Afghanistan + 11 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 27 of 2001

Source
Posted
Originally published
This report includes: (A) Latin America: (1) Peru, (2) Ecuador (B) West and Central Asia: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan, (3) Tajikistan (C) Southern Africa: (1) Angola, (2) Namibia, (3) Malawi (D) West Africa: (1) Guinea, (2) Liberia, (3) Sierra Leone (E) Northern Caucasus: (1) Ingushetia, (2) Chechnya (F) Chad
From Francesco Strippoli, Senior Humanitarian Adviser; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org. For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

(A) Latin America: (1) Peru, (2) Ecuador

(1) Peru

(a) Most reliable reports as of 3 July indicate that 77 people have been killed following the powerful earthquake which struck Peru on 23 June. In addition, 68 people are missing, 2,713 injured and some 50-60,000 destitute. Reports further indicate that approximately 11,000 houses have been completely destroyed and another 21,000 partially destroyed.

(b) As assessment teams continued to work in the more isolated zones to verify the magnitude of this disaster, on 5 July a second strong earthquake occurred about 220 km WNW of Arequipa. According to the United States Geological Survey, National Earthquake Information Center, this was the second largest aftershock of the June 23 earthquake. According to WFP technical mission which has been assessing damages in Tacna, numerous houses have been destroyed and portions of the Pan American Highway have again been disrupted. It is however too early to determine the extend of casualties.

(c) The main road to Arequipa is now operative for light and medium-weight vehicles, whereas the route Arequipa-Moquegua-Tacna is still blocked, with emergency repair works in progress. Airports of Arequipa, Moquegua and Tacna are operational and military air bridges have been set up to transport relief items from Lima to the affected areas. Despite some damage, the ports of Matarani and Ilo are currently operational.

(d) According to Civil Defense figures, 16 schools were destroyed and 202 damaged, most of them in Arequipa, as a result of the June 23 earthquake. One health center in Moquegua was completely destroyed, with a further 19 damaged in Arequipa and Moquegua.

(e) Food on the market is generally available but prices have soared due to speculation. The tsunami that hit the coast at Carmana caused damages to 2,500 hectares with significant losses to rice, beans, potato and onion crops. It is further estimated that some 25,000 hectares presently under cultivation could be lost if irrigation canal systems are not urgently repaired. Coastal flooding also inflicted serious damage on several milling centers. Programa Nacional de Ayuda Alimentaria (PRONA'A) /WFP development assistance food stocks, available at that time have been used to address the immediate needs of the most affected population for the first twelve days. As of 3 July, 340 tons of food has been distributed to earthquake victims.

(f) To complement WFP EMOP approved last week under which 339 tons of food will be supplied, the Government will contribute through the provision of canned fish and by covering all transport, handling and storage costs of the operation. 20,000 food insecure people in the Departments of Arequipa, Moquegua and Tacna will receive a daily ration of 2,081 Kcals during one month. PRONA'A and WFP are currently finalising the implementation plans in coordination with the Civil Defense.

(g) WFP is considering the possibility of linking the current EMOP with rehabilitation activities. Provided that this initiative is funded, FFW activities could be considered for community home-building projects (in collaboration with Project Habitat and/or Habitat for Humanity) and the reconstruction of damaged irrigation systems (in collaboration with FAO).

(2) Ecuador

(a) In response to the flooding which ravaged the Amazon and Mountain regions on 11-12 June, WFP has initiated a relief operation to assist an estimated 1,710 families, mostly subsistence farmers, considered the most food insecure. In collaboration with the Civil Defense, the Ministry of Agriculture, the National Volunteer Fire Fighting Corps and the Red Cross, WFP is distributing 1,660 seven-day rations to families in the regions of Morona Santiago, Zamora Chinchipe, Napo, Tungurahua and Chimborzo. The destruction of tens of thousands of hectares of croplands will likely contribute to maintain them food insecure, as these lands require an estimated 4-6 months to regenerate. In response, WFP is currently preparing the distribution of an additional 6,840 food rations. This assistance will address the basic and immediate needs of the flood victims for this coming month.

(b) In addition, WFP continues to monitor the situation and provide technical assistance to partner organizations. Following recent monitoring missions, more details on the situation in some of the hardest hit provinces have been made available. In Chimborazo and Napo provinces, the loss of a large portion of the harvest-ready crops has made many residents food insecure. In Napo, blockages and destruction of primary and secondary roads have impeded the transportation of urgently needed relief supplies, and the spillage of petroleum from ruptured pipelines has severely contaminated the surrounding rivers that provide drinking water. In Chimborazo, the consequences of the flood have been further complicated by volcanic material disturbed by intense rain.

