WFP Emergency Report No. 45 of 2004

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 05 Nov 2004


(A) Highlights

(B) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran, (3) Iraq, (4) Russian Federation

(C) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) DR Congo, (3) Eritrea, (4) Ethiopia, (5) Rwanda, (5) Somalia, (7) Sudan, (8) Uganda

(D) West Africa: (1) Chad (2) Cote d'Ivoire (3) Guinea (4) Liberia (5) Sierra Leone

(E) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Malawi, (5) Mozambique, (6) Namibia, (7) Swaziland, (8) Zimbabwe

(F) Asia: (1) Bangladesh, (2) DPR Korea, (3) Myanmar, (4) Sri Lanka

(G) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Colombia, (2) Haiti, (3) Nicaragua

From David Kaatrud, Director of the Analysis, Assessment and Preparedness Service (ODA). Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Carlo.Scaramella@wfp.org, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (ODAP). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Brenda.Barton@wfp.org, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Highlights

  • Whereas the nutritional situation in refugee camps has significantly improved, the food security situation of Chad's local populations is under serious stress.
  • The insecurity situation in Sudan's Darfur region continues hampering WFP's operations.
  • Road closures in Cote d'Ivoire impeded commercial trucks carrying WFP food across the ceasefire line. For the moment, all dispatches and deliveries there are on hold.
  • WFP's monitoring activities in Eritrea will be reduced due to fuel shortage, and futher impact on WFP operations is anticipated
  • WFP offices in Gambella and Dimma, Ethiopia reopened after 10 months of reallocation out of the area due to insecurity.
  • WFP resumed distributions to schools and to part of the health centres in Haiti's West, North and North-East departments.

B) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran, (3) Iraq, (4) Russian Federation

1) Afghanistan

(a) The security situation remained fluid during the week, particularly in the central, eastern, southeastern and southern regions, with incidents of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), rockets, landmines and ambushes targeting the government, coalition forces, aid workers and electoral staff.

(b) In the centre, three Joint Electoral Management Body (JEMB) workers were taken at gunpoint in Kabul on 28 October. Afghan security forces and international peacekeepers continued efforts for their release.

(c) On 30 October, a United Nations Humanitarian Air Services (UNHAS) vehicle in Kabul was caught in crossfire between the Afghan Police and the occupants of a vehicle, and the UNHAS driver was injured.

(d) During the past week, some 572,895 beneficiaries received about 2,485 tons of food.

(e) Some 1,300 tons of food in Badghis and about 1,175 tons in Ghor are pre-positioned under winterization projects. Winter pre-positioning ensures continued assistance in such remote areas that become inaccessible during the harsh season. Food rations are distributed to targeted beneficiaries through food-for work activities where feasible or through rural vulnerable programmes.

(f) UNHCR and WFP are supporting the construction of 500 houses, 12 check dams and three karezes (underground irrigation channels) for the IDPs in Nawzad district of Helmand and Spinboldak of Kandahar. IDPs in Helmand will be reintegrated into the places of their origin while those in Kandahar, mostly kuchis nomadic pastoralists, will be assisted in camps through food-for-work projects.

2) Iran

(a) UNHCR and the Bureau of Aliens and Foreign Immigrant Affairs of the Ministry of Interior (BAFIA) have reached an agreement to close 12 Iraqi camps by the end of December this year. Some of them have already been evacuated. The decision to close the 12 Iraqi camps was taken in view of the repatriation of the camp refugees and the consolidation of the refugees in the remaining 6 camps.Between 13 and 26 October 1,160 Iraqi refugees returned with UNHCR assistance, including 402 camp refugees. There was no spontaneous repatriation during the reporting period.

(b) The total number of Afghan returnees since 2 April 2002 amounts to 1,087,940 of which some 768,240 were UNHCR assisted and about 319,700 spontaneous. Between 13 and 26 October, UNHCR assisted over 8,840 Afghan returnees while 356 refugees repatriated spontaneously. No camp refugees repatriated during the period.

(c) WFP, under PRRO 10213.0, Food Assistance and Support to Education of Afghan and Iraqi Refugees in the Islamic Republic of Iran, currently provides food assistance to 10,475 Iraqi and 31,600 Afghan refugees in 25 camps. Over 8,840 Afghan returnees received WFP bread rations at border exit stations. Some 4,830 vulnerable orphans receive a monthly food ration from WFP through the Iranian Red Crescent Society. As an incentive for school enrolment and attendance, 4 kg of oil is distributed to about 3,000 girls on a monthly basis.

3) Iraq

(a) Recent events in Iraq indicate a deterioration of security conditions which has led to an increase in humanitarian needs in some crisis areas.

(b) Reports indicate that Public Distribution System (PDS) food distribution to all Iraqis was completed for October, though shortages in some commodities are reported. As at the end of October, the total dispatches into Iraq of WFP-procured commodities and items sourced through Oil-for-Food contracts, renegotiated by WFP reached the planned 1.6 million tons. WFP continues monitoring in all 18 Iraqi governorates, though information gathering in some governorates has been hindered recently by the before mentioned insecurity.

(c) Under the new EMOP 10360, Assistance to Primary School Children and Vulnerable Groups, WFP has so far procured 4300 tons of High Energy Biscuits (HEB) which will be used for school feeding activities. Using unspent balances from previous activities in Iraq (where donor approval has been received), WFP has initiated the procedure for procuring 3000 tons of wheat flour for support to malnourished children, pregnant and lactating women, and tuberculosis patients.

