WFP Emergency Report No. 29 of 2004

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 16 Jul 2004


(A) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Albania, (3) Iraq, (4) Iran
(B) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) DR Congo, (3) Ethiopia, (4) Kenya, (5) Rwanda, (6) Sudan, (7) Uganda

(C) West Africa: (1) Chad, (2) Cote d'Ivoire, (3) Guinea, (4) Liberia (5) Sierra Leone

(D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Namibia, (8) Zimbabwe

(E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea, (2) Indonesia

(F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Colombia, (2) Guatemala, (3) Haiti, (4) Nicaragua

From David Morton, Director of the Transport Preparedness and Response Division (OTP); available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Carlo.Scaramella@wfp.org, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (OEP). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie Sequiera@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Brenda.Barton@wfp.org, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68/70, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

(A) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Albania, (3) Iraq, (4) Iran

1) Afghanistan

(a) The security situation continued to deteriorate during the reporting period (8-14 July), particularly with incidents of improvised explosive devices, rockets, landmines and ambushes targeting the government, coalition forces and aid workers. The attacks to electoral workers are of particular concern, threatening the voter registration process.

(b) During the reporting period 483,297 beneficiaries received 3,471 metric tons of food.

(c) Some 4,200 metric tons of food commodities were transported during the week, including 1,588 metric tons from Pakistan and 467 metric tons from Iran to external logistics hubs and 2,145 metric tons from the external logistics hubs into Afghanistan. The country office purchased 12,322 metric tons of wheat in Pakistan.

(d) In Kandahar, WFP met with the Department of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (DRRD), Department of Education (DoE) and local NGOs on 8 July, to review its policy on programme management, administration, finance and logistics. They agreed to enhance coordination for better implementation of projects to address the food needs of the vulnerable people in the south, especially affected by the current drought, and a large number of IDPs in camps and refugees as well repatriating from Pakistan. WFP partners also agreed to submit proposals based on Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) format, provide timely progress and completion reports of the projects and inform monitoring and evaluation unit prior to food distribution.

(e) On 13 July, at a meeting between the Minister of Rural Rehabilitation and Development and the Country Director, WFP received a request from the government to operationalize a contingency plan to assist populations affected by drought and crop failure in twelve provinces. Under the plan, WFP will implement food-for-work projects and assist rural vulnerables who are unable to participate in FFW in the affected provinces. It is estimated that 568,000 beneficiaries will receive 34,000 metric tons of commodities to satisfy their additional food requirements for two to three months.

(f) Four female staff of BRAC International, an NGO, and one staff of WFP received one-week training in Jalal Abad from 10 - 15 July to train women in poultry rearing , kitchen gardening and horticulture nursery raising. The project will be implemented in four districts (Jalal Abad, Surkhrud, Behsud and Khewa) of Nangarhar province. The project aims to bring self-reliance and self-sufficiency among women to improve their livelihoods and participate in the developmental process of their own community in an appropriate way.

(g) In a meeting held in Hirat, WFP and provincial Departments of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (DRRD) of Badghis, Farah, Ghor and Hirat reviewed the overall activities carried out in the west of the country. They agreed to monitor and supervise the food distribution process. DRRD expressed satisfaction over the food-for-work activities, while suggesting that they participate in project approval procedures, in order to better assist in helping the most vulnerable in the food insecure areas.

2) Albania

(a) The security situation throughout Albania remained stable in June.

(b) A recent UNDP report indicated that Albania should fight against poverty, unemployment, corruption and improve the rule of law to avoid instability. It is also mentioned that corruption is seriously damaging the government's performance and creating lack of confidence in the rule of law.

(c) Operational activities of the Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 10165.1 Assistance to Vulnerable Groups in the Construction of Community Assets, continued as planned. During June, a total of 421 metric tons of wheat flour and salt were distributed. About 3,880 women participants attended training and counseling sessions. A total of over 1,940 participants were involved in forestry activities. The Food for Work (FFW) schemes provided short-term employment opportunities to 1,230 workers.

(d) No shipment was received during the month and vegetable oil entitlement could not be distributed due to unavailability. A shipment of oil is expected to arrive very soon.

3) Iraq

(a) In general, the situation appears to have somehow stabilized with no major humanitarian needs reported. However, numerous acts of violence occurred throughout the country in the lead-up to the handover of power.

(b) In Missan and Thi-Qar local floods were reported between March and May, affecting more then 6,000 people. Insecurity hindered the assessment of needs and the provision of humanitarian assistance. NGOs reported that transporters are reluctant to deliver commodities in the area.

(c) The Iraqi Ministry of Trade (MoT) has almost concluded distribution of the June ration through the Public Distribution System (PDS). Shortages, however, are reported in most governorates. In Basra, MoT storekeepers went on strike between 12 and 14 June demanding a salary increase. Distribution to food agents, interrupted during the strike, has resumed. MoT announced an increase of tea and salt (0.1 to 0.2 kg) and Detergent and Adult Milk (0.25 to 0.5 kg) in the PDS ration for July. At the end of June, dispatches of procured and re-negotiated commodities reached 660,000 metric tons, or about 41 percent of the 1.6 million metric tons to be dispatched under the agreement signed by MoT/CPA and WFP for the procurement of commodities for the PDS.

