Afghanistan + 27 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 46 of 2001

Source
Published


This report includes: (A) Central Asia Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Afghanistan, (3) Pakistan, (4) Iran, (5) Tajikistan, (6) Uzbekistan (B) West Africa Region (C) East and Southern Africa region: (1) Zambia, (2) Sudan, (3) Burundi, (4) Uganda, (5) Kenya (D) Eastern Europe Region: (1) Northern Caucasus, (2) Balkans (E) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) Cuba, (2) Belize, (3) Honduras, (4) Nicaragua, (5) Guatemala, (6) El Salvador, (7) Ecuador, (8) Peru (F) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Democratic Republic of Congo
From Francesco Strippoli, Senior Humanitarian Adviser; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org. For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

(A) Central Asia Region: (1) Regional overview, (2) Afghanistan, (3) Pakistan, (4) Iran, (5) Tajikistan, (6) Uzbekistan

(1) Regional overview

(a) On 15 November, WFP managed to reach the target of 52,000 tons of food shipped into Afghanistan per month. Despite the intensification of hostilities and the onset of winter, WFP continued to deliver small amounts of food to northern Afghanistan and plans to step-up operations in the next days. The rapid increase in the amount of food delivered over the past four weeks can be largely attributed to the increased trucking capacity, maximising of the Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan routes into Afghanistan, purchasing over 30,000 tons of food in the region and borrowing tens of thousands of tons of wheat from Pakistan. At its peak earlier this week, WFP was employing over 2,000 trucks in its food delivery operation.

(b) As security deteriorated this week, food deliveries into Afghanistan slowed with approximately 13,500 tons dispatched. The Pakistan corridors (Quetta and Peshawar) closed on 14 November, as drivers feared for their safety. However, food continued to be delivered from the northern corridors from Tajikistan, Kyrgystan and for the first time, Termez in Uzbekistan.

(c) WFP is also using various creative ways to ensure a continuous supply of food such as airlifting food from Pakistan to Turkmenistan. WFP has been organizing an airlift of food from Quetta to the northern corridor entry point of Termez in Uzbekistan. Two aircraft carry 90 tons each day. Total airlifted so far is approximately 630 tons.

(d) Another challenge for WFP is the advance of snow over mountain passe. About one million Afghans are dependent upon WFP food aid in areas that could be completely cut off by snow before the end of the year. People living in the Central Highlands, the Panjsheer Valley and the Northeast need more than 55,000 tons of food to carry them through the winter months. So far, WFP has already delivered over 40 percent of this amount. WFP has begun special snow removal operations to keep mountainous roads open from Tajikistan to the Panjsheer Valley, as well as routes from Kyrghistan into Badakhshan province.

(e) Last month WFP appealed for USD 257 million to provide food aid for 6 million Afghans for six months. So far, donors have provided about 63 percent of the needed funds, about USD 162 million. WFP hopes to get the required support to cover all Afghan food aid needs before the end of December. It takes three months on average between making a pledge of support and getting the food to the people on the ground in Afghanistan.

(2) Afghanistan

(a) With the evolving situation in Afghanistan, this week WFP has been formulating plans to re-deploy international staff in Kabul, Mazar and Herat. The UN is planning an advance mission to Kabul with security and de-mining experts to ensure that the situation is secure for staff to return on 17 November. Based on their recommendation, another flight will take staff to Kabul in the afternoon.

(b) All WFP Afghanistan staff, many of whom in the wake of the events of September 11, were deployed in the region to prepare for a possible refugee caseload, have been recalled to Islamabad to be ready to leave for WFP sub-offices in Afghanistan as soon as clearances are given. The first WFP international staff member returned to Faizabad, as part of a UN advance team on 15 November. Another staff member has been positioned in Termez, Uzbekistan, and will proceed to Mazar-I-Sharif as soon as a security assessment is completed.

(c) WFP was able to meet with its national staff from Mazar-I-Sharif for the first time since 11 September this week when they travelled to Hairaton Port, just across the river from Termez to meet the first shipment of food. They report that security in Mazar-I-Sharif is still unstable and that the WFP warehouse and office have been completely looted.

(d) Once international staff return to Afghanistan WFP plans to carry out a general one month-distribution to all residents while programming details for longer-term assistance are finalized.