(d) A training of trainers workshop was held in Amman from 23 ? 26 October regarding the implementation of WFP's EMOP. Participants came from the Iraqi Ministries of Health and Education. The objectives of the workshop were to familiarize partners with the EMOP objectives, targeting procedures, management structure, monitoring and evaluation activities; as well as provide life skills training in areas such as ICT. In addition, the workshop developed a work plan for the next three months which are to be further updated at the governorate level. A key component of all modules of the workshop was to provide participants with a sense of ownership of the project, as they will be WFP's implementing partners for the project.

(e) A donor meeting of the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq (IRFFI) was held in Tokyo from 13 to 14 October. The meeting included sessions on Infrastructure, Governance, Economic Reform and Social Protection. WFP participated in the session on Social Protection, for which a paper was prepared and shared with other UN agencies and the Iraqi Interim Government (IIG). The Minister of Health, one of the partner ministries for EMOP 10360, represented IIG in the session and endorsed the suggestions of WFP regarding vulnerability assessment as part of risk identification and management, as well as the need for safety nets.

4) Russian Federation- North Caucasus

(a) During the second half of October there were no significant changes in the security situation in the region, which remained unpredictable and tense. Terrorist attacks or flare up of violence are considered possible especially in the view of winter coming and during Ramadan which usually shows an increase of such activities by extremist militants.

(b) According to Danish Refugee Council (DRC), as of 31 October, in Ingushetia there were 40, 880 IDPs from Chechnya, which is 24,919 less than registered in January this year.

(c) During the period of 16 to 31 September, WFP Cooperating Partners (CPs) finalized October relief distribution in Chechnya and Ingushetia. In Chechnya about 80,470 vulnerable persons received nearly 940 tons of WFP supplied food aid in Grozny Rural, Achkoi-Martan and Sunzha districts of Chechnya. In Ingushetia WFP CPs distributed about 436 tons to 37,360 Chechen IDPs registered in the DRC database (the main bulk of October distribution occurred during the second fortnight of the month).

(d) WFP's School Feeding Programme (SF) was continued through the following partners - DRC, Caritas International, Center for Peacekeeping and Community Development (CPCD), Hilfswerk Austria (HWA), Islamic Relief (IR), Open Continent (OC), People in Need (PIN) and World Vision in the Russian Federation (WVRF) in Chechnya. In October WVRF together with WFP expanded the SF to Vedeno ? eastern mountainous district of Chechnya. Currently WFP SF programme covers 74, 750 children in 285 primary schools and 38 kindergartens of four districts of Grozny city and 9 other districts of Chechnya. Commodities for October (315 tons in total) were delivered to the schools and kindergartens in mid of September. Distribution of food commodities required for the implementation of the SF in November started in mid-October.

(e) During the second fortnight of October, WFP's partners in the food-for-work (FFW) programme in Chechnya, PIN, Center for Prevention of Humanitarian Catastrophes (CPHC) and OC continued the implementation of FFW projects in the city of Grozny and districts of Achkhoi-Martan, Gudermes, Shali, Kurchaloy and Urus-Martan. In October, the total number of workers was 2,430 (representing 12,150 beneficiaries). The works included repairs and cleaning in schools, hospitals, and other institutions. PIN finalized the distribution of the remaining 41 tons of food commodities to some 330 FFW participants, representing 1,650 primary beneficiaries for the works implemented in September.

(f) In October WHO, WFP partner in TB programme in Ingushetia, and MSF?Holland - in Chechnya continued assisting in- and out patients in TB hospitals of both republics. In total the project covered 362 patients, to whom 6 tons of food commodities were provided in the beginning of the month. Caritas International continued providing hot meals for the most vulnerable population (1,600 beneficiaries) in Grozny city. In October WFP released some 13 tons of food commodities to support this project.

C) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) DR Congo, (3) Eritrea, (4) Ethiopia, (5) Rwanda, (5) Somalia, (7) Sudan, (8) Uganda

1) Burundi

(a) An outbreak of cholera has been reported in the area of Rumonge (100km south of Bujumbura). 140 cases have been recorded since mid October.

(b) Targeted distributions to households affected by civil unrest have been organized in Bujumbura Rural (Kanyosha, Nyabiraba and Mutimbuzi). Between 25 and 31 October, WFP distributed over 970 tons of food aid to 125,000 beneficiaries through different programme activities. Intimidation and misconduct of armed men towards beneficiaries have been reported and remain a concern for WFP.

(c) WFP assessed and prepared distributions to returning Burundian households from Rwanda in Kirundo province (Bugabira commune). This population fled to Rwanda a few weeks ago, following radical political statements threatening their own security.

(d) WFP is still facing a partial shortfall of cereals. Periodic shortfalls of some other commodities are also expected in the coming months. WFP has been assured of cereals and CSB loans to cover some of the gaps and substituted some commodities with others to ensure planned distributions are carried out.

2) D.R. Congo

(a) The security situation in eastern D.R.Congo remains apprehensive. Many cases of armed violence continued to be reported during the past week including, ambushes, lootings, extortion, armed robbery, rape, harassment by people in uniform, attacks on villages and an attack on a UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) convoy.

