Afghanistan + 21 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 26 of 2001

Source
Published

This report includes: (A) Latin America: (1) Peru, (2) El Salvador, (3) Ecuador (B) Balkans: (1) Kosovo, (2) Serbia, (3) Montenegro, (4) Albania (C) West and Central Asia: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan, (3) Iran, (4) Tajikistan (D) Armenia (E) Horn of Africa: (1) Ethiopia, (2) Eritrea, (3) Kenya (F) Angola (G) Democratic Republic (DR) of Congo (H) Great Lakes: (1) Burundi, (2) Uganda (I) West Africa: (1) Sierra Leone, (2) Liberia (J) Chad

From Francesco Strippoli, Senior Humanitarian Adviser; available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Zlatan.Milisic@wfp.org. For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone 39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone 39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

(A) Latin America: (1) Peru, (2) El Salvador, (3) Ecuador

(1) Peru

(a) On 23 June an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 on the Richter scale hit the provinces of Arequipa, Moquegua, Tacna and Ayacucho. As of 28 June, reports from the Civil Defence indicate that 115 people have been killed and over 2,900 injured. 10,933 houses have been completely destroyed and another 20,928 partially destroyed, with the total number of affected people reaching 129,000. The consequent tsunami that hit the coast at Carmana destroyed the crops that normally supply Arequipa. Irrigation schemes and several milling centres have been badly damaged by coastal flooding.

(b) The Pan American Highway has been interrupted, hampering the provision of relief assistance. Many other villages are completely isolated due to the interruption of access roads by landslides.

(c) The Government has officially requested WFP food assistance. WFP is liaising with the National Programme of Food Aid (PRONAA) to assess its exact stock situation, but food stocks and budgetary allocations are unlikely to be sufficient.

(d) WFP has approved an Immediate Response EMOP for USD 200,000 that will be used to purchase locally 330 tons of food. 20,000 food insecure people in the Departments of Arequipa will be assisted for one month. WFP will target the most affected population, located mainly in the mountainous areas of Chuquibamba, Candarave, Caravelí, the peri-urban areas of Arequipa, Moquegua y Tacna and the coastal area. The PRONAA will be responsible for local purchases and food distribution. The distributions will be made through "community pots", a mechanism used by population in emergencies. WFP food aid monitors will assist in the operation.

(e) WFP took part in the UNDMT mission, which started on 25 June in Arequipa to assess the food situation. WFP carried out a logistics assessment in the affected area. According to preliminary reports, the ports of Matarani and Ilo, although damaged, are still functioning. Roads connecting these ports are operational. Villages in the highland areas above Arequipa have not yet been accessed. It is therefore believed that numbers of affected could continue to rise.

(2) El Salvador

(a) In June, WFP in collaboration with CARE, CRS, LWF and FUSADES distributed a total of 2,048 tons of food, bringing the total amount of WFP food distributed since January to 6,536 tons. This increase in the monthly distribution tonnage is a result of the recent rise in the size of the monthly family food ration.

(b) WFP prepared a technical manual of operations and organized workshops in order to clarify EMOP guidelines and procedures for its 35 NGO partners and Government counterparts. The objective was also to promote the community participation, and in particular to enhance the role of women in the operation. In at least 75 percent of all distribution committees, the majority of participants are women. In 90 percent of the beneficiary communities, over 70 percent of direct recipients of WFP food are women.

(3) Ecuador

(a) Following heavy rains and flooding in the Amazon and Mountain regions, the Government declared on 11 and 14 June a national state of emergency. According to preliminary assessments, floods and landslides left 36 people dead, many more missing and over 30,000 displaced. Losses include productive assets, including over 1,500 acres of crops and countless livestock, as well as bridges and roads. The damages only in Morona province have been estimated at over USD 8 million. Further reports, after other affected areas have become accessible, are likely to reveal more extensive damages.

(b) Affected families are mostly subsistence farmers who have lost their assets and food reserves. The majority live in isolated and inaccessible locations, complicating the delivery of food assistance and impairing access to health services. The Civil Defence has established six shelters, but these can only protect the most affected people.