(d) Recent rumors concerning the possible discontinuation of the PDS for "those receiving salaries and paying income tax, or registered with the Ministry of Finance" are unfounded. On 25 June, an interview was held on Iraqi television with the new Minister of Trade in which he said that the current plan is to phase out the ration card over the next 1 -2 years and to target the PDS only for the poor. He also announced that MoT plans to add two items to the monthly food ration: tomato paste and cheese. The Minister further commented on the poor quality of some PDS commodities, in particular of wheat flour. The Minister explained that MoT intend to strengthen its monitoring and to apply appropriate regulations to ensure the quality of grains purchased of the local harvest.

(e) A regional conference on displacement was held on 29 May in Erbil. In June, UNHCR facilitated the return of two convoys from Iran to the southern governorates. WFP continues to assist with distribution of one-off food ration and registration of returnees into the PDS. Between June 2003 and June 2004, the MoT registration centers in the lower south enrolled some 173,855 spontaneous returnees in the PDS

(f) The pilot school feeding project, targeting 105,000 students in seven centre/south governorates, was successfully concluded on 15 May. Ministry of Health (MoH) and the Ministry of Education staff has concluded data collection in 5 percent of the schools where the project has been implemented. Analysis of the available data on the impact of the pilot school feeding project is proceeding and is expected to be completed by mid-August. Preliminary results show a positive impact of the project among the school children. The National School Feeding Committee (NSFC) resumed its meeting on 21 June after five weeks of suspension due to insecurity and the assassination of a committee member.

(g) The WFP vulnerability Assessment household survey is under preparation. Preliminary analysis indicates that 13.4 percent of households are extremely poor and in dire need of food aid despite the PDS. The study further indicates that of the 45.2 percent of the population is categorized as poor. A substantial segment within this category would be rendered food insecure if they were not provided a PDS ration. Thus, if the PDS is discontinued, roughly 26 percent of the total Iraq population would become food insecure. Other preliminary findings of the study suggest that rural populations are poorer and thus more vulnerable to food insecurity compared to urban populations. Children are major victims of food insecurity, around 27.6 percent of all children (1-5 years old) in Iraq are chronically malnourished.

(h) From 31 May to 3 June, WFP organized a Vulnerability Analysis Workshop with the participation of MoPDC Central Statistical Organization and the Information Technology Office officials to build consensus with partners on the methodology and results of the household survey and identify steps to carry out follow up actions and monitoring. The meeting agreed that WFP should proceed with the finalization of the study accordingly. It was further agreed that a joint meeting on food security monitoring should be convened towards the end of November.

(i) CPA and MoT have engaged WFP FITTEST to design an Internet-based system to provide voice and data connectivity for MoT offices, warehouses and silos throughout Iraq. The initiative will provide e-mail and voice connectivity between Baghdad and a total of 35 field stations.

4) Iran

(a) During the reporting period (1-14 July), 51,000 refugees and 34,406 returnees were assisted under PRRO 10213.0 "Food Assistance & Support to Education of Afghan and Iraqi Refugees in the Islamic Republic of Iran."

(b) A total of 34,406 Afghans were repatriated during the reporting period under UNHCR and WFP assistance. During the month of June, a total of 78,278 Afghans returned to Afghanistan, of which 61,249 were assisted by UNHCR and WFP (43% increase compared to May). Most of the returnees are families repatriated from Tehran and Sistan-Baluchestan provinces to their places of origin in Kabul province, Herat and Parwan provinces.

(c) Most of the Afghan repatriations have been from outside the camps. As of 1st of July UNHCR stopped its Care & Maintenance programme to about 32,000 Afghan refugees in camps. WFP's food assistance will also phase down eventually to Afghan camps, but no definite date has been set. UNHCR and WFP are currently updating their Exit Strategy.

(d) Due to the volatility of security in Iraq, no Iraqis were repatriated during the reporting period. Since the commencement of the Iraqi repatriation project in November 2003, a total of 6,693 Iraqis have been repatriated under UNHCR assistance and an estimated 50,000 spontaneously. There are still about 130,000 Iraqi refugees in Iran, with about 12,000 of them residing in refugee camps.

(e) The Country Office is conducting a self-evaluation of the refugee feeding operation under PRRO 10213 during 2003. The results will be finalized by August.

B) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) DR Congo, (3) Ethiopia, (4) Kenya, (5) Rwanda, (6) Sudan, (7) Uganda

1) Burundi

(a) Insecurity incidents continued, including confrontations between the FNL and the national army in Bujumbura Rural, pursuit of the "Interahamwe" infiltrators by the army in Cibitoke, confrontation between the army and the FNL faction and increased banditry and killings in Rumonge, Bururi.

(b) The influx of Congolese refugees has stopped and some have started returning home. UNHCR is expected to conduct a census of refugees in all three camps and to prepare a relocation plan to move the refugees to a new location. WFP plans to distribute 332 metric tons of food as a monthly ration to 20,000 refugees in Rugombo camp, during the week, and will continue distributions at two other camps the following week.

