Afghanistan + 21 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 42 of 2003

Situation Report
Originally published
This report includes:
A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Afghanistan

B) East and Central Africa: (1) DR Congo, (2) Burundi, (3) Uganda, (4) Sudan, (5) Eritrea, (6) Djibouti, (7) Ethiopia

C) West Africa: (1) Liberia, (2) Côte d'Ivoire

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Zambia, (4) Malawi, (5) Zimbabwe, (6) Mozambique, (7) Lesotho, (8) Madagascar

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Bolivia, (2) Colombia, (3) El Salvador, (4) Haiti

From David Morton, Director of the Transport, Preparedness and Response Division (OTP); available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (, or by e-mail from , Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (OEP).

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to or, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Afghanistan

1) Iraq

(a) October distributions under the Public Distribution System (PDS) have continued throughout the past two weeks in Iraq. The October PDS ration reduced weaning cereal, salt, and soap, while it increased the allocation of infant formula from the September PDS ration. As per the announcement of the Ministry of Trade (MoT), the distribution of all food commodities except wheat flour would be completed within 22 days. The distribution cycle for wheat flour will last for 30 days.

(b) In the three northern governorates of Erbil, Dahuk and Sulaymaniyah the training of Food Department staff in preparation of the handover of the PDS and in managerial levels in logistics and monitoring is proceeding. In order to enable WFP and the Food Department staff to work together in joint data entry and analysis, WFP has established a cell for the management of the data bank in Erbil. A similar procedure is being followed for Dahuk and Sulaymaniyah governorates.

(c) WFP's logistic operation in Iraq is slowly coming to an end. Through the organisation of a massive regional logistics set-up, to date, two million tons of mixed food commodities have been delivered to Iraq since the beginning of the operation in April. Six corridors, namely Jordan, Turkey, Syria, Iran, Kuwait, and the Iraqi port of Umm Qasr have been used to deliver food to the 18 governorates inside Iraq. The Jordanian, Turkish and Syrian corridors have accounted for 75 percent of total food dispatches into Iraq.

(d) Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1483, WFP has successfully re-negotiated 283 contracts for a tonnage of 2.268 million metric tons of food commodities, valued at around Euro 968 million. The first shipments have already arrived. WFP seconded four staff members to the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) group based in Copenhagen, responsible for the re-negotiation of transport and food handling contracts. As at 10 October, of the 222 contracts to be re-negotiated, the amendments of 68 contracts for a total value of approximately Euro 355 million have been finalised by the UNOPS/WFP team. These contracts have been sent to the respective suppliers for signature.

(e) WFP is facilitating the purchase of the procurement of up to 1.25 million tons of this year's Iraqi wheat harvest. The harvest has been completed and MoT has stopped buying from the farmers by mid September. MoT has reported total purchases of 1,012.517 tons. Assessments indicate that 70 percent of the wheat is of good quality and 30 percent of wheat is infested with 'smut' - a fungus disease that needs to be cleaned in order to use the wheat for human consumption.

2) Afghanistan

(a) On 13 October the United Nations Security Council adopted a draft resolution authorizing expansion of the mandate of the International Security Assistance Force to allow it to support the Afghan Transitional Authority in the maintenance of security outside of Kabul and to provide security assistance for the performance of other tasks in support of the Bonn Agreement.

(b) The security situation during the week remained volatile. In the North, severe fighting between local commanders broke out west and south of Mazari Sharif city on 08 October. An agreement was signed by the opposing parties to establish a ceasefire, reduce troop concentrations, withdraw heavy weapons in and around Mazari Sharif and conduct an investigation into the origins of the conflict. All United Nations road missions along the roads west of Mazari Sharif (to Sheberghan) and south of Mazari Sharif (to Sholgora) were temporarily suspended. In the East two separate rocket attacks occurred in the south and southwest of Jalal Abad, without causing any casualties. The high insecurity in Chaparhar district of Nangarhar province prevented WFP from monitoring food distribution activities, which therefore is being done by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, WFP's counterpart. In the South, the Security Management Team of the United Nations underlined an urgent need for the Government to develop an environment in which the United Nations can manage its operations, including the set up of checkpoints and patrols on the roads to the United Nations and NGO project sites. The increasing instability in Kandahar has a debilitating effect on WFP operations.