(c) WFP launched an Immediate Response EMOP for USD 200,000 on 14 June to assist over the next two months 8,280 people living in communities that have been isolated as a result of the flooding. The assistance is directed to those who, as a result of the floods, have lost homes, crops and family assets and are food insecure. WFP and Civil Defence have last week actioned a joint contingency plan for the provision of emergency food and non-food items. 8,300 affected people in seven provinces received a weekly food ration through the Civil Defence system.

(B) Balkans: (1) Kosovo, (2) Serbia, (3) Montenegro, (4) Albania

(1) Kosovo

(a) The number of refugees coming from Macedonia over the last two weeks has been fluctuating between 87 to 8,311 people per day. As of 29 June, WFP has distributed a total of 82,053 rations to 61,593 refugees. UNHCR has requested rations for a further 15,000 refugees, who will receive WFP rations in the next few days. More than 72,000 refugees have been registered in Kosovo since the beginning of the conflict, including over 50,000 arrivals in June alone.

(b) WFP has the necessary resources to react to the refugee emergency, with over 10,000 tons of food in the province. The flexibility of the regional food pipeline will allow WFP to cover the needs of up to 150,000 refugees until the end of the year. UNHCR is expected to increase funding available for partners, to ensure additional capacity in addressing needs of new arrivals, especially in Gjilane and Prizren areas.

(c) With databases for the Safety Net Food Programme and the Social Assistance Scheme functional, WFP can ensure that there is no duplication of beneficiaries among the assistance programmes. The capacity-building programme is continuing on schedule.

(2) Serbia

(a) According to official reports, some 3,500 Macedonian refugees are in southern Serbia and more continue to arrive. WFP continues to provide them with food assistance.

(b) The Joint Food Needs Assessment Mission's findings and recommendations are expected to be finalized around the first week of July. WFP held a Regional Strategy Workshop in Belgrade, on 21-22 June, to discuss the present status and future direction of WFP operations in the region and contingency plans.

(c) The Executive Council of Vojvodina stated that it was essential that the Republic Agency for Commodity Reserves purchased all offered surpluses from this year's harvest in order to prevent the "grey market" from destabilizing the wheat protection price. According to the Regional Secretariat for Agriculture, this year's yield of wheat is expected at around 1.4 million tons.

(d) Heavy rainfall and hailstorms have caused considerable damage to the fields in Vojvodina. The Executive Council of Vojvodina requested urgent assistance from the Serbian government.

(3) Montenegro

(a) During the last two weeks, WFP has been monitoring the ongoing distributions for 6,264 refugees, 14,469 IDPs, 16,000 social cases (recipients of social welfare payments) and 8,800 pensioners. The distribution plan was respected in all municipalities. WFP agreed with the Montenegro Red Cross (MRC) to shift from July to bi-monthly distributions, for all beneficiary categories.

(4) Albania

(a) WFP distributed family food rations to 120 heads of household, after they completed in May the planned activities under the Communal Forestry and Pasture Management (CFPM) project in Korca and Kukes Prefectures.

(b) Food has been dispatched to northern prefectures of Kukes, Shkodra, Dibre and Lezhe for distribution to 3,960 unassisted and unemployed heads of household (19,800 beneficiaries).

(C) West and Central Asia: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Pakistan, (3) Iran, (4) Tajikistan

(1) Afghanistan

(a) Some 16,238 newly displaced people arrived at Maslakh camp, in Herat, from 19 to 25 June, according to the Temporary Registration Liaison Unit (RLU). Three check posts were set up in Adraskan, Karukh and Kushk-e-Robatsangi on 23 June to screen new IDPs and forward them for registration in the reception area in Herat.

(b) WFP general food distribution was completed in five camps and is still underway in Maslakh camp due to a significant beneficiary caseload. An average of 50,432 children under fifteen, pregnant women and nursing mothers continue to receive a daily porridge ration in all camps. Some food for work (FFW) activities and institutional feeding for malnourished children are also implemented.

(c) The security situation remained calm in Jalalabad, though military activity is intensifying in Pech Dara district in Kunar Province. UN missions in Kunar have been suspended. WFP distributed 105 tons of food during the week. The work of WFP and partner NGOs was delayed by a flood from Sphingar mountain which carried away 60 houses in Chaparhar district.