(c) From 5 to 11 July 2004, the WFP Country Office (CO) distributed a total of 1,013 metric tons of food aid to 75,198 beneficiaries through different programme activities.

(d) A total of 1,899 metric tons of food commodities were received during the week including 1,276 metric tons of cereals, 172 metric tons of pulses, 189 metric tons of oil, 24 metric tons of salt and 172 metric tons of UNIMIX. The delivery of oil during the previous week has temporarily stopped the pipeline problems WFP was facing. However, a pipeline break is expected again in about a month, if no further oil loans are found.

2) DR Congo

(a) Populations in eastern DRC continued to be terrorized by armed factions. In some villages in the South Kivu province, farmers were forced out of their huts by armed militia men who also devastated their farming lands. According to humanitarian sources, in some places, the armed bands systematically destroy the huts.

(b) On 7th July, a delegation from the CONADER (the governmental body responsible for the coordination of DDRRR issues) fielded a follow up mission to Bunia. Reports on ethnic clashes opposing various warring factions continue to be received. Sources from MONUC say, confrontations between opposing armed factions articulated around ores wells.

(c) Movements of displacement and return of IDPs remained a cause of concern, and WFP and implementing partners tried to meet the needs of those most affected by food insecurity. The situation of women and children represented a major concern because of the continuous rape and other human rights abuses.

(d) Through ongoing PRRO, WFP released some 1000 metric tons of food to provide emergency food rations to some fifty thousand food insecure people in the eastern part of the country and to reinforce the capacity of resilience to shocks of an additional 70,000 other beneficiaries located in the Equateur, Kinshasa, Bas-Congo, Bandundu and South Katanga areas.

3) Ethiopia

(a) While current rains are good in most of the country, there are concerns for deteriorating conditions in some areas. One of these is in Somali Region, where serious drought conditions are reported in Gashamo district of Degahbur zone, south of the regional capital of Jijiga, where the "gu" rains of April-May failed. This was compounded by strong and desiccating winds, or sand storms, which buried birkas (cemented rainwater storage units) and pasture areas. Migration of livestock to neighbouring Danot and Kebridahar districts (in Warder zone and Korahe zone) and to Togdheer Region of Northern Somalia (Somaliland) has taken place, and the death of large numbers of cattle and sheep that are susceptible to drought has been reported. Although women, children and the elderly have started to move into the various villages in Gashamo district, the administrator for the district reports that there has been no migration of entire households or families to Somaliland, as has been reported elsewhere. The situation is being closely monitored.

(b) Tension between two clans in the eastern part of Somali Region has led to attacks on Isaq-owned trucks from Northern Somalia in Fik and Degahbur zones. However, regional officials have confirmed that except for one incident in Fik zone some months ago, these trucks were not carrying relief food. The tension has resulted in dramatically increased prices of various food items in Degahbur, Fik and Korahe zones, particularly for imported food such as spaghetti, rice and sugar which form a large part of the Somali diet. Other parts of the region have not been affected by the tension.

(c) A total of 114,675 tons of food aid was allocated/dispatched in June 2004 for distributions to some 6.9 million beneficiaries. Out of the total dispatches, which include pre-positioning done prior to inception of the rainy season (which lasts from mid-June to late-September), 60,130 tons was covered by the Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Commission using DPPC and WFP food, while the balance (54,544 tons) was done by NGOs. Total distributions this year (up to end of June) according to DPPC figures amount to 396,897 tons. Of this total, DPPC accomplished 170,168 tons while NGOs were responsible for 226,728 tons. Distributions for the first few months of the year were less than originally planned, partly due to concerns about overall funding levels for 2004. There were also delays by local officials in organizing and completing Employment Generation Scheme projects at the grass roots level.

(d) The targeted populations for relief food assistance are 5.4 million in July and 4.5 million in August, with the corresponding food requirements being 102,000 tons and 86,000 tons respectively. The gross relief food requirements for June-December 2004 stand at 327,000 tons, and confirmed contributions to WFP, NGOs and bilaterals to the Government mean the current shortfall for July-December is 70,000 tons (cereals 65,000 tons, pulses 5,000 tons). There are shortfalls from end-August onwards. Furthermore, the mid-year ("belg" and "gu" seasons) assessment is near completion and some additional requirements are anticipated. Donors are urged to confirm pledges under negotiation: if repayment guarantees can be provided, loans of cereals from the Ethiopian Emergency Food Security Reserve could be mobilized quickly enough to cover the shortfalls.

4) Kenya

(a) Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki appealed on Wednesday for international food aid to help feed an estimated 3.3 million people, including school children, facing severe food shortages because of poor rains. Kibaki said Kenya needed 156,000 metric tons of food, estimated to cost USD 76 million, to contain the situation in the next six months. A further USD 32 million was required for non-food aid.

5) Rwanda

(a) Following the reopening of the border between Rwanda and DRC last week, the situation at the border in Cyangugu town is calm and the UN security phases in application were unchanged. No movement of refugees from DRC to Rwanda was recorded. The number of Refugees in Cyangugu remains 2,410. The idea of relocating the refugees to another place away from the border is pending discussion in the disaster management task force unit which is led by UNHCR and includes other UN agencies and relevant government institutions.