(c) From 09 to 15 October, 629.387 beneficiaries received 3,213 tons of food through Food for Work, Food for Education, Relief and Resettlement of IDP's and Refugees, Urban and Rural Vulnerable and Supplementary and Institutional Feeding activities in Fayz Abad, Mazari Sharif, Kabul, Kandahar and Hirat. In response to the food needs of vulnerable groups living in areas that become inaccessible during the winter, WFP is pre-positioning food stocks in 47 districts in 14 provinces across the country.

(d) In Jalal Abad, a 3-day training on food and nutrition started on 14 October for 19 participants from the United Nations and NGOs. In Hirat province, ceremonies took place for the construction of Sarbistan School in Enjil district and Karukh Secondary School in Karukh district. The two schools will be able to accommodate approximately 1,700 schoolchildren starting from January 2004. WFP will provide 13 tons of food to 1,019 workers to construct the school buildings, as well as approximately USD 80,000 for the building materials.

B) East and Central Africa: (1) DR Congo, (2) Burundi, (3) Uganda, (4) Sudan, (5) Eritrea, (6) Djibouti, (7) Ethiopia

1) DR Congo

(a) The security situation remained precarious, particularly in major towns where armed banditry has been increasing. Violent confrontations between Mai Mai militia and soldiers from the Forces Armées Congolaises (FAC), resulting in massive displacement of the peasant population, continued to be reported. Increased insecurity has been prevailing also in Walungu due to clashes between various opposing armed factions. In the Ruzizi Plain, where humanitarian organizations have suspended activities upon advise of the Field Security Officer (FSO), 18 persons were killed and 9 women abducted.

(b) In North Kivu, the continuous looting and rapes in Kanyabayonga resulted in a significant displacement of 15,000 people to Kayna. According to WFP's implementing partner Action Contre la Faim (ACF) in South Kivu, 600 families have returned from Tanzania to Fizi and are awaiting assistance. ACF distributed food rations to only 70 returnee families. Depending on the accessibility of Shabunda, Nundu and Lemera, ACF plans to carry out nutritional surveys where high levels of malnutrition have been prevailing due to the prolonged fighting and lack of humanitarian access. With cholera spreading throughout the southern parts of South Kivu Province, WFP was requested by NGOs to provide food assistance to 200 hospitalised cholera patients in the territories of Uvira and Fizi and will provide a two-month ration.

(c) The drought, which affected the agricultural production adversely last year, has further aggravated the food security of peasant populations already devastated by 4 years of war. Some 16,000 to 20,000 persons who have been displaced to Ankoro in North Katanga expressed their wish to return home. These IDPs received food assistance early this year through MSF/France and non-food items through ICRC.

(d) WFP distributed over 840 tons of food to some 100,000 beneficiaries, including IDPs, returnees and malnourished children. Other activities carried included assistance to children in difficult circumstances, food-for-work and food-for-training.

(e) WFP started the distribution of seeds protection packages to over 8,000 Angolan refugees in Kisenge to accompany the distribution of maize seeds by World Vision International. Refugees will be able to grow their own food with the starting of the 2003/2004 planting season.

2) Burundi

(a) The security situation remained volatile in various areas of the country. During the previous week, criminal incidents and acts of banditry continued around the capital city and inside the country.

(b) From 06 to12 October, WFP distributed close to 2,000 tons of food to over 173,000 beneficiaries through its different programmes and activities. WFP continued to distribute seeds protection rations in the country. Over 1,600 tons of food was supplied to nearly 148,000 farmers in Kayanza, Kirundo, Bujumbura Rural, Muramvya, Gitega, Ruyigi and Bubanza provinces.

(c) During the week, the Household Food Economy Assessment (HFEA) teams conducted a monthly food security monitoring in Karusi, Kayanza, Cankuzo Rutana, Makamba, Ruyigi and Bururi provinces. Staff reported that diseased domestic animals and limited food reserves could distress the food security situation in those provinces. The same teams also conducted a rapid assessment mission in Ruyigi province following a request for food assistance by the provincial Governor. Their findings indicate that nearly 500 households were affected by the hailstorm that hit Bwagiriza zone in the beginning of September. The assessment was also carried out in one commune of Muyinga province and findings indicated that the hailstorm damaged crops of over 8,700 households living on seven hills in Butarugera and Kamaramagambo zones in early May. These people were assessed to be food insecure. Among the victims of the hailstorm are returnees, members of the Batwa community and other vulnerable households.