(2) Pakistan

(a) Food distribution has started in Jalozai on 26 June and is expected to be completed by 29 June. Around 11,600 families will receive a total of 710 tons of food.

(b) Monthly food distribution for a total of 65,751 refugees in Shamshatoo and Akora Khattak camps has been completed as well.

(3) Iran

(a) Following the registration of both documented and undocumented refugees, the national refugee law came into effect on 23 June. An estimated 2.5 million people have been registered, mostly coming from Afghanistan. The Government has announced that all non-registered refugees will be considered illegal immigrants and will be refused the right to stay in the country.

(b) WFP agreed with BAFIA to jointly select local NGOs for the identification of unattended children and women-headed refugee households in Tehran and Qum and implementation of food assistance under the ongoing protracted relief and recovery operation. The PRRO has a provision for food assistance for 40,000 dispersed refugees (not in camps).

(4) Tajikistan

(a) The WFP/FAO crop assessment mission traveled to the provinces of Khatlon and Sughd. Due to security reasons, field visits to Regions of Republicans Subordination (RRS) have been postponed. According to the Agriculture Department of GBAO (Gorno Badkhshan Autonomous Province) there has been significant losses of cereal crop in Rosthkala district. WFP also reported that both cereal crops and vegetables production have been affected.

(b) The GBAO Department of Emergency Situations reported that on 18 June mountain floods in Dashti Roh village in Vanj damaged five water canals, leaving 53 households without water and 150 hectares of wheat and vegetables under threat of drying up. On 16 June, a storm hit some villages in Ghozimalik district (Khatlon province), damaging 166 houses and destroying vegetable gardens and cotton fields. The head of Hukumat estimated the damage cost to approximately USD 234,468.

(5) Armenia

(a) As a result of delays in food delivery and subsequent postponement of planned operations WFP extended the Assistance to Drought Victims EMOP until the end of the year. The operation was initially scheduled to end on 30 June. WFP has started to implement the second phase of the EMOP, by distributing 4,767 tons of oil and pulses to 78,550 drought-affected subsistence farmers. WFP implements the food distributions directly, except in Shirak and Lori regions where this is done in collaboration with Caritas.

(b) After having screened FFW project proposals submitted by local communities, WFP and Ministry of Social Welfare approved 352 projects, which will require 2,948 tons of food. Food-for-Training was organized in 535 villages of six drought-affected regions and benefited 13,360 small landholders with 766 tons of food and agricultural knowledge.

(c) The drought that began last summer is likely to persist, significantly affecting agricultural production and food security, according to the Ministry of Agriculture. The Government has requested a Joint FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission. Having limited food stocks, many subsistence farmers have eaten their seeds and the level of water in the reservoirs is very low. Releasing larger amounts of water from Lake Sevan for irrigation would lead to an ecological disaster.

(D) Horn of Africa: (1) Ethiopia, (2) Eritrea, (3) Kenya

(1) Ethiopia

(a) August and September food distributions for people in most food insecure areas are threatened by a lack of sufficient resources pledged to WFP and the Government. Some NGOs are also facing a shortage of resources. Pastoralists in Somali Region and other parts of the south, whose recovery process has hardly begun, are now facing continuing drought conditions and will need a further support.

(b) So far in 2001, WFP has provided 55 percent of all the food distributed by the Government's Disaster Preparedness and Prevention Committee (DPPC). The combined relief operation in Ethiopia faces a shortfall of 38 percent (of the total requirement). The current shortfall is for 106,500 tons of cereals and around 70,000 tons of supplementary foods. A DPPC appeal expected in July may request additional resources. Disruptions in the pipeline will have a serious impact on the drought-affected population if further donations are not received.

(c) It is estimated that some 75 percent of the global cereal requirements for the period January- May have been dispatched. A reduced ration scale of 12.5 kg (per person per month) has been used due to the lack of resources. Good rains have fortunately facilitated availability of secondary crops in SNNPR (Southern Region), which allowed reduced dispatches to that region. Nutritional surveys in SNNPR - including KAT zone, a crisis area during last year's drought - indicate a stable nutritional status, much improved since last year.