(b) WFP has so far distributed a total of 47.2 metric tons since the beginning of the conflict in Bukavu on 27th May 2004. Non-food assistance continues to be provided by different organizations, including CARE, CRS, SCF, Good News Church and Adventist Church.

6) Sudan

(a) Heavy fighting was reported to be continuing between Bregit and Rezeigat tribes at Ashieyria, some 80- Km west of Ed Daien town. Large numbers of SLA and Bregit were reported to be present in Barakat village, 50 Km North West of Ed Dean town. Further reports indicated that two non-Arab villages of Taweila and Shurrrab were burnt to ashes. No casualties were reported as the villages were deserted long before the attack took place. The fighting in Ed Daein area resulted in an influx of IDPs into Ed Daein town. About 1,500 IDPs were reported to be in and around Ed Daein, 600 in Assalayah, 9,000 in Gredah and 2,400 in Gazala Jawarat.

The new IDPs in Ed Daein town have been asked by the local authorities to move to Bawad El Kheil, 13-km south of Ed Daein town. The IDPs, mainly of Bregit origin, have raised concern about their security in the proposed new location.

(b) Some 1,018 metric tons of mixed food commodities were released to SC-US and MSF-F for general food distribution in El Geneina town and for blanket supplementary feeding in Mornie, El Geneina and Keranic. WFP received a request from SC-US to undertake a blanket distribution of CSB commodity for the under-fives in Habilla, Furburanga and Kirinding areas.

(c) Since January 2004, WFP has distributed 38,849 metric tons of food commodities to 968,364 people. Some 17,905 metric tons were distributed to 344,057 beneficiaries in North Darfur; 11,882 metric tons were distributed to 374,043 beneficiaries in South Darfur; and, 9,063 metric tons were distributed to 250,264 beneficiaries in West Darfur.

7) Uganda

(a) The humanitarian situation in the northern Acholi and Lango sub-regions remains worrying due to the fluid security situation. The protracted Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency which has resulted in the massive displacement of civilians in the four districts of Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira has almost exhausted the ability of the displaced population to cope.

(b) Lira district continues to face heightened insecurity. In a gruesome incident last week, LRA rebels clubbed 11 members of the same family to death and abducted several others on 10 July 2004 in Apungi village, one kilometer from Abia IDP camp. Last month, 12 people were killed in a similar incident in Abia camp.

(c) The Greater Horn of Africa climate forecasts predict that the greater part of Uganda has a high probability of receiving normal to below normal rains for most of the June-August 2004 period. This raises concern for a general decline in food availability, given that the prediction follows a widely dry March-May period often used for planting the major staple foods in most parts of the country. If these conditions persist there is concern that the relative food security currently obtaining in the drought-prone North Eastern Karamoja region will rapidly decline with close to 1 million people at risk. In addition the ability of about 1.6 million IDPs in the Acholi, Lango and Teso sub-regions to complement food aid from own production will be severely curtailed implying a need to increase food aid deliveries to the regions. The west Nile region, host to largest proportion of refugees in the country, is also reportedly suffering long-dry spells which are being closely monitored. Country wide, it is being predicted that the prevailing conditions may result into close to a 40 percent drop in normal crop production. This will result in an increase in the local cereal and pulse prices which may affect the ability of WFP to procure locally, against a back drop of increasing draw down of world cereal stocks and increasing international market prices.

(d) WFP, Ministry of Health and International Medical Corps (IMC) have completed nutrition assessments in all the 30 Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) camps in Kitgum and Pader districts. The assessments are intended to monitor the nutritional status of the displaced population.

(e) During the period 5 to 10 July 2004, 2,908 tons of WFP relief food assistance was distributed to 237,453 persons including IDPs sheltering in camps in Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira districts in the northern Acholi and Lango sub-regions; refugees and vulnerable persons. In Soroti district, eastern Uganda, WFP has completed distribution of 614 tons as a re-settlement package to 35,292 persons in the three sub-counties of Arapai, Tubur and Katine in Soroti district, following the return of people to their villages. Soroti is one of the four districts in Teso that was attacked by the LRA in June 2003.

(f) WFP faces a shortfall of 34,639 tons of food commodities (32,701 tons cereals, 1,353 tons pulses and 585 tons CSB) from July through December 2004. A shortfall in both cereals and pulses is anticipated in September. Fortified blended food stocks available are sufficient to meet the needs of the school feeding, nutrition and HIV/AIDS programmes. WFP urgently requires USD 19 million in generous contributions to continue providing relief assistance to over 1.6 million people through December 2004.

C) West Africa: (1) Chad, (2) Cote d'Ivoire, (3) Guinea, (4) Liberia (5) Sierra Leone

1) Chad

(a) In East Chad, cattle herders were attacked by an incursion of Janjaweeds in the south of Adre near Goz Beida. Two Janjaweeds and one cattle farmer were reportedly killed. A stolen UNHCR vehicle from Chad was found 785 km inside Sudan. In N'Djamena, two staff of the Ministry of Treasure were killed while transporting an amount of 48 million CFA francs.

On 13 July, in the Farchana camp refugees revolted against a company planning agriculture activity near the camp. Local army was called to maintain order in camp and fired warning shots. In the South, road blocks were reported between Sido, near the Central African border 40 km from refugees camp.