(b) MONUC reported a heavy concentration of Rwandan rebel movements (Interahamwe and Forces Democratiques de Liberation du Rwanda [FDLR]) operating in the plain of Ruzizi and Lemera hills of D.R. Congo. The presence of these rebel groups in this area has often provided a pretext for Rwanda to send troops into eastern D.R. Congo. Tension between MONUC and various militias has reportedly resumed in Bunia. The discovery and dismantling by MONUC of an illegal taxation operation in Nizi and Fataki could be the main reason for the renewal of the tension. On the other hand, MONUC has demobilized 245 militiamen in Bunia, as a beginning of the Disarmament and Community Reinsertion program.

(c) UNHCR and the National Commission for Repatriation are planning to open offices in Uvira, in response to a spontaneous influx of Congolese returnees from Tanzania. So far, some 148 new returnees were registered in Uvira and 5,348 households were registered in Fizi. The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Walungu has increased from 1,700 to 2,400 people, due to insecurity in their villages of origin. In Bunia, some 11,000 households of IDPs and 4,000 households expelled from Uganda receive WFP food aid.

(d) International Rescue Committee (IRC) reported an outbreak of cholera in some villages of Kalehe. IRC is fighting the epidemic and has, so far, recorded 127 cases with no deaths. Another cholera outbreak is also reported in Moba.

(e) In North Kivu, WFP distributed some 180 tons of food to over 31,800 beneficiaries, mainly IDPs and local populations involved in food-for-work (FFW) activities. In South Kivu, WFP distributed 265 tons to approximately 35,800 beneficiaries, mainly IDPs (32 percent), in feeding centres (50 percent), and in school feeding (12 percent). In Bunia, 22 tons were distributed to some 1,500 beneficiaries, mainly in feeding centres.

3) Eritrea

(a) Rainfall in vast areas of the country has been below average. Livestock in some parts of Anseba region has already started to migrate to Gash Barka and Northern Red Sea regions in search of better grazing land ahead of schedule. Similar observations were made in Southern Red Sea Region. In this region, even drinking water gets scarce and residents of smaller towns have to truck water

(b) The fuel shortage in the Eritrea persists. Petrol and diesel coupons must be obtained prior to purchasing fuel. Private parties are no longer able to obtain fuel at the petrol stations. WFP's allotment has been restricted, and as a first consequence monitoring activities will be reduced. Further difficulties are anticipated when field offices eventually run out of diesel for operating the generators.

(c) WFP's Deputy Executive Director (DED) for Fundraising and Communication visited Eritrea from 29 October to 1 November. The DED obtained first-hand impressions about the food security situation in this drought-prone country and had an opportunity to speak to WFP-assisted beneficiaries when visiting a Mother and Child Health (MCH) centre and a para-boarding school in the Northern Red Sea region. He also met with donor representatives, port authorities and officials from the Ministry of National Development and briefed WFP staff on matters related to fund raising and resourcing in WFP.

(d) The FAO/WFP Crop Assessment Mission is scheduled to take place from 10 to 27 November. The team, which includes a WFP Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping (VAM) specialist, will visit crop-producing areas to collect data related to agronomy and socio-economic issues. The livestock expert of the team will also travel to the Northern Red Sea region to collect first-hand information from pastoralists on the degree of their food insecurity.

(e) The resourcing situation for Eritrea's PRRO and EMOP remains unchanged. As of 27 October, about 82,410 tons of food worth USD 28.1 million have been resourced under EMOP 10261.1 This amount represents 77 percent of the total resource requirements for this operation. For the PRRO 10192.0, WFP mobilised over 52,685 tons of food commodities with a value of USD 26.8 million. Thus, about 50 percent of the planned food requirements are covered.

4) Ethiopia

(a) Following rainfall reports from last week, parts of Somali region have continued to receive "deyr" (minor season) rains. Gode and Adadle districts in Gode Zone have reportedly received rain over the last few days, while rains were also reported in Kalafo and Charati districts of Afder zone. The current deyr rains are important and, though they started two weeks later than expected, they are expected to improve pasture and water conditions in parts of the region. However, concerns of poor rainfall persist in some areas, particularly in Bokh and Galadi districts in Warder zone and Gashamo district of Dagahbur zone, which, with few exceptions, remain dry. These areas are being closely monitored. Following the mid-year assessment of the "gu" (main season rains) in July, the population in need of food in Somali Region increased to 1.4 million people (it was 1.1 million in the first half of the year). WFP, the Government and NGOs have been trying to address this need by stepping up food distributions from August onwards. The outcome of the current deyr rains will be assessed in December/January, as is usual practice.

(b) WFP offices in Gambella and Dimma, which are monitoring implementation of food assistance to Sudanese refugees, re-opened on 25 October and the staff have resumed their duties after ten months of relocation out of the area. The offices had been closed in January this year, following security incidents occurring after the killing of eight Government officials in December 2003. The security situation in Gambella is reported as under control and the UN staff can move to the refugee camps, provided they follow strict security instructions. In spite of the relocation earlier this year, WFP continued to provide food assistance to refugees in Fugnido camp near Gambella and in Dimma camp through its Government counterpart, the Administration for Refugees and Returnee Affairs (ARRA) which also works closely with UNHCR. The refugee programme is severely under-funded and is projected to run out of food stocks in March 2005 unless additional donor pledges are confirmed by the end of this month.