(d) Late receipt of April-June distribution plans for Somali Region, by WFP, delayed dispatches. It is estimated, however, that by the end of June the percentage of regional requirements for the period January- June will be met by 85 percent.

(e) Repatriation of 20,000 Somali refugees from Teferiber and Darwonaji camps is underway. It is expected to be completed by the end of June and followed by closure of the camps. UNHCR, ARRA (the government agency responsible for refugees) and WFP are moving the operation in support of Sudanese refugees from the Bamaza/Bambudi area to Yeranga, located about thirteen kilometres south of the Mankush-Bambudi road. To date, about 1,000 of the anticipated 8,000 refugees have moved to the new location.

(f) A new influx of Eritrean refugees was reportedly in Walanihbiy, Northern Tigray, in late May. Some 181 families joined the existing group that has been receiving assistance from WFP since last September. After a joint UNHCR/ARRA registration exercise, the new overall refugee population figure in Walanihbiy is 4,121. WFP is providing assistance to this group as well as to over 300,000 IDPs and Ethiopian returnees from Eritrea in Tigray.

(2) Eritrea

(a) Eritrean Relief and Refugee Commission (ERREC) reported distributing 319 tons of food to 20,452 war and drought-affected persons in Gash Barka and Northern Red Sea Regions. WFP conducted Post Distribution Monitoring in the Anseba region where a total of 61,843 people were targeted and observed that WFP food reached the intended beneficiaries. WFP also found that food aid was the principal source of livelihood for the majority of the interviewed households, in particular those headed by women. Movement of the population in search of food has considerably reduced, so the households are able to prepare the land prior to the growing season. However, compounding effects of high temperatures and scarce rainfall hamper cultivation activities.

(b) According to UNMEE, the situation in the Temporary Security Zone (TSZ) remains calm. Demining activities by various military contingents continue alongside the return of IDPs into the TSZ. Land mine related incidents have been reported in Gash Barka. The rainy season has severely restricted movements (particularly in the western sector) and this poses a significant threat to timely deliveries of food to IDPs residing in flood prone areas and is constraining demining activities.

(c) Apart from the area around Keren town, the drought-affected region of Anseba has still not received an adequate amount of rainfall. This is increasing risks of losing another cropping season and further exacerbating food insecurity. With the commencement of suitable precipitation in parts of Debub and Gash Barka war-affected regions, some minimal ploughing activities were observed, in particular in the Molki sub-region.

(3) Kenya

(a) The absence of rainfall during May adversely affected crop and livestock production prospects in pastoral and marginal agricultural areas. The situation is expected to further deteriorate over the coming months, according to the Drought Monitoring Centre in Nairobi. WFP plans to extend its current EMOP for another eight months (July 2001 to February 2002.

(b) Under the EMOP, WFP is currently assisting 3.5 million people through General Distributions and Emergency School Feeding Programme (ESFP). During the first two weeks of June, WFP reviewed FFW project proposals in Mbeere, Tharaka, Makueni and Kitui districts in order to ensure that activities target the most vulnerable households. A summary of projects was sent to donors. UNDP has already committed USD 35,000 for tools and equipment. A workshop with various respective stakeholders was held on 12-15 June in Kajiado, Narok and Koibatek districts in order to prepare the phasing out of the General Distributions in July and their substitution by FFW activities.

(c) Malnutrition rates among children under five in Baringo and Wajir pastoral districts have dropped, according to a UNICEF-facilitated nutrition survey in April. This is attributed to the effect of relief intervention and availability of goats and cattle milk. Another survey will be undertaken in Samburu, in June. Over 3,500 children were assisted in wet-feeding centers in Turkana, Wajir and Mandera districts from 1 to 17 June. Centers in Garissa and Marsabit districts are being closed due to a decrease in attendance rates.

(d) The Government has prevented the anticipated pipeline break in June, by contributing 26,000 tons of cereals (95 percent of the June cereal needs) to the WFP EMOP.