(e) Arrangements have also been put in place this week to assist IDPs in the eastern and northern parts of the country. In the northern provinces of Baghlan, Takhar and Kunduz it is believed that of the 7,000 IDPs in these areas the vast majority has spontaneously gone home leaving only about 700 in the camp and 200 ? 300 lodged with families. WFP, in cooperation with NGO partners will distribute food to the people remaining. WFP has, however, suspended food deliveries to Kunduz due to ongoing security constraints. The food will be stockpiled in neighbouring Baghlan until it is safe to distribute it.

(f) A large number of IDPs are currently lodged in private houses in the eastern provinces of Laghman, Konar and Nangarhal. WFP is planning to immediately provide them with food in order to discourage them from returning to the camps. DACAAR, MADERA and NPO have agreed to carry out a registration and distribute food to an estimated 20,000 IDPs in Laghman province.

(g) Despite the deterioration of the security situation this week, WFP in collaboration with its partners distributed approximately 11,000 tons of food during the week, only slightly down from the 12,500 tons distributed last week. In Kabul, WFP began the distribution of pulses, oil and sugar to widows and other vulnerable people eligible for the bakery programme. Other distributions were in Faizabad where participants to different road rehabilitation projects received 170 tons of food.

(h) On 16 November, WFP learned that its warehouse at Kandahar had been damaged during a bombing raid. WFP had approximately 1,600 tons of food and 10 trucks at the complex.

(3) Pakistan

(a) As of 16 November, over 4,100 people allowed to cross the Chaman border by the Pakistani authorities had been registered in the staging camp at Kill Faizo. On arrival at the camp, the WFP implementing partner Mercy Corps International provides them with a food ration sufficient for 15 days. UNHCR has begun to relocate some of the families to Roghani camp.

(b) In Peshawar, humanitarian agencies are preparing the provision of assistance for some of the Afghan people who have filtered across the border without being registered. Those who are hosted by relatives in Jaluzai camp are expected to be relocated next week to a new facility called Kot Kai. WFP in partnership with BEST will distribute a 3-day ration of HEB at the point of departure followed by a 15-day food ration at the campsite.

(4) Iran

(a) On 13 November, the Northern Alliance took over Makaki Refugee Camp, just inside Afghanistan on the border with Iran. The Iranian Red Crescent Society, who coordinates camp activities, suspended all programmes advised other NGOs to do the same. The camp remains closed. 6,000 people are estimated to live in the camp and an additional 3,500 unregistered people are reportedly outside the camp, receiving no assistance.

(b) Prior to the camp's closure MSF had requested WFP to assist the people camped outside Makaki and WFP had obtained special permission from the Iran Government to provide this assistance through MSF. WFP was to make available commodities sufficient for one month plus some high energy biscuits (HEB). On 15 November, WFP pre-positionned 10 tons of HEB at Zabol, close to Makaki camp for distribution by MSF as soon as possible.

(5) Tajikistan

(a) This week, WFP finalized a food for work (FFW) project with Relief International to urgently repair a stretch of road leading to the Farkhaor/Dashte Qalla border crossing between Tajikistan and Afghanistan. The road was identified by the WFP-led UN Joint Logistics Cell as in need of repair to permit the passage of heavy load traffic, carrying WFP food and other humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan. Repairs are expected to be completed by the end of November, before the winter sets in. 62 people will benefit from the project and will receive a daily family ration.

(6) Uzbekistan

(a) The first barge carrying humanitarian assistance departed from Termez on 13 November, carrying 50 tons of WFP food and non-food-items from UNICEF and UNHCR. WFP national staff from Mazar prepared a warehouse and collected the supplies at Hairaton, on the Afghan side of the river. Due to ongoing security constraints the food is being stockpiled in Hairaton until security allows distribution.

(B) West Africa Region

(1) Regional overview

(a) On 14 November, WFP reported that it would face a break in its humanitarian operations to assist almost one million people in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, unless more contributions are received immediately. The estimated one million beneficiaries depend on WFP food rations for their survival and any interruption in supplies will have an almost immediate impact.

(b) For emergency operations in 2002, WFP requires 100,000 tons of food. Given lengthy procurement processes, donor contributions need to be pledged urgently to cover the amount of food aid required for the region. The situation in the region is still very fragile. Fighting in Liberia has caused significant internal displacement, as well as cross-border movement of refugees into Cote d'Ivoire.

(c) In Sierra Leone, peace and disarmament is slowly proceeding. Food aid combined with seeds and tools provided by other humanitarian agencies, is a major support to the peace process helping an extremely vulnerable population to resume their normal agricultural activities.

