WFP Emergency Report No. 30 of 2004

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 23 Jul 2004


(A) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Russian Federation
(B) East and Central Africa: : (1) Regional, (2) Burundi, (3) DR Congo, (4) Djibouti, (5) Eritrea, (6) Ethiopia, (7) Kenya, (8) Republic of Congo, (9) Rwanda, (10) Somalia, (11) Sudan, (12) Tanzania, (13) Uganda

(C) West Africa: (1) Burkina Faso, (2) Chad, (3) Cote d'Ivoire, (4) Liberia

(D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Swaziland, (8) Zambia, (9) Zimbabwe

(E) Asia: (1) Bangladesh, (2) DPR Korea, (3) India, (4) Myanmar, (6) Nepal

(F) Latin America and the Caribbean: : (1) Colombia, (2) Ecuador, (3) Haiti, (4) Nicaragua, (5) Peru

From David Morton, Director of the Transport Preparedness and Response Division (OTP); available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (http://www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Carlo.Scaramella@wfp.org, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (OEP). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Brenda.Barton@wfp.org, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Russian Federation

1) Afghanistan

(a) The security situation continued to be fluid during the week, particularly with targeting the government, coalition forces and aid workers. The attacks against electoral workers remained to be of concern, threatening the successful voter registration process. In the north, on 17 July, the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) compound in Mazari Sahirf was attacked, causing no casualties. In the center, two separate grenade attacks were carried out in Kabul, including one near the headquarters of the International Security Assistance Force on 18 July. In the south, a convoy of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) was ambushed in Zabul on 15 July, causing the death of one local staff and two injuries.

(b) WFP and its partners have accelerated efforts to assist the recent flood-affected populations in Kahmard district of Bamyan in speedy recovery. The recent floods on 13 July resulted in seven deaths, 13 injuries, destruction of over 500 houses and 274 hectares of agricultural land affecting more than 10,000 people. Loss of standing crops and damage to the roads have raised concerns of severe food insecurity in the area. In Behsud district of Nangarhar province, floods have damaged 300 houses on 17 July, forcing people to vacate the area. The Government and the UN planned to carry out an assessment of the damage on 21 July.

(c) From 15 to 21 July, some 449,285 beneficiaries received 4,364 tons of food.

(d) In a meeting in Hirat, WFP briefed the provincial Department of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (DRRD), other government counterparts and NGOs on the activities in the second year of the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO). The inter-ministerial drought assessment has declared three western provinces including Farah, Ghor and Hirat as drought-affected areas, and WFP will provide food assistance to the most vulnerable people in the region.

(e) On 19 July, the Provincial Government of Kandahar and WFP agreed to carry out joint food-for-work (FFW) projects, particularly for rehabilitation of roads in severely drought-affected districts of Shorabak and Arghistan. The 225 km roads will connect Shorabak (150 km) and Arghistan (75 km) to the port district of Spin Boldak. The projects will contribute to easing transport difficulties of the local community, and provide them with accessibility to surrounding areas. While the Government will provide machinery, WFP will extend its food aid to the workers. USAID and Provincial Reconstruction Team will provide cash assistance.

(f) As part of the government capacity building initiative, two newly constructed schools, one in Khan Abad district of Kunduz and the other one in Dahani Ghori district of Baghlan were handed over to the Department of Education. The schools are equipped with latrines, potable water facilities and furniture.

2) Russian Federation

(a) In Ingushetia, the first 2 weeks of July were still an aftermath of the tragic events of 21-22 June, when attacks were staged on the police and other security buildings in at least three cities. Further security operations in the republic aimed at liquidation of the suspects of the attacks, caused additional casualties from the side of the Ingush law-enforcement structures. Investigations are underway. The republic is on alert for new actions.

(b) A new interior regiment with more than 680 servicemen is being placed in Nazran to reinforce the Ingush Interior Ministry and ensure regional security (including patrolling and night duty). Organizational work is underway connected with the protection of an airport in Magas. Despite the movement restrictions for UN international staff, WFP programs are continuing with a small delay in Chechnya regions.

(c) According to Danish Refugee Council (DRC), as of 15 July there were 50,787 registered Chechen IDPs living in Ingushetia. Of them 22,893 live in spontaneous settlements and 27,894 in private accommodation. During the first fortnight of July, the DRC in Chechnya registered 1,118 returnees (225 families) from Ingushetia to Chechnya.

(d) In Ingushetia, under EMOP 10128.1, WFP distributed 260 tons of food to 23,086 vulnerable persons through DRC and Islamic Relief (IR). Within the TB program, 226 persons received over 3 tons of WFP-supplied food.

(e) In Chechnya 140 tons of food were distributed to 3,030 participants (over 15,000 beneficiaries) of activities implemented by People In Need (PIN) and other NGOs, who continued implementation of various types of works in Achkhoy-Martan, Gudermes, Grozny Rural district, Shali and Grozny city. More than 12 tons of food were provided to 1500 beneficiaries of Dining Hall program in Grozny, implemented by Caritas. In July, WFP continued the school feeding program for 38 pre-school institutions (about 3,600 children) and summer camps in Chechnya.

B) East and Central Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Burundi, (3) DR Congo, (4) Djibouti, (5) Eritrea, (6) Ethiopia, (7) Kenya, (8) Republic of Congo, (9) Rwanda, (10) Somalia, (11) Sudan, (12) Tanzania, (13) Uganda

1) Regional

(a) According to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), dry conditions persist over many parts of the Greater Horn of Africa with the driest conditions on record since 1961. Areas affected include western Kenya, western Ethiopia and some isolated areas in eastern Uganda. Parts of the northern sector experienced wet conditions. Cold temperatures continued to be experienced in the highlands of the equatorial and southern sectors. Problems of food insecurity continue over many parts of the sub-region.

(b) The rainfall deficits expected in many parts of the sub-region would result in the following impacts: migration of agro-pastoralists in search of pasture and water; malnutrition and related diseases; need for emergency food aid relief, water and medicine and malaria outbreaks in parts of the equatorial sector.