(c) Overall emergency requirements for Ethiopia in November and December stand at 70,000 tons and 57,000 tons respectively, serving a total number of 3.7 and 2.8 million beneficiaries. October allocations are currently being dispatched to the various regions, where a food basket containing cereals, pulses, vegetable oil will be distributed to the beneficiary population. Fortified blended food (corn soya blend) is targeted to the worst-affected districts for blanket distributions to particularly vulnerable groups or, in places where nutritional screening exists, to malnourished children and women. In the Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), 43 out of 49 districts with ongoing food distributions received targeted supplementary food from WFP in support of the UNICEF/Bureau of Health Extended Outreach Strategy for Child Survival Initiative in October. The six remaining districts have access problems for transporters and are in the process of receiving food. The WFP activity provides a three-month fortified supplementary food ration to children between 6-59 months old and pregnant and nursing women identified as malnourished. The pilot ten districts have received supplementary rations for the second time since the programme started in mid-2004.

5) Rwanda

(a) Since the beginning of the influx in early October, some 1,660 Burundian refugees were received at the Ngenda transit camp. The current caseload stands at some 1,100 refugees with the difference of some 560 persons that have been voluntarily repatriated to Burundi. Out of 1,170 Burundian refugees hosted in Kigeme camp in Gikongoro, 700 have registered with UNHCR for repatriation and the registration process is continuing. The transit centre of Butare at Gikonko is still accommodating some 1,075 Burundian refugees and during the past week there was no change in numbers.

(b) Congolese refugees continued to cross into Rwanda via Cyangugu, and the Cyangugu transit centre now accommodates a total of about 3,185 Congolese refugees. Reportedly these refugees decided to cross over to Rwanda in reaction to the decision made by Burundi authorities of relocating them further inside Burundi.

6) Somalia

(a) Insecurity increased in Sool and Sanag regions in the north with the recent intensive clashes between Somaliland and Puntland. Heavy fighting between the forces of the self-declared Republic of Somaliland and the autonomous state of Puntland resulted in some casualties and displacement of people in Las Anod and its rural villages. These particular areas are within the severely drought affected region with four consecutive years of rainfall failure.

(b) The Sool region has experienced heavy rains in Las Anod and its rural areas. The resulting flash floods led to a cease-fire between the two warring forces. WFP will continue to monitor the situation and is preparing for any eventuality as hope for a peaceful resolution to the conflict is anticipated in the coming weeks.

(c) Heavy rains have also been reported in Southern Somalia and this has hampered humanitarian access in parts of Somalia along two major rivers where food insecurity has reached dramatic proportions with a general acute malnutrition rate of around 20 percent (on a weight for height basis). The most affected areas include villages along Juba River and around Jilib and Jamame districts. WFP will continue to monitor flood levels of Juba valley and adjust its intervention strategies in the event of heavy floods in the southern region.

(d) Although the deyr rains have been fair to good in many areas, not all areas in south Somalia received adequate rainfall. Hiran and Gedo regions received inadequate rainfall during the last three seasons and are still experiencing below normal deyr rains.

(e) During the month of October and despite heavy rains in the south, WFP continued with emergency relief distributions in the Northwest and Northeast of Somalia since the population in the area were heavily affected by the aftermath of the drought, which lasted for more than three years.

7) Sudan

(a) The security situation is rapidly deteriorating across the Darfurs, seriously undermining WFP's ability to effectively operate inside the three states of Darfur. In North Darfur, several areas remain 'NO GO': West of El Fasher: beyond Tawilla; Northwest of El Fasher: Kutum/Deesa road and beyond, Anka area; Northeast of El Fasher: beyond Mellit to Malha. The road between El Fasher and Kutum has also been declared a 'NO GO' with ongoing fighting between Government of Sudan (GoS) and Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA).

(b) In October, some 25,400 tons of food were dispatched by road, rail and air from hubs in Khartoum and El Obeid to the Darfur state capitals. Subsequently, some 20,180 tons of food were dispatched to an estimated 1,153,000 beneficiaries (based on dispatches), from Area Offices (AO) to Cooperating Partners (CPs). The continued instability of the security situation in Darfur seriously impacted WFP's ability to meet its 1.6 million beneficiary target for October. Shortages in trucking capacity within the commercial transport sector also remain.

(c) The provision of a full basket of commodities to beneficiaries has been a top priority for WFP in October. WFP stepped up airlift and road/rail transport efforts of non-cereals from Khartoum and El Obeid to the Darfurs as well as from the Darfurs to CPs for distribution to the affected population. WFP has ensured that a more balanced food basket was distributed to beneficiaries this month compared to previous months.

8) Uganda

(a) Over 1.4 million displaced persons sheltering in more than 100 congested protected camps, continue to depend on WFP food assistance for survival. Their livelihoods continue to be severely constrained by the protracted Lords Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency in the northern Acholi and Lango regions (Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira). Although the security situation in Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira districts remained relatively stable, LRA activity continued in parts of Kitgum and Pader districts, as well as attacks by Karimojong warriors in Lira. LRA hostilities coupled with food shortages in southern Sudan have resulted in an influx of 1,750 asylum seekers in Moyo district.