(C) East and Southern Africa region

(1) Zambia

(a) A combination of severe drought and floods has left millions of Zambians particularly vulnerable. On 16 November, WFP made an urgent appeal for USD18 million to feed 1.3 million people between December and next March, during the lean season. Under WFP's newly approved emergency operation, more than 41,000 tons of maize, and nearly 1,000 tons of a specially-prepared nutritious food for children, is expected to be distributed.

(b) Severely reduced harvests in most of southern Africa this year are likely to cause an increase of maize prices in Zambia beyond the reach of many families. The country's cereal prices are already far higher than normal for this time of year. According to the most recent countrywide government survey (1998), more than 83 percent of the country's rural population are categorized as poor, with an annual per capita income of just USD 250.

(c) Chronic malnutrition is already at 60 percent, up from 41 percent in 1991. In order to cope with food shortages, many households reduce the number of meals eaten, or substitute maize with less nutritious foods. Parents sometime resort to pulling their children from school. Often they have no choice but to sell off belongings, thus pushing whole families further down the path to poverty.

(d) WFP's emergency operation will cover the majority of the emergency food aid needs in the country, which were calculated by the Vulnerability Assessment Mapping Steering Committee, which includes WFP, the Government's Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit (DMMU) and others.

(2) Sudan

(a) WFP launched the first major relief operation in decades to Nuba Mountains to urgently feed 158,000 people impoverished and displaced by war. 100 tons of food were airdropped on 14 November as part of a planned 2,000 tons to be delivered in the coming weeks.

(b) The Government of Sudan and the Sudanese People's Liberation Movement (SPLA/M) last week agreed on a four-week period of tranquillity to allow humanitarian assistance to reach the Nuba population.

(c) On 11 November, WFP sent a mission to Kauda, Karkar, Julud, and Saraf Jamus in the Nuba to prepare for the airdrops and distribute the food on the ground. As the operation gets underway, WFP planes operating out of an airbase in El Obeid, Kordofan State will deliver over 100 tons of food daily. WFP teams on the ground will also carry out a needs assessment.

(d) The recent intensification of military activity between the forces of the Government of Sudan and the SPLA/M has left more than 158,000 people displaced or destitute. Some 65,000 people lost all their assets. In addition, the same drought that affected parts of Western Sudan earlier this year has also had a severe impact on the Nuba. The combination of drought and insecurity has reduced food production by almost 60 percent, pushing another 93,000 people into extreme poverty. As a result of the conflict, the population is being forced higher and higher into the mountains to cultivate very steep and eroded lands, with little prospect of a good harvest regardless of weather conditions.

(e) By providing relief food aid, WFP wants to improve the nutritional status of the Nuba people and help them preserve their livestock and other belongings until the beginning of next year, when the next harvest becomes available.

(3) Burundi

(a) The security situation remained precarious in various provinces from 22 October to 4 November. A number of attacks, incursions, looting and robbery acts were reported in Bujumbura Rural, Bururi, Muramvya, Cankuzo and Ruyigi provinces. Due to the deteriorating security situation, targeted distributions planned in Bujumbura Rural province and an emergency needs assessment in Bururi province were cancelled. At least 80 pupils and their teachers abducted by rebel forces were released in Ruyigi province, according to military officials.

(b) WFP Food Economy Assessment (FEA) teams followed up on previous assessment missions in the drought-affected Bugesera region. The teams reported that although crops improved due to recent favourable rainfalls, some households were still relying on wage labour in Gatare administrative zone. In addition, the FEA teams recommended that approximately 17,200 vulnerable households be targeted for food assistance in Muyinga province.

(c) From 22 October to 4 November, WFP in partnership with Caritas and Groupe Volontariat Civil distributed 25 tons of food to about 7,000 malnourished persons through several nutritional centres in Bujumbura Rural and Bujumbura Mairie provinces. In addition, over 2,300 Congolese refugees in Bujumbura received 38 tons of WFP food. Finally, WFP dispatched during the same period 145 tons of food to partners, benefiting over 13,200 particularly vulnerable persons.

(4) Uganda

(a) The security situation remained tense in the northern regions during the month of October. Ambushes and night attacks were reported in Gulu District. In the West and the West Nile, relative calm was reported.

