WFP Emergency Report No. 31 of 2001

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 03 Aug 2001
This report includes: (A) Latin America & Caribbean Region: (1) Honduras, (2) Nicaragua, (3) El Salvador, (4) Guatemala, (5) Ecuador, (6) Peru (B) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola (C) East and Southern Africa Region: (1) Democratic Republic of Congo (D) West Africa Region: (1) Sierra Leone, (2) Guinea (E) West and Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan
From Francesco Strippoli, Senior Humanitarian Adviser; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org. For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

(A) Latin America and Caribbean Region: (1) General, (2) Honduras, (3) Nicaragua, (4) El Salvador, (5) Guatemala, (6) Ecuador, (7) Peru

(1) General

(a) WFP will provide food to 405,000 people who have lost between 50 and 100 percent of their crops due to the severe drought affecting Central America. WFP and the governments of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua conducted assessments to determine the most vulnerable population that need to be assisted. Estimates are that 1.4 million persons have been affected by the drought. Of these, over 775,000 are or will be in a severe food security situation during the coming weeks.

(b) WFP is currently able to assist only about 50 percent of that population due to lack of resources. Therefore, assistance will be targeted toward those with most urgent needs. WFP beneficiaries are subsistence farmers, whose crops of beans and corn are mostly for self-consumption. Their food reserves have been decimated in the past five years, first by the drought resulting from El Niño, followed by the flooding from Hurricane Mitch, and again by drought in the past two years.

(c) WFP has begun distributing food to drought victims, making use of stocks from ongoing operations, which are however likely to run-out in about 30 days. In order to respond to this grave situation, WFP's Regional Bureau has presented a funding request to donors. The intention is to use regional PRRO 6089 to assist the needs of drought victims. PRRO 6089 presently has a 49 percent shortfall.

(d) WFP planned intervention is based on the assumption that rains will normalise leading to a good second harvest. In the event that this does not occur, the number of affected people and the duration of the intervention may significantly increase.

(2) Honduras

(a) WFP has begun assisting 91,000 people among the 266,010 drought-affected persons in 12 provinces, making use of 2,000 tons from the on-going development projects. At the present distribution rate, available food stocks will be exhausted within a month.

(3) Nicaragua

(a) WFP supplied 291 tons of food to Acción Médica Cristiana (AMC) on 31 July, to be distributed to 6,480 people living along the banks of the Río Prinzapolka who lost all their crops due to the flooding that affected the region three weeks ago. This intervention will last for three months.

(b) Food has also been rapidly distributed in the northern and northwestern areas affected by the drought through development programs and other on-going operations. This assistance will be extended to 45,000 people seriously affected by the drought in 22 districts starting in the second half of August.

(4) El Salvador

(a) The Government's initial estimates are that some 200,000 persons are seriously affected by drought. On 27 July, WFP completed a food needs assessment of many subsistence farmers in the eastern provinces. 200,000 affected people in the departments of Usulután, San Miguel, Morazán and La Union will receive food aid as of 15 August. The existing food stocks will only cover these people's need for one month.

(5) Guatemala

(a) A joint WFP-Government assessment took place on 25-28 July, concluding that some 63,510 vulnerable persons have suffered major crop losses in the eastern and southeastern departments. WFP will assist this caseload for the next three months. From May to July, WFP distributed 850 tons of food in 33 out of the 49 affected districts through the existing FFW and pre-school feeding projects.

(6) Ecuador

(a) In close collaboration with the National Civil Defence Committee, WFP is providing emergency assistance in the midst of continuous floods and mudslides, in the central, southern and Amazonian provinces. New mudslides have taken place in Napo and Loja provinces but no casualties have been reported.

(b) As of 2 August, WFP delivered 18,580 food rations, covering the needs of each family for seven days. WFP is also assisting with non-food items such as kitchen utensils, 307 families who lost their homes.

(7) Peru

(a) As a follow-up to WFP's emergency interventions in the earthquake affected areas, a three-month EMOP proposal has been prepared. This operation aims at providing assistance to 30,000 persons with 3,807 tons of food.

(B) Central Africa Region: (1) Angola

(1) Angola

(a) The security situation remained unstable in most provinces during the week, with an increase in the number of attacks to villages surrounding Kuito, and in Bié province in general. Road access remained limited in most provinces, though with some improvement in Kwanza Sul.

(b) WFP, the Angolan Ministry of Social Action and Reinsertion (MINARS), the Technical Unit for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UTCAH), the Institute for Agrarian Development (IDA) and OCHA undertook a joint needs assessment mission in Ganda (Benguela province) on 23- 25 July, where 6,038 IDPs are currently assisted by WFP in collaboration with CRS-USCC. Local authorities intend to allocate to IDPs, 5,550 hectares of arable land in the Caxibango area before the next agricultural campaign. 64 families who recently fled insecurity in Tumbulo and Capupa were registered in Cubal. FASAC assisted 1,289 children with 3 tons of food in seven Child Community Programmes (PIC) in Lobito. ACF, in collaboration with WFP assisted 4,023 beneficiaries in three SFCs in Ganda. WFP delivered 13 tons of food to 90 malnourished cases admitted in the TFC.