(e) A Food Aid Assessment Mission recently visited Turkana district and is expected to proceed to Marsabit. An impact assessment of the Drought Response EMOP is being carried out, along with the assessment for Health and Nutrition and Water and Sanitation interventions. On the basis of the assessment, WFP will determine if additional food aid is required for the next months.

(f) A number of ambushes of commercial, private and Government vehicles were reported in Turkana near Katilu and Ijara and Tana River districts, some involving casualties. Travel restrictions for UN staffs are still in force for areas categorised under Phase Three.

(E) Angola

(a) Security incidents were reported in Huambo and Uige Provinces. All scheduled passenger flights to Uige were suspended until further notice. The situation in the remaining provinces remained relatively stable, with a few minor incidents. New IDPs continued to arrive in most provinces.

(b) Following a UNITA attack in Chicala (Moxico province), 2,278 people arrived in Luena last week, seeking refuge. They were registered and provided with WFP food. 169 returning refugees were also registered.

(c) 637 new IDPs were verified in Kuito (Bie province) during this week, and the verification is still on-going. The number of malnourished children in Kuito is still on the rise, reaching the highest level over the last two years. 961 patients are currently supported in the Therapeutic Feeding Centers (TFCs) and 6,602 in the Supplementary Feeding Centers (SFCs).

(d) 7,451 people were provided with 86 tons of WFP food in Huambo. The provincial IDP and refugee sub-group in Huila province is assessing the temporary resettlement program, to identify constraints faced during this year in resettling some 35,000 IDPs throughout the province. WFP distributed 94 tons of food to 6,475 beneficiaries in Cacolo, Lubalo, Xinge and Muconda (Luanda Sul province). 650 IDPs coming from Muconda and staying in Luari camp in Lunda Norte have yet to be verified.

(e) Following the closure of two World Vision (WVI) nutritional centers in Malanje, CONCERN undertook a nutritional screening in Kulamuxito IDP camp. The results of this survey did not show a need for weekly supplementary rations. A reported 122 new IDP families arrived in Cangandala. Major difficulties and drawbacks with the implementation of a vast resettlement scheme in Caculama and Quissol are being experienced. In Caculama, the traditional authorities and IDP representatives opted for final return to the area of origin rather than a temporary resettlement solution. An immediate humanitarian assessment mission to the area is being planned. In the case of Quissol, the implementation of the resettlement of 6,000 individuals mainly depends on improved protection in the area.

(F) Democratic Republic (DR) of Congo

(a) WFP started an air operation in Northern Katanga and airlifted over the week 92 tons of food to Manono, Kabalo, and Kongolo. Additional 26 flights are scheduled for the coming weeks. In addition, to overcome the security constraints, WFP designed a Special Operation (SO) aimed at establishing a passenger air service to improve access of the humanitarian community and foreign embassies to remote areas in DRC. Following the approval of a contribution of USD 1 million from WFP's Immediate Response Account (IRA), for the first three months of the operation, WFP expects to start the SO next weeks. The total budget for the six-month operation has been envisaged at USD 2.2 million. The PRRO has been funded by 60 percent as of 25 June.

(b) The general security situation remains volatile. Repeated attacks have restricted movement of people and goods in Bukavu (south Kivu) for the past two weeks. Mai-Mai fighters reportedly attacked Rwandan forces on Bunyakiri axis and this resulted in a displacement of 34,000 people towards Miti, Kalehe. Continued fighting in Lemera and Kaziba mountains prevented WFP from delivering food to malnourished children there.

(c) An inter-agency assessment mission involving WFP, FAO, Caritas, Oxfam and OCHA visited Equateur province from 15 to 25 May. The mission expressed concern over the level of vulnerability of the population and recommended provision of food aid, agricultural implements and rehabilitation of social infrastructure (schools, health centres). WFP is currently organising first delivery and distribution of over 300 tons of food to 41,000 IDPs in Budi, Kitenge and Kabongo areas (Katanga province) and continues to monitor population movements across the front line.