3) Uganda

(a) The northern Uganda districts of Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira have experienced heightened insecurity caused by increased Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebel attacks. In one incident on 15 October, LRA rebels attacked a market in Lira town and randomly opened fire, killing 25 civilians. At least 400 people, most of them children, are reported to have reached safely in Pader district last week after fleeing from LRA rebel captivity. Over 25,000 children have been abducted in northern Uganda in the protracted LRA rebel insurgency.

(b) The Government plans to extend the ongoing measles immunization campaign to conflict-affected districts of Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira in northern Uganda, despite concerns about the safety of the population. Heightened insecurity is a major concern for UN agencies (UNICEF and WHO). As a result, the agencies have called for a cessation of hostility during the one-week campaign.

(c) WFP recently concluded an Emergency Food Needs Assessment (EFNA) in 33 IDP camps in Gulu district. A revision of ration levels, based on camp typologies, has been recommended. WFP is currently conducting Emergency Food Needs Assessments in Kitgum and Pader districts.

(d) Nutrition surveys have been completed in the 33 camps in Gulu district. Preliminary data analysis indicated 34.2 percent prevalence of stunting in children between six and 59 months. Significant reductions in global acute malnutrition rates were noted for Anaka and Pabbo IDP camps, which in January registered 31.6percent and 18.1percent respectively during a WFP pipeline break. The August levels of global acute malnutrition registered were 10.5 percent for Anaka and 11.9 percent for Pabbo. A nutrition survey is ongoing in IDP camps in Kitgum district.

(e) Over 925,000 persons displaced in northern Uganda rely on WFP relief assistance. During the week 06 to 11 October, WFP provided 1,384 tons of food to 80,642 people. WFP food aid under PRRO 10121.0 was distributed to displaced people in four camps in Gulu and two in Pader districts, as well as primary schools and therapeutic feeding centres in affected areas.

(f) Close to 2,400 tons of food will be distributed in Teso region, eastern Uganda. Regular and brutal attacks by the LRA on the civilian population in the districts of Soroti and Katakwi have resulted in the displacement of 300,000 persons.

4) Sudan

(a) The WFP-led Annual Needs Assessments started countrywide in September 2003. Data collection will continue until the end of October and the results will be published one month later. About 200 assessment sites are being sampled, including non-traditional support areas. These include all those areas, which WFP was not able to access as a result of the hostilities or 'no-go' area policy and/or areas, which were hitherto not considered food-insecure but which will receive returning IDPs when peace prevails. Three UN agencies, twenty NGOs and counterparts in both GoS and SPLA-controlled areas are participating in the exercise.

(b) A critical break in the cereals pipeline in July led WFP to reduce the monthly ration by 50 percent. The reduction took effect from 01 August with the hope that the ration scale will go back to normal as soon as the pipeline situation improves. The diversion of cereals to Darfur due to the ongoing humanitarian crisis has resulted in a large increase in the requirement for cereals, from 02 to 07 tons per month

5) Eritrea

(a) No rainfall was reported during the past week in Debub and Gash Barka, the main agricultural regions of the country. Due to its late onset, rain was still necessary in order to ensure that crops reached full maturity. The absence of rain at the end of the season has caused some crops to wilt in the flowering stage. In addition, an invasion of chafer beetles in both Gash Barka and Debub has affected over 3,000 hectares of sorghum, which will have a negative impact on the final crop yield. It is almost certain that the upcoming national harvest will fall short of the 200,000 tons projected during the August 2003 Interim Crop Assessment.

(b) The Draft Food Security Strategy, launched this week, aims to provide a better understanding of the multiple dimensions of food insecurity in Eritrea, as well as livelihood strategies at the household level. It also focuses on the development of a sound scheme to enhance food security and defining a realistic action plan. Once finalized, the Food Security Strategy is expected to lead to better-informed decision-making and will provide a framework for improved coordination as well as a more effective use of public resources. The document is linked to the Government's Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper released last month.

(c) With the completion of the rainy season, the repatriation of Eritrean refugees from Sudan has resumed this week. UNHCR has made arrangements for the first convoy of up to 5000 returnees scheduled to arrive in Eritrea by mid-October. WFP is working with Eritrean Relief and Refugee Commission (ERREC) from the Government of Eritrea to pre-position food for these returnees. The returnees will receive a two-month ration upon arrival and will continue to receive regular food aid until the successful completion of their first harvest. The border between Eritrea and Sudan remains closed, but a humanitarian corridor has been created in order to allow the repatriation process to recommence.