(c) Preliminary results of a recent study show that the increase in Pellagra in Kuito (Bié province) is largely due to the absence of dietary variety. A proposal has been made to increase Vitamin B-value in WFP food ration. Some 3,100 IDPs arrived in Camacupa from 9 to 23 July, according to Government's estimates, and are expected to be verified on 1 August. IDPs in Camacupa are still in great need of shelter. WFP delivered 454 tons of food to its partners to be distributed to 30,873 IDPs and vulnerable persons in Kuito.

(d) WFP assisted 9,533 people with 191 tons of food in Huambo, this week. Following new reports of displacements in Kaála, a total of 16,695 new IDPs were reported in the area. Insecurity in the region continues to prevent local authorities from resettling some of these IDPs in Kuima.

(e) 58 new IDPs coming from Longa were reported in Kuito Kuanavale (Kuando Kubango province) on 26 July. In the Pendera/Menongue camp, 224 IDPs received WFP assistance through MOVIMONDO Molisv.

(f) Several dozens of new IDPs reportedly arrived during the week in Lucala (Kwanza-Norte province) from Samaba-Caju municipality. Government officials estimated the total number of new IDPs in Lucala at 708. Caritas, in collaboration with WFP started a resettlement project in Cazengo, targeting 515 displaced families.

(g) A verification mission to Cambondo (Malanje province) confirmed that out of the 1,491 IDPs originally registered, only 193 persons remained there, while most of them returned to Camabole. Meanwhile, 148 new IDPs arrived during the week, in Cambondo from Quela, Kunda-dia-Base and Kiwaba N'zoji. The nutritional situation in the province remains unstable. Concern worldwide registered 66 new malnourished cases in its SFCs from 16 to 22 July. WFP began a food-for-work project for adobe brick manufacture in Quissol, in order to speed-up the resettlement programme.

(C) East and Southern Africa Region: (1) Democratic Republic of Congo

(1) Democratic Republic of Congo

(a) The security situation remained unstable in Equateur and South Kivu provinces, during the last week of July. Roads to Kalemie (Northern Katanga province) remained inaccessible due to the presence of armed groups.

(b) WFP assisted 33,974 IDPs, malnourished children and accompanying families in Bukavu (South Kivu) during the last week of July. 850 families who have engaged in crop production in the Northern part of Kalemie (Northern Katanga province) received WFP food assistance through Caritas. A 118km road in the north of Kalemie to Kabimba is being rehabilitated by displaced and resident populations receiving WFP assistance. This Food For Work (FFW) project contributed to facilitate access to cultivating areas. WFP is also currently assisting 1000 persons, mainly IDPs involved in the drainage and clearing of Kalemie town. WFP food distributions have contributed to improve the food security situation and market prices are expected to reduce over the coming months, increasing access of the population to food. By the end of August, WFP intends to have distributed 200 tons of food in Kalemie.

(c) UNHCR in collaboration with WFP, has repatriated 154 refugees from Bukavu (South Kivu province) to Rwanda. Their numbers are decreasing as a result of insecurity and long distances to cover. WFP distributed 101 tons of food to 13,109 refugees in Kilueka and Kimaza camps (Bas-Congo province). 5382 vulnerable persons, including malnourished children, pregnant and lactating women received 15 tons of supplementary food rations. WFP in collaboration with UNHCR plans to distribute 159 tons of food to 11,344 refugees in Zongo and Libenge (Equateur province).

(d) WFP undertook an assessment mission in Matadi (capital city of Bas-Congo province) where a very strong interest in FFW projects was expressed by the community leaders and Provincial authorities.

(e) As of 31 July, the PRRO was 60 percent resourced for the first year. However, WFP expects serious shortages of CSB and pulses from October onwards. Salt and sugar will also be required for January 2002. WFP urgently needs to secure new contributions to meet the projected requirements up to December.

(D) West Africa Region: (1) Sierra Leone, (2) Guinea

(1) Sierra Leone

(a) WFP distributed a total of 319 tons of food to 22,880 beneficiaries, during the week. This included 8 tons of food provided to 656 IDPs in Mandu and surrounding villages (Bo Chiefdom), 16 tons of food supplied to 1,584 beneficiaries through various Interim Care Centres in Port Loko, Makeni, Lungi, and Daru and Institutions in Bo, Kenema, and Freetown.

(b) 45 tons of WFP food were distributed to a total of 7,992 malnourished children through hospital, SFCs and TFCs in the country. This included the urgent food delivery to the SFC in Daru where the number of new admissions is growing significantly, due to the influx of returnees. It also includes the distribution of 7 tons of food to 2,437 malnourished people in Bo area. TFCs and SFCs there are managed by ACF, the national Red Cross. CARE and CRS provided the CSB to cover WFP's shortfall.

