Afghanistan + 28 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 25 of 2003


This report includes:
A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Iran, (3) Afghanistan

B) East and Central Africa: (1) Republic of Congo, (2) DR Congo, (3) Burundi, (4) Uganda, (5) Tanzania, (6) Eritrea, (7) Ethiopia, (8) Somalia

C) West Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Côte d'Ivoire, (3) Sierra Leone, (4) Guinea, (5) Mauritania

D) Southern Africa: (1) Madagascar, (2) Lesotho, (3) Swaziland, (4) Mozambique, (5) Tanzania, (6) Malawi, (7) Zimbabwe, (8) Zambia, (9) Angola, (10) Namibia

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Nicaragua, (2) Guatemala

G) Eastern Europe and the Caucasus: (1) Russian Federation

From David Morton, Director of the Transport, Preparedness and Response Division (OTP); available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page (www.wfp.org), or by e-mail from Carlo.Scaramella@wfp.org, Chief of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Unit (OEP).

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org at WFP Rome, telephone +39 06 6513 2009. Media queries should be directed to Trevor.Rowe@wfp.org, telephone +39 06 6513 2602. The address of WFP is Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome, Italy.

A) Middle East and Central Asia: (1) Iraq, (2) Iran, (3) Afghanistan

1) Iraq

(a) Public Distribution System (PDS) distributions all over the country are progressing well as the distribution cycle enters its third week. No major problems have been reported by WFP sub-offices facilitating and monitoring the distribution process. Cooperation with the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) and the Ministry of Trade (MOT), which is the main coordinating body for the PDS, continues to improve. Tri-partite meetings take place twice a week to discuss and find solutions for any problems that may arise. The main challenge continues to be related to security for warehouses and silos. In Baghdad ongoing unrest and theft at Al Hurriya warehouse meant that WFP was forced to temporarily withdraw its presence until the situation can be stabilised. The CPA is working with WFP to resolve this issue with the Coalition Forces (military).

(b) Following wheat-flour distributions earlier in the distribution cycle, other commodities, such as vegetable oil and pulses, have now been included in the June PDS basket and have been released to food agents for further distribution to beneficiaries. Preliminary PDS monitoring in the lower South and central/southern governorates indicate that food agents charge additional fees from beneficiaries in order to cover higher transportation and loading/off-loading fees. WFP is monitoring this issue and keeps MOT informed. A clearer picture of the problem will be available once the monitoring cycle is complete and findings are analysed. The logistics operation and dispatch of commodities from the five neighbouring countries continues to proceed smoothly. As at Wednesday 18 June, total dispatches amounted to 418,262 tons of food and the total amount dispatched since the beginning of the operation in May stands at 902,045 tons. The transfer of ownership for PDS commodities from WFP to MOT continued during the week. Following Ninewa and Tameem, the hand-over has now been completed in the central-southern governorates of Babel, Kerbala, Najaf, Qadissiya and Wassit. In Baghdad, Anbar and Diyala, WFP finalized