Afghanistan + 24 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 36 of 2001

Situation Report
Originally published
This report includes: (A) West and Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan, (3) Iran (B) Asia Region: Cambodia (C) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) El Salvador, (2) Guatemala, (3) Nicaragua, (4) Peru, (5) Ecuador (D) East and Southern Africa Region: (1) Sudan, (2) Eritrea, (3) Burundi, (4) Tanzania, (5) Mozambique (E) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Democratic Republic of Congo, (3) Republic of Congo (F) West Africa Region: (1) Liberia, (2) Guinea (G) Eastern Europe Region: (1) Balkans, (2) Russian Federation
From Francesco Strippoli, Senior Humanitarian Adviser; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (, or by e-mail from For information on resources, donors are requested to contact at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

(A) West and Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan, (3) Iran

(1) Afghanistan

(a) On 6 September, WFP launched an appeal for a USD 151-million emergency operation to address the immediate needs of about 5.5 million people affected by a long cycle of drought and civil war. Because of the acute food crisis, WFP stepped up food distribution under an operation originally planned to help feed 3.8 million people until March 2002. As the current food stocks will be exhausted much sooner, WFP is launching this new operation aiming at distributing 366,000 tons of food over 12 months starting in November.

(b) An extremely disappointing harvest this summer left Afghanistan with a cereal deficit of about two million tons. Even after estimated imports of 750,000 tons and WFP food shipments, Afghanistan will still suffer from a staggering shortfall of over one million tons.

(c) In addition to helping millions of the drought victims and hundreds of thousands of IDPs, under WFP's new emergency operation, more than half a million urban poor will get subsidized bread from bakeries, thousands of girls and boys will benefit from school feeding projects in Badakhshan province, returning Afghan refugees will get a food grant, and hundreds of thousands of farmers that used to benefit from poppy cultivation will receive food assistance under projects to help them engage in productive activities.

(d) WFP distributed 672 tons of food to over 12,000 people in Faizabad area, through General Feeding, Food for Education, Food for Asset Creation (FOODAC) and Food for Work (FFW) programmes, during the first week of September. This also includes the assistance to 1,700 displaced families. The VAM Cereal Value Survey identified 12 districts in Badakhshan and 5 districts in Takhar as crisis areas. Around 275,000 people will require assistance to meet their immediate food needs from fall 2001 through harvest 2002.

(e) WFP assisted 853 displaced families with 85 tons of food in Kandahar. About 500 tons of food were distributed under various FOODAC, FFW and Institutional Feeding programmes, in the same area. Finally, WFP distributed 2,704 tons of food in Mazar, last week .

(2) Pakistan

(a) WFP completed the distribution of 835 tons of food, benefiting 49,280 refugees in Shamshatoo camp on 30 August. WFP plans to start the distribution on 7 September and will include the refugees re-located from Jalozai after being screened by UNHCR. It is expected that by 15 September, additional 10,000 people will receive WFP assistance, provided that food stocks are sufficient. WFP continues to support the MSF-H Supplementary Feeding Centre (SFC) in Jalozai camp, providing 8 tons of food to address the needs of 562 malnourished children and lactating mothers.

(3) Iran

(a) Further floods hit Golestan province in the first week of September, causing additional damage. The Government is currently assessing the needs of the flood-affected population and liaising with the donors. At present, WFP has not been notified of any food needs. The Iranian Red Crescent Society is providing food to flood victims for 45 days. However, following a WFP assessment mission in the northeastern province of Golestan, it would appear that 10,000 displaced people require assistance. WFP will continue to closely monitor the situation.

(B) Asia Region: Cambodia

(1) Cambodia

(a) With a new flood season threatening Cambodia, WFP is sending emergency food supplies to some 40,000 people whose homes and food stocks have been washed away. In an initial rapid response to the crisis, WFP is sending 500 tons of rice to cover the needs of the most severely affected flood victims during one month. At the same time, WFP is assessing the food needs in the flooded areas so that a bigger operation can be launched if necessary.