(c) 85 tons of WFP food were distributed to 2000 families in Port Loko North and Kambia districts, under a Food For Agriculture project (FFAg). WFP also provided 45 tons to 1,050 farmers in Dodo Chiefdom.

(d) UNHCR has repatriated 794 Sierra Leonean returnees to the Gerihun settlement camp from 19 to 29 July. In response, WFP pre-positioned 3 tons of food to be distributed by International Rescue Committee. WFP assisted 5,221 returnees from Guinea and Liberia in Daru, during the month of July. An average of 50 to 100 returnees are reported to arrive on a daily basis.

(e) WFP is currently supporting over 3,000 ex-combatants in seven disarmament camps throughout the country. Following an assessment of the DDR camps in Koidu and in view of the high numbers of ex-combatants expected to arrive in the coming weeks, WFP intends to deliver 22 tons of food. Disarmament in Kabala and Moyamba is scheduled to start early August. 1,400 ex-combatants have been disarmed in Kono district since 24 July.

(f) WFP expects shortfalls of 1,250 tons of pulses and 275 tons of sugar, over the coming months and urgently requires new contributions to meet the projected requirements up to December.

(2) Guinea

(a) The security situation is relatively calm apart from an incident reported on 27 August in Kouankan camp (N'Zérékoré region) where the Liberian ULIMO fighters threatened to destroy ACT camp facilities.

(b) WFP in collaboration with Première Urgence is currently distributing 130 tons of food to 6,416 IDPs and vulnerable residents in the Languette. WFP distribution for 24,676 beneficiaries in the Faranah region, which started last week is on-going. 20,538 IDPs have been registered in Mamou and are expected to receive food assistance by mid-August. WFP in collaboration with OCPH distributed food to approximately 3,000 IDPs and vulnerable residents in the Siguiri Prefecture (North of Kankan).

(c) Following verification, 12,912 refugees were registered in the Boreah camp (Kissidougou region). A verification of the refugee caseload started in the Telikoro camp on 27 August. WFP is currently distributing 372 tons of food to 16,920 refugees in Kountayah camp. UNHCR intends to relocate 7,000 refugees from the overcrowded Kountayah camp to different locations, including Telikoro camp.

(d) Preparations are in progress for the August food distribution to 7,434 refugees in the Sembakounya camp (Dabola region). UNHCR plans to transfer 200 refugees from Kissidougou township to Sembakounya camp.

(e) WFP assisted 543 people, providing them with 17 tons of food, under various Development activities in Labé area, including natural resources management, infrastructure and gardening projects.

(E) West and Central Asia Region: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan

(1) Afghanistan

(a) WFP distributed 407 tons of wheat to 8,137 beneficiaries through Food for Work, FOODAC and general feeding programmes in Takhar and Badakhshan provinces. WFP VAM Cereal Value Survey was completed in the Takhar and Keshem districts but is still in progress in other parts of Badakhshan province.

(b) WFP completed the general food distribution in five IDP camps in Herat area, providing 302 tons of food to 43,085 people. WFP is currently distributing food in Maslakh IDP camp, near Herat. As of 26 July, 38,643 displaced families have been assisted with 1,450 tons of wheat. Food distribution in Jawand and Qadis districts (Badghis province) and in Saghar district (Ghor province) have been suspended by local authorities, as a preventive security measure.

(c) WFP distributed 644 tons of food in Jalalabad area during the last week. On 26 July, WFP completed the distribution of 108 tons of wheat to 719 families returning to Afghanistan under the UNHCR repatriation programme.

(d) 10,449 families received 1,045 tons of WFP food in Kandahar and Zabul. In addition, WFP in collaboration with CARE, distributed 59 tons of food to 712 families through a FOODAC project in Zabul.

(e) 44 tons of food were distributed to malnourished children and lactating mothers in Maiwand district through an institutional feeding project implemented by MSF-H.

(f) WFP is currently assisting 10,000 displaced families under a general feeding programme in the Registan Desert. WFP intends to provide them with 3,000 tons of wheat over the next 6 months.

(g) The transportation of food from Tajikistan to Afghanistan has been hindered due to a border dispute between Russia and the Rabbani government as well as a plan by Tajikistan to establish a customs office in Ishkashem. Currently, WFP is transporting 50 tons of food every day, against a normal average of 75 to 100 tons.

(2) Pakistan

(a) WFP is assisting flood victims in Dadar village (Mansehra district, NWFP province) and Rawalpindi near Islamabad, with 16 tons of food. WFP in collaboration with Shelter Now International (SNI) completed the distribution of 835 tons of food to 49,215 people in Shamshatoo camp on 25 July. WFP in collaboration with SNI is currently assisting 11,500 families in Jalozai refugee camp with 678 tons of food. The distribution is expected to be completed by 13 August.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons

(End WFP Emergency Report No 31)