2) Burundi

(a) The intensity of shooting and mortar activities reduced in Bujumbura. However, another UN staff member was car jacked last week and insecurity and isolated murders were reported to be on the increase.

(b) Some of the Congolese refugees that recently arrived in Burundi have started returning home, while the majority is still in Burundi. UNHCR and the Government plan to relocate them in Rutana province. UNHCR is carrying out a registration exercise to get an accurate number of the refugee caseload, and as a result, WFP did not distribute food commodities last week.

(c) The final Joint FAO, WFP, UNICEF and MINAGRI Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (JCFSAM) report was released last week. WFP estimates the food aid needs in the second half of the year to be around 41,000 tons.

(d) WFP is starting a vulnerability assessment survey nationwide. More than 4,000 households will be interviewed over the coming weeks. This survey will enable WFP to identify the most food insecure areas, understand the coping mechanisms already in place and design the most appropriate response in terms of food aid. The results of the survey will be available for the whole humanitarian community in September.

(e) From 12 to 18 July, WFP distributed over 1,300 tons of food aid to approximately 129,000 beneficiaries. Distributions planned for IDPs in Mubone and Mutambu in Bujumbura rural were postponed due to insecurity. All returnees benefited from a three-month return package provided by WFP. A total of 60,000 Burundian refugees returned to the country between January and July of this year.

(f) Due to the shortage of oil, 200 tons of oil was borrowed from WFP Uganda to prevent a pipeline break in August. Additional contributions must be identified and confirmed urgently to meet the shortfalls for the last quarter of the year.

3) D.R. Congo

(a) In Ituri, particularly in Mahagi territory, population movements are still reported due to persisting confrontations between FNI (Front des Nationalistes et Intégrationnistes) and FAPC (Forces Armées du Peuple Congolais) militias. OCHA reported close to 1,900 people who have been newly displaced from Ndrele and Djeloe to Mahagi as a result of heavy fighting between the opposing militia groups. A joint UN assessment mission departed for these areas on 21 July to assess the humanitarian situation.

(b) While the Government and the humanitarian community are setting up a demobilization programme, new recruitment of child soldiers aged 13 to 15 has been reported in Bunia. During the past week, five children have been taken to Mudzipela to be trained and incorporated to the UPC (Union des Patriotes Congolais) militia groups.

(c) In North Kivu province, tension is increasingly high due to rumors that dissident Laurent Nkunda is preparing to attack Goma town and all surrounding areas. Local populations are reported as moving towards Bukavu and other areas. During a meeting held with the South and North-Kivu Governors, Nkunda promised to adhere to the cease-fire agreement. However, his troops continued attacks in Kalehe, Kalungu, Nyabarunga and Bushako territories.

(d) During the reporting period, WFP distributed approximately 450 tons of food commodities to over 35,000 beneficiaries, including IDPs, returnees and street children in Ituri district and South-Kivu province.

4) Djibouti

(a) According to the latest FEWS Net report, the declining income of poor households in southeast pastoral subzone (Arta, Alisabieh and Dikhil districts) is explained by the decrease in milk production, as well as by the low demand of charcoal and wood which are the principal sources of income for this group. The summer exodus compounded by price increase and restriction of sorghum petty traders led to acute food insecurity in the area. As a result, most of the rural population migrated to neighboring countries whereas the very poor communities moved to nearby cities.

(b) WFP and "Oui à la vie" signed a new Letter of Understanding (LOU) with the objective of meeting the food and nutritional needs of 5,000 children affected by HIV/AIDS. Since January 2002, WFP has been actively collaborating with "Oui a la vie" through the provision of food aid to all HIV/AIDS patients identified by "Oui à la vie", including the 2,500 orphans and their foster families in Djibouti Ville. Established in April 2001 "Oui à la vie" is the first and by far the most dynamic and dedicated local association fighting HIV/AIDS in Djibouti.

(c) WFP participates in the joint WFP/UNDP/WHO/FFDJ (French Forces stationed in Djibouti) project for the reconstruction of Obock School latrines under the FFW component of the PRRO 10283. The completed project is expected to allow school girls to have separate latrines from the boys, reducing girls dropout rate. WHO will participate in the organization of awareness campaigns on hygiene, water and sanitation once the project is completed.

5) Eritrea

(a) The repatriation of Eritrean refugees from Sudan is on-going. Convoys carrying 28 households comprising of 50 persons arrived in Eritrea. According to UNHCR officials, the movement is suspended for the rainy season and will resume in October this year.

(b) Rainfall in Eritrea is still minimal with erratic frequency and distribution in all regions. The same situation is prevailing in Debub and Anseba regions where some late rainfall was scanty and unevenly distributed. Since the beginning of July, only two rainfalls were recorded in Gheleb villages. Most towns and villages in Gash Barka received rainfall almost at once. Hot dry spells with temperatures ranging between 40 and 45 degrees Celsius have continued to prevail in northern and southern Red Sea regions with conditions expected to worsen. Water shortage is still critical in most areas of the two regions. In addition, urban populations continue to stand in long queues to purchase water from water trucks.

(c) Concerning the current agricultural season in general, and in Gash Barka in particular, some plowing and sowing activities were noticed in the immediate wake of the long-awaited rains. In most areas visited, sorghum and small millet fields have been ploughed and sowed, albeit on smaller scales, using rented tractors and traditional methods. Seed supply and free distribution to farmers was confirmed for about 23 tons of sorghum seed in the sub-zobas of Mogolo, Agordat and Barentu of Gash Barka region. Ministry of Agriculture, Debub region, reported that up to end of June about 14,000 hectares were planted by maize, sorghum, finger millet and teff respectively in that region. Sowing activities are still on-going in Anseba region due to late rains.

(d) In Gash Barka, the start of rainfall has improved the vegetation and thus helps the livestock to get pasture. However, for cattle the grass is still short and as a result last year's fodder is still used as a source of animal feeding. In Debub region, the livestock still appear to be emaciated due to delayed rainfall and the resulting unavailability of grass and water. Similarly, in Anseba, the lack of pasture/grazing land is made worse by the absence of a fodder market.