(b) Continuous heavy rains have caused floods and landslides, causing at least 13 deaths in Bundibugyo District. Anticipating an outbreak of cholera, MSF, ACF-USA and the District Health Authorities have established a mobile clinic. WFP provided food to the most affected households. The soil erosion resulting from the heavy rains has also delayed food deliveries to several camps in Bundibugyo district.

(c) In October, WFP assisted over 330,600 vulnerable people, providing them with 2,915 tons of food through various programmes. WFP regularly assists approximately 550,000 refugees and IDPs through general food distributions. However part of this caseload received a 6-week ration before the month of October.

(d) WFP and Government officials undertook a joint assessment mission in Kikagati sub-county headquarters, along the border between Uganda and Tanzania, where 2,650 Ugandans who returned from Tanzania are living. Given the unsanitary conditions, it was agreed to relocate them to an official resettlement site where they will receive WFP assistance. ACF in close collaboration with the District Directorate of Health Services, UNHCR and WFP is currently conducting a nutrition survey in Imvepi and Rhino refugee camps.

(e) No pledges have been made to the PRRO 6176.00 during the month of October. The PRRO is likely to face a shortfall of pulses in January 2002. Overall, a total of 15,340 tons of food are still required.

(f) 214,550 Congolese and Rwandese refugees received WFP assistance in October, under the regional PRRO 6077. The number of people arriving from Rwanda and Burundi in Nakivale camp continues to increase, with over 1,100 new registrations during the month of October. These new arrivals have been receiving emergency food aid from the Uganda Red Cross and will be provided WFP food once they have been accorded refugee status.

(g) Although the regional PRRO pipeline has improved with the arrival of cereals and pulses, there is so far no donor pledges for vegetable oil and the pipeline for this commodity will break in December.

(5) Kenya

(a) Some areas of the pastoral districts continued to experience deficit rainfall in October as they did during most of the 2001 March-May long-rains season. The short rains have been most intense in the western areas, even spreading to the non short-rains districts of the Rift Valley Province. The Kenya Meteorological Department expects the rains to be below average, which will obviously delay the process of recovery from drought.

(b) The short rains and food security assessment, coordinated by the Kenya Food Security Steering Group and with participation of UN, NGOs and Government officials will start on 16 November. The assessment will review the impact of the short rains on food security. Initial results of the assessment will be shared in December.

(c) The WFP drought EMOP faces a shortfall of 60,000 tons of food, mostly maize. The shortfalls foreseen for November and December are likely to have a negative nutritional impact, despite the significant increase of Unimix rations.

(d) WFP distributed nearly 22, 800 tons of food in October to approximately 1,574,900 vulnerable people through general distributions and FFW activities. The rains rendered some roads impassable and delayed the October food distribution, which is expected to be completed in mid-November. Since the ongoing rains are expected to continue to constrain movements of WFP food, it was decided to combine the food distributions for November and December. An estimated 27,000 tons of food will be distributed to 1,503,900 beneficiaries.

(D) Eastern Europe Region: (1) Northern Caucasus, (2) Balkans

(1) Northern Caucasus

The UN Under Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mr. Kenzo Oshima visited Russia on 28-30 October and reviewed with senior Russian government officials the humanitarian action in the Northern Caucasus.

(a) Ingushetia

1. The IDP caseload in Ingushetia remains relatively stable during the second half of October. As of 31 October, Danish Refugee Council (DRC) confirmed that 146,350 IDPs are living in tent camps, spontaneous settlements or are hosted by Ingush families.

2. In October, WFP in partnership with DRC, Islamic Relief and Saudi Red Crescent Society distributed 1,575 tons of food to approximately 146,500 IDPs. WFP observed that a growing number of IDPs, who have so far been living with local host families, were moving out to spontaneous settlements and tent camps, most likely due to the inability of resident families to continue to host them. Frequent gas and electricity cuts were recently reported in camps, increasing hardship on IDPs during winter.

(b) Chechnya

1. A Letter of Understanding was signed in Grozny on 31 October between the Chechen Administration and NGOs, which will ensure unimpeded movement of humanitarian workers and cargo in Chechnya.

2. ICRC conducted a household survey, which revealed that food and clothing are the primary needs of the population in both urban and rural areas. WFP and DRC are jointly undertaking household surveys in Grozny rural and Gudermes district. These surveys are expected to be completed by the end of November.