(b) Following an outbreak of cholera in Pabbo camp, which shelters over 50,000 displaced persons, three people have died and 79 have been infected since early October. Water sources, already inadequate, were contaminated following a heavy storm two weeks ago. In response, WFP provided an emergency ration of 1.7 tons to 60 people receiving treatment from Medecins Sans Frontières (MSF). WFP has also moved forward the general food distribution to mitigate hunger due to lost food stocks and crops as a result of the violent storm that devastated the camp two weeks ago.

(c) WFP together with UNICEF is reviewing Mother Child Health (MCH) programme activities in Karamoja region prior to selecting pilot MCH sites within the region, to enhance the health component at health centres. WFP and UNICEF will establish guidelines for the implementation of nutrition programmes. Nonetheless, feeding activities appear to have boosted attendance of pregnant mothers particularly prior to birth and during lactation and immunization of mainly children under 1 year old.

(d) WFP food distribution continues to reach over 1.4 million displaced persons, 150,000 refugees and other vulnerable persons. During the period 25 to 30 October 2004, 4,350 tons of WFP relief food assistance were distributed to over 351,000 persons including IDPs sheltering in camps in Gulu, Kitgum and Pader districts in the northern Acholi sub-region; refugees, school children and other vulnerable persons.

(e) WFP faces a shortfall of over 21,542 tons of food commodities (13,146 tons cereals, 3,447 tons pulses and 4,949 tons fortified blended foods) representing a funding gap of USD 10 million, required to maintain the food pipeline necessary to continue providing relief assistance to IDPs and refugees from October 2004 through March 2005.

D) West Africa Region: (1) Chad (2) Cote d'Ivoire (3) Guinea (4) Liberia (5) Sierra Leone

1) Chad

(a) UNSECOORD has officially declared a change of security phase from II to III in the Chadian regions of Ouddai, Bahai and Biltine bordering Sudan. Meanwhile, N'Djamena and the rest of the country are now on security phase II.

(b) The situation between refugees and local residents is relatively calm. Minor incidents have been reported since the deployment of gendarmes around the camps. On 28 October, a confrontation was reported between Chadian rebels coming from Sudan and elements of the Chadian military. Twenty rebels and one army personnel were reportedly killed. The presence of the President in Abeche may have security implications. His bodyguards, mainly Zagawas, reportedly do not speak French and may open fire without warning.

(c) The caseload reported by UNHCR as of 02 November totals some 195,507 refugees. This comprises of 192,863 in camps and 2,644 to be transferred from border areas to the camps. A total of 6,119 refugees do not wish to be relocated from the border. The 3000 new arrivals reported in Oure Casoni last week are still undergoing verification and have not yet been registered.

(d) The WFP/UNHCR Joint Assessment Mission (with the participation of donors, Government, and NGO representatives) is completed. The mission underscored the deterioration of the food security situation of the local populations, which have been affected by the presence of refugees. In addition, the mission highlighted the improvement in the nutritional situation of refugees as compared to the alarming malnutrition rate in June this year. Among others, the mission recommended: including local populations in the Blanket Supplementary Feeding programme; Reinforcement of the registration process, in cooperation with the UNHCR Registration Process Review team; Establishment of a Working Group to tackle problems of grinding, taking into account milling costs; Strengthening of Country Programme activities in Eastern Chad, such as School Feeding and Food For Work; and an extension of the EMOP duration to an additional 18 months.

(e) The latest World Vision International nutrition preliminary report indicates a marked decrease in the malnutrition rate in refugee camps since September this year. The moderate acute malnutrition rate has decreased from 17.6 percent to 12.4 percent, and the severe acute malnutrition rate has decreased from 6.8 percent to 1.7percent. The screening was conducted in seven out of the eleven camps. The remaining camps have not yet submitted data for processing and analysis.

(f) WFP, under EMOP 10327.0, Emergency Assistance to Sudanese Refugees in Eastern Chad, provided the distribution of a total of some 270 tons of food to about 39,815 refugees during the past week. This comprises of some 125 tons to 6,930 beneficiaries under General Food Distribution (GFD) activities, and of some 145 tons to almost 32,885 beneficiaries, including local Chadian residents, under Blanket Supplementary Feeding (BSF). November distributions for full rations of 2,100 kcal are planned for two 15-day cycles. WFP plans to assist about 196,605 beneficiaries under GFD, some 54,780 beneficiaries under BSF, and 4,690 beneficiaries under the regular supplementary and therapeutic feeding programmes implemented by NGOs.

(g) On 4 November, assorted commodities arrived in Benghazi as scheduled. The first convoy of sorghum purchased in Nigeria has crossed the Chad-Cameroon border and is expected to arrive in N'Djamena on 5 November.

(h) The Special Operation (SO) 10390.0, Logistics Augmentation in support of EMOP 10327 - Emergency Assistance to Sudanese refugees in North Eastern Chad, is currently resourced at 13.37 percent. No further confirmed contributions have been made against this SO, which requires urgent funding.

2) Cote d'Ivoire

(a) The security situation in the country is very tense. On 28 October, the Forces Nouvelles withdrew their Ministers from the country's transitional government after finding weapons being smuggled into their territory. On 4 November, government warplanes bombed the city of Bouake in the Forces Nouvelles-held territory.

(b) On Sunday, 31 October, roads between government territory and the ceasefire zone at Tiebissou and Duekoue were closed by government troops. With the exception of UN and diplomatic vehicles, no vehicles have been allowed to pass across the ceasefire zone ? which means that the commercial trucks carrying WFP food have not been allowed to cross. For the moment, all dispatches and deliveries across the ceasefire line are on hold.