6) Ethiopia

(a) A debriefing was held by the teams of the recent Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Commission (DPPC)-led multi-agency assessment of the short season "belg" cropping areas and pastoral regions. Several areas of significant concern have been identified among areas dependent on "belg" season crops. The teams also reported on the progress of the main season "meher" or "kiremt" rains, which have been poor to non-existent so far in certain lowland areas in the east and south of the country. In these areas, early-planted long-cycle crops normally harvested later in the year have also been negatively affected by long dry spells in April-May or May-June (depending on location). Fuller details will be available when the DPPC report is finalized.

(b) As a result of the reports of the assessment teams and other worrying information received from Somali Region, OCHA has recently held information sharing meetings with regional DPP Bureau representatives, NGOs, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and UN agencies, to look at the response needed. While severe conditions have been observed in several areas, these should not be generalized for the whole region at this point. However, it is agreed that urgent non-food response is required in many locations and that close monitoring of factors influencing the pastoralists' livelihoods and food security is very necessary. The assessment teams recommended that food aid be expanded to cover some areas not currently receiving assistance, such as Gashamo district of Degahbur zone, and extended in other zones for several months. In June, approximately one million beneficiaries in Somali Region were receiving food assistance, out of the national total of 6.9 million beneficiaries. DPPC is reviewing food requirements for Somali Region in consultation with regional authorities.

(c) A joint WFP/UNHCR mission was fielded to Gambella region to assess the current situation in Bonga and Dima camps, traveling with military escort. In general the food situation in the camps is not serious, as WFP food aid has been reaching the camps regularly. UNHCR is reviewing current non-food needs. Monitoring in the camps is still not possible due to the absence of UN staff on the ground, as UN security guidelines have not allowed permanent UN presence in the area since early January this year. At this time, only four-day missions are permitted. Certain WFP/NGOs activities in the camps have been interrupted, such as grinding mill services for the refugees and the bakery project run by women's associations (Bonga camp). Fugnido camp was not visited due to security problems.

7) Kenya

(a) The 2004 long rains (March-June) have ended in pastoral, agro-pastoral and marginal agricultural areas of the country. The performance of the rains in most of these areas was poor even though they started early in some areas. There were reportedly long dry spells in May at a critical stage of crop development. The scattered showers in June/early July were too late for crop recovery in many parts of the Coast/Eastern regions. The July-August weather forecast indicates that pastoral areas will remain dry and that northwestern Turkana will experience drier than normal conditions.

(b) Results of the short and long rain assessments carried out in February and June 2004 respectively, indicate that child malnutrition rates are alarming in Turkana and very high in Marsabit District. The food insecurity in marginal agricultural areas (Coast region) has reached a crucial point due to three consecutive poor rainy seasons. Maize prices are 50-80 percent higher than the average for 1999-2002 (the worst drought years in recent Kenyan history), and animal prices are dropping rapidly in the pastoral and agro-pastoral areas. Projected long rain maize output is almost 2 million tons, 5 percent lower than the average 1999-2002, however 100 percent crop failure was reported in many parts of the Coast and Eastern areas. In addition, national maize stocks are at a very low level of 86,000 tons and are diminishing rapidly.

(c) Nearly 1.8 million people in 26 districts are in need of immediate relief food assistance over the next 6 months (August 2004 ? Jan 2005). The assistance will be provided through general distribution and FFW activities, where feasible, and as an exit strategy from the emergency operation. Supplementary feeding will be provided to 161,000 of the most nutritionally vulnerable children, and pregnant and nursing mothers. An additional 544,000 school children will require school feeding. The current estimated total food requirement is 160,000 tons valued at over USD 80 million. The Government of Kenya launched an international appeal for assistance last 14 July, and WFP is finalizing an Emergency Operation document for joint approval by FAO and WFP.

(d) The drought situation will be closely monitored and assessments will be undertaken in other districts, which are not included in the current relief plan. Furthermore, if the October-December short rains fail, an additional 1 million people may require food assistance.

8) Republic of Congo (RoC)

(a) Last week, the leader of the rebel forces (Ninjas) declared on RFI (Radio France International) that the Government of the Republic of Congo does not abide by its obligations, referring to the agreement signed between both parties in March 2003. Although there are no serious confrontations between the Ninja rebels and the government, the realization of real peace, especially in the Pool Region, remains distant. As a result of a disagreement in March this year, the Demobilization, Disarmament and Reinsertion (DDR) process of ex-combatants could not be completed. The guns withheld by Ninja rebels continue to be a threat to peace and reconstruction efforts in the Pool region. Consequently, the region continues to be rated by the UN as Security Phase IV. Access is still restricted to UN staff except for Kinkala and Route RN2, where the security phase has been lowered to III.

(b) WFP continues to provide food assistance to vulnerable groups and to participate in the construction of basic infrastructure in the region through NGO partners. Food rations are still on a reduced rate of 50 percent as WFP is running short of resources under the new PRRO 10312, which only began with carry over balances from the previous PRRO.

9) Rwanda

(a) The security situation is calm at the border between DRC and Rwanda, particularly in Cyangugu town. WFP, UNHCR and the Ministry of Local Government, Social Affairs and Rural Development have conducted a general census of refugees to verify the number of people being assisted by different organizations. The results indicate that the refugees are divided into two categories: those living in camps and those who preferred to stay with their relatives and friends in Cyangugu town and who would go to the distribution sites for assistance and then return to their host dwelling.

(b) During the emergency coordination meeting in Cyangugu it was decided to stop assistance to all refugees that are staying outside the camp and any refugee who needs assistance should move permanently into the camp. As a result, the caseload is now 1,480 people living in the camp. The number of refugees living outside the camp totals 937 people.