(b) More than 300,000 people in eastern and southern Cambodia have been evacuated from their homes and are suffering from food shortages. Government disaster management officials estimate that 1.2 million people have been affected in some way by the flooding.

(c) This year, Cambodia has been plagued by both drought and floods in differing regions. The combination has seriously undermined food security in the country, one of the poorest in Asia. WFP is concluding a year-long emergency operation aiming at addressing the immediate food needs of 500,000 people in the first phase of the operation, followed by a second phase in which 250,000 people received food aid for repairing flood damage. In the third phase, expected to end this month, 115,000 beneficiaries received food for undertaking longer-term rehabilitation of rural infrastructure.

(C) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) El Salvador, (2) Guatemala, (3) Nicaragua , (4) Peru, (5) Ecuador

In a Special Alert Report, dated 3 September, FAO expressed serious concerns about the food security early next year for drought-affected farmers who had gathered a poor harvest of first season crops, if the drought continues into the second season or hurricanes destroy crops in Central America. Furthermore, FAO reported that the capacity of the farmers to recover from the effects of the drought is limited due to the lack of seeds.

(1) El Salvador

(a) WFP distributed 168 tons of food last week, bringing the total amount of food distributed to drought affected families since the beginning of August to 532 tons. Over 5,000 families in the most affected municipalities in the eastern part of the country have thus received enough cereals to cover their needs up to the beginning of November. Another 14,680 families are to be assisted by the National Secretariat of the Family (SNF) and various NGOs.

(2) Guatemala

(a) The Government declared on 3 September a state of "public calamity" due to irregular rains and resulting food insecurity. Although rains have begun to regularize in some areas and planting for the second crop season has started, the Ministry of Agriculture reported food scarcity in the Chiquimula province, particularly in the mountainous areas. The most recent reports indicate that the number of affected people now reaches about 13,000 families, not including Chiquimula. The El Progresso and Zacapa are the most affected provinces. On 31 August, 240 tons of food were distributed.

(b) In response to reports of food insecurity, WFP, UNICEF, the Central American Nutritional Institute (INCAP), Government officials and other agencies plan to undertake a joint assessment mission in the Jocotan and Camotan provinces. The Ministry of Agriculture has approved a budget of USD 765,000 to assist drought-affected farmers.

(c) WFP is coordinating distribution arrangements with Catholic Relief Services (CRS) and USAID. CRS will intervene in the Chiquimula and Zacapa provinces, while WFP will be responsible for El Progreso, Santa Rosa, Baja Verapaz and Jalapa.

(3) Nicaragua

(a) WFP intends to undertake its first food distribution to approximately 9,000 drought-affected families, on 6 September. WFP also expects to assist families affected by the flooding of the Prinzapolka River, during the second week of September.

(4) Peru

(a) WFP approved, on 31 August, an Emergency Operation, aiming at providing assistance during three months to 30,000 persons who have become food insecure as a result of the 23 June earthquake. As of 31 August, WFP distributed 220 tons of food to 13,000 persons in the provinces of Arequipa, Moquegua y Tacna.

(b) The Government will present a WFP project at the donor's conference, which will take place in Madrid on 22 October. This project aims at supporting over 3,300 families in rehabilitating their irrigation systems damaged by the earthquake in the Andean region.

(5) Ecuador

(a) WFP plans to make a second food distribution to 30,000 people in the provinces of Tungurahua and Chimborazo, this week. The National Institute of Agricultural Investigations (NIAI) reported that the falling volcanic ash could provoke a number of illnesses and skin ulcers and recommended that the resident population remains under shelter and receives uncontaminated food and water. The NIAI also indicated that the fallen ash and soil should be mixed with calcium carbonate in order to recuperate the land for future agricultural production.

(D) East and Southern Africa Region: (1) Sudan, (2) Eritrea, (3) Burundi, (4) Tanzania, (5) Mozambique

(1) Sudan

(a) Heavy rains that are rendering many roads impassable, have forced WFP to expand its food airlift to new locations in northern and southern Sudan in order to reach some 200,000 people cut off from help. WFP already has a major food airlift and airdrop operation reaching more than two million people affected by the drought or the prevailing conflict in southern Sudan. The recent downpour of rains, however, has made roads, that were used by WFP to transport food, impassable. Thus, additional air deliveries have become the only option.