(c) From 27 October to 2 November, over 805 tons of various food commodities were distributed to 60,500 people.

(d) The vegetable 'counter season' project is schedule to start this week in Guiglo and Blolequin. Vegetable seeds and tools will be distributed along with a food for agriculture ration.

3) Guinea

(a) Due to renewed civil unrest in Monrovia, Liberia the repatriation of Liberian refugees scheduled to begin October 30 has been postponed.

(b) From 18 to 31 October, 950 tons of various food commodities were distributed to 80,000 people. Dwindling food stocks and a lack of resources have prompted WFP to extend the temporarily reduced rations (from 2,100 kcal to 1,600 kcal) in order to avoid any interruption in the distributions

(c) WFP and UNHCR are working on the implementation of nutritional surveys before the end of the year in the camps in Kissidougou and N'Zerekore. Both surveys will serve as a baseline for the upcoming 2005-2006 PRRO.

(d) Additional donor support is needed in order for WFP to provide full rations in the coming months.

4) Liberia

(a) On 28 October, three days of violence in Monrovia resulted in the loss of at least 16 lives and injured approximately 200 people. As a result, Mr. Gyude Bryant, the Chairman of the National Transitional Government of Liberia, imposed a curfew to all residents of Monrovia from 4 p.m. to 7 a.m. As precautionary measures, WFP Liberia scaled down field activities from Monrovia and only essential staff are reporting to work until the situation stabilizes. As of 3 November, the curfew time has been changed from 6:00 pm to 7:00 am.

(b) The resettlement of IDPs that was planned to commence on 1 November has been postponed due to the security situation in Monrovia. UNHCR has also delayed by one week the planned convoys of Liberian refugees from Nigeria and Guinea to Liberia.

(c) The food pipeline continues to face critical shortages, and since June, WFP has been forced to distribute reduced rations to the approximate 500,000 refugees, returnees and IDPs receiving WFP support. From 27 October to 2 November, 320 tons of food were distributed to 31,000 beneficiaries. Food distributions to Ricks, Sawegbeh, and Mount Barclay IDP camps and school feeding distributions were not completed due to the security unrest in Monrovia.

(d) In preparation for resumption of Food in Support of Local Initiatives (FSLI) activities that had been stopped mainly due to pipeline constraints, WFP is revising guidelines for implementation of FSLI activities. A workshop will be organized with all Partners involved in FSLI activities to discuss the new guidelines, including criteria for selection of projects, work norms, modalities of food distribution, storage and reporting.

(e) New contributions continue to be needed in order for WFP to be able to provide full rations and implement all programmes in the coming months.

5) Sierra Leone

(a) From 18 October to 1 November, 280 metric tons of various food commodities were distributed to 37,300 people. Pipeline shortfalls continue to be a problem, and there will be insufficient stocks of oil pulses this month. (b) A UNHCR-WFP joint evaluation mission is currently in Sierra Leone to evaluate a pilot food distribution activity being undertaken by WFP in the refugee camps. The main objective of the evaluation is to assess the overall effectiveness of the new food distribution arrangement, which is being piloted in five operations, including Sierra Leone.

E) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Malawi, (5) Mozambique, (6) Namibia , (7) Swaziland, (8) Zambia, (9) Zimbabwe

1) Regional

(a) WFP urgently requires contributions to procure food for the first six months of the regional PRRO 10310, Assistance to Populations in Southern Africa Vulnerable to Food Insecurity and the Impact of AIDS. The PRRO was approved in October and starts in January 2005. The operation aims to support a monthly average of 1.8 million persons who are food insecure due to drought, high HIV/AIDS prevalence and weakened capacity for governance in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia.

2) Angola

(a) An outbreak of meningitis has been reported in the municipality of Calai in southwestern province of Kuando Kubango. Six cases have been registered in the past two weeks, two of which were fatal. As a result, UNHCR and the Ministry of Assistance and Social Re-integration suspended refugee repatriation to Calai. WFP has requested 100 vaccines for the immunization of all WFP staff in Kuando Kubango province.

3) Lesotho

(a) From 27 October to 2 November, WFP and implementing partners distributed about 1,000 tons of food to some 84,000 beneficiaries including children under five years of age, people suffering from the effects of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, pregnant and nursing mothers, orphans and beneficiaries under food-for-work and vulnerable group feeding programmes. It is not expected that these people will be food secure before the next harvest in 2005.

(b) In Lesotho, the emergency type food assistance, currently provided under EMOP 10290, Targeted Relief to Vulnerable Households in Southern Africa, will be provided to a peak 510,000 recipients under PRRO 10310, Assistance to Populations Vulnerable to Food Insecurity in high HIV/AIDS Prevalence Areas of Southern Africa.

4) Malawi

(a) The UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS, Mr. Stephen Lewis, visited a WFP supported Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission programme at St Gabriel hospital. Mr. Lewis had the opportunity to witness WFP's food and nutritional support to 200 women with a household ration.

(b) During a meeting held with the Ministry of Health, UNICEF and MOH announced that therapeutic foods (milk and plumpy nut) have been procured for patients on ARV.

(c) The draft of Malawi's National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework (2005-2009) was presented to key HIV/AIDS stakeholders.