(c) The plan of moving the refugees from near the border to another location is still pending discussion between the different agencies and national disaster management authorities. During the week, a total of 68 new arrivals were received from Bukavu, DRC and some from Burundi. No repatriation took place during the same period.

(d) WFP has distributed a total of 63 tons of assorted food commodities since the beginning of the conflict last 27 May.

10) Somalia

(a) Security in Somalia continues to be unpredictable. Several cases of death and injuries related to checkpoints have been reported. The number of roadblocks has almost doubled in and around Mogadishu leading to increased insecurity in the city. In another incident last week, 20 Transitional National Government (TNG) soldiers were killed and many others injured by clan militia loyal to one of the warlords in Mogadishu. Last week, clan fighting erupted on the Kenya/Somalia border town of Beled Hawa and although the exact number of casualties is not yet known, many people were feared dead and many others displaced after heavy fighting.

(b) Political tension remained high in Puntland after parliament endorsed a six-month term for the region's authority. While many people viewed this move as a possible resolution to some of the political tensions that were brewing in the region, many politicians continue to question the legality of this extension.

(c) The food security situation continues to deteriorate with many people experiencing severe food shortages due to several consecutive years of poor rains all over Somalia. The pastoral communities in the northern areas were seriously affected by the drought leading to asset depletion, stretching the local coping strategies.

(d) A pipeline break hindered WFP's capacity to respond to the current food insecurity in the country. WFP is experiencing one of the worst pipeline-breaks in recent history affecting its ability to respond to any emergency in Somalia. During the month of June WFP distributed only an estimated 1,200 tons of assorted food commodities all over country. WFP will have no food to distribute from the end of this month.

11) Sudan

(a) A high-level mission led by the WFP East and Central Africa Regional Director visited three Darfur states to oversee operational issues. The mission held meetings with the Governors, Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) representatives and implementing partners focusing on key operational issues and constraints in the region.

(b) WFP signed an agreement with the Libyan Government to guarantee safe passage of food assistance and other UN humanitarian supplies through Libya destined for Darfur and eastern Chad. The Libyan corridor will eventually enable WFP to transport an extra 3,000 tons of food per month to the affected population.

(c) Since the start of the Darfur emergency operation (EMOP 10339.0) in April this year, WFP has distributed 34,000 tons of food commodities to over 955,000 people. Some 12,000 tons were distributed to approximately 386,000 beneficiaries in South Darfur; 8,000 tons were distributed to 250,000 beneficiaries in West Darfur and 14,000 tons were distributed to 319,000 beneficiaries in North Darfur.

(d) Confirmed contributions received to date for EMOP 10339.0 amount to approximately USD 67 million representing about 34 percent of the total operational requirements. In terms of in-kind contributions, some 68,000 tons have been confirmed, representing about 31 percent of the total requirements.

12) Tanzania

(a) During the month of June, several security violations were reported in and around Ngara. The driver of a UNHCR vehicle was released unharmed when bandits between Ngara and Kahama hijacked the vehicle. Several houses were raided during the month however no major casualties were reported. In Kigoma, armed bandits raided a market seriously injuring several security guards.

(b) Repatriation figures during June totaled 11,000 returnees to Burundi. WFP distributed food to 436,000 beneficiaries during the same period. The special feeding programme reached close to 22,000 beneficiaries. Total food commodities distributed to refugees amounted to 7,000 tons, while over 170 tons of food were distributed through the supplementary feeding programme. Tanzanian's host population beneficiaries, totaling over 5,000 people, were assisted through hospital feeding, therapeutic and supplementary feeding with 27 tons of food commodities.

13) Uganda

(a) The humanitarian situation in the northern Acholi and Lango sub-regions remains disturbing due to the fluid security situation. The protracted Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency, which has resulted in the massive displacement of civilians in the four districts of Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira, has almost exhausted the ability of the displaced population to cope.

(b) The government of Uganda, is planning to turn Labore Government Agricultural Demonstration Farm, east of Gulu town, into a reception centre for former LRA combatants, where they will receive skills training and "stay as long as they like depending on the perceived threat of reprisals from the community for the atrocities they might have committed while in the bush", said the Minister for Northern Uganda Rehabilitation.

(c) In Karamoja region, pastoralists have converged on the wetlands bordering the two counties along the Kotido-Kaabong road. The pastoralists are heavily armed as they guard, graze and water their herds. It is feared ethnic clashes could break out among the various groups, disrupting civilian transport.

(d) As a result of the crop failure in Kenya, suppliers in Uganda have begun selling maize and beans to Kenya at higher than market prices offered. The immediate effect is a projected shortfall of cereals and pulses in Uganda from this month onwards.

(e) WFP food distribution continues to reach over 1.6 million displaced persons, 148,000 refugees and other vulnerable persons. From 10 to 17 July, over 3,100 tons of WFP relief food assistance was distributed to approximately 249,000 persons including IDPs, refugees and vulnerable persons.

(f) WFP faces a shortfall of 34,000 tons of food commodities (cereals, pulses and CSB) from July through December this year representing a funding gap of USD 18 million. The implication is an anticipated critical cereal shortfall in September and October. In September, WFP will be able to meet only 66 percent of the required cereal needs. Cereal stocks will be completely exhausted in October, while in December, WFP will be able to meet only 31 percent of the needs for cereal, 91 percent for pulses and 70 percent of the needs for fortified blended food stocks.

C) West Africa Region: (1) Burkina Faso, (2) Chad, (3) Cote d'Ivoire, (4) Liberia

1) Burkina Faso

(a) During the month of June, 185 tons of various food commodities were distributed to 19,000 people.

(b) A joint field monitoring mission was undertaken by WFP and the Comité National de Secours d'Urgence et de Réhabilitation (CONASUR) to seven provinces. The objective of the mission was to conduct a working session with local provincial authorities about FFW projects adopted in each province, as well as to set-up a food distribution follow-up mechanism.

2) Chad

(a) According to UNHCR estimates the refugee population in Chad amounts to some 180,050 people comprised of the camp population, spontaneous arrivals and those registered for transfer at the border. The current refugee caseload in the 9 camps in eastern Chad totals 140,266.