(d) The critical resourcing situation for EMOP 10261 and PRRO 10192 remains unchanged, with 82,055 tons (63 percent) out of a total appeal of 129,957 tons now pledged for the EMOP, and with 39,931 tons (38 percent) resourced out of 104,531 tons committed for the PRRO. Further resources are urgently needed in order for the two operations to fully cover their planned caseloads.

6) Djibouti

(a) UNHCR has scheduled a registration in the Aour Aoussa transit centre. No voluntary departures from the centre have been reported. ICRC installed the needed water bladders and provided medical equipment/supplies to AMDA, the NGO providing health services in the centre.

(b) The cereal ration for the two refugee camps was cut by 50 percent for the October distribution. WFP is in the process of borrowing corn-soya blend and vegetable oil from Ethiopia and urgently requires sugar and salt for PRRO 10283 and DEV 05875. Eighty-five tons of salt can be transferred from EMOP 10099, which was terminated since June this year. A request to procure sugar locally has been submitted.

7) Ethiopia

(a) Assessment teams that have reviewed the status of crops for the mid main season assessment have completed fieldwork and are finalizing their analyses. A debriefing by the teams this week will be followed by release of results within the next few days. The teams are anticipated to identify some additional relief food needs for October, November and December. An extension in relief food distribution is needed in some areas because the late start to the main rainfall season has delayed maturation of the crops and the harvest.

(b) The mid-season assessment will also provide indicative figures for 2004, which will be useful for forward planning. This is crucial in order to pre-position food for expected needs in the early months of next year. More precise relief requirements for 2004 will be established by the end-season assessment in November.

C) West Africa: (1) Liberia, (2) Côte d'Ivoire

1) Liberia

(a) The overall security situation in Monrovia and up-country is stable. However there are reports of sporadic skirmishes between rebel and government forces in Bong, Nimba and Grand Bassa Counties. On 15 October Gyude Bryant was sworn in as leader of a 21-member government consisting of Taylor loyalists, rebels, the political opposition and civic groups, vowing to disarm combatants from all sides and to rebuild Liberia.

(b) Since taking control of the peacekeeping forces in Liberia, UNMIL has undertaken several security initiatives. On 13 October, a reconnaissance mission was conducted in Voinjama. UNMIL engineers reported on the bad road conditions and advised that it should be rehabilitated before relief operations could be carried out in the area. The UNMIL force Commander is expected to undertake a security assessment of Gbarnga and Ganta later this week. On 11 October, the meeting of the Joint Monitoring Committee has decided to extend the arms-free zone to refugee and IDP camps in Montserrado, thus enabling UNMIL to conduct active search and removal of weapons in and around the camps.

(c) WFP, together with implementing partners, has nearly completed the first cycle of food distributions in IDP camps in Montserrado and in accessible areas up-country. A residual caseload of 6,000 beneficiaries were assisted on 16 October in Sawegbeh and Harbel. Since 20 September, 291,362 IDPs have received 4,498 tons of assorted commodities. In addition, 42,859 people received food assistance under special feeding programmes, whereas 12,693 refugees were provided with 194 tons of food. Beneficiaries received a one-month ration of cereals, pulses and vegetable oil. Plans are being finalized for the following distribution cycle to begin in a week.

(d) WFP faced some operational and logistical constraints, which extended the distribution period to 3 weeks. Security conditions which prompted the suspension of operations for 2 days, led to delays in the distribution plan. In addition, limited storage facilities up-country and unreliable commercial trucking companies also impacted on activities outside of Monrovia.

2) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) The security situation remains calm. There is continued stalemate in the peace-process and the New Forces Ministers remain in Bouaké. A rally of the loyalists is expected to take place on 19 October in the buffer town of Tiebesso.

(b) Malnutrition in Guiglo area is levelling off with 295 cases reported of moderately malnourished children. In Séguela, where 100 children have been diagnosed by the NGO Médecins du Monde, the malnutrition rate is between 4 and 5 percent. UNICEF conducted a mission in the North and expressed concern over the lack of health services in the zone. The stalled redeployment of the administration to the North and the West is affecting the health sector and the population in the North and West do not have access to health care, with the rural populations suffering the most from the lack of health care systems.