(B) West and Central Asia: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan, (3) Tajikistan

(1) Afghanistan

(a) The Temporary Registration Liaison Unit (RLU) continues to coordinate the registration of newly arrived IDPs and intends to carry out the registration of non-accommodated IDPs by 3 July. Beyond this date, only IDPs coming via the established check posts will be registered. As a result of this new registration procedure, the number of newly registered IDPs has dramatically decreased. According to the Registration Unit, 28,129 people have arrived at Maslakh camp over the week.

(b) The fifth round of general food distribution has been completed in the six IDP camps near Herat and the sixth round is now in process. Additionally, the distribution of wheat soya blend porridge to an average of 50,432 children under fifteen and lactating and pregnant women continues along with food for work and Institutional feeding projects for malnourished children.

(c) WFP dispatched 255 tons of food from warehouses in Faizabad and Iskashim, to be distributed to various WFP supported projects. A total of 4,200 beneficiaries will receive food assistance in Rustaq district (Takhar province) and in Zardew district (Badakhshan province).

(d) Plans for food distributions in Northern Takhar have been suspended as a result of a disagreement between ICRC and the local authorities. WFP carried out six monitoring visits in Faizabad (Badakshan), Rustaq and Khoja Bahauddin (Takhar) from 26 June to 2 July, while food was being distributed.

(e) The fourth round of food distribution for IDPs in Faizabad and Rustaq is being prepared. WFP has been screening a beneficiary list of 2000 displaced families submitted by the Government and retained 1400 families as eligible for assistance. Authorities have accepted this final list and distributions are expected to begin by 5 July.

(f) Reports from aid agencies operating in Badakshan indicate that IDP numbers have declined by 40 percent in comparison with the February figures. Food stocks remain low throughout the region and the price of cereal has increased by 11 percent in Faizabad market.

(2) Pakistan

(a) With WFP assisting over 137,000 beneficiaries, the food made available under the current emergency operation will be exhausted by the end of August. A new emergency operation document with an estimated caseload of 117,000 is currently being prepared.

(b) The screening exercise of the Jalozai camp population, initially scheduled for 21 June, has been postponed due to further discussions between UNHCR and the Government in regards to the refugees arrived before 1998.

(c) The Refugee residents of Nasir Bagh were asked by the provincial administration in Peshawar to vacate the camp by 30 June, but the Government agreed to wait till the completion of the screening. However, with the screening exercise being postponed, refugees have no immediate possibility of being relocated from Jalozai to another camp. Therefore, WFP in consultation with UNHCR made, last week an additional food distribution. A total of 1,738 tons of food were provided to 137,198 beneficiaries living in three camps during the month of June.

(d) 16,500 refugees in Akora Khattak, who have been receiving food aid since 1997 have been phased out from WFP assistance as of July, after having received their last food ration during the second half of June. Most of them have been able to find casual employment in nearby villages and towns and food aid is no longer considered crucial for their survival.

(3) Tajikistan

(a) FAO and WFP conducted a Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission from 21 June to 3 July. The mission met with several Ministries and conducted extensive field trips in 30 districts, including Khatlon, Sughd and RRS (Regions of Republicans Subordination). Data collected by WFP pre crop assessment mission was used as a basis for the assessment. Preliminary reports from the mission indicated that Tajikistan would be again facing a food shortage this year. Climatic conditions have exacerbated existing structural problems in the country. Rainfall has been far below the long-term average during crucial months and temperatures have been higher than usual. Furthermore, due to reduced snowfall, water levels are down by 40-85 percent compared to normal levels.

(b) Food assistance will be required for next year but simultaneously urgent assistance is needed to rehabilitate the agricultural infrastructure, including irrigation systems, agriculture machinery. Seed provisions along with the strengthening of rural finance mechanisms will be also required to improve the performance of the agricultural sector. Economic growth, job creation, wealth distribution and increased purchasing power have also been stated as essential elements of a strategy aiming to increase food security. The final mission report will be issued in July.

(c) WFP decided to extend its current Emergency Operation until December. Over 30,000 tons of food, pledged under this EMOP are still expected to arrive in the country over the coming months. An extension in the time will allow WFP to distribute all commodities contributed.