(b) UNHCR estimate the current refugee caseload 176,583 by UNHCR, comprising camp population, spontaneous arrivals and those registered for transfer at the border. Sudanese refugees continue to enter Chad at a steady rate. Approximately, 5,000 refugees arrived in Amnabak camp and are facing registration problems. Current camp caseload is 126,429 in the 9 camps in Eastern Chad. The transfer of refugees from the border continues. There is an estimated 50,334 refugees scheduled for relocation into the existing camps by the end of July. UNHCR has reported a caseload of 35,000 Chadian refugees in the Darfur area from 15 years ago that wish to return.

(c) In anticipation of the rainy season, WFP continue to concentrate logistics efforts on the prepositioning of food at EDPs to meet the needs of the refugees located in the southern and central camps. The road from N'Djamena to Abéché has been officially closed by the Government. However, given the humanitarian needs, WFP, UNHCR and UNICEF have informally negotiated an agreement with the Government to allow three convoys per week from N'Djamena to Abéché to deliver necessary relief supplies. Similarly, government imposed weight restrictions on truck movements during the rainy season has led to distribution problems in southern and central Chad due to the limited availability of 10 metric ton trucks. The expected arrival of an additional DAF trucks 4 should improve the situation.

(d) Negotiations are underway to borrow or purchase locally some 1,000 metric tons of cereals, which will allow WFP to meet the immediate pre-positioning needs for the central camps. An IRA allocation of USD 2,000,000 will be used to purchase cereals from the national food reserve and to procure sugar. Contingency planning for a possible need to use air drops is in the process.

(e) NGO's have raised concerns regarding food availability during the rainy season. WFP has responded with sharing information of available stocks, arrivals and needs in the coming months. In the country, current prepositioned stocks are sufficient to meet food requirements for the next two months. 8.000 metric tons of food are expected to arrive via Cameroun and through the Libyan corridor between July and September.

(f) WFP is working with medical and nutritional partners to implement the recommendations of the recently completed nutritional survey. Priority has been given to open supplementary and therapeutic feeding centres in camps.

(g) As at 13 July a total of 1,079 metric tons was distributed to 72,354 refugees in the month of July. This week, 213.75 metric tons is expected to be distributed in the Bahai area to 25,000 refugees, receiving a 15-day ration.

(h) The Special Operation 10338.0 to da0te has received USD 429,180 and is currently financed at 66.19% against the appeal.

2) Cote d'Ivoire

(a) In the company of UN mediators, on 29 June President Laurent Gbagbo met with opposition parties (without the Forces Nouvelles) for the first time in three months. There was little concretely agreed upon in the meetings. West African heads of state, including President Gbagbo, as well as Ivorian opposition leaders, have also agreed to hold another high-level meeting to end the Ivorian political crisis in Accra, Ghana on 29 July.

(b) The think-tank International Crisis Group released its report entitled "Côte d'Ivoire: No Peace in Sight" on 12 July. The report states that the January 2003 Linas-Marcoussis Accords have been badly compromised by a lack of good faith and political will. It finds the economic dimension of the war to be at the heart of Cote d'Ivoire's problems, and calls for the international community, notably the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), to take on the situation (and those who are not cooperating) more assertively and openly.

(c) Between 29 June and 12 July, a total of 1,422 tons of food was distributed to 133,867 beneficiaries. This included distributions through WFP's seed protection programme, which also provides agricultural seeds and tools to beneficiaries.

3) Guinea

(a) The repatriation process of Sierra Leoneans is almost complete, with the last convoy of 500 refugees scheduled for 15 July. As the current number of repatriated Sierra Leoneans stands at 11,509 for this year, the UNHCR planned objective of 12,000 will be reached (thus approximately 56,000 refugees will have been repatriated since the beginning of the operation in October 2001). UNHCR and WFP have decided jointly to stop providing food assistance to the 1,800 Sierra Leoneans, who have chosen to remain in Guinea as of 1 July.

(b) UNHCR stopped its air service as of 1 July. WFP is now the only UN agency to offer air service in the sub-region, and consequently WFP's air service is being reorganized, with the addition of a second plane, to adequately cover the sub-region.

(c) Guinea is currently facing a "rice crisis." With the depreciation of the Guinean Franc, the price of a 50 kg bag of rice rose from 25,000 to 60,000 GF in one year while people's income has not changed. During the reporting period, many trucks transporting rice have been looted by local residents. The situation calmed down after the government decided to provide a subsidy to rice importers in order to fix the price at 40,000 GF per bag. Every rice truck leaving Conakry is now escorted by the military. However, the atmosphere in the capital remains tense as rumours spread that the price of petrol could also be raised.

(d) According to an evaluation conducted in June, all 70 graduates of the TWIN one-year training programme found a job, generally in small businesses like hairdressing, tailoring, soap-making, etc. TWIN is a vocational training project launched in 2000 in N'Zerekore to help ex-sex-workers learn new job skills. In August 2003, WFP started to provide daily hot meals for all the beneficiaries and their dependants. Thanks to this assistance, the centre now provides 402 hot meals every day.