(b) Despite the current rains, the effects of the severe drought continue. In places where planting has been delayed, the new harvest in October and November is expected to be poor. This is due to the rains starting late, reduced planting because of population displacement and now, flooding in many areas.

(c) Through September, WFP airlift operation will deliver relief food to areas previously reachable by road in drought-ridden Darfur such as El Genina, and includes locations in government-controlled southern Sudan like Bentiu. Four aircraft will deliver 2,000 tons of food over the next month. WFP requires an additional USD 500,000 to cover the cost of the expanded airlift operation. WFP's USD108 million emergency operation which is targeted at 2.9 million people is 80 percent funded.

(2) Eritrea

(a) The Eritrean Relief and Refugees Commission (ERREC) reported distribution of 6,529 tons of food to 559,355 war and drought-affected persons in Debub, Gash Barka and Anseba Regions, over the last two weeks. This includes the distribution of 536 tons of food to drought-affected people in Anseba Region, under the EMOP 10049, borrowing resources from the EMOP 10052.

(b) Farmers expect the harvest in Gash Barka region to be good as long as rains, which are now decreasing, continue until the end of September. Pasture for livestock is in abundance and the physical condition of cattle improved. The rest of the country is experiencing similar weather patterns, with the exception of the Northern Red Sea region. If the rains continue until the end of the season, it is expected that Eritrea will have an augmented harvest and a reduced dependence on food imports.

(c) The general situation in and around the Temporary Security Zone remains calm. Over the last two weeks, heavy rains and river flooding continued to hamper field movements as some routes became impassable.

(3) Burundi

(a) Although security situation remained volatile in the country, no major incident was reported during the third week of August. However, skirmishes between the army and the rebels were reported in Bujumbura rural province as well as incursions in the East, along the border with Tanzania.

(b) WFP in collaboration with CARE assisted 84,770 people affected by insecurity in Gitega and Rutana provinces, with 800 tons of food. In addition, 3,476 malnourished persons, admitted in Caritas and Groupe Voluntariat Civil (GVC) feeding centres, received 15 tons of WFP food in Bujumbura Mairie and Bujumbura Rural province. WFP delivered 140 tons of food to 34 social centres benefiting 9,813 most vulnerable persons.

(c) 2,331 refugees from DR Congo received 40 tons of WFP food in Bujumbura Mairie province, through GTZ. 600 repatriates from Tanzania were assisted by WFP in Ngozi. WFP resumed food distributions for Congolese refugees currently in Ngagara camp and suburbs of the town to address their immediate food needs. WFP and UNHCR intend to carry out a joint census.

(d) The results of the survey undertaken by International Medical Corps (IMC), early June indicated a decrease of the global malnutrition rate in Muyinga province and an increase in Kirundo province. The decrease in Muyinga was the result of the intensive WFP food distribution and the good treatment of epidemics. The increase reported in Kirundo resulted from malaria epidemics, reduced access to medical care and the drought.

(4) Tanzania

(a) WFP distributed 3,785 tons of food to 533,468 refugees in Kigoma, Kibondo, Kasulu and Ngara districts, from 13 to 26 August. WFP supplied around 90 percent of the food ration, except for 5,707 extremely vulnerable individuals, who received a full ration.

(b) In addition, WFP supported various Therapeutic Feeding Centres (TFCs) and SFCs, providing about 70 tons of food to 16,233 malnourished persons. During the same period, 165 refugees were assisted in returning to their communities in Rwanda, bringing to 2,082 the total number of Rwandese assisted in returning home since 1 January. A total of 795 new refugees arrived in Tanzania from Burundi, DR Congo and Rwanda from 13 to 26 August.

(c) A new Task Force comprised of UN Agencies and NGOs was recently created in Kibondo district to implement the recommendations of the WFP/UNHCR refugee self-reliance baseline assessment report.