3. DRC reported that many people have left rural areas to go to Grozny before the upcoming winter. The Chechen Administration confirmed that the population of Grozny has increased by several thousands and expects numbers to continue to increase.

4. WFP in collaboration with DRC, PINF and Caritas International distributed approximately 1,400 tons of food to 122,000 vulnerable people in October. The precarious security situation in Grozny has restricted the access of WFP beneficiaries to distribution sites, but food distribution was effectively carried out.

5. Donors have so far pledged USD 23 million, out of the revised requirements of USD 27.9 million, for WFP's current emergency operation. Generous donor contributions have significantly assisted in reducing the food pipeline gap caused by late arrival of food shipments. However, WFP expects food shortfalls in January 2002.

(2) Balkans

(a) Kosovo

1. WFP has combined November and December deliveries for the Safety Net programme in most areas in order to allow implementing partners (IPs) to concentrate on the final skills transfer to local distribution partners (LDPs) in preparation for the end of the current IP contracts on 31 December. WFP is pre-stocking food to cover the beneficiary needs until March 2002 in remote areas that will be difficult to reach during the winter.

2. With winter starting, the number of refugees returning to fYROM has gone down to 20 a day. According to UNHCR, approximately 12,000 refugees remain in Kosovo. Together with IPs and LDPs, WFP is currently verifying the number of refugees benefiting from WFP assistance.

(b) Serbia

1. Following consultations with the Serbian Ministry of Social Affairs, WFP issued and shared with all concerned parties a detailed work plan for its operations for the first half of 2002. WFP in collaboration with other UN agencies and the Government of Serbia, is actively pre-stocking commodities in southern Serbia in preparation for winter.

2. WFP in consultation with UNHCR, IFRC, the Serbian Commissioner for Refugees and local Red Cross offices has revised the criteria for targeting the poorest refugees, in line with the JFNAM 2001 recommendations. The new criteria are being tested and will be readjusted and implemented countrywide.

3. WFP plans to assist 9,000 people participating in a six-month livelihood security project implemented by International Relief and Development in 16 southern municipalities.

(c) fYRoM

1. WFP will continue to assist an estimated 4,300 refugees until December. In addition, WFP has been distributing repatriation packages to refugees returning to Kosovo and southern Serbia. ICRC will continue to distribute food aid to IDPs in collective centres as well as to newly registered IDPs. Food aid is being targeted to vulnerable residents in conflict-affected areas outside of locations covered by ICRC. This follows the recommendations of the Food Needs Assessment to Conflict Areas recently carried out by ACF and WFP.

(d) Montenegro

1. WFP started the November/December distribution to 14,300 IDPs and 6,450 refugees on 12 November. Prepositioning of food for the coming winter months is complete in most municipalities. Due to difficult access during the winter, WFP agreed to deliver four-month rations to beneficiaries in four northern municipalities.

2. WFP, UNHCR and the Montenegrin Commissioner for Displaced Persons are reviewing beneficiary lists to target the most vulnerable people.

(e) Albania

1. Over the last two weeks, WFP distributed food to 2,350 unassisted-unemployed households (11,705 beneficiaries) in the northern prefectures of Kukes, Lezha, Diber and Shkodra. In addition, 770 vulnerable women (3,900 beneficiaries) participating in psycho- social counselling programmes and 26 village associations with about 1,600 heads of households (8,150 beneficiaries) engaged in Communal Forestry and Pasture Development activities received food assistance.

(E) Latin America and Caribbean Region

(1) Cuba

(a) Hurricane Michelle affected nearly 5,900,000 persons, causing significant damage to crops, homes and interrupting the electrical, water and telecommunications services. Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Villa Clara, Sancti Spiritus and La Habana are among the worst hit provinces.

(b) A UN interagency mission reported that 10,600 persons were living in government shelters in the provinces of Matanzas, Cienfuegos and Villa Clara. Although these numbers have drastically decreased since 8 November, a considerable number of persons are likely to remain in Government shelters while they rebuild their homes.

(c) WFP approved an emergency operation to assist nearly 24,800 people, mainly women for three months. WFP will support 4,800 persons to rebuild their houses in Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Villa Clara, La Habana and Sancti Spiritus provinces. WFP will also address the situation of approximately 20,000 pregnant women in the same five provinces. Current food stocks from WFP Development project will be borrowed to immediately address the beneficiaries' needs.