(d) WFP reported that districts bordering with Uzbekistan, Zafarabad and Matcho, faced an infestation by locusts. The Locust Control Department organised spraying activities in the affected areas but some farms have nonetheless lost their crop.

(C) Southern Africa: (1) Angola, (2) Namibia, (3) Malawi

(1) Angola

(a) Following the deterioration of the security situation, WFP evacuated 43 NGO and UN staff from the city of Uige, on 28-29 June. As of 3 July, the situation in Uige remained stable, but some tension had spread to nearby Negage. All scheduled passenger flights to Uige are expected to resume as soon as the situation returns to normal. The situation in the remaining provinces remained relatively stable, with minor incidents reported. In addition, new IDPs continued to arrive in most provinces.

(b) WFP dispatched 437 tons of food to partners for distribution to more than 36,000 beneficiaries in Kuito (Bié Province). A mission to Camacupa municipality comprised of OCHA, Concern, UNICEF, and ECHO, confirmed reports on the alarming situation of 7,292 IDPs in the town. While WFP provided them with food aid, more IDPs continue to arrive in Camacupa from Cuemba. The mission brought to the attention of the provincial government the issue of the landing strip, which continues to restrict air traffic to Kuito. 694 IDPs fleeing insecurity in Chicala and Cambandua, were verified in Kuito during the week. The number of malnourished children admitted in the Supplementary Feeding Centers and Therapeutic Feeding Centers (S/TFC) in Kuito continues to increase but at a slower rate. As of 3 July, 6,725 malnourished cases were supported through the SFCs.

(c) Insecurity on the road going to Namacunde continues to prevent WFP and the Government from assessing and addressing the needs of 1,500 IDPs located in Omulunga-Wasikongo area (Huila province). Meanwhile, with passage through the road to Omatemba being finally secured, WFP, NRC and the Local Registration Team are planning to carry-out a verification and registration of about 725 IDPs. The Government intends then to resettle this IDP group at the beginning of August.

(d) The security situation on the road between Moxico and Lunda Sul provinces is improving, contributing to increased movements of people and goods. As a result, the markets in eastern Angola appear to have received an injection of merchandise and some displaced families living in Luena have also moved to Saurimo.

(e) During the week, some 659 IDPs from the municipalities of Mussende, Marimba and Cahombo arrived in Malanje. High levels of malnutrition were reported in various localities in Malanje province, including Cangandala and Cambondo. Humanitarian assistance for displaced groups in Kwanza village was suspended several months ago, due to insecurity. Between 17 and 23 June, the number of admissions in CONCERN SFC increased by 87 percent in comparison with last month figures.

(f) 2,901 new arrivals were registered in June in Moxico province, partly IDPs coming from Lungué-Bungo, 150 kilometers from Luena and partly returnees from DR Congo. As of 4 July, 9,241 new arrivals have been registered since the beginning of the year, of which 842 are returnees, the majority from DR Congo.

(g) Despite the instability generated by the recent UNITA attacks on Uíge, the humanitarian situation in Uige province is not alarming. This is mostly due to the availability of food from the last harvest and the fact that the population takes currently advantage of the still fertile soil to increment horticultural production. As of 3 July, around 17,000 out of the 35,000 people benefiting from WFP general food assistance had received their rations. However, the TFCs and SFCs have sufficient food stocks for at least three weeks and an additional 9,550 vulnerable children and sick persons have just been supplied for at least one month.

(h) WFP has designed a pilot School Feeding Project for Benguela Province, for a period of 24 months (January 2002 - December 2003), valued at approximately USD 3 million. The project will target children enrolled in 100 schools in Lobito, Baia Farta, and Benguela municipalities.

(2) Namibia

(a) The north of Namibia remains insecure due to landmines, and clashes between UNITA and FAA/Namibian forces. The Government renewed its assurances on the security situation last week in order to encourage tourism, but foreign embassies in the country continue to discourage their nationals from travelling to areas bordering Angola.

(b) WFP locally purchased 200 tons of maize to be distributed in Osire camp in Namibia on 5-6 July and is in the process of importing 33 tons of vegetable oil.

(3) Malawi

(a) The Government appealed for continued support to its effort to rebuild the houses, agricultural and road infrastructures in the flood affected areas. It also emphasised the fact that most of the flood victims are expected to remain food insecure until the next harvest in May/June 2002 and therefore to continue to rely on food assistance beyond the end of WFP EMOP.

