Albania + 3 more

WFP Balkans Operations Brief: 05 Feb 2000

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Posted
Originally published


EMOP 6136.01- Food assistance to refugees, IDPs and social cases in the Balkan region

Countries covered
Commodity Commitment (MT)
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Albania
Cereals
149,570
Pulses
16,868
Oil
6,883
Sugar
14,326
Total Net Needs*
187,647
Beneficiaries of EMOP 6136.01
Location
January - March
April - June
July - December
F.R.Y. - Kosovo
600,000
330,000
150,000
F.R.Y. - Serbia (without Kosovo)
878,300
878,300
710,800
F.R.Y. - Montenegro
95,000
95,000
95,000
F.Y.R. of Macedonia
20,000
20,000
20,000
Albania
60,000
60,000
60,000
Total Balkans
1,653,300
1,383,300
1,035,800
REGIONAL UPDATE

WFP OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 2000

In the coming year, WFP will continue to meet the immediate food needs of refugees IDPs, and other vulnerable groups affected by conflicts within the region. It is hoped that peace and reconstruction will allow for durable improvements of food security. With a well-staffed Regional Office in place in Pristina, in addition to more than 15 offices and sub-offices in the region, WFP’s human and physical resources are efficiently positioned to handle the constantly changing needs of the region’s beneficiaries.

FRY - Kosovo

During the spring and early summer (April-June), the number of people in need of food aid within Kosovo is likely to decrease as business and employment opportunities (both formal and informal)and household incomes improve. It is anticipated that most of the existing IDPs will return to their homes at the end of winter; those that do not return will be reclassified as short-term social cases as their primary need will be to access employment or other income generating opportunities. Depending upon the speed and scale of recovery of the non-agricultural sectors of the economy, an overall caseload reduction to a total of 620,000 beneficiaries is expected, of which WFP will cover 330,000 and CRS/MCI 290,000.

From July onwards, a further scale-down in beneficiary numbers will be possible depending upon the success of the July 2000 harvest and further recovery of business activity, at which point, WFP will integrate its food assistance scheme with the new social welfare programme to be administered by UNMIK.

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) - Serbia (excluding Kosovo)

Additional implementing partners will be sought whilst the collaboration with Yugoslavia Red Cross (YRC) continues. Through its head office in Belgrade and three sub-offices in Nis, Kraljevo and Novi Sad, WFP will continue to oversee programme implementation and monitor storage and distribution according to its monitoring plan. The approach is co-ordinated through bi-weekly food co-ordination meetings in Belgrade and similar regular meetings in the sub-offices which include all relevant agencies and NGOs.

Within the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (excluding Kosovo) WFP provides food aid to the following beneficiaries:

  • Refugees - Worsening economic conditions have led to a rise in the number of refugees qualifying for food aid to about 352,500 (15,000 in Montenegro).
  • Internally Displaced People - Currently, the food needs of IDPs in Serbia (mostly Serb and Roma people from Kosovo) are covered by ICRC. In Montenegro, the estimated WFP caseload is 60,000.
  • Social Cases - The economic situation has also led to an increase in the number of destitute persons who have no support and no earning potential including disabled persons; residents of social institutions; and the elderly poor. The planned WFP caseload is 560,800 social cases (20,000 in Montenegro).

FRY - Montenegro

WFP will continue using Montenegro Red Cross (MCR) as the implementing partner for all food assistance. Food is delivered on a monthly basis through the 21 local branches of the MRC throughout Montenegro. Stock positions are provided by the MRC before the next month’s allocation is made.

The food distributions are co-ordinated through monthly food aid meetings, with the participation of WFP, UNHCR, CRS, MCI and ICRC, to decide on the distribution and beneficiary numbers, determine allocations, carryover stocks and food available by agency.

WFP will continue to work with the Ministry of Social Welfare to decide on the target groups under the Social Cases’ programme, ensuring that all eligible groups are covered and the WFP food aid is co-ordinated with assistance provided by the state and/or other donors.

FYRoM

A residual caseload of approximately 15,000 registered Kosovo refugees remain within FYRoM. Approximately 12,000 of this residual caseload are currently being hosted by host families with the remainder being housed in collective centres. WFP is distributing the full basic ration to all registered refugees.

Albania

WFP, in collaboration with its local Implementing Partners, has begun three Food-for-Work (FFW) initiatives while continuing distributions to targeted economically impoverished individuals adversely impacted by the refugee crisis. The FFW projects focus on improving the sanitation and health conditions in and around the targeted villages by rebuilding water drainage systems, repairing water supply systems, and implementing a garbage collection programme.

AIR SERVICE

Concerted efforts continue on the part of both WFP Headquarters in Rome and the Balkans Regional Office in Pristina to co-ordinate the resumption of the WFP Air Bridge.

RESOURCING UPDATE AND PIPELINE

Confirmed contributions to EMOP 6136.01 as of 19 January 2000 amount to approximately 12 million dollars. Including the carry-over stocks from 1999, stocks in the Balkan Region are currently sufficient to meet requirements for the first quarter of 2000; however, during the second quarter, the region will face a significant shortfall (15,000 MT to 20,000 MT per month) if no new contributions are confirmed.