5) Mozambique

(a) According to FEWS-Net, the overall food security situation in parts of southern and central Mozambique where food insecure people were identified earlier this year, has stabilized due to several ongoing interventions. However, in the northern Nampula coastal areas, the combined effects of cassava brown streak disease and poor rainfall in the last agricultural season are likely to cause food deficits among the poorest households. Humanitarian agencies continue to monitor food security as the peak 'hunger' season approaches. The latest FEWS-Net Africa Weather Hazards Assessment report indicates that below normal rainfall is expected over northern Mozambique in the coming days.

(b) As a follow-up to the meeting that the National Disaster Management Institute (INGC) had with WFP and district health authorities in Tete last week, regarding the food insecurity reports from Zumbo and Magoe districts, a second meeting on the issue was held to discuss the scope and logistics for the upcoming mission. Two teams will visit the affected areas, and 45 focus group interviews will be conducted to assess food insecurity.

(c) The provincial contingency plan workshops for Maputo, Gaza and Inhambane were held last week to develop contingency plans for each province. Government and NGOs participated. The INGC expects to finalize the national contingency plan by the end of the year.

6) Namibia

(a) Food distribution to some 12,000 orphans and vulnerable children and refugees in Kassava transit camp were disrupted by an Anthrax outbreak in the northeastern Caprivi region. Fear of contamination and infection hindered access to beneficiaries.

7) Swaziland

(a) About 10,000 WFP beneficiary households will benefit from the Input Seed Trade Fairs currently underway. The WFP, FAO and Government of Swaziland organized fairs are expected to improve the food security situation of vulnerable groups. In Swaziland, 165,000 people will require short-term emergency aid until the first half of the year due to drought, poverty and the impact of HIV/AIDS.

8) Zimbabwe

(a) Maize prices are increasing. The average current price of 17.5 kg is ZWD 22,000, an increase of 57 percent from the post harvest average of ZWD 12,500 for the same quantity between May and June. At 16 out of 27 WFP sentinel sites, the purchasing power of the casual labour wage rate buys less than 2kg of maize per day.

F) Asia: (1) Bangladesh, (2) DPR Korea, (3) Myanmar, (4) Sri Lanka

1) Bangladesh

(a) Though the monsoon is now over, late rains in October and prolonged water logging continued to impact on Bangladesh.

(b) Under the EMOP 10380, Assistance to Flood Affected People in Bangladesh, food distributions for the month of October under the Vulnerable Group Rehabilitation (VGR) Programme are in progress. From 28 October to 4 November, about 93 percent (840,000 Households or 4.2 million beneficiaries) have received food (30 kg rice/HH) and distribution is expected to finalize by 7 November. VGR allocation for the month of November is under preparation. In addition, under the School Feeding Programme, a total of 600,000 primary school children per month have been receiving high-energy biscuits since September.

(c) A tripartite Letter of Agreement, regarding the EMOP's Supplementary Feeding Programme, was signed between UNICEF, WFP and partner NGOs. The NGOs will be responsible for selection of beneficiaries and distribution, while UNICEF and WFP will jointly supervise and monitor.

(d) While resources for the EMOP are being solicited, WFP is proceeding with a limited response that focuses on the next 2 ? 3 months, the traditional lean season. Wheat and rice are being borrowed from Government stock. Two new pledges have raise the current resourcing status of the EMOP from 23 to 30 percent in the past week, which however is still grossly inadequate to carry the operation beyond the end of the year. Unless significant additional donations are received soon, the EMOP will have to be phased out by end December 2004. EMOP resource shortfalls impose serious hardship on over 4 million women and children who are virtually dependent on WFP assistance during the current lean season, September ? December, and again in May ? June, the next lean season.

2) DPR Korea

(a) Almost all Local Food Production factories (16 of 19) operated during the week. Production was halted by lack of packaging materials, delayed transportation of DSM, and lack of sugar.

(b) A team of the Government of Japan (GOJ) officials visited WFP distribution sites in four provinces this week.

(c) With the recent arrival of large contributions, WFP is now able to feed the planned number of beneficaries for the first time in 2 years. Substantive new pledges, including 100,000 tons of maize, will allow WFP to continue this support through May 2005, with the exception of oil that will run out as early as January for some beneficiary groups.

3) Myanmar

(a) Due to recent changes in the government and regional administrations, WFP is facing difficulties in food movement from warehouses to distribution points in Northern Rakhine State (NRS). This attributed to the delay in food delivery and distribution for WFP activities. As a result, only 77 tons of rice could be distributed to 4,920 beneficiaries in NRS during the month of October under PRRO 10066.2, Assistance to Returnees and Vulnerable Groups in North Rakhine State and Magway Division (Dry Zone) of Myanmar. To resolve this problem WFP is following-up with its coordinating line ministry.

(b) Under EMOP 10345.0, Emergency Food Assistance to Ex-Poppy Farmers in Northern Shan State, Myanmar, a total of some 1,080 tons of rice was distributed to over 44,670 beneficiaries during the month of October through food-for-work, food-for-education and vulnerable group feeding in Northern Shan State (NSS).

(c) Under the community home based care project, a total of 35 tons was distributed to about 2,800 beneficiaries (567 households) living with HIV/AIDS and to other chronically ill patients in central Dry Zone. WFP will organize HIV awareness activities in all food distribution centers. The Cooperating Partners have agreed to identify 2-3 volunteers for each distribution point, and have these people trained as HIV awareness workers.