(b) Under the 3 month EMOP, WFP is targeting 208,500 people affected by the floods with food aid while the Government continues to support an additional 352,705. During the first phase of the operation, WFP distributed 1,015 tons of food to 116,851 beneficiaries. WFP is planning to make an extension in time of the EMOP up to the last week of August in order to distribute all contributed commodities. WFP is currently pre-positioning 467 tons of food in various locations up-country, in view of the next food distribution.

(c) On 15 June, the Department of Disaster Preparedness, Relief and Rehabilitation (DDPRR) updated the humanitarian community on its budgetary constraints. With an allocation of MK 346,000 for May and June for a monthly budget of MK1.6 million, DDPRR operations have been seriously affected during the month of June.

(d) Due to the severe damage floods caused to crops, on-farm stocks from the May/June harvest are already low, marking the start of the lean season. As a result, WFP has been approached by local authorities in Blantyre (Zomba District) to provide food aid to food insecure people. WFP expects similar requests to be submitted in other districts.

(e) From 7 June to 4 July, the Government and NGOs distributed seeds to farmers, targeting areas where residual moisture makes winter cropping possible, mainly Nsanje and Chikwawa areas.

(D) West Africa: (1) Guinea, (2) Liberia, (3) Sierra Leone

(1) Guinea

(a) Following an incident on 29 and 30 June between security officers patrolling Telikoro camp and a group of refugees, Government forces arrested 92 people in the camp. As a result, aid workers were evacuated from both camps of Kountaya and Telikoro until 2 July. A UNHCR vehicle was burnt and other equipment belonging to GTZ is missing. The security situation is calm in N'Zérékoré region. Small-scale influx of new refugees fleeing insecurity in Liberia was reported in Kouankan camp.

(b) WFP distributions under the EMOP 6312.01 carried out in the Languette in collaboration with Première Urgence were not affected by incidents in Telikoro. Food security surveys are underway in the sous-prefectures of Arfamoussayah and N'Dema in order to identify the most vulnerable IDPs and residents.

(c) Under the PRRO 6271.00, WFP distributed a 45 day rations to refugees in Telikoro and Kountaya (in Kissidougou area), instead of the planned 30 day rations. This change was requested by UNHCR, who intends to conduct a verification of the Albadaria camp population, in collaboration with WFP. Distributions in the Albadaria camps were suspended over the weekend as a result of the incidents occurred in Telikoro camp, but resumed normally on 02 July.

(d) WFP started food distribution to 13,500 refugees in Kouankan camp (in N'Zérékoré area) on 2 July, in collaboration with OCPH. The International Federation of the Red Cross has started a SFC program in Kouankan, with WFP support. Final results from the nutrition survey carried out in Kouankan camp revealed a relatively low rate of global malnutrition, contrasting with the high numbers of severely malnourished children admitted in the local Health center. On a visit to the camp, WFP and UNHCR observed that most of the malnourished children screened at the health post are not living in the camp. Further investigation will be made.

(2) Liberia

(a) On 3 July, the Government reported new attacks of dissidents on Voinjama in Lofa County. Heavy artillery and mortar rounds were coming from the border towns of Barkedou and Sakonadu in Guinea, according to the Minister of National Defense, Daniel Chea.

(b) On 30 June, WFP completed a two weeks food distribution to some 6,000 IDPs in Gbalatuah and Bellefanai towns in Bong county. The food distribution, the first in some six weeks for IDPs located in these two towns, became possible after the Government lifted the ban imposed on NGOs and other humanitarian agencies from travelling to this area. With renewed access to the vulnerable populations, WFP hopes to continue regular food distribution.

(c) On 4 July, WFP has started the monthly food distribution to 22,000 IDPs in the TV Tower and CARI sites in Bong County. The food distribution is being done by WFP in collaboration with the National Red Cross and the Liberia Refugee Repatriation and Resettlement Commission. Similarly distributions have also started for IDPs located in Jenemana and Bopolu in Cape Mount and Gbarpolu counties respectively.

(d) During this week, WFP distributed food to 27,542 students and teachers, under its School Feeding programmes in Montserrado County.