(d) 72 families of Angolan refugees arrived this week in the localities of Tshifwameso, Napasa and Kulindji, bringing the total refugee caseload to 15,000. Currently, 14,442 refugees are receiving food assistance through UNHCR/WFP implementing partners in Kahemba (Bandundu Province). During this week, 24,124 refugees received WFP food assistance in Kimpese (Bas-Congo province). With the growing insecurity in Bukavu area (south Kivu), UNHCR repatriated only 340 refugees over the last two weeks.

(G) Great Lakes: (1) Burundi, (2) Uganda

(1) Burundi

(a) The security situation is still volatile. Rumours of incursions have been received in the northern provinces and provinces bordering Tanzania. Many road ambushes, armed confrontations and armed robberies were reported in different localities, including Bujumbura. The authority initiated self-defence military training for civilians living in the city. WFP suspended target distributions in Bujumbura rural province, due to insecurity.

(b) From 4 to 17 June, 251,770 drought affected people in Karuzi province and 12,935 people fleeing insecurity in Gitega province benefited from WFP assistance. The total quantity of WFP food distributed under the targeted distributions, in collaboration with CARE amounted to 1,478 tons. 12,373 school children have been assisted under the School Feeding Pilot project in Kirundo province, which is currently being evaluated. WFP continues to support 8,978 vulnerable people, who were provided with 98 tons of food through Selective Feeding Programmes. The nutritional situation has reportedly improved over the last weeks in many provinces - many SFCs and TFCs were closed. There is a belief that this improvement is a result of food assistance provided by WFP in northern and central provinces during the hunger gap period, combined with nutritional projects and good harvest.

(c) WFP has carried out a rapid Food Economy Assessment in 11 provinces, to plan WFP activities under a new Operational Strategy document covering the period June-December. In collaboration with Care, WVI, Save The Children Fund (SCF) and other partners, WFP created a Monitoring and Targeting Task Force, working on the harmonisation of monitoring and evaluation policies and methodologies as well as targeting criteria countrywide.

(2) Uganda

(a) Security situation remained fluid with reports of rebel attacks in Bundibugyo, Gulu, Kitgum and Adjumani districts. During the second week of May, a WFP food convoy to the area north of Gulu town was ambushed. In Karamoja, road ambushes and cattle raids continued to be reported.

(b) An evaluation of the PRRO 6176 was undertaken on 14 May to 5 June, to plan next year activities and design a strategy to enhance self-sufficiency of IDPs and Sudanese refugees. The final evaluation report is expected by the end of June. Following reports of heavy rainfall with hailstones in Adjumani district, WFP has been monitoring crop performance near IDPs and refugee settlements. Food stocks in Gulu, where some IDPs have limited access to their farms, are becoming scarce. The lean season is expected to intensify in June-August.

(c) In May, a total of 3,983 tons of food was distributed to 524,508 beneficiaries. This included assistance to 225 unaccompanied children through various Counselling Centers in Gulu and Kitgum (most children were later reunited with their families). In addition, WFP continued to support various FFW activities, including bridge and road repairs in Gulu, and fish and seed multiplication in Kitgum. In May, 1,474 Sudanese refugees arrived in Palorinya, fleeing LRA attacks. WFP, UNHCR and Government officials have been jointly screening new arrivals and monitoring the border. WFP is planning to expand its School Feeding Programme to 150,000 students (by September) from the current 70,000 assisted in IDP settlement schools in Gulu and Kitgum districts.

(d) Following a phase-down of food assistance to part of the refugee caseload, WFP has been assisting a total of 700,372 beneficiaries under the PRRO 6176.00. This includes 148,415 Sudanese refugees and 520,241 IDPs in Arua, Adjumani, Gulu, Bundibugyo, Kitgum, Masindi and Moyo Districts. A total of 3,235 tons of food was distributed in May.

(e) As of 31 May, a total of 44,305 tons of food have been pledged for the PRRO, equivalent to 54 percent of the need. WFP expects to face a food pipeline rupture for pulses in July. Additional contributions are urgently required to address the current food shortages.

(f) Under the PRRO 6077.00, WFP assisted 23,843 Congolese, Rwandese and Sudanese refugees in May, with 219 tons of food. A verification of the current caseload by the Government and UNHCR should be completed in June. The pipeline for the regional PRRO beneficiaries in Uganda is also precarious, especially for cereals. The May food distribution was possible with borrowed stock from PRRO 6176 and ration reductions.