(b) On 16 July a refugee revolt between refugees and NGO personnel (CARE & OXFAM) was reported at Bredjing camp. In response to the rising tensions in Bredjing and Farchana (reported last week), UNHCR, WFP, Chadian Army and COSA/CNAR representatives met with the refugee community in Farchana. The group was received with hostility. Efforts to calm tensions among local government and the refugees continue. WFP in the interim has recalled staff in the above camps to Abéché until the situation returns to normal. Unconfirmed sources suggest that armed men are residing in camps in Guereda and other refugee sites. Some even suggest that leaders of the Sudanese rebellion may be in Guereda.

(c) Final results from the CDC (Center for Disease Control) nutrition survey in eastern Chad are alarming. Key findings reveal that 36 to 39 percent of refugee children below 5 are malnourished, that 34 to 59 percent of young children have diarrhoea and that the crude mortality rate is above

the emergency threshold. The causes of malnutrition are muti-sectoral, and necessary assistance includes water, sanitation and other public health interventions such as measles vaccinations and Vitamin A and access to quality food. In accordance with WHO and WFP/UNHCR guidelines, the findings indicate that the level of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) calls for blanket supplementary feeding and therapeutic feeding programmes. WFP has 1 ton of enriched dried skimmed and 9 tons of High Energy Biscuits (HEB) in stock. WFP, UNICEF, UNHCR and nutritional NGO's will meet to propose the most effective utilization.

(d) Under EMOP 10327.0, Emergency Assistance to Sudanese Refugees in Eastern Chad, to date, in the month of July, a total of 1,889 tons have been distributed to over 133,425 refugees. Distributions in Farchana camp have been suspended due to the security issues.

(e) UNHCR and other agencies raised concern of Corn Soya Blend (CSB) availability in the camps and pipeline. In response to CSB shortfall, WFP is rushing to transport the required CSB to the camps in need. Some 660 tons are on route from Douala to N'Djamena and will be dispatched to the Extended Delivery Points (EDPs) in the next two weeks. WFP continues its efforts to preposition food at EDPs in the central camps. A local and regional purchase of sugar is being explored to expedite the pre-positioning of the much needed sugar.

(f) WFP humanitarian air service has been running smoothly, offering regular flights with a passenger utilization rate of 89 percent. Roads to the southern camps are completely in accessible and the area does not have an airfield. A worst case scenario contingency plan is being prepared for a potential air drop, which will only be used when all other transport options have been exhausted.

(g) About 61 percent of EMOP 10327.0 has been financed to date.

3) Cote d'Ivoire

(a) UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has confirmed his participation at the 29 June Accra summit, in an effort to help restart the peace process in Cote d'Ivoire. The summit, which will include Cote d'Ivoire President Laurent Gbagbo and opposition parties, is being hosted by Ghanaian President John Kufuor, the current chairman of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Several other West African leaders are expected to attend, as well as South African President Thabo Mbeki.

(b) A UN mission arrived in Cote d'Ivoire for a three month mission to investigate human rights abuses since the beginning of the civil war from September 2002 until January 2003. Experts concluded that at least 120 people had been killed in a two-day crackdown by the security forces of President Laurent Gbagbo earlier this year. A separate human rights investigation in Korhogo by the local UN mission is investigating reports following violent clashes that broke out between rebel factions at the end of June. An important stockpile of weapons, thought to be tied to these June clashes, was found in Korhogo on 17 July, reviving suspicions that the French troops supported the attempted coup against rebel group Forces Nouvelles official leader Guillaume Soro. As a result, anti-French sentiment is running high in the town.

(c) From 14 to 20 July, 700 tons of various food commodities were distributed to 80,700 people.

(d) Next week, WFP will participate in an interagency mission being conducted in the area of CIB (Chantier Ivorien de Bois) in the ceasefire zone north of Blolequin. The mission will evaluate the humanitarian situation in the vulnerable area that due to insecurity has been off limits to humanitarian actors since the beginning of the year.

(e) In Tabou, WFP and the International Rescue Committee are discussing the possibility of collaborating on a programme against violence against women and children.

4) Liberia

(a) An estimated 50,000 Liberian refugees are reported to have spontaneously returned since August 2003, ahead of UNHCR's plan to repatriate 100,000 Liberians from neighboring countries starting in October this year. The returnees are said to have entered the country via Lofa and Grand Cape Mount Counties from Guinea and Sierra Leone.

(b) UNSECOORD has declared the entire country of Liberia to be security phase 4, in view of the improved security situation and the deployment of UNMIL peacekeepers throughout the country. The Disarmament and Demobilization process continued smoothly during the week. Some 56,890 ex-combatants have been disarmed since December list year.

(c) From 14 to 20 July, a total of 1,990 tons of food was distributed to 157,000 beneficiaries. WFP provided some 19 tons of food to ex-combatants and child soldiers in various cantonment sites and as take home rations following completion of the demobilization process.

(d) WFP has received proposals from 14 schools in Grand Gedeh County for enrollment in the Emergency School Feeding Programme. The Proposals indicate that commencement of school feeding in Grand Gedeh will be an incentive to encourage children to return to re-opening schools in the area. Unfortunately, further expansion of the school feeding programme is currently on hold due to food pipeline constraints. The proposals will be considered when the pipeline situation improves.

(e) WFP organized several trainings in collaboration with different partners, including a three day refresher training for World Vision International staff involved in a supplementary feeding programme in Cape Mount County. This training aimed at HIV/AIDS awareness and at ensuring better implementation of nutrition interventions supported by WFP. In collaboration with Ministry of Health (MoH) and UNICEF, WFP also started a six-day training for MoH staff involved in the supplementary feeding programme in Monsterrado County. Additionally, WFP and UNMIL began a five days peer educator training on HIV/AIDS for WFP staff.