(3) Sierra Leone

(a) About 40 members of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) and Civil Defence Forces militia already disarmed in the eastern Kono region during the week. Numbers are expected to grow significantly over the coming weeks. UNAMSIL reported that RUF forces were attacked in Lelewah village (Buedu) on 17 and 19 June by renegade CDF. 39 people were reportedly being killed.

(b) During this week, WFP distributed a total of 858 tons of food to 104,846 beneficiaries, under various programmes. WFP distributed 334 tons of food aid to 28,873 IDPs residing in camps in the Western area. Since their areas of origin of are still considered as unsafe, these IDPs have not taken part in the resettlement process and remain eligible for continued food assistance. WFP completed the second phase of its support to the resettlement process, assisting returning IDPs with a total of 165 tons of food. 5,494 resettled IDPs in Port Loko, Masiaka and Patifu Junction received a two-month food ration, while ICRC delivered non-food items.

(c) WFP assisted this week 15,607 returnees from Guinea with a total of 204 tons of food, in Lokomasama resettlement villages. UNHCR reported that in the past month the number of refugees returning from Guinea decreased, but the situation is still fragile.

(d) The second phase of Food For Agriculture (FFAg) distribution to 6,900 farmers in northern Bombali district were completed during the week. The food and seeds will allow farmers that have been cut-off from humanitarian assistance over a year to address their immediate food needs during the lean period, while using the seeds and tools to plant. WFP distributed a total of 48 tons of food to 1,050 farm families who are being supplied with seeds and tools by World Vision (WVI) in Dodo chiefdom, Kenema District.

(e) WFP urgently requires 628 tons of CSB to meet the projected requirements for TFCs and SFCs up to December. WFP also expects shortfalls of 8,679 tons of cereals, 487 tons of pulses, 1,524 tons of oil, 234 tons of salt and 631 tons of sugar, over the coming months.

(f) With the start of the Disarmament Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) Program in two new areas, this week, WFP delivered, under the EMOP 6187 a total of 30 tons of food to Koidu, Bonthe and Port Loko. As of 3 July, WFP supplied 71 tons of food to five DDR camps throughout the country which benefited over 6,000 demobilized combatants.

(E) Northern Caucasus: (1) Ingushetia, (2) Chechnya

(a) Many security incidents were reported in Chechnya during the second half of June. The continued instability has discouraged IDPs in Ingushetia to go back to Chechnya in the near future. The humanitarian situation is deteriorating, particularly in Grozny where the unemployment rate has reached 92 percent. The number of the most vulnerable groups is increasing, and most of them have no purchasing power. There are reports that a new outflux from Chechnya has been taking place in the past few days, against a backdrop of major military operations.

(b) A high level WFP mission visited Russia from 23 to 29 June to review the current WFP operations in the northern Caucasus. The mission established that emergency food assistance would be required during next year since instability in Chechnya is likely to persist, preventing IDPs in Ingushetia to return to their home of origin.

(F) WFP distributed a total of 3,405 tons of food to 245,000 beneficiaries both in Ingushetia and Chechnya, during the month of June.

(1) Ingushetia

(a) According to the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), there are, as of 1 July, 149,507 registered IDPs living in Ingushetia, in camps, spontaneous settlements or hosted by the resident community. WFP, in collaboration with the DRC, Islamic Relief (IR) and Saudi Red Crescent Society (SRCS) distributed a total of 2,022 tons of food to the entire caseload.

(2) Chechnya

(a) In June, WFP assisted about 98,000 IDPs and vulnerable groups in Grozny region and Achkoy-Martan district, providing them with 1,383 tons of food. Distributions were made in collaboration with DRC, the People in Need Foundation and the Center for Peace-making and Community Development.

(b) ICRC resumed its operations in Chechnya, lifting the travel restrictions for its staff and distributing together with the Chechen Red Cross bread and food parcels to about 15,200 beneficiaries in various regions. DRC and ACF undertook additional distributions of 1,988 tons of food, using their own pipeline and targeting a total of 175,000 people.

(c) Donors have so far confirmed pledges of about USD 7.4 million, out of the total requirements of USD 23.9 million for this year.

(G) Chad

(a) No security incident was reported in N'djamena nor in WFP operational areas. WFP is currently pre-positioning 7,000 tons of cereal in view of the coming two-month food distribution in five departments out of nine covered by the EMOP. Food distribution which will be carried out in collaboration with WVI is scheduled to start on 3 July.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons

(End WFP Emergency Report No 27)