Afghanistan + 31 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 28 of 2003

Originally published

This report includes:
A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Palestinian Territories, (2) Iraq, (3) Iran, (4) Afghanistan, (5) Pakistan

B) East and Central Africa: (1) DR Congo, (2) Burundi, (3) Rwanda, (4) Uganda, (5) Tanzania, (6) Kenya, (7) Eritrea, (8) Djibouti

C) West Africa: (1) Mauritania (2) Liberia (3) Côte d'Ivoire

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Zambia, (4) Tanzania, (5) Malawi, (6) Zimbabwe, (7) Mozambique, (8) Swaziland, (9) Madagascar

E) Asia: (1) Indonesia, (2) DPR Korea

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Regional

G) Eastern Europe and the Caucasus: (1) Albania, (2) Armenia, (3) Azerbaijan

From David Morton, Director of the Transport, Preparedness and Response Division (OTP); available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (, or by e-mail from, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (OEP).

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Palestinian Territories, (2) Iraq, (3) Iran, (4) Afghanistan, (5) Pakistan

1) Palestinian Territories

(a) WFP Executive Director (ED) visited WFP's operations in the Palestinian Territories in June and field visits were undertaken to Gaza and Qalquilia. During the month of June, the security situation improved in the Gaza Strip and Jerusalem area. By contrast, Jenin and Hebron governorates remained under military closure. As a result of a three-month ceasefire agreement between Israelis and Palestinians within the context of the "road map", the Israeli Defence Force (IDF) began withdrawing from Bethlehem, Beit Hanoun, Gaza, and opening the Salah El-Dein road, which connects Gaza city with North and South Gaza. ECHO arranged a visit with WFP staff to Yatta, Hebron, where ECHO TV filmed a segment on the ECHO-WFP supplementary feeding project for malnourished children in the area.

(b) By mid-June, 7,755 containers, carrying 130 tons out of a total of 272 tons of locally purchased olive oil, were delivered. During June, 6,138 tons of food was distributed to 387,750 beneficiaries/77,550 families, and to 5,000 beneficiaries in institutions in Gaza and the West Bank. 124 WFP field visits were planned in the West Bank and Gaza.

(c) WFP is currently negotiating possible in-kind and cash contributions in connection with the peace process, and other contributions pending delivery of the FAO Food Security and Nutrition Assessment Mission.

2) Iraq

(a) The low level of security in the country remains a serious concern. Since 10 June, there have been at least 12 incidents of looting and shooting in or near warehouse and silo facilities that mostly belong to the Iraqi Ministry of Trade, but are provided with WFP food. On 06 July, WFP in Mosul was targeted in a grenade attack, but there were no casualties. The same night a WFP warehouse in Kirkuk was attacked. Warehouses in Nassariyah and Basrah have also been subject to looting. In Missan, fighting broke out between the loading employees, the warehouse manager and the staff. This resulted eventually in shootings in front of the WFP office. The situation in the three northern governorates of Erbil, Dahuk and Sulaymaniyah is generally calm.

(b) WFP has appealed regularly to the Coalition Provisional Authority to intervene in their capacity as the authority responsible for law and order in Iraq. US and British troops have generally been supportive, but are stretched to capacity. It seems that most incidents took place after the withdrawal of Coalition Forces guarding the premises. While the Ministry of Trade (MOT) guards are now in charge of security at storage facilities, in many instances, WFP is concerned that guards are unwilling or unable to intervene due to insufficient training, motivation and equipment. Security concerns have also meant that WFP has begun to tranship commodities from Dahuk and Umm Qasr to the governorates in the Centre/South. Transporters are hesitant to deliver commodities to destinations that are located far inside Iraq. Food from Kuwait is now being transferred to Iraqi trucks at the port of Umm Qasr for security reasons. This has added both to transport costs and delivery time to warehouses.

(c) Distributions under the June Public Distribution System (PDS) are completed in all governorates, except for Ninewa, where final distributions are expected to end during this week. Due to restricted staff movement in Mosul following this week's security incident, information and final figures for Ninewa are not yet available. Most recent PDS data provided by the Ministry of Trade shows that the June PDS food releases from the warehouses total some 396,013 tons. Final data on June PDS distributions will be available in the coming days. In all governorates -pending information from Ninewa- the July distribution has already started with no major problems being reported so far.