(f) The food pipeline is facing critical shortages. Since June, WFP has been forced to distribute reduced rations of cereals, pulses, vegetable oil, CSB and salt in to all refugees, returnees and IDPs. The situation in September is critical with pipeline breaks for all commodities. Should this situation persist, rioting in the camps for displaced could be expected. New contributions are urgently needed in order to maintain the pipeline through December.

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Swaziland, (8) Zambia, (9) Zimbabwe

1) Regional

(a) According to the recent report of the Special Envoy of the Secretary General for Humanitarian Needs in Southern Africa, Mr. James Morris, "the numbers of food insecure and vulnerable households tell of an extraordinary human tragedy and southern Africa must still be considered the location of one of the world's most serious humanitarian crises". The report was released after a mission to Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia and Swaziland from 14 to 22 June to review the crisis and its response.

(b) The final reports of most 2004 Crop and Food Supply Assessment Missions (CFSAMs) are now available. Cereal production levels in Lesotho in 2004 represent less than half of last year's output and one-third of the average level for the previous five years. Generally inadequate, late and poorly distributed rainfall, combined with reductions in cultivated area and use of fertilizer and improved seed accounted for this decline. A total of 948,300 people will need food assistance in varying amounts in 2004/05.

(c) The production of maize in Malawi is estimated to have fallen by 14 percent compared to 2003 and 17 percent compared to the five year average. It is estimated that 1.3 million people (about 11 percent of the population) will experience a food deficit between last June and the next harvest in April-May 2005.

(d) Although cereal production in Mozambique and Zambia has significantly improved, food insecurity remains a reality for households struggling to recover from a succession of floods/drought shocks as well as from the longer-term impacts of HIV/AIDS. In Mozambique, a total of 187,000 people will require cereal food aid in 2004/2005.

(e) WFP requires 87,000 tons of food, equivalent to approximately USD 48 million, to address the balance of needs through the current Emergency Operation, which has been extended to December of this year.

2) Angola

(a) A situation of concern has emerged in Cazombo, in the eastern Moxico Province. As many as 55 houses belonging to returnees from Zambia who have alleged links to UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) are reported to have been burnt down in recent days. The incident was allegedly provoked by the local UNITA party's intention to establish an office in Cazombo, and moreover by the fact that the UNITA delegation was led by retired General Jolomba, who is allegedly responsible for the destruction of a bridge near Cazombo and the massacre of 72 local people. No one was killed nor injured, and the situation has now returned to normal throughout the town. Market activities have resumed as have WFP distributions. WFP is organizing a local meeting on security with NGOs and local organizations.

(b) PRRO 10054.2, Support to Return and Resettlement, continues to experience a food shortfall of 35,000 tons for the remainder of the year. WFP is actively approaching donors in order to raise additional contributions.

3) Lesotho

(a) Between 14 and 20 July, WFP and its implementing partners distributed some 1,300 tons of food to 114,000 beneficiaries, including children under five years of age, pregnant and nursing mothers, HIV/AIDS and TB patients, orphans and vulnerable children, the elderly and unemployed.

(b) From the end of this month to the end of September, under the school feeding programme, about 1,800 tons of food will be provided as a daily snack and a hot lunch to 174,000 pupils.

4) Madagascar

(a) WFP is organizing an appraisal mission for the "Support to the Fight Against Malnutrition, TB and HIV/AIDS in Madagascar" activities in collaboration with UNICEF, WHO, UNFPA, UNAIDS, Ministry of Population, Ministry of Health and NGOs. The activities aim at supporting an improved nutrition and health status for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers and other nutritionally vulnerable groups in Madagascar. The mission will review and provide recommendations on the geographical targeting of the areas of intervention, taking into account baseline indicators as well as implementation capacity of existing governmental and non-governmental institutions.

5) Malawi

(a) On 16 July, WFP reviewed the proposed Malawi PRRO 10310 log frame as well as the monitoring and reporting tools for the Year One Implementation Plan. The meeting also discussed targeting criteria and the verification process.

6) Mozambique

(a) WFP attended the international conference on Hunger, Food Aid and Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO's) from 14 to 17 July, in Maputo. The main objective of the conference was to strengthen the understanding of the GM food aid and hunger by sharing information, and starting dialogue between the different stakeholders.

7) Swaziland

(a) WFP participated in a meeting to establish a National Crop Forecasting Committee. The committee will coordinate information among the various government ministries and stakeholders on food security matters in the country.

8) Zambia

(a) While the national food availability situation has continued to improve, pockets of insecure and vulnerable groups continue to experience food insecurity, primarily at the household level.

(b) In June, WFP provided food to some 94,700 beneficiaries under the urban intervention programme. About 55,800 orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) received a hot breakfast of fortified blended food and vegetable oil in school, while some 9,700 vulnerable families hosting OVC received a take-home ration to assist with increased food needs at home.

(c) The majority of Angolan refugees in Zambia are dependent on WFP food rations to meet their nutritional requirements. Currently, all food beneficiaries under PRRO 10071.1 "Angolan Refugees in Zambia" are receiving full rations. However, the operation urgently requires new contributions amounting to 4,700 tons in maize, pulses and vegetable oil, to avoid a pipeline break on 1 September.

9) Zimbabwe

(a) The Central Statistics Office reported a decline in the year on year inflation for June to 394,6 percent as compared to the same period last year. However, on a month on month basis, inflation went up by 9,2 percent this year compared to last year, with food inflation accounting for 5,2 percent.

E) Asia: (1) Bangladesh, (2) DPR Korea, (3) India, (4) Myanmar, (6) Nepal

1) Bangladesh

(a) The overall trend continues to indicate a deterioration on the flooding situation, particularly alarming for the areas around the Brahmaputra and Ganges basins. While it appears the levels of the floods of 1988 or 1998 have not been reached, a series of factors like the flooding in neighboring Assam and Bihar states, further rains and the position of the moon (full moon scheduled for 1-2 August) give cause for concern. Dhaka city has till now been unscathed by the floods, but there is fear that any break in the embankment could lead to severe disruptions and displacement of populations.