(d) WFP assistance will be provided as a complement to the Government's regular food ration. The Ministry of Domestic Trade and the provincial Governments will be responsible for the implementation of the Emergency Operation, using the normal government distribution networks.

(2) Belize

(a) WFP in collaboration with PAHO/WHO will assist 4,000 persons affected by Hurricane Iris in the Stann Creek and Toledo Districts during three months. The Ministry of Human Development will be responsible for the food distributions through NGOs. Final preparations for food distribution are underway. The food commodities, except oil, have been locally purchased and delivered to Punta Gorda.

(3) Honduras

(a) In response to flooding provoked by Tropical Storm Michelle, WFP in collaboration with World Vision will assist 3,500 families in the Department of Yoro during 7 weeks. Assistance will be focused on the rehabilitation of water systems and agricultural and grazing areas through FFW activities.

(b) Tropical Storm Michelle overall affected 52,400 people. Nearly 25,270 people were evacuated. Some 1,300 homes in addition to bridges and schools were damaged or completely destroyed. Over 22,000 hectares of crops were lost.

(4) Nicaragua

(a) In response to the flooding caused by Tropical Storm Michelle, WFP took part in an assessment mission to the North Atlantic Autonomous Region (RAAN) from 7 to 11 November. The emergency committee in Puerto Cabezas has estimated the number of affected people at 17,500, but this figure is likely to increase when access to some isolated communities will be re-established.

(b) WFP plans to dispatch 120 tons to the affected region, which will provide some 17,500 people in Puerto Cabezas, Rosita and Waspán with a two-week food ration. However, WFP continues to be constrained by the lack of passable roads and equipment for river transport. Fuel and other items are scarce since the increased levels of the rivers have cut the supply. The emergency committee identified vehicles and boats and made them available for relief distributions.

(5) Guatemala

(a) A cold front and very high winds continue to affect the mountainous areas of El Progreso, Jalapa, Chiquimula, Zacapa and Jutiapa, causing serious losses of maize and bean crops and a substantial increase in prices, as food is being imported from other regions. In response, WFP has included an additional 2,000 families in its beneficiary caseload, which now reaches approximately 22,100 families. WFP in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, the Red Cross, various NGOs and municipal organizations started the second food distribution this week. WFP, UNICEF, FAO and Government officials initiated a joint evaluation of the results of the second harvest on 12 November.

(6) El Salvador

(a) The food security situation of many drought-affected families remains at risk. In many areas the November harvest will not cover the significant losses of staple crops suffered earlier this year. The current low price of coffee is having devastating effect on household economies. Although the picking season has started, plantations are not hiring workers. This will mean a substantial loss of income for the population. Many people affected by the two earthquakes in January and February are now being hit by general unemployment.

(b) WFP is discussing with its partners ways to develop a more sustainable emergency response system, by linking development assistance with emergency response. WFP intends to use the existing network of the school-feeding programme as an alternative network for emergency distributions.

(7) Ecuador

(a) Last week, WFP completed food distributions through a food-for-work initiative involving flood-affected families in the Amazonian region and victims of volcanic eruption. The affected families are participating in rehabilitation activities that are enabling them to re-establish normal life. The majority has been able to sow their traditional fields and a small percentage of others have fields that are in growing and harvesting stages.

(b) The Geophysical Institute reports continued volcanic activity and recommends that the communities remain in a state of alert. WFP in collaboration with the Civil Defense, Government and humanitarian organizations continued to monitor the situation.

(8) Peru

(a) A first contribution of USD 300,000 will enable WFP to assist 15,000 out of the 30,000 people affected by the June earthquake. WFP in collaboration with Government, Civil Defense and NGO representatives travelled to Arequipa and Moquegua to identify the people who will benefit from WFP emergency operation.

(b) The June 23 earthquake left 77 persons dead, 68 missing, 2,713 injured and some 50-60,000 destitute. As a consequence of the tsunami that hit the coast at Carmana, 2,500 hectares of agricultural land suffered heavy damages, including significant crop losses. WFP immediately provided food aid to 20,000 people for one month. In August, WFP approved an EMOP operation to assist 30,000 of the poorest and most food insecure households in Arequipa and the coastal provinces of Camaná and Islay.

(c) Groups targeted for food aid include small subsistence farmers whose crops were destroyed by the tsunami, and families who make a living from rural employment and who, as a result of the destruction of irrigation systems, have temporarily lost their employment.