(g) Under the EMOP 6235.01, WFP is targeting 140,000 drought-affected persons in the northeastern districts of Moroto and Kotido. The EMOP has been extended to the end of July. In accordance with the Emergency Food Needs Assessment recommendations, WFP has targeted some geographic sub-counties and distributed a total of 529 tons of food to 87,829 beneficiaries in May.

(H) West Africa: (1) Sierra Leone, (2) Liberia

(1) Sierra Leone

(a) WFP participated in a joint interagency assessment to Kailahun and Kono on 26 June, in order to monitor the progress of the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration camp construction and undertake a rapid needs assessment. The camp is expected to become operational next week. The main concern in Kailahun is to assist about 16,000 Liberian refugees, as well as the resident community.

(b) During this week, WFP distributed a total of 838 tons of food to 86,015 beneficiaries under various programmes. Distribution of 66 tons of food was completed to 5,729 IDPs in several camps in Freetown and of 21 tons to 1,856 IDPs in Bo township and Mandu environs. A distribution to an additional 23,144 IDPs in the Western Area is expected to be completed by the end of the week. Some 235 IDPs in Port Loko, willing to resettle before the onset of heavy rains, were provided with a two-month ration (7 tons) and assisted in returning to their areas of origin. An additional 5,114 IDPs are expected to resettle in Masiaka this week and receive a resettlement package, amounting to 148 tons. Finally, WFP delivered a total of 303 tons of food for 24,057 Sierra Leonean Returnees residing in Port Loko District and the Western Area.

(c) WFP also distributed a total of 47 tons of food to 1,050 farm families being supplied with seeds and tools by WVI in Dodo chiefdom, Kenema District. An additional 1,648 farming families, supported with seeds and tools by ICRC in Gorama Mende, received 70 tons. 15,196 school children in Lungi and environs were supplied with 97 tons and 2,853 students enrolled in the NRC's Rapid Response Education Programmes in Lungi were provided 18 tons of WFP food. In addition, WFP completed the distribution of a total of 155 tons of food for 45,620 school children in Kenema and Pujehun districts.

(d) WFP urgently requires 628 tons of CSB to meet the projected requirements for TFCs and SFCs up to December. WFP also expects shortfalls of 8,679 tons of cereals, 487 tons of pulses, 1,524 tons of oil, 234 tons of salt and 631 tons of sugar, over the coming months.

(2) Liberia

(a) The Government finally authorised UN agencies and other humanitarian organizations to access the IDP settlements in Gbalatuah and Bellefanai in Bong County. An estimated 30,000 IDPs are expected to be relocated from these areas to Gbarnga in Bong County and provided with food aid.

(b) On 22 June, WFP started another round of food distribution to IDPs residing in Grand Cape Mount and Gbarpolu Counties, in collaboration with ACF. 5,535 IDPs are expected to receive food rations. In Bong County, the distribution started on 25 June and 8,875 IDPs in CARI and TV Tower centers have been assisted so far. IDPs continue to arrive at CARI in Bong County. 200 new arrivals were registered during the week, from Bonota where they have earlier sought refuge after fleeing the war in Lofa.

(c) Distribution of monthly food rations to Sierra Leonean refugees in Montserrado County started this week and s expected to be completed on 29 June. 19,610 registered Sierra Leonean refugees are currently residing in various centers in the suburbs of Monrovia.

(3) Chad

(a) The Security situation remained very tense mid-June in N'djamena as a result of contestation of results of presidential elections vote announced officially on 13 June. Opposition supporters held demonstrations provoking a violent police reaction.

(b) WFP Pipeline is improving with 3,794 tons of cereals received this week putting the in country stock at 6,446 tons as of 16 June. In order to address the EMOP10026.0 shortfall of 9,000 tons of cereal, the Government started to purchase cereal with IFM funds to support food aid operation and security stocks.

(c) WFP carried out a monitoring/assessment mission in the severely drought-affected Batha and Guéra provinces in order to prepare the opening of four TFCs in collaboration of SECADEV.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons

(End WFP Emergency Report No 26)