(e) Between 28 June and 11 July, a total of 470 tons of food was distributed to 30,285 beneficiaries

(f) WFP's food pipeline is facing critical shortages of oil (starting in September) and pulses (starting in October). Additional donor support is needed in order to avoid these pipeline breaks.

4) Liberia

(a) The Disarmament and Demobilization programme is continuing; so far approximately 52,000 ex-combatants have been disarmed and demobilized during the second and third phases of the DDRR program, which started in April 2004 (a total of 54,000 ex-combatants since December 2003). WFP continued to provide food assistance at the various cantonment sites.

(b) A new case load of 1,123 spontaneous returnees from Sierra Leone was registered by UNHCR and WFP during this week, and food distribution to these new arrivals is in progress. This brings the total number of spontaneous returnees residing in IDP camps to 5,533 persons (who will continue to receive food assistance until they return to their villages of origin). Construction of food distribution centers in most IDP camps is near completion, except for recently recognized spontaneous settlements, where exercise is just starting.

(c) WFP and CARITAS undertook a joint field mission to assess a project proposal for rehabilitation of 70 Km road leading from Madina to Robertsport in Grande Cape Count, as well as assess the general food security situation in the Robertsport area. The mission found that the important road linking the coastal area of Robertsport to the rest of the County and to Monrovia is in bad condition. Access to the area had been impossible until recently, when UNMIL repaired bridges along the way. The authorities in Robertsport reported a daily influx of 15 to 20 returnees and requested WFP's assistance for their resettlement and recovery activities. The mission recommended that WFP engages the returnees to repair the road through Food in Support of Local Initiatives (FSLI) programme.

(d) A WFP team composed of the Infrastructure Planning Advisor and the Agriculture Field Coordinator is conducting a monitoring and verification exercise to on-going FSLI project sites in Lofa, Bong, Nimba and Grand Gedeh Counties. The purpose of the mission is to measure progress of the implementation phases of various project activities, assess the impact of WFP food assistance provided and requirements for future WFP assistance in the Counties.

(e) The food pipeline is facing critical shortages. Since June, WFP has been forced to distribute reduced rations of cereals, pulses, vegetable oil, CSB and salt in to all refugees, returnees and IDPs. The situation in September is critical with pipeline break for all commodities. Should this situation persist, rioting in the camps for displaced could be expected. New contributions of cereals (14,000 tons), pulses (1,800 tons), vegetable oil (1,100 tons), CSB (2,300 tons) and salt (240 tons) are urgently needed in order to maintain the pipeline through December.

(f) From 7-13 July, WFP distributed 1,925 metric tons of commodities to 366,000 beneficiaries (73% of which were women), including distributions to 11 refugee camps.

5) Sierra Leone

(a) There is a rise of petty crime in Freetown. Armed men broke into the WFP warehouse and workshop in Kissy, searching for TC equipment; nothing was stolen. Two local staff members' homes were robbed.

(b) UNAMSIL Military Observers in Kailahun reported that Ivorians and Liberians are streaming to the borders towns of Kailahun to illegally and cheaply acquire arms, which they will exchange for payment in the DDR process in Liberia.

(c) In Kailahun, Kono, Bombali, Tonkolili, Port Loko and Kambia, deworming pills were distributed to pupils in government-approved primary schools supported by WFP, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education Science and Technology and Ministry of Health and Sanitation.

(d) Between 28 June and 11 July 2004, WFP Sierra Leone distributed a total of 530 metric tons of mixed food commodities to 33,350 beneficiaries.

(e) WFP's food pipeline is facing critical shortages of pulses (starting in August) and oil (starting in November). Additional donor support is needed in order to avoid these pipeline breaks.

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Lesotho, (4) Madagascar, (5) Malawi, (6) Mozambique, (7) Namibia, (8) Zambia (9) Zimbabwe

1) Regional

(a) WFP Country Offices in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia have been convening stakeholder consultations with national governments, humanitarian partners and donors on strategic interventions for food assistance to vulnerable population groups. The sessions are focusing on Year One Implementation Plans for the Regional PRRO 10310.0, Assistance to Populations in Southern Africa Vulnerable to Food Insecurity and the Impact of AIDS.

(b) To continue to provide essential food aid in southern Africa, a region affected by the 'Triple Threat' of Food Insecurity, Weakened Capacity for Governance and HIV/AIDS, WFP is extending the current regional EMOP 10290, Targeted Relief to Vulnerable Households in Southern Africa until 31 December 2004. During this period WFP is facing a serious pipeline shortfall of 87,000 metric tons, equivalent to approximately USD 48 million. Lesotho is currently facing a cereal pipeline break, while the other countries except Zimbabwe also need cereals after September/October. The situation is little better for corn-soya blend, pulses and vegetable oil. Given the lead-time between donor pledges and distribution to beneficiaries, additional contributions to this regional EMOP are urgently required.

2) Angola

(a) The need for donor assistance in Angola's food emergency is now urgent. The WFP 24-month operation, PRRO 10054.2, "Support to Return and Resettlement" is only 24 percent resourced. WFP Country Office operations and capacity to deliver food aid to refugees, orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) is therefore being severely constrained.

3) Lesotho

(a) The increasing beneficiary numbers of WFP food assistance operations in Lesotho characterize the scope of the food insecurity in that country. Between 7 and 13 July WFP and its partners distributed about 1,300 tons of food to some 109,000 beneficiaries. The supplementary feeding programme assisted about 11,800 children under five years of age; 6,100 HIV/AIDS and TB patients; 1,660 pregnant and nursing mothers with food through health centres; 81,000 beneficiaries under Vulnerable Group Feeding (VGF); 8,000 orphans; and 2,000 beneficiaries under food-for-work activities.

4) Madagascar

(a) WFP and UNICEF have requested to provide technical assistance to Madagascar Government's 3-month safety net operation announced on July 1st, 2004. The project targets poor households, i.e. civil servants, employees of private companies earning less than USD 50 per month, retired individuals and the unemployed in the six major urban cities (Antananarivo, Toamasina, Antsiranana, Mahajanga, Toliara, Fianarantsoa) and one industrial town (Antsirabe) to prevent them from falling into destitution due to the economic crisis.

5) Malawi

(a) According to the Malawi National Vulnerability Assessment Committee (VAC) food security projection for June 2004?March 2005, up to 1.6 million people, most of them in the southern region, will require food assistance in the coming year.

(b) There is an urgent need to plan for the immediate provision of food or cash aid to affected areas, and to identify sub-district targeting mechanisms. WFP is continuing meetings with donors resident in Malawi to brief them about future plans and the transition to Regional PRRO 10310.0. The new cabinet will be briefed after meetings with donors.

6) Mozambique

(a) The Prime Minister of Mozambique launched the HIV/AIDS Emergency Response Programme and officially declared it a national emergency. The Prime Minister acknowledged the importance of the WFP food assistance and partnership in the fight against HIV/AIDS.

(b) The draft Strategic Component for the National Plan for the Combat of AIDS II was released last week for comments. Stakeholder discussions are occurring this week. It is expected that the report will be released in September along with the operational plan.

(c) UNHCR and WFP met to discuss the current refugee camp situation in Nampula province. The majority of the refugees are from the Great Lakes region and Somalia. As per the WFP-UNHCR MoU, WFP would be required to (See attached file: assistance to the refugees from September as the number of)rice from BULOG.

(e) 2,984.48 metric tons of rice from vessel MV. Pres Truman was discharged/ stored in Dolog warehouse in Surabaya.

(f) The National Food Security Council in collaboration with WFP, Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS) and Institute of Agriculture, organized a three days training for the provincial counterparts on Hunger Survey. The training focused on basic concepts of hunger, parameters of hunger, survey methodology, sampling etc. The survey is to be undertaken in one district of each six selected provinces. Based on the findings the instruments will be incorporated into the annual consumption expenditure survey of BPS.

(g) In June, approximately 1.77 million beneficiaries under the various PRRO activities received WFP food assistance amounting to 8,354 metric tons

(h) 45 metric tons of rice for 4,398 TB patients were dispatched to local health centers and TB in June for the second distribution of the pilot TB program.

(i) Contracts with suppliers for 350 metric tons biscuits and 195 metric tons dried/fried noodles were signed in June.

(j) Institutes to conduct baseline, evaluation and efficacy studies were selected. Contracts will be processed in July. Bappenas approved to use Rp. 2.4 billion from Trust Fund to purchase NFI and services in support of the new initiatives. It includes socialization meetings, design and printing of education materials, and baseline, efficacy and evaluation studies and other requirements.

(k) In Maluku: Based on the result of an UN security assessment in early June, all local staff of UN agencies and INGOs has returned to Ambon. WFP staff could not conduct monitoring visit to assisted projects due to UN restriction on traveling outside the city. 3 metric tons of rice were distributed in one of the projects in June only. In Central Sulawesi: WFP and CWS finalized a new FFW project which is planned to start in July 2004 subject to final agreement from OCHA to cover the non-food inputs. In East Java: NGOs distributed 548.2 metric tons of rice to 7,724 households who had participated in FFW projects. In West Timor: CARE distributed 45 metric tons of rice to 4,502 people in resettlement sites in Belu and TTS districts. In North Sulawesi: Mt. Awu was erupted from 7th, calmed down and returned to normalcy by 17th June. According to data provided by local authorities, 29,095 persons in 21 villages were most affected and 20,109 people were evacuated to safer areas. The emergency relief had been very well coordinated by the local authorities. Food and non-food needs were donated by local communities, business institutions and governments. A joint team (OCHA, WFP, CWS and PMI) undertook assessment to the affected areas from 15 to 17 June. Food aid for emergency relief was not requested.

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Colombia, (2) Guatemala, (3) Haiti, (4) Nicaragua

1) Colombia

(a) During the reporting period, WFP distributed more than 210 metric tons of food to the municipality of Granada, province of Antioquia to 1,585 beneficiaries.

(b) Clashes between illegal armed groups forced new displacements in Antioquia and Casanare where at least 400 people and more than 40 families were forced to leave.

(c) UNCHR reported that from 5 to 9 July, around 200 Colombians from Puerto Lleras sought refugee status and temporary shelter in Venezuela.