(b) Figures from the Government report 185 reported losses of human lives, some 19,022,600 affected people and 524,620 acres of crops fully damaged. The number of people in shelters reportedly totals almost 415,225.

(c) Since the beginning of July, some 11.3 tons of rice have been distributed by the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management to 11.3 million flood-affected people. WFP has released 12.2 tons of high-energy fortified biscuits to three partner NGOs for distribution to 1,800 beneficiaries in Kurigram, 15,000 in Nilfamari and 20,000 in Rangpur. The biscuits were provided as an immediate supplementary ration of 75 grams/person per day for between three and ten days in these different areas. WFP has suggested other possibilities for assisting the Government's flood response and discussions are under way with the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management. WFP is also supporting wider coordination activities, including the assessment process, as facilitator and secretariat of the the Local Consultative Group's Disaster and Emergency Response (DER) sub-group and it has opened an operations room for this purpose.

(d) UN Agencies have officially activated the UN Disaster Management Team (UN-DMT) to determine the overall UN assessment on the severity of the current situation and coordinate appropriate responses by the humanitarian community. The DER sub-group is undertaking a quick assessment process for 28 districts which will mainly involve consolidating information already gathered by UN Agencies, local and international NGOs with assistance from the local Government. The 28 districts have been divided into six zones for this process, and Agency responsibilities were determined according to their relative field presence. The aspiration is to generate a consolidated quantitative assessment for each of the districts and a qualitative summary report on the flood situation by the middle of next week. WFP is in contact with donors should the DER needs assessment reveal significant unmet food relief needs. In the meantime, WFP will continue to supply food for distribution by NGO implementing partners on a case-by-case basis.

2) DPR Korea

(a) From 17 to 23 July, all 18 Local Food Production factories were fully operational. Production for the third week of July was over 1,600 tons, which is more than the EMOP 10141.02 average weekly requirement.

(b) A WFP team visited Ryongchon, the scene of the devastating train disaster of April this year. It was discovered that 117 out of 132 multi-storey apartment blocks supported by a WFP FFW project are completed. The project had been delayed by one month due to excessive rains and shortage of fuel to transport local timber. A new deadline has been set for August 10. In total, this project creates 1,134 apartments for 5,500 persons who were affected by the train accident. Following the completion of this project, WFP will continue to support rehabilitation work in Ryonchon with food rations and some non-food items.

(c) More than two million core beneficiaries, including pregnant/nursing women and children in kindergartens and primary schools on the west, are remaining without cereal rations this month. The situation will temporarily improve in August with the expected arrival of wheat, but 300,000 elderly beneficiaries will nevertheless remain without cereal rations. Until more food arrives in the country, by October cereal distributions to all beneficiaries and FFW programmes for the fall season will have to be suspended. Remaining loans still need to be reimbursed from future contributions. New pledges of 182,000 tons, mostly cereals, are required for July until December this year.

3) India

Assam:

(a) Due to incessant rain since the last week of June through out the State of Assam and catchments areas of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Bhutan, the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries started swelling up. As a result of this the State witnessed a devastating flood in Brahmaputra and Barak valleys. All 27districts of the State have been affected. The flood has caused the loss of at least 112 human lives, and reportedly has affected some 10,122,456 people, standing crops, flood control embankments and other basic infrastructure. Because of heavy rains, the situation remains critical.

(b) Assam's state government has issued guidelines to all districts for taking up search, rescue and relief measures in war footing. Some 1429 relief camps have been opened in the affected districts. Measures are being taken to prevent from breakdown of epidemics in the affected areas. Special arrangements are being made for the procurement of food grains, medicines, cattle fodder, water purifying tablets, ORS, boats and vehicles. The Department of Food has been advised by the state government to expedite movement of stock to different states in North Eastern Region.

(c) Gratuitous state relief distribution of rice, dal, salt, bread, jaggery, biscuits and chira is provided. The state government has requested the Railways for allotment of additional rakes of essential commodities, due to snapping of road communication at several places as well to reschedule some passenger trains and facilitate movements of the goods train. District authorities have been asked to provide nutritional support to children on need basis.

Bihar:

(d) Rain in the upper catchment areas of Nepal has resulted in the rise of the water levels of all the major rivers of Bihar and so far 18 districts (out of a total of 38 districts) have been affected by the flood waters.

(e) Reportedly 179 human lives have been lost, and in total some 20.15 million people are affected by the floods. Some 284 relief camps are providing shelther to part of them. The area of damaged crop has been estimated at 1.3 million hectares. The situation is grim with severe erosion of the embankments of the major rivers and is likely to get critical with rain and thunder showers forecasted over Bihar by the Indian Meteorological department.

(f) The State Government is carrying out rescue and relief operations in all flood affected districts, assisted by various international organizations. As of 23 July, ten flood relief columns are present in Bihar.

(g) WFP is actively participating in the UN-DMT in Delhi and monitors closely the situation in the affected areas.

4) Myanmar

(a) The non-stop heavy rainfall for two days caused severe flood in Myitkyina of Kachin State and in Kunlon in northern Shan State on 18 and 19 July. According to the local Myanmar Red Cross, almost 3,530 families were affected by the floods in Myitkyina and they were relocated to 24 relief camps established by the local authorities. Currently, the government officials are assessing the affected area by helicopter. No relief supplies have been distributed so far.

(b) In Northern Rakhine State, WFP completed the survey for vulnerable families and identified approximately 7,600 families to be provided with a monthly food ration. Depending upon the availability of food, the first distribution is scheduled for August.

(c) From 1 to 20 July a total of 245 tons of rice has been released to various activities, like those related to relief food for returnees and TB patients, take-home ration for schoolgirls and vocational trainings and FFW activities such as the work on village access roads and ponds constructions.

(d) WFP transported food to the project areas of EMOP 10345.0, while all the various cooperating partners were undertaking the necessary action to launch the project. The second food distribution for vulnerable groups took place in HonAi by World Vision on 16 July. Due to the bad weather and road conditions, only 40 beneficiaries could collect the food on that day. The distribution will continue on 21 July.

