to returnees coming from Democratic Republic of Congo, mainly Songololo. The mission included Ministry for Assistance and Social Reinsertion (MINARS), UN Humanitarian Aid Coordination Unit (UCAH), NRC, WHO, UNICEF, and provincial health authorities. Short-term food assistance to returnees was recommended. Non-food items, including seeds and tools will likely also be necessary.

C. EAST AFRICA: BURUNDI AND UGANDA

1. BURUNDI

1.1 The WFP seed protection rations distribution programme for the first planting season of 1999 has now been completed. Between early February and end March, WFP provided some 6,800 tons of food for distribution to 867,000 beneficiaries under this programme, with CARE as the distribution partner. In addition to the provision of food, WFP handled the logistics and monitored the distribution of 242 tons of bean and vegetable seeds and 9,908 hoes in Kayanza province, as part of the country-wide distribution coordinated by FAO.

1.2 Between 22 March and 4 April, WFP provided some 370 tons of food to 46,450 persons whose crops were destroyed by drought in Kirundo province and 240 tons of food to 30,810 people whose crops were destroyed by hailstorm in Kayanza province. During the same period, WFP ad-hoc distributions were also made for 9,460 beneficiaries in Bujumbura town. The distributions were carried out by CARE.

1.3 Food Economy Analysis teams found some 7,230 persons at 10 different locations in Kayanza and Muyinga provinces in need of WFP food assistance. Most of these persons require aid during a period of three months but some will have to receive food until September. Some of the families were found to be also in need of non-food assistance such as sheeting and sanitation.

2. UGANDA

2.1 WFP had prepared a contingency plan for providing food assistance for a possible influx of Sudanese refugees from north-eastern D.R. Congo to Uganda. However, so far the majority of the Sudanese refugees have remained in DRC and only less than 200 refugees have actually crossed the border into Uganda.

D. SOMALIA

1. UPDATE - information as of 9 April

1.1 As of the end of March, close to 10,400 tons have been distributed to southern Somalia since November 1998; 70 percent of this was distributed to the Bay, Bakool and Gedo regions. WFP plans to distribute a further 3,300 tons during April in the same areas.

1.2 The prolonged dry season continues in Puntland creating much pressure on the few functioning boreholes. The Government of Puntland recently declared a state of emergency and appealed for interventions in the drought stricken areas, asking for food, water and medicine. WFP recently distributed 125 tons of food aid to drought-affected families in Mudug and Nugal regions in the Northeast. Livestock in these areas is in poor condition and more assistance will be required should the situation continue to deteriorate. WFP continues to monitor the situation in Puntland.

1.3 The latest 'Rainwatch' produced by the USAID Famine Early Warning System (FEWS) and the Food Security Assessment Unit (FSAU) indicates that light showers continued to fall during the last ten days of March in a few areas of southern Somalia, over most of Somaliland and in the north-eastern part of Mudug region in Puntland. Reports from Gedo region indicate that the rainfall received in March eased some of the water shortages.

E. ZAMBIA

1. ASSISTANCE TO REFUGEES

1.1 WFP is launching a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) to assist Angolan and Congolese refugees in Zambia. The upsurge of hostilities in these countries has disrupted the repatriation of refugees, and refugees who had spontaneously repatriated are now returning to Zambia. Large numbers of refugees began arriving in Zambia in early March, fleeing fighting in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Nutritional conditions of the refugees is stable as at present.

1.2 Some 21,900 beneficiaries in the Meheba and Mayukwayukwa settlements will be assisted under the PRRO throughout 1999.

1.3 WFP is currently borrowing relief commodities from an existing operation providing assistance to flood victims in Zambia in order to cope with the refugee influx. Supplies, however, will be depleted soon. Arrival of the refugees is straining resources in the host villages, where people are still recovering from heavy flooding in 1997 - 1998.

F. RECENTLY APPROVED WFP EMERGENCY AND PROTRACTED RELIEF AND RECOVERY OPERATIONS (EMOPs AND PRROs)

1. Operations approved since early January 1999 (some figures rounded off); list includes operations described in recent WFP Emergency Reports:

1.1 Emergency Operations (EMOPs)

Sudan EMOP 5826.02 - Emergency food assistance to population affected by war, drought and floods. Duration: 365 days; 125 metric tons; 2,360,300 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 142.3 million. Jointly approved by FAO and WFP on 19 January.

Comoro Islands EMOP 6098 - Emergency food assistance to displaced persons. Duration: 60 days; 235 metric tons; 18,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 193,400. Approved by the Country Director under delegated authority for Immediate Response on 19 January.

Colombia EMOP 6104 - Earthquake damages around the coffee-growing belt of Western-central Colombia. Duration: 20 days; 190 metric tons; 25,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 200,000. Approved by the Country Director under delegated authority for Immediate Response on 29 January.

Colombia EMOP 6108 - Emergency food assistance to population affected by earthquake. Duration: 270 days; 7470 metric tons; 115,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 4.6 million. Approved by WFP on 5 February.

Mozambique EMOP 5832.01 - Food assistance to floods and drought-affected population. Duration: 120 days; 5,040 metric tons; 156,320 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 2.7 million. Approved by the Regional Director on 8 February.

Senegal EMOP 6041 - Regional Sahel early drought response (Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Niger and Chad). Duration: 180 days; 39,800 metric tons; 1,040,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 23.4 million.

Cameroon EMOP 6084 - Aid to northern populations affected by locust/harvest losses. Duration: 180 days; 9,430 metric tons; 660,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 5 million.

Tanzania EMOP 6112 - Assistance to drought-affected persons in Tanzania. Duration: 90 days; 19,550 metric tons; 1,140,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 8.3 million. Approved by WFP on 18 February.

Ethiopia EMOP 6080 - Emergency food assistance to internally displaced persons. Duration: 270 days; 45,350 metric tons; 272,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 24.3 million. Jointly approved by FAO and WFP on 4 March.

Budget revision for Kosovo, FR Yugoslavia EMOP 6040 Rev.003 - Regional/Food assistance to Kosovar IDPs and refugees. 32,000 metric tons; total WFP cost: USD 24 million. Jointly approved by FAO and WFP on 6 April.

1.2 Protracted Relief and Recovery Operations (PRROs)

Nicaragua PRRO 6089 - Reconstruction and rehabilitation assistance for families affected by hurricane Mitch. Duration: 2 years; 106,210 metric tons; 1,803,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 70.6 million. Approved by the Executive Board in January.

Yemen PRRO 6090 - Food assistance to Somali refugees. Duration: 365 days. 3,450 tons; 15,000 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 1.86 million. Approved by WFP on 1 March.

Sri Lanka PRRO 5346.05 - Food assistance to internally displaced persons. Duration: 240 days; 10,074 metric tons; 82,500 beneficiaries; total WFP cost: USD 3.5 million. Approved by WFP on 4 February.

Note: all tonnage figures in report above refer to metric tons

(End WFP Emergency Report No. 15 of 1999 - April 16, 1999)