(d) WFP and the MOT reached agreement this week to provide 700 tons of food to IDPs in Diyala governorate. The food will be distributed to 44,000 IDPs by WFP's NGO partner, the Danish Refugee Council (DRC). WFP and DRC have been monitoring the situation of IDPs in Diyala and it is understood that only 519 out of 6,000 families have actually been registered to receive the ration in their new location. The ration registration centre is now accelerating the registration process to enable them to benefit from the July PDS distribution. The IDPs are ethnic Arabs that were displaced by Kurds returning to reclaim their property.

(e) Supplementary feeding projects, funded by donors to the WFP emergency operation, are being finalized for implementation. WFP has made provision for supplementary feeding projects targeting malnourished children and pregnant and nursing women. A meeting took place in Basrah with the Ministry of Health (MOH) during which a list of 55,319 malnourished children in Basrah city and districts was handed over to WFP. The supplementary feeding programme, targeting malnourished children, intends to provide a basic ration of Corn-Soya-Blend (CSB), sugar, vegetable oil and milk for three months for the child and four other family members. In all lower southern governorates and in Hilla, the MOT has already started providing food to hospitals and social institutions.

(f) The logistics operation is proceeding smoothly. As at 09 July, the dispatch of food from the five neighbouring countries and from the Umm Qasr port for the month of July reached 160,887 tons. Overall dispatches since the beginning of the operation in April total 1,402,798 tons.

3) Iran

(a) WFP is in the process of phasing out the Iran corridor for transport of commodities to Iraq by closing offices and warehouses in Bandar Imam port and Ahwaz. From 26 June to 10 July, all remaining quantities of food were dispatched from BIK port. WFP moved the remaining 3,823 tons of locally purchased oil from suppliers in Kermanshah and Tehran, as well as some 100 tons of rice, to Iraq. In total, some 72,000 tons of food have been dispatched to Iraq from Iran since 17 April. The remaining quantity of 26,250 tons of sugar is being stored in Ahwaz and Kermanshah, to be dispatched at a later stage.

(b) As of 08 July, a total of 488,064 Afghan refugees have repatriated through Dogharoun and Milak border crossings, since the start of the operation on 09 April, 326,031 with assistance and 162,033 spontaneously. A post-distribution monitoring visit was made to one of the 28 camps, where refugees receive WFP food. The first results indicate that close to 100 percent of the beneficiaries got the correct food ration. WFP and UNHCR monitors were able to reduce the time of the distribution period by 50 percent by reorganizing it. The second quarter monitoring visits will start next week and last until mid August

4) Afghanistan

(a) Overall, there were no security incidents directly affecting international assistance or operations in the country. In the east, a few relatively minor incidents were reported. However, UN agencies are continuously advised to proceed with caution on missions to high-risk areas such as Nuristan, Nangarhar, Kunar and Laghman provinces, and districts will be cleared on a case-by-case basis.

(b) From 03 to 09 July, 323,334 beneficiaries received 1,315 tons of food through Food for Work, Food For Education, Relief and Resettlement of IDPs and Refugees, Urban Vulnerable Bakeries and Supplementary and Institutional feeding activities in Fayz Abad, Mazari Sharif, Kabul, Kandahar and Hirat. In addition, 594 beneficiaries received 9 tons of emergency food in flood-affected areas in Badakhshan province. In Fayz Abad WFP implemented emergency assistance in collaboration with the Department of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (DRRD) and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).

(c) The first training to conduct 2003 National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment was held in Kabul. 12 training sessions for the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD), WFP and partner NGO's will be held during July and August. The assessment will be conducted jointly by WFP, MRRD, the Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, FAO, UNICEF and other partners.

5) Pakistan

(a) Curfew has been imposed in Quetta following the killing of more 50 than people in indiscriminate firing in the Mosque. This has restricted the movement of staff and deliveries of food.

(b) Relocation of refugees from the "Waiting Area" in Chaman to Mohammad Kheil camp in Balochistan Province and Zarey Dasht in Kandahar, Afghanistan, is in progress under EMOP 10288.0. So far, 676 families have been relocated to Mohammad Khail and 1,252 families to Zarey Dasht, where they are being registered as IDPs. The relocation process is to be completed in late July.

(c) As recommended by the Joint Food Assessment Mission of 2002, the household food economy survey has started in Shamshatoo camp. UNHCR has also started a revalidation exercise in Shalman camp in North West Frontier Province with the possibility to relocate or repatriate refugees from this camp. Following the completion of the Action Contre la Faim (ACF) nutrition survey in the Balochistan refugee camps of Mohammad Kheil and Chaman, prospective Implementing Partners were identified and trained by ACF to start a supplementary feeding programme in all camps, which hitherto was limited to the waiting area.