(c) The school year is off to a slow start. Schools in the West will open in November and the Minister of Education has validated the school year for the North, where schools are scheduled to open in January 2004.

(d) From 10 to 16 October WFP distributed 288 tons of food to some 25,000 people through its various activities.

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Zambia, (4) Malawi, (5) Zimbabwe, (6) Mozambique, (7) Lesotho, (8) Madagascar

1) Regional

(a) WFP continues to face a pipeline crisis for Southern Africa with frequent breaks foreseen next year, particularly for cereals and pulses. As of 16 October, projections show a disturbing outlook for the critical 'hunger period' with a cereal shortfall of 36 percent in January, 64 percent in February, 95 percent in March, and a 98 percent shortfall in April. In order to avoid a disastrous disruption in food distributions affecting about 6.5 million people in the early months of 2004, additional donations are urgently required to avert these pipeline shortfalls.

2) Angola

(a) More than 35,000 Angolan refugees have now returned home since June under UNHCR'S voluntary repatriation programme, including 17,000 from the Democratic Republic of Congo, 15,000 from Zambia and 3,000 from Namibia. WFP is providing food on both sides of the relevant borders to assist the official repatriation exercise.

(b) WFP's passenger air service and the non-food item air transport service, which WFP provides to the humanitarian community in Angola, are facing suspension by the end of October due to a shortage of funding. Dedicated aircraft provide humanitarian agencies with passenger transport, while cargo flights regularly deliver non-food items such as vaccines, agricultural tools, seeds, medicine and blankets to various parts of the country. On average, 2,000 aid workers and 500 tons of non-food items are transported each month by WFP in Angola. A total of USD 2.5 million is needed immediately to secure operations of these special services until January 2004.

3) Zambia

(a) The food security situation in Zambia has continued to be stable with a few exceptions in some areas of the Southern, Western and Northwestern Provinces. In Kalabo District (Western Province), adverse weather conditions in December 2002 to February 2003 significantly reduced the harvest. As a result, a greater proportion of the rural population than initially anticipated, has been affected by food insecurity and will require some form of food intervention this season.

(b) From 07 to 13 October, WFP and implementing partners distributed 1,696 tons of food to beneficiaries. WFP's school feeding programme has expanded to another two districts in the Southern and Eastern Provinces. The programme now reaches 19,045 students in 50 schools in five districts.

4) Malawi

(a) From 09 to 15 October, WFP distributed 1,545 tons of food in collaboration with implementing partners. Training on installation and use of ARGOS satellite devices for monitoring school attendance and other indicators under WFP's school feeding programme has been completed in five out of six districts.

5) Zimbabwe

(a) The food security situation continues to worsen with reports of an increasing number of negative coping mechanisms such as child labour and prostitution. As more households become vulnerable, WFP has increased its operations and is currently distributing food to just over 2 million targeted beneficiaries, a 33 percent increase over those reached in September. Distribution activities are going smoothly with good cooperation from local leadership structures and communities.

(b) The availability of agricultural inputs remains critical, and has been worsened by increasing prices. As an example, the price of maize seed increased by 10 percent since 06 October. Prices vary widely over the country. In Midlands Province, the price of the seed is four times higher than in Matabeleland. While several NGOs are distributing seeds in parts of the country, their interventions are modest compared to the overall need. The first rain showers have fallen and planting is due to begin in a few weeks time.

(c) The annual inflation rate reached 456 percent for September, according to the government's Central Statistics Office. The figures are based on official prices and would be considerably higher if the parallel market prices for fuel and food were taken into consideration. Most commodities - and almost all fuel - are only available on the parallel market.

6) Mozambique

(a) WFP and implementing partners met with provincial health and agriculture directorates to discuss the Tete Province government request for emergency food assistance in Chawalo and Mucangadzi localities in Zumbo District, and Chipera locality in Maravia District. The Zumbo localities are of serious concern given the difficulty in reaching these very remote areas. WFP and implementing partner, Lutheran World Federation are pre-positioning food in Zumbo warehouse to reduce the time it takes to reach these people. Further assessments will be undertaken in Maravia District.

7) Lesotho

(a) In September WFP distributed 1,525 tons of food to 225,412 beneficiaries in HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, vulnerable children and mother-child health projects as well students in school feeding programmes in primary schools.