(d) On 10 July, members of an illegal armed group killed seven rural peasants in an attack on a small village in the northwest province of Antioquia. According to the authorities, this massacre caused the displacement of hundreds of peasants in this region.

(e) Despite the cease-fire and peace talks with the government, on 8 and 9 July, at least 20 gunmen were killed in eastern Colombia in clashes between rival illegal paramilitary armed groups.

(f) In the context of the PRRO 10158, Assistance to People Displaced by Violence, WFP distributed 382 metric tons of food in 12 provinces to 22,892 beneficiaries.

2) Guatemala

(a) The Ministry of Transportation has declared yellow alert in the western region as unremitting rains have caused landslides, overflow of rivers, and weakened subsoil blocking several roads in the municipality of Nuevo Progreso, province of San Marcos; the municipalities of Sajcabajá and Canillá, province of Quiché; and the road to the Pacific Ocean.

(b) The Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) expressed concern for the high maternal mortality rate especially among indigenous women.

(c) The Mutual Support Group (GAM) has released its human rights report for the first semester of the year, which shows a considerable increase in violent acts as compared to the same period in the previous year.

(d) Members of the extinct Civil Defense Patrols (ex-PAC) threatened once more to carry out protest actions to demand compensation payments for services rendered during the civil war. Rallies took place in front of the Presidential House, the province of Suchitepéquez, and the province of San Marcos.

(e) A new food distribution under the recovery component of PRRO 10212 will start in the coming days. A total of 473 metric tons of maize, beans, CSB and vegetable oil will be distributed to 36,460 beneficiaries in the provinces of Sololá, Huehuetenango, Baja Verapaz, Jalapa, and Jutiapa.

3) Haiti

(a) CARE proposed emergency food distributions to vulnerable families, food-for-work activities, seed and tool distribution and a Development Assistance Program to respond to the severe drought in the Northwest Department which caused poor harvest production for the spring and foreseeable jeopardy in the next harvest season. An interagency mission comprised by USAID, OCHA, and WFP will visit this Department to verify the CARE assessment and confirm whether supplementary resources could be necessary to respond to this situation.

(b) From 8 to 10 July, a delegation headed by the Humanitarian Aid of the Swiss Government visited an orphanage, a nutritional centre, a hospital, and the WFP warehouse and workshop at Cap Haitien.

(c) The International Federation of Red Cross, Haitian Red Cross, Catholic Relief Services, Caritas and WFP will verify the list of beneficiaries in the flooded areas to improve the targeting of future distributions. In Mapou, more than 10,000 persons were affected by the flood and most houses remain under water. Between 50 to 70% of the agricultural production in five villages of the area has been lost in the floods and landslides.

(d) During the UNJLC bi-national (Haiti and Dominican Republic) management meeting on 9-10 July, it was recommended that WFP DR could serve as backup for WFP Haiti in emergencies and concluded that WFP was valuable in determining food rations and could assist in food needs and logistics condition assessments and contingency planning.

(e) For the closing down of the field office in Far West, a WFP mission went to Bombardopolis from 5 to 7 July to facilitate the transfer of PRRO activities to the new implementing partner ADRA.

(f) The security environment remains uncertain and volatile. Armed gangs remain active despite an increase in police patrols in the different departments. Armed robberies, kidnappings and killings continue especially in the cities of Gonaïves and Cap Haïtien.

(g) Most areas in the country continue to be in UN security phase III (except the South, which is in Phase II). The city of Gonaives remains in security phase IV and Port-au-Prince is still in phase III. The return of spouses has now been authorised, however, this does not include dependent children.

(h) On 8 July, WFP transported FAO tools and agricultural inputs to Marmelade in the Northern part of the country.

(i) A small left over stock from the food distributions in Mapou was handed over to the International Federation of Red Cross to be used in food-for-work activities.

(j) Forty-eight staff members from the Ministry of Health were trained on data collection and the use of monitoring format to manage Country Programs at the health centres.

(k) In the current emergency operations, WFP continues to serve as the lead agency for coordinating logistics, transportation and telecommunications.

4) Nicaragua

(a) During the reporting period, WFP carried out two joint missions with UNICEF and the Ministry of Agriculture (MAGFOR) to the areas affected by the mudslides in Rio Blanco. Some 2,500 affected individuals are living in 16 shelters under precarious conditions urgently needing food assistance, tents, water supply, sanitation facilities, mattresses, blankets, power supply, kitchen utensils and fuel for cooking. There is no road access to the shelters. WFP is coordinating the approval of an IRA-EMOP and in the meantime will use resources from its PRRO 10212.0 to start an immediate one-month food distribution operation in coordination with MAGFOR, local authorities and other partners to assist the affected population.

(b) WFP carried out a joint mission with MAGFOR to the areas affected by the floods in the Northern Atlantic Region. Currently there is no need for food assistance, however, will continue to monitor the situation.

(c) WFP will distribute 32.64 metric tons of commodities during one month to the people affected by the mudslides in Rio Blanco. An agreement was signed with the Ministry of Education to establish the Operation Center at the school.

(d) The joint WFP and MAGFOR team will assess the possibility of implementing food-for work activities with the beneficiaries.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons (MT). END