(d) The pipeline situation is satisfactory for the next three months.

B) East and Central Africa: (1) DR Congo, (2) Burundi, (3) Rwanda, (4) Uganda, (5) Tanzania, (6) Kenya, (7) Eritrea, (8) Djibouti

1) DR Congo

(a) An average 1,000 IDPs per day are arriving in Bunia, crowding into the multinational force protected IDP camps, fleeing insecurity and seeking humanitarian assistance. WFP is launching an air operation to deliver 650 tons of food aid to assist IDPs and returnees in Bunia. On 04 July fighting with heavy weaponry erupted in Butembo, 50 km North of Lubero in North Kivu, between Rassemblement Congolais pour la Démocratie-Kisangani/Mouvement de Liberation (RCD-K/ML), a rebel, dissident faction of RCD-Goma allied to the Kinshasa Government, and Mai Mai contingents. The RCD-K/ML attempted to disarm Mai Mai combatants. In Lubero in North Kivu and Baraka-Mboko in South Kivu, the returnees found all their homesteads ransacked and farms looted and the food security of populations returning appears to be harsh and possibly life threatening in areas inaccessible to humanitarian organisations. As a result of the Bujumbura cease-fire accords of the 19 June and the enactment of the new government on 30 June 30, no military activities were reported in the South Kivu Province during that period. However, banditry, violence and rape continued.

(b) Upon request from the Government, and in coordination with UNOCHA, WFP, in collaboration with Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF-F) in Malemba-Nkulu, distributed food to victims of recent clashes between FAC and Mai Mai militias in Mukubu/Katanga. The repatriation of Angolan refugees is continuing with 395 more refugees repatriated from Lubumbashi in the second convoy, in addition to the 721 already repatriated from Kimpese.

2) Burundi

(a) Fighting between the Palipehutu-FNL (Agathon Rwasa) and the Armed Forces of Burundi (FAB) started at 4:00 am on 07 July in the southern neighbourhoods of Bujumbura, notably Kanyosha, Musaga and Kinido. UN local staff and their families residing in the southern districts of the capital Bujumbura have been successfully relocated to safer areas. Kanyosha, Musaga and Kinanira remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors.

(b) Approximately 3,000 IDPs from Kanyosha have reportedly sought shelter in Petit Semainaire secondary school of Kanyosha. Approximately 2,000 IDPs are temporarily located in the Burundi Life Museum grounds (Musée vivant). The IDPs say that both the rebels and military actively encouraged civilians to flee conflict areas. A rapid inter-agency assessment was carried out in these two IDP camps and the need for urgent humanitarian assistance was highlighted. Given the rapidity with which this displacement took place, most of the IDPs have no cooking pots or utensils. Distribution of dry rations was therefore not considered an efficient response to the crisis. Instead WFP, in collaboration with partners, has organised a 'wet' feeding program.

(c) Affected people in the area are being reorganised into neighbourhoods of origin by local government authorities, although no formal registration system has been established. The Government of Burundi (GOB) has been advocating at the most senior level for immediate international humanitarian assistance to the IDPs at the Museum site.

3) Rwanda

(a) WFP is carrying out an assessment in Bugesera region, Kibungo and Umutara provinces to assess the prevailing food security situation following repeated alerts from newspapers. The preliminary results of the crop assessment indicate that the 2003 crop production is 8 percent lower than that for 2002.

4) Uganda

(a) In Teso sub-region, the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels continued to carry out regular attacks on the civilian population. In one incident, rebels attacked Oditel IDP camp in Katakwi District, abducted an unknown number of civilians and looted drugs and relief food from the ICRC store and other supplies from the Uganda Red Cross and Concern Worldwide field stores in the camp.

(b) Together with the Department of Refugees under the Office of the Prime Minister, WFP and UNHCR conducted a fact-finding mission in Hoima from 02 to 04 July to assess the humanitarian situation among the Congolese refugees, who have fled ethnic strife in Ituri province in DR Congo. The Office of the Prime Minister will circulate a report from the mission, including recommendations.

(c) Despite insecurity and food convoy constraints during the past week, WFP distributed 1,262 tons of food to 84,461 displaced persons in four IDP camps in Gulu and Kitgum Districts. Access to the displaced civilian population and food distribution was only possible with an armed military escort.

(d) WFP, in collaboration with District Authorities and the Office of the Prime Minister is providing a one-off food distribution to the civilian population displaced by the recent LRA rebel attacks in the four districts of Soroti, Katakwi, Kumi and Kaberamaido. An estimated 25,000 displaced people will receive 363 tons of food aid.

5) Tanzania

Note: Please refer to the section on Southern Africa

6) Kenya

(a) The unusually heavy rains during most of May ended the first week of June. Floodwaters in Nyanza in Western Kenya and along the Tana River receded, and the displaced population is expected to resettle soon.

(b) A rapid food security assessment by the Government, WFP and World Vision took place in Turkana district in early June. The assessment reviewed the food situation and possible relief food needs in selected divisions of Turkana district that had earlier reported high malnutrition rates. The results indicated that the recovery process is underway, and consequently there is no need for a general food distribution. A Joint Long Rains Assessment Mission was undertaken between 22 June and 01 July. Teams were dispatched to Baringo/West Pokot, Mwingi/Makueni/Kitui, Kili/Kwale and Marsabit/Isiolo districts. Food-for-Work activities have begun under the new phase of the WFP PRRO for refugees in Kenya, which was approved by the WFP Executive Board in June.

(c) During June, WFP distributed over 9,000 tons of food to some 1.4 million beneficiaries in Kenya, mostly primary school children and refugees. The food pipeline for the refugee programme is healthy until December. However, for the third school term of the school-feeding programme, some 4,960 tons of cereals, pulses and oil are required to ensure full rations.

7) Eritrea

(a) Rainfall was reported in the Debub, Anseba and Gash Bark regions during the first week of July. In some cases this resulted in flash floods, washing away valuable topsoil. Steady rain is needed from now until September to increase the possibility of an adequate harvest. Preparations are underway for the planting season, but the process has been slowed down by livestock weakened from the past year of drought, the lack of tractors, insufficient seed supply, and a labour shortage due to the large number of young people currently in military service.

(b) The UN Special Envoy for the Humanitarian Crisis in the Horn of Africa, Mr Ahtisaari, visited Eritrea from 06 to 08 July, following a visit to Ethiopia earlier in the week. The mission was part of his mandate to raise awareness about the drought situation in the region. During his stay in Eritrea, the Special Envoy met with the Eritrean President, other key members of the Government and humanitarian community, including the UN Country Team and NGO Representatives. He also travelled to Senafe - one of the most drought-affected areas of the country - where he visited the Metera IDP Camp and Senafe Hospital.

(c) WFP organized a donor mission to the Gash Barka region on 03 July. Representatives from the Italian, Dutch, French, British and United States Embassies took part in the field trip, along with staff from the European Union and USAID. Government officials from ERREC, and UN partners from UNICEF and UNMEE also participated in the mission. The group visited three villages in the Dighe sub-region to better understand the effects of the drought on the local population. Villagers explained that the drought had left them heavily reliant on food aid, which they supplemented with the collection of wild fruits available in the area.

(d) A total of 1307 Eritrean returnees have been repatriated from Sudan during the past three weeks. These are the first convoys of returnees to arrive since the closure of the Eritrea-Sudanese border in October 2002. Although the border between the two countries remains officially closed, a "humanitarian corridor" has been created under the auspices of UNHCR to allow the repatriation process to resume. In order to assist with the reintegration process, WFP is distributing a two-month food ration of cereals, oil, pulses and salt to the returnees upon arrival in the country. They will also continue to receive rations on a monthly basis until their next harvest. The repatriation will stop during the rainy season and will resume in September 2003.

(e) WFP's current resourcing levels is USD 14 million for PRRO 10192 and USD 27 million for EMOP 10261, which represents 58 percent of the overall requirements for both operations. A pipeline break occurred at the beginning of July, resulting in the delay of food distributions. The arrival in Massawa on 07 July of a shipment of 23,000 tons of wheat for the EMOP and PRRO will allow resumption of distributions in the next week or two. The extension of EMOPs 10049 and 10052 and their remaining stocks will help fill the gap until then, by allowing the use of the remaining balances of commodities under those two operations.

8) Djibouti

(a) The second voluntary repatriation phase for some 5,000 Somali refugees residing in Ali Addeh camp is ongoing. The new Djibouti PRRO 10283.00 "Assistance to vulnerable groups and refugees" targeting 43,000 beneficiaries, including 18,300 refugees was endorsed by WFP's Project Review Committee on 24 June.

(b) Several large ships carrying humanitarian aid for Ethiopia and chartered by USAID and the European Commission arrived in June in the port of Djibouti and are creating serious congestion, including delay in the offloading of other commercial cargo.

C) West Africa: (1) Mauritania (2) Liberia (3) Côte d'Ivoire

1) Mauritania

(a) Rainfall occurred in parts of Southern and Eastern Mauritania in late June and early July. In these areas, the 2003 agricultural campaign is underway and pastures have started to regenerate. However, it is still too early to draw conclusions about the impact of the start of the rainy season on household food security.

(b) The ongoing tranche of distributions of 12,500 tons is complete in Assaba and the two Hodhs. It is intended to reach all 420,000 planned EMOP beneficiaries. Targeted households are to receive a 2-month food ration. The operation continues to suffer from serious shortfalls in vegetable oil and wheat-soya blend. It is increasingly likely that the next distributions may have to go forward without those essential commodities.

2) Liberia

(a) WFP and its implementing partners have served 35,190 beneficiaries in 16 centres in Monrovia to date. ICRC has also been given food for 50,000-targeted beneficiaries around Monrovia. WFP plans to visit the IDP camps this weekend to ascertain how many people are in the camps.

3) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) There are grave concerns about the humanitarian situation in western Côte d'Ivoire. The civilian population is becoming more vulnerable, food is scarce and there is no functioning healthcare system. According to MSF humanitarian assistance falls short of current needs and aid organisations fear an escalation in malnutrition, morbidity and mortality rates. WFP strongly endorses the MSF alert and has advocated for more attention to be paid to the West, given the looming food insecurity and increasing reports of malnutrition and hunger.

(b) WFP, UNHCR and Caritas, assisted some 12,236 people at the transit centre in Tabou, Boubélé, Toupa and Prollo. UNHCR and Caritas distributed food to 1,027 people in Georgetown and Dalagri, thus achieving a caseload of 4,352 for that location, 1,223 in Boubélé and 697 in Toupa. In July 5 tons of WFP food was delivered to 300 caretakers living at the Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF-France)-run Therapeutic Feeding Centre site in Guiglo. From 03 to 07 July WFP in Guiglo carried out its general food distribution for July in Nicla Refugee Camp, distributing 78,4 tons of food to 4,670 beneficiaries, reaching 93 percent of the UNHCR planning figure for this month.

(c) Because of the current pipeline break, WFP and its implementing partner, Solidarités, agreed to modify the hot meal programme in favour of third country nationals transit centres in Guiglo. Now, one meal a day is served instead of two, and rations for vegetable oil, pulses and corn-soya blend were reduced by 40 and 50 percent, respectively.

(d) The supplementary feeding programmes in Komborodougou and Haoussabougou health centres received 2.1 tons of food for the month of July. The registration of vulnerable IDPs and host families in Daloa continues with some 13,129 vulnerable persons confirmed to date. As the registration of IDPs in the buffer zones have been completed, WFP general food distributions will commence next week to a total of 9, 716 people in Zahibo, Zoukougbeu, Bonoufla and Bédiala. In Yamoussoukro, WFP released a total of 7 tons of food for 2,235 vulnerable displaced in Kouassi-Kouassikro, M'Bahiakro and Bocanda during the week.

D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Angola, (3) Zambia, (4) Tanzania, (5) Malawi, (6) Zimbabwe, (7) Mozambique, (8) Swaziland, (9) Madagascar

1) Regional

(a) WFP is urgently seeking cash resources for regional procurement of commodities in order to quickly mobilize stocks and pre-empt looming distribution shortfalls from September onwards. While there are considerable carry-over stocks from EMOP 10200, the majority of these commodities are still at origin or in transit and will not be available for distribution in country until the latter months of 2003. The pipeline situation has very serious implications for Mozambique and Zimbabwe.

2) Angola

(a) According to the findings of the bi-annual Vulnerability Assessment (VA) Exercise covering November 2002 to April 2003, approximately 1 million people are considered to be currently food insecure and in need of emergency assistance in Angola. Concentrations of vulnerable people are largest in areas that experienced some of the most intense displacement from the conflict, in particularly the rural and isolated areas of Huambo and Bié. Vulnerability will however become much more widespread during the lean period.

(b) In Malange, WFP is concerned about preliminary reports regarding humanitarian conditions observed during the recent UNSECOORD security assessment mission to open the currently inaccessible municipality of Massango. During the mission to this area of return, indicators of serious food insecurity were observed and eight children suffering from severe malnutrition were evacuated to the Therapeutic Feeding Centre in Malange. WFP is planning a rapid food needs assessment as soon as the area is opened to UN personnel.

(c) In Kuando Kubango Province, following a WFP and government assessment which confirmed a severe lack of food, WFP will provide food assistance as an emergency measure to an estimated 9,500 people from various former Gathering Areas still in transit in the Menongue transit centre. While the responsibility for the provision of food to these people officially lies with the government, the government and armed forces are experiencing considerable administrative and transport constraints.

3) Zambia

(a) The launch of the Angolan voluntary refugee repatriation exercise from Meheba settlement in the North-Western Province, Zambia to Cazombo, Angola is scheduled to begin on 11 July. The road from the border of Zambia to Cazombo has been cleared and declared safe by security officials. To date, WFP has transported 140 tons of food for the repatriation exercise. This food will provide a take-home package for 4,500 returnees. Additional commodities will be transported in the coming weeks.

(b) A review and planning workshop was held for WFP's Urban Intervention Project for orphans and other vulnerable (OVC) children. Discussions centred on project objectives from January to June 2003. The project currently provides a supplemental meal to 45,000 OVCs and take-home rations for 10,000 OVC caregiver households. In order to participate in the OVC project, the children must regularly attend community-schools; or drop-in centres, or be sponsored to attend government schools and health education sessions. Health education sessions focus on HIV/AIDS prevention and care.

4) Tanzania

(a) From 16 to 29 June, a two-week general food distribution of all food commodities took place in all camps. The 2003 Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) took place from 16 to 22 June. The mission was led by WFP and UNHCR and was comprised of UN partners as well as representatives of the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs, the EU, Belgium, the Netherlands, the US and France. The mission took a multi-sectoral approach and reviewed both food and non-food assistance to the refugee population. The final report is expected soon.

(b) Representatives from the European Parliament, UNHCR and local government officials visited Mtabila and Muyovozi camps. Mission members held discussions with refugee representatives concerning the refugee's perception of repatriation issues. The refugees appealed to the mission to assist in restoring peace in Burundi and also expressed their hesitancy to repatriate when the conflict was still ongoing, the army had not integrated and many Burundians were still displaced.

5) Malawi

(a) From 03 to 09 July, WFP distributed 570 tons of food in collaboration with implementing partners. Discussions were held with representatives of the FAO emergency unit about a joint project whereby FAO will provide cassava cuttings for 20,000 families under WFP's Food for Work and Food for Training activities.

6) Zimbabwe

(a) A number of districts and provinces are reporting significant under supply of grain by the Grain Marketing Board (GMB). As examples of the situation, the District Drought Relief Committee of Umzingwane District reported it had received 238 tons of cereals in May and 135 tons in June against consumption requirements of 850 tons. The entire province of Matabeleland South is said to be receiving only 2,000 tons against a total requirement of 10,000 tons.

(b) The Zimbabwe Bakers Association has defied government price controls and doubled the price of a loaf of bread to Z$1,000 (USD 0.47). The GMB announced a dramatic increase in the price at which it sells maize and wheat to millers. The wholesale price of maize has increased from Z$9,600 (USD 4.50) to Z$211,756 (USD 98.50) a ton and wheat has increased from Z$30,100 (USD 14) to Z$366,584 (USD 170.50) per ton. The GMB has not officially announced an increase in the retail price of maize, but GMB depots are now selling 50 kg of maize at Z$13,200 (USD 6.14) up from Z$ 700 (USD 0.3). While the parallel market rate is approximately Z$2,500 to USD 1 the official government rate is Z$ 824 to USD 1. The UN exchange rate remains at Z$2,150 to USD 1.

(c) The producer price for maize remains fixed at Z$ 130,000 (USD 60.47) per ton. As such, the amount of maize being sold to the GMB, the monopoly buyer of maize and wheat, is low as farmers are opting not to sell at the official rate since illegal, private traders are offering Z$225,000 (USD 104.70) to Z$300,000 (USD 140) a ton. Some farmers continue selling their harvest to GMB in order to ensure access to government inputs loans for the coming season.

(d) WFP's urban intervention programme is operating in 14 clinics in Bulawayo and Harare and reached 1,100 children from 02 to 09 July. The municipal health department of Bulawayo reported 43 deaths due to malnutrition during April. As the recent FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission reported, the combination of hyperinflation, high unemployment, food shortages and the HIV/AIDS pandemic are placing severe pressure on the urban poor. Malnutrition accelerates the rate at which HIV becomes full-blown AIDS.

7) Mozambique

(a) WFP has initiated a portion of the new EMOP 10290. Through September 2003, WFP and its 43 implementing partners will aim to provide food for some 725,000 people through Food for Work activities, vulnerable group feeding, school feeding and nutritional supplementary feeding programmes. In collaboration with UNICEF, vulnerable children under 5 and pregnant women will also be assisted. The level of assistance is expected to increase significantly from October 2003 to March 2004.

(b) In June, WFP provided approximately 7,380 tons of food for over 447,000 people. From 01 to 07 July, WFP and implementing partners distributed 965 tons of food.

8) Swaziland

(a) From 01 to 07 July, WFP and implementing partners distributed 196 tons of food to 12,910 beneficiaries. WFP continued working on finalizing the operation plan for the Community and Household Surveillance (CHS) system. Data collection tools were customised for Swaziland use and training was offered for the CHS coordinator and food aid monitors. The CHS questionnaires were tested in the Lowveld cattle and cotton food economy zone. The first CHS collection will take place in mid-July and a report will be issued by the end of July.

9) Madagascar

(a) WFP has resumed distributions following the arrival of 2,806 tons of food. From 02 to 09 July, WFP distributed 376 tons of food to 1,573 Food for Work (FFW) participants in the drought-affected areas. WFP's implementing partner, CARE, has requested an additional 600 tons of rice for urban FFW. The Ministry of Education has provided 390 tons of rice for distribution to schoolchildren in the drought-affected areas. The rice will be distributed, with WFP technical assistance, in those schools where WFP is not operational. Despite the implementation of various FFW activities, drought victims continue to live under extremely harsh conditions. The current seasonal crops have not been sufficient and while health workers have not reported any hunger related deaths, many people, mainly children, are believed to be at risk due to a combination of disease, inadequate diet and unsafe drinking water.

E) Asia: (1) Indonesia, (2) DPR Korea

1) Indonesia

(a) The situation in Aceh remains tense. Mobility of UN staff and international aid workers is limited to Banda Aceh. In June, WFP in collaboration with PMI distributed 222 tons of rice to 22,235 needy persons in the conflict areas. WFP's sub-office in Banda Aceh remained open though mobility continues to be restricted due to lack of security. WFP has released a total of 1,876 tons of rice to PMI for distribution to clearly identified affected persons in the conflict areas.

(b) In June, WFP assisted some 1.36 million beneficiaries, mostly women and children, with 5,782 tons of food, under its Subsidized Rice for Urban Poor (OPSM), Nutrition Programme (NP) and Internally Displaced Person (IDPs) activities. WFP and World Vision have begun cooperation on providing emergency food aid to earthquake victims in North Morotai, North Maluku. Within the context of the urban programme, WFP is exploring possibilities of supporting school-feeding, street children and tuberculosis patients, as part of the next WFP PRRO phase.

(c) On 03 and 17 June, WFP held Food Aid Coordination (FAC) meetings in its office in Jakarta, with participants from major donors, UN agencies and local and international NGOs. WFP presented the preliminary recommendations from the Evaluation/Strategic Review Mission, namely that WFP should continue its operation in Indonesia for another three years after the current PRRO, beginning July 2004.

2) DPR Korea

(a) As advised by the DPRK authorities, all SARS restrictions including quarantine will be lifted as of 14 July and normal flights to Beijing on Air Koryo will resume on 15 July. WFP's sub-office at the Sinuiju Hotel will be operational on 14 July and WFP monitoring activities from Sinuiju for the North Pyongan province will resume next week.

(b) South Hwanghae and North Pyongan provincial authorities reported infestation of rice water weevil and maize stem borer respectively. Low temperatures at night have also stunted the growth of the main crops. Local officials expressed their fears that the final output of rice and maize may be significantly affected. Reports of low water quality have been received over the past few weeks from monitored counties. As reported by officials, poor water quality, not remedied by boiling the water, has led to numerous cases of diarrhoea amongst children and some cases of paratyphoid fever.

(c) Almost 3 million beneficiaries will not receive cereal distributions in the month of July due to a delay in the arrival of some confirmed contributions. Children in nurseries, kindergartens and primary schools, pregnant and nursing women, the elderly and caregivers in child institutions will be negatively affected by the delay. Children in orphanages and paediatric hospitals across the country will however remain covered during the month. The second instalment for some Food For Work projects is also delayed. A confirmed contribution of USD 770,000 will be utilized for the purchase of pulses.

(d) Approximately 4 million beneficiaries are targeted under the vulnerable group feeding activities of WFP's EMOP for 2003. Cereal distributions to all targeted Vulnerable Group Feeding (VGF) beneficiaries are expected to resume from August and will be extend through the third quarter with the arrival of shipments of 100,000 tons of maize, 11,000 tons of rice and 40,500 tons of wheat.

(e) Pipeline shortfalls of about 74,000 tons are projected for the remainder of the year, mainly from October onwards. Commodities yet to be resourced include 58,000 tons of cereals, 5,500 tons of pulses, 5,000 tons of corn-soya milk, 3,000 tons of sugar and 2,500 tons of oil.

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Regional

1) Regional

(a) The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric administration (NOAA) predicted that the Atlantic hurricane season, which runs from 01 June through 30 November, is likely to see above normal levels of activity. The outlook calls for a potential 11 to 15 tropical storms, with 6 to 9 hurricanes, and two to four of these classified as major hurricanes. Tropical storm "Claudette", currently near Grand Cayman and approaching Mexico and Central America, is the first threat of the season. A tropical storm warning and hurricane watch remain in effect for the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and for the Grand Cayman, as "Claudette" rapidly continues its westward movement towards the Bay of Mexico. Because of its proximity to the peninsula, Belize may also feel the effects of the storm. WFP is closely monitoring the situation.

(b) By mid-May, subsurface temperatures in the tropical Pacific ranged from 1 degree Celsius to 4 degrees Celsius colder than normal. These observed trends in oceanic and atmospheric variables indicate a transition from last year's El Niño is underway, and La Niña conditions are likely to develop over the next few months. If La Niña develops as expected, it would likely bring increased Atlantic hurricane and tropical storm activity this year.

G) Eastern Europe and the Caucasus: (1) Albania, (2) Armenia, (3) Azerbaijan

1) Albania

(a) The PRRO reached 2,415 beneficiaries under the communal forestry and pastures management, 1,790 women attending training and counselling sessions under the social sector component and 2,180 workers engaged in Food For Work schemes with 453 tons of food. H) WFP participated in a Millennium Development Goals (MDG) advocacy tour in Elbasan prefecture along with other UN agencies and in the United Nations Technical Working Group round table meeting for the preparation of a National Strategic Plan on HIV/AIDS.

(b) The resource situation has improved as a result of the allocation of 2,115 tons of wheat flour and 124 tons of iodised salt, expected to arrive in early August. The PRRO has so far secured 60 percent of required quantities.

2) Armenia

(a) Some 120 food-for-work projects continued during June. The practical part of WFP's food-for-training programme continued until the end of June for 11,050 participants in 425 groups in 182 communities. From 23 to 30 June, a total of 952 tons of food was delivered for distribution to 50,465 beneficiaries under Food For Work and Food For Training schemes.

(b) WFP is preparing for an expanded School Feeding Programme in 2003/2004, in line with the Government's priority to provide enhanced assistance to schools to improve education. The number of beneficiaries will nearly double - from last year's 10,600 to a planned 20,000 pre- and primary schoolchildren in 2003/04. The expanded programme will target the same four most vulnerable provinces where WFP's school feeding programme was established in 2001.

(c) WFP is expecting the arrival of 4,000 tons of wheat flour, 1,000 tons of vegetable oil and 500 tons of pulses in September, which will cover the requirements until the end of the year. In the meantime, WFP has arranged for the local procurement of 1,154 tons of wheat flour and 76 tons of pulses, to implement activities planned for July/August. In September, when a relief distribution is planned, there will be a shortfall of 494 tons of wheat flour.

3) Azerbaijan

(a) PRRO 10168 aims to promote food security among vulnerable groups through targeted interventions, particularly in rural areas with high concentrations of IDPs. A pilot primary school feeding has been introduced and the recovery component includes activities such as employment-generating schemes, income generation and Food For Training.

(b) During the third round of food distribution from May to June, 2,000 tons of food was distributed to 131,225 IDPs and other vulnerable persons, of whom 53 percent were women. 11 tons of school feeding rations were distributed to 1,320 children in 23 schools.

(c) As of 30 June, a total of 14,900 tons of aid have been pledged against the 43,087 tons required under the PRRO, leaving a shortfall of 28,190 tons or 65 percent of total requirements. Due to late arrivals, no sugar and tea was distributed in May and June. Another break in the sugar pipeline is anticipated in September, if a pledged contribution of 300 tons does not arrive in time.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons.

(End WFP Emergency Report No 28).