(F) Central Africa Region

(1) Angola

(a) Last week, the general security situation remained tense and several attacks were reported in Bengo, Huambo, Bie and Moxico Provinces. 10,000 newly displaced people are reportedly fleeing rural areas towards Kuito (Bié province). However, no major security incidents were reported in the northern part of the country. Humanitarian activities, previously suspended have resumed in Cangandala (Malange province) but UN personnel still require a security clearance to travel to this area.

(b) 1,700 new IDPs were registered in Kuito (Bié province) between 5 and 11 November. They were reportedly coming from the Municipalities of Chicala, Andulo, Kunhinga, Camacupa and Katabola. Some of the IDPs were in a poor nutritional state.

(c) Last week, WFP distributed 83 tons of food to over 9,100 vulnerable people in Huambo province. 712 newly displaced persons from Bailundo Municipality received WFP assistance in Huambo, before being temporary settled in Huambo town, or moved to Luanda, Benguela and Kuanza Sul Provinces. 1,426 newly displaced persons were registered in Ukuma municipal headquarters.

(d) Last week, WFP distributed approximately 300 tons of food to 20,500 vulnerable people in Huila province. 16,172 IDPs mainly from Huila, Huambo and Benguela Provinces have been registered in Caconda Municipality. Last week, WFP distributed 85 tons of food to 5,100 vulnerable people in Kuando Kubango province. WFP in collaboration with partner agencies has been monitoring the allocation of land and the resettlement of 300 IDPs to Chipompo camp.

(e) Approximately 400 newly displaced people, fleeing insecurity in Mussende, Luquembo and Kambundi Katembo municipalities were registered in the capital of Malange province, last week. WFP provided them with emergency food rations. Last week, approximately 900 newly displaced people were registered in Luena (Moxico province). 140 out of the new IDPs are said to be returnees from RD Congo and Zambia. The rest are from Malange, Lunda sul and various Municipalities in Moxico Province.

(f) As of last week, 11,000 displaced households were engaged in different agricultural projects, including seed protection programs in Uige and Negage (Uige Province). The IDPs have been allocated agricultural land, seeds and tools. The number of IDPs supported through these projects is expected to rise for the next agricultural season.

(g) There is an urgent need for new contributions of maize and pulses during the next few weeks, to avoid a break in the pipeline in February. Considering the lengthy procurement and shipment processes, donors should urgently confirm new contributions to avoid a break in the pipeline in February.

(2) Democratic Republic of Congo

(a) Despite the recent events in Bangui (Central African Republic), the situation is still calm and no major new influx of refugees has been reported in Zongo (Equateur province). However, widespread insecurity is still reported in the Ituri province.

(b) In October, WFP distributed 866 tons of food in North Kivu province to 57,500 vulnerable people, mostly returnees and IDPs who received seeds protection packages. Food distributions were carried out in collaboration with FAO and World Vision.

(c) WFP has launched several pilot FFW projects of road rehabilitation and seeds multiplication. The 243 km of roads rehabilitated will facilitate access to the farms and the selling of agricultural products. The outputs of the seeds multiplication project will be distributed to returnees' families and local populations.

(d) In October, WFP distributed 151 tons of food to over 10,000 Angolan refugees in Bandundu province. In addition, 65 tons of WFP food were provided to 4,250 beneficiaries under the general distribution programme in Kulindji since 1 November. Nutritional surveys recently conducted by Oxfam in the refugee camps and their immediate vicinities in Bandundu province showed a high level of vulnerability among local communities. Most refugees are becoming less vulnerable due to the provision of food aid and some coping mechanisms. However, some residents in neighbouring villages remain food insecure. WFP, UNHCR, and a number of NGOs agreed to launch joint activities involving both refugees and local communities. Rehabilitation of local schools has been given priority.

(e) To assist 24,000 Central African refugees in Zongo (Equateur province) during nine months, WFP purchased locally 260 tons of food and organised additional food shipments by barge. Food distribution is expected to start at the end of November, when UNHCR and local authorities will complete the relocation of the refugees in Mole, 30 km from Zongo. Given the difficulty to access the area by road, GTZ has started road rehabilitation works from Zongo to Mole. WFP assisted 29,000 lDPs from areas along the frontline and 1,000 vulnerable in Mbandaka area (Equateur province), providing them with 381 tons of food. WFP is also supporting the newly implemented TFC by MSF-B in Mbandaka.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons

(End WFP Emergency Report No 46)