5) Nepal

(a) In Nepal, the impact of recent floods and landslides is being assessed. A situation report of the Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS), based upon figures collected and divulgated by the NRCS, the Ministry of Home and by media sources in Nepal, indicates that from 4 to 19 July, some 147 people died, 30 are missing and 261 injured, in approximately 22 districts in the country. The mentioned figures are likely to increase in the coming days. Rautahat, Sarlahi, Dhanusha and Mahottari have been said to be the most affected districts. However, the situation seems to be under control.

(b) NRCS has provided some relief kits to the victims. The kit basically includes utensils, blankets and clothings. On the other hand, Ministry of Home has allocated some money to the district relief committees chaired by Chief District Officer. The committees have provided dry food items (noodles, beaten rice) to the victims to avoid hunger and have sent people to the affected area to assess the exact situation.

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Colombia, (2) Ecuador, (3) Haiti, (4) Nicaragua, (5) Peru

1) Colombia

(a) At least 5 gunmen were killed by Colombian troops in the provinces of Arauca and Santander. Another 5 rebels were captured and different weapons and ammunition were seized by local authorities

(b) Social Solidarity Network, ICRC, WFP and other humanitarian organizations are coordinating activities to assist at least 109 displaced families in Antioquia. Social Solidarity Network is providing emergency food aid to more than 250 indigenous families from different regions of Choco province who are returning to their homes.

(c) From 12 to 18 July, in the context of the PRRO 10158, Assistance to People Displaced by Violence, WFP distributed 508 tons of food in 13 provinces to 43,814 beneficiaries.

2) Ecuador

(a) Constant and intensive rainfall in Reventador communities, Sucumbios province, caused the overflow of Market and Reventador rivers, resulting in significant landslides, obstructions of main roads, and loss of human lives. The population in Sucumbios is currently isolated from the rest of the country. The Inter-Agency Emergency Team and the National Civil Defense are monitoring the situation.

(b) Last week, the National Committee for Risk Management approved the National Report that will be presented at the World Conference for Disaster Reduction in Kobe-Hyobo, Japan, in 2005.

3) Haiti

(a) Haitian National Police (HNP) is increasing its presence and activities while reports of criminal activities continue in many parts of the country. The security environment remains volatile, especially in Gonaives area.

(b) Haiti received more than USD 1 billion in pledges for the next two years at a donor conference that was held at World Bank Headquarters on 19 and 20 July. The presented Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF) identifies four main areas for financing: promoting security and national dialogue, budgeting and procurement, economic recovery and basic services. Over the next two years, in the social sector alone, the ICF programs to improve nutrition for more than one million poor children and their mothers, students, orphans, street children and destitute elderly.

(c) According to the FAO assessment on the impact of the recent devastating floods and landslides, an estimated total loss of 177,471,450 Gourdes (some 4.929 million USD) was reported, from which 61.7 percent regarding agricultural production and the remaining 13.3 concerning cattle. The FAO assessment recommends two interventions: an emergency intervention to ensure a rapid restart of the production, and a middle term intervention to limit the destruction of the soil and ensure rehabilitation of the environment.

(d) WFP provided July food distributions under Haiti's EMOP in the North and North East are jeopardized since only 28 percent of the cereal requirements are available in the Cap Haitian warehouse. Next arrivals of rice are expected in the coming days and replenishment of the Northern pipeline will be done in priority. However, a strike at the Customs offices in Port au Prince could affect clearance of wheat (408 tons) and salt (186 tons) already in the port, and the arrival of the rice (1,744 tons).

(e) An interagency mission (USAID, OCHA and WFP) visited the Northwest Department from 13 to 15 July to verify a CARE report on drought. The team found that structural problems are aggravated by the recurrent dry spells and irregular rainfall. The mission foresees that in Bombardopolis and Lacoma a short-term intervention will be needed to cover increased needs during the height of the lean season (from November to March).

(f) With the end of the school year and for WFP monitoring purposes, reports were collected in schools. From 12 to 18 July, WFP, while monitoring its activities, provided support for the distribution of UNICEF health kits in health centers in the North and North East. Training for health and education staff on the monitoring tools for the implementation of the Country Programme (CP) and EMOP was completed.

(g) The current EMOP 10347 shortfall stands at 56 percent of the USD 7.9 million required and the CP shortfall stands at 76 percent.

4) Nicaragua

(a) During the week of 12 July, WFP and the Ministry of Agriculture (MAGFOR) completed the initial phase of a joint coordination mission to the municipality of Rio Blanco, Matagalpa, affected by the Cerro Musún disaster. According to the mission, food delivery is difficult due to inaccessible roads. The shelters, that lack sanitation facilities, will need additional kitchen utensils to speed food preparation.

(b) WFP along with MAGFOR and the Municipal Civil Defence Committee will distribute 32.64 tons of corn, rice, beans, vegetable oil, cereal and powdered milk to 2,500 displaced people for a period of one month. Additionally, WFP will purchase non food items (kitchen utensils). WFP set up an Operations Centre and warehouse in installations provided by the Municipality.

(c) In addition, WFP submitted for approval and IRA/EMOP with an estimated budget of USD 160,400 to distribute food over a period of 90 days to 1000 families in Rio Blanco and Matiguás, both affected by the heavy rains disasters. In Prinzapolka, a municipality of the North Atlantic Region, 500 families would also receive food rations for one month under the Emergency Operation.

5) Peru

(a) WFP approved an IRA/EMOP to assist approximately 27,000 people in the Department of Puno, affected by the severe cold and snow over the past weeks of July, that caused loss of crops and death of cattle. The operation aims to attend 17,600 affected people, particularly children under 5 years old, pregnant women and nursing mothers, as well as women heads of households. WFP is coordinating the purchase of commodities.

(b) The heavy cold wave is also affecting other departments, hence, UNICEF and WFP will evaluate the needs of the affected population in Apurímac.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons (MT).