(d) A cash contribution of USD 396,826 for the EMOP 10345.0 was confirmed. Further, an other donor expressed its willingness to donate 1,000 tons of rice.

4) Sri Lanka

(a) Sri Lanka cricket legend Muttiah Muralitharan, a WFP humanitarian partner, visited school feeding projects in the northern city of Jaffna this week. WFP provides food to more than 100,000 children in the northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka. Muralitharan also visited a nutrition education session for mothers and their infant children near Jaffna city, and a food-for-work project site.

G) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Colombia, (2) Haiti, (3) Nicaragua

1) Colombia

(a) President Alvaro Uribe started negotiating a swap with Colombia's largest left-wing rebel group, that unexpectedly released four hostages. UN special envoy in Colombia, James Lemoyne, said last Sunday 31 October that the UN expected Colombia's largest left-wing rebel group to consider in a constructive way Colombian President Alvaro Uribe's proposal for the humanitarian exchange. The UN also said in a statement that it values the new proposal.

(b) The security situation remained volatile. Two people died and two more were injured on 29 October in a bomb blast on a roadway in southern Bogota.

(c) A mudslide killed seven people including five children on 27 October in the village of Riosucio, province of Caldas. This disaster increased the death toll from Colombia's wet season to 11 people. The Colombian Government has provided USD 2.7 million of emergency aid to more than 76,000 people whose homes have been damaged by floods this wet season. The regions most affected by the rainy season are Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Bolívar, Sucre, Cordoba, Magdalena, Caldas and Bogota.

(d) According to a report released by the Colombian UNDP office, the province of Choco has the highest rate of extreme poverty in the whole country. The report says that the percentage of population in this province living below the poverty line has increased up to 26 percent during the last decade. Compared to the rest of provinces in Colombia, Choco has the highest rates of extreme poverty, illiteracy, access to sanitation facilities and maternal mortality. WFP attends approximately 20.000 beneficiaries in this province with more than 155 activities in 16 different municipalities.

(e) In the context of the PRRO 10158, Assistance to People Displaced by Violence, from 25 to 31 October, WFP distributed about 160 tons of food in 4 provinces for 17,125 beneficiaries. These commodities were distributed in community kitchens and under food-for-crisis and food-for-work activities.

2) Haiti

(a) The entire country remained in UN security phase III .

(b) In Port au Prince, the situation in the vicinities of Bel Air, Cite Soleil and Martissant continued to be tense with some reported incidents of unidentified gang members shooting close to the MINUSTAH forces. There are unconfirmed reports that the Haitian police would have killed some 13 youngsters in the Fort National slum of Port-au-Prince. A UN special envoy for Haiti urged the nation's interim government to investigate the killings. The 3 days Lavalas strike (26, 27, 28 October) in the city had no significant impact. Despite the tense situation in sensitive areas, normal traffic, school and commercial activities continue to be observed in Port-au-Prince.

(c) The security situation in Gonaives was slightly tense this week. However, it had no impact on CARE's distributions of WFP food. The situation in the rest of the country remained calm. The ex-FAdH (Forces Armées d'Haiti, an army dismantled by Aristide) are still attempting to be recognized by the current government and establish a strong role in the nation's security.

(d) While the situation in the port of Port-au-Prince remained erratic in operational terms, WFP was able to improve its reception of full import containers. Thirty containers that were paralyzed at the port since two months were retrieved by WFP during the week. Congestion was avoided after it was decided to go for direct transshipment from carriers containers into trucks within the warehouse compound, and deliveries to Gonaives in that way could be speeded up.

(e) From 27 October to 2 November, a total of 115 tons of food commodities (one week rations) were distributed by WFP's implementing partner CARE to 30,000 beneficiaries in Gonaïves. Distributions were held in one distribution site per day, in localities from the Commune of Gonaives yet located on the outskirts of the the city. Since the onset of the flood crisis in Gonaives and Port de Paix, a total of some 2,235 tons of food commodities have been distributed in the city of Gonaïves and other affected areas.

(f) Distributions to schools and health centres have resumed on 28 October in the West department and to schools in the North and North-East departments.

3) Nicaragua

(a) During the previous week, tremors were felt in the Northern Atlantic Region (RAAN). No casualties were reported.

(b) On 26 October, a truck carrying WFP food from Puerto Cortes, Honduras to the main warehouse in Corinto, Nicaragua was robbed in the western region of the country. Some 16 boxes of vegetable oil were stolen.

(c) Food distributions under the IRA/EMOP 10376.0, Mudslides and flooding in the Northern region of Nicaragua, to affected families of the Cerro Musún mudslide in Río Blanco and Matiguás have ended. Food distributions under PRRO 10212.0, Targeted Food Assistance for Persons Affected by Shocks and for the Recovery of Livelihoods, continue. Currently, a total of over 67,465 school children are assisted in the RAAN and some 11,495 school children in the municipality of Matagalpa. In addition, 10,027 vulnerable children under 2 years of age; 8,729 expectant and nursing women and 2,000 poor rural families are also assisted in the northern and central region of the country.

(d) PRRO 10212.0 will face shortfalls through March 2005. If no commodities are announced in the coming months or those that are announced arrive late, the PRRO will face serious pipeline breaks in the first quarter of next year.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons (MT).