8) Madagascar

(a) From 01 to 8 October, WFP and implementing partners carried out food distributions for 20,811 people through Food for Work (FFW) projects in the drought-affected south as well as cyclone/flooding prevention and urban works projects in other parts of the country.

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

1) DPR Korea

(a) Main harvest of the rice crop is ongoing in most provinces. Threshing of maize and rice also continues. Harvest of potato, the main crop in Ryanggang province, started in mid September, is almost complete. However, transportation to county warehouses remains slow due to unavailability of trucks.

(b) The 4th quarter Local Food Production (LFP) Steering Committee meeting took place on 15 October. Possible expansion of the LFP programme in 2004 and partnerships between UNICEF, FDRC, GAA and ADRA, were discussed during the meeting.

(c) Despite the expected arrival of 40,000 tons of wheat in December, there will again be a cut in cereal distributions early next year. About 3.5 million children in nurseries, kindergartens and primary schools, as well as pregnant and nursing women, elderly and caregivers in child institutions, will not receive rations from January onwards unless new pledges are immediately confirmed. In addition, Local Food Production factories will stop functioning in February due to lack of wheat flour. The 19,000 tons of wheat purchased with cash contributions from donors, has been delayed by a further week and is now expected to arrive on 24 October. The arrival of this wheat will allow distributions to continue to most Vulnerable Group Feeding beneficiaries and will permit LFP factories to operate through December. A confirmed contribution of 2,500 tons of sugar was recently received, but pipeline shortfalls of nearly 125,000 tons, including 100,000 tons of cereals, are projected from October 2003 through March 2004,

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Bolivia, (2) Colombia, (3) El Salvador, (4) Haiti

1) Bolivia

(a) Clashes of military/police forces and demonstrators from 11 to 12 October resulted in more than 50 deaths and 100 injured, according to media reports. The cities of El Alto and La Paz have been the main centres of the conflict. Since 13 October the conflict has spread across other regions, mainly the departments of Cochabamba, Chuquisaca and Oruro. The airport of La Paz, located in the city of El Alto, remains closed to domestic and international flights.

(b) The protesters, mainly workers, peasants, miners and civic organizations, have switched their main demand from stopping any plan to export gas to the President's resignation. However, the international community has supported the current President. On Monday the President confirmed he would not resign, although the Vice-President withdrew from executive power (remaining as president of the Congress), and the Minister of Economic Development resigned.

(c) On the third day of road blockade and closure of food markets, shortages of food, gasoline, gas, medicines and other inputs have worsened. Three children died in the General Hospital (the main public hospital in the city of La Paz) due to the lack of oxygen. This hospital is also suffering from shortages of medicines and food. All banks are closed and ATM cash machines depleted. Newspapers have also reduced the size of today's release because of paper shortage. People who could not move from the bus terminal in La Paz to their cities in the country are sheltered in the terminal with limited food available to them.

(d) In order to provide food to the General Hospital and the temporary shelter in the bus terminal, WFP in coordination with WHO has borrowed food from a WFP-supported Street Children Centre, as there is no safe access to the main warehouse located in the city of El Alto. WFP, WHO and UNICEF are permanently in contact in order to assess security and possible support to vulnerable groups. WFP is also in contact with the Red Cross. WFP, WHO and UNICEF attended on 14 October the local Emergencies Committee meeting. No additional food was requested to WFP in that meeting.

(e) UN security Phase II has been extended to Cochabamba Department. Originally only La Paz was declared under this phase. WFP's office is closed along with all other UN agencies. Only essential staff is working with access to e-mail through Webmail. However, on 14 October the essential staff could not reach the office because of street blockades and demonstrations. The airport in La Paz remains closed and no land transportation is possible from or to La Paz. No public transportation is available within La Paz. There have been no reported injuries to WFP staff and property and all WFP staff are accounted for through regular radio/handy and cellular-phones contacts. All field visits and distributions have been cancelled. Because shipments of food are now at the port in Peru, warehouses at the 7 Extended Distribution Points are almost empty.

(f) Although the WFP warehouse for La Paz is located in the city of El Alto, where the conflicts were centred, no damages or attempts of looting have been reported. WFP and counterparts offices have not been attacked. In Cochabamba, WFP's sub-office is located in public premises (Prefecture). On 13 October demonstrators tried to attack the premises. Police forces timely protected the premises and staff, including WFP food monitors, who were able to leave their offices. Vehicles and trucks were mo