(5) Mozambique

(a) A second Crop and Food Supply assessment was carried out at the end of August by the Government. Preliminary results indicate that several pockets of food insecurity will probably require some intervention before the end of the year. However, the Food Fund is already active in most of these areas, as they are chronically food insecure. In Gaza province, the poor harvest has been exacerbated by very low levels of rainfall and the failure of normal coping mechanisms.

(b) WFP in collaboration with World Vision (WVI) started some FFW activities in Caia and Morrumbala and intends to intervene in Mutarara. Food Fund activities have been reactivated in the districts of Chemba, Tambara, Cheringoma and Muanza. WFP intends to phase out the general food distributions by the end of September. In other areas, WFP will work directly with district authorities on recovery activities.

(c) August food distributions were seriously affected by the delayed deliveries, thus in many areas WFP partners distributed a reduced amount of food. Over 2,000 tons of food were distributed during August.

(E) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola, (2) Democratic Republic of Congo, (3) Republic of Congo

(1) Angola

(a) On 7 September, WFP warned that unless donations are pledged within the next four weeks, food supplies will start to run out, threatening at least one million Angolans with serious malnutrition over the months ahead. An increase in military activity in the last months, has severely limited WFP's access to areas outside the provincial capitals, where nutrition levels have reportedly declined. This causes the steady influx of people to the nation's main urban centres where there is some degree of security, and where WFP's presence offers the possibility of food aid.

(b) In response to WFP's appeals, a US donation of 22,000 tons of corn was announced, last week. However, that is not considered enough to meet the current needs, and WFP hopes other countries will join in providing food.

(c) WFP assisted 83 new IDPs from Sassoma and Cambicha municipality of Balombo in the Hungulo and Caala camps (Benguela province), during the week. 3,279 children received 5 tons of WFP food under the Quick Action Program. As a consequence of the attacks reported in Bié province during the week, 2,920 new IDPs from Andulo Kunhinga municipality were registered in Kuito.

(d) 109 newly displaced people from Mungo and Bimbe were registered in Huambo province. The families, who were in poor nutritional condition, were assisted by WFP with an emergency ration to cover their needs for six days, until the Ministry of Social Reinsertion (MINARS) was able to assist them.

(e) 2,247 people received 126 tons of WFP food in Kuanza Norte, during the week. WFP assisted 5,090 resettled IDPs in Lunda Sul province. An emergency mine action group composed of WFP, MINARS, UTCAH and OCHA identified the priority areas for demining prior the next agricultural season.

(f) Up to 3,838 IDPs were registered so far in the border town of Maquela do Zombo (Uige province), fleeing military activity in Beu and Cuilo Futa. WFP and the Angolan Red Cross jointly have jointly overseen the land distribution to at least 1,048 households in Negage. At least 4,500 families will receive plots of land before the rainy season commences.

(2) Democratic Republic of Congo

(a) A MONUC patrol and two private vehicles were ambushed near Bukavu (South Kivu province), this week, in different incidents with two civilians killed. There have been reports of displacement of women and girls from Mugogo to Bukavu since last week, due to the increased cases of rape. The United Nations Humanitarian Air Movement and Information Unit (CIMAH), operated by WFP, is expanding its schedule with weekly flights to Kinshasa, Goma, Bukavu, Kalemie, Kisangani, Mbandaka and Gemena.

(b) Following a recent assessment, WFP reported that the local population in Mbandaka area (Equateur province) is facing serious difficulties. The limited number of partners operating in the province remains a major constraint for WFP. WFP intends to airlift 29 tons of food from Mbandaka to Bansukusu with the support of MONUC helicopters.

(c) WFP provided 10 tons of food to 640 street children in Kinshasa, while MEMISA/Belgique supplied mattresses. A quick impact project was drawn up by the Ministry of Social Welfare, NGOs and UN Agencies to find durable solutions for problems affecting street children.

(d) WFP is currently distributing food to IDPs in Mitwaba, Kabongo and Lubumbashi town (Katanga province). WFP delivered 145 tons of food to be distributed by Action Contre la Faim in Dubi, Kasongo-Mwana, Kilwa, Kamina and Malemba-Nkulu. WFP distributed 225 tons of food to 225,335 persons in Kalemie (North Katanga province).

(e) Thousands of people fleeing civil strife in the Angolan province of Makela Do Nzombo have crossed into Kindompolo village and surroundings (Bas-Congo Province), adding to the 3,600 refugees already in the Kimvula Territory. As of 5 September, 16,000 Angolan refugees were estimated to be in the country. UNHCR, WFP and the local authorities are closely monitoring the situation.

(f) WFP urgently requires 818 tons of food under the EMOP 6035.01 to cover the needs of the planned caseload of 20,000 refugees from September to December. WFP expects a serious shortage of CSB and pulses from October onwards, under the PRRO 6274. Salt and sugar will also be required for January 2002.

(3) Republic of Congo

(a) In August, WFP delivered 709 tons of food in the regions of Pool, Lekoumou, Bouenza, Likouala and Niari benefiting 77,000 refugees and vulnerable under the EMOP and 27,000 people under the PRRO. About 70 percent of the food delivered from the PRRO was allocated to FFW projects aimed at promoting the self-sufficiency of the war affected and improving the weak infrastructure. The remaining balance was allocated to emergency feeding programmes to assist extremely vulnerable people.

(b) WFP in collaboration with International Rescue Committee (IRC) completed distribution of 88 of food to 6,600 refugees from DR Congo in Loukolela (Likouala Region). WFP intends to assist 39,000 refugees from DR Congo and 5,000 vulnerable with 331 tons of food in Impfondo during the first week of September.

(c) WFP plans to assist over 10,000 people that have been affected by the recent fighting in Mindouli (Pool Region), providing them with 150 tons of food in September. WFP already completed distribution of 50 tons of food and provided MSF with 5 tons for its TFC, which benefits 350 malnourished children.

(d) WFP, FAO and the Ministry of Agriculture plan to jointly assist 3,000 women through FFW in the Plateaux and Cuvette regions. WFP will provide 351 tons of food over a 12-month period to women enrolled in FAO's agriculture scheme designed to increase cassava production in both regions. FAO will supply young cassava plants and the Ministry of Agriculture will provide technical assistance.

(F) West Africa Region: (1) Liberia, (2) Guinea

(1) Liberia

(a) 17 international NGOs issued a statement, this week requesting donors to reassess their respective positions with regards to humanitarian assistance in Liberia, warning that the reduction in support to on-going development and reconstruction programmes will compound existing and emerging crisis.

(b) WFP completed the distribution of 128 tons of food to 15,057 Sierra Leonean refugees in Sinje camps on 5 September.

(2) Guinea

(a) The general security situation remains stable except in Kissidougou, where sporadic incidents continue to be reported. The Guinean army and local authorities have undertaken a security assessment mission and reported that the border area with Sierra Leone is safe.

(b) WFP assisted this week a total of 43,992 people throughout the country, providing them with 620 tons of food. This includes the distribution of 195 tons of food to 11,531 refugees in Telikoro camp, made in collaboration with Première Urgence. 555 pregnant and nursing mothers, children admitted to the Albadaria refugee nutritional centres are presently benefiting from WFP assistance. WFP also assisted 20,538 IDPs in Mamou district.

(c) The transfer of Liberian refugees to Kola camp from N'Zérékoré district is continuing this week, bringing the total number of refugees transferred to 2,582. Given the limited capacity of Kola camp, UNHCR is looking for other camp sites. All transferred refugees received from WFP cooked meals, prepared by IRC for the first few days, and dry rations distributed in collaboration with Organisation Catholique pour la Promotion Humaine (OCPH).

(d) WFP in partnership with OCPH is currently distributing food to 13,500 refugees in Kouankan camp (N'Zérékoré region), while Action of Churches Together is monitoring the food basket. WFP in collaboration with ICRC is presently assisting 11,000 IDPs in N'Zérékoré town.

(G) Eastern Europe Region: (1) Balkans, (2) Russian Federation

(1) Balkans: (a) Kosovo, (b) FYRoM, (c) Serbia, (d) Montenegro, (e) Albania

(a) Kosovo

1. Following the deployment of the NATO force in fYROM, Macedonian refugees have begun to return to their villages, passing through the Globocica border since the main Blace - Skopje road is still blocked. WFP and its partners have completed food distribution to 50,100 refugees in August. WFP's partners are conducting a vulnerability assessment to target the refugees requiring continued food assistance in September.

2. As part of the exit strategy of the Safety Net programme, WFP partners are being trained to conduct focus group discussions. This will help in identifying the most vulnerable families who will continue to receive WFP assistance until phase-out in spring 2002.

(b) FYRoM

1. UN and ICRC teams continue to assess villages where the resident populations have been directly affected by fighting and have limited access to food and other basic items. As of 2 September, Macedonian Red Cross reported the registration of 74,500 IDPs, of whom 71,000 are accommodated with host families, and 3,500 persons are lodged in collective centres.

(c) Serbia

1. The number of people who will receive WFP assistance under the EMOP in September was reduced to 490,670, in line with the recommendation of the UNHCR/WFP JFNAM. The caseload will include 11,000 refugees from fYRoM and 5,100 returnees from Kosovo. In connection with this phase down, WFP intends to gradually reduce the number of Extended Delivery Points in Serbia from 27 to 4, by the end of the year.

(d) Montenegro

1. WFP completed food distribution for 17,000 social cases and 8,800 pensioners for the months of July and August.

2. The planned caseload for the next distribution was reviewed on the basis of the number of IDPs and refugees who effectively collected their food rations in July and August. WFP will target 14,700 IDPs and 6,100 refugees in September and October.

(e) Albania

1. WFP distributed 474 tons of food, benefiting 38,000 people. This includes 5,758 unassisted-unemployed households in the northern prefectures of Kukes, Shkodra, Lezhe and Diber, 1,467 rural households participating in the Communal Forestry and Pasture Management Project as well as and 350 vulnerable women in psycho-social counselling programmes. WFP intends to expand its assistance to vulnerable women and liaised with International Catholic Migration Commission and the Counseling Centre for Women and Girls.

(2) Russian Federation: (a) Ingushetia, (b) Chechnya

(a) Ingushetia

1. WFP in collaboration with Danish Refugee Council (DRC), Islamic Relief and Saudi Red Crescent Society distributed 2,055 tons of food to 145,000 displaced people, in August. DRC registered 2,500 new arrivals, bringing the total number of IDPs living in Ingushetia as of 31 August to approximately 146,700. Out of these, 21,180 persons live in camps, 30,300 in spontaneous settlements and 95,230 with local host families.

2. In order to promote the return of IDPs from Ingushetia to Chechnya, the Russian Government has decided to allocate additional funds to reconstruct houses, pay unemployment allowances and provide food assistance to IDPs and returnees. However, the Government will continue to support only IDPs and returnees living in recognised collective centres.

(b) Chechnya

1. WFP in partnership with DRC and People in Need Foundation (PINF) distributed 1,150 tons of food to 79,000 beneficiaries in Chechnya, during the month of August. The majority of IDPs and vulnerable groups rely on WFP assistance since they have extremely limited sources of income.

2. WFP visited Achkhoy-Martan district on 28 August to assess the food situation and follow-up the food distribution undertaken in collaboration with Centre for Peacemaking and Community Development. Out of 14,600 displaced people, only 2,600 IDPs are living in collective centres and receive food aid from the Government. The remaining IDPs are living with host families. Given the limited economic activities available, except in the agricultural sector, the unemployment rate in the district is reaching 90 percent. Although the wheat harvest has been good this year, most of the vulnerable population do not have access to food and largely depend on humanitarian assistance.

3. Donors have so far provided a total of USD 22.06 million, out of the total WFP requirements of USD 23.9 million for this year. In spite of generous donor contributions, there will be a food pipeline gap in November due to late arrival of some food shipments. In order to meet the shortfall, WFP requests donors for urgent additional cash contribution.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons

(End WFP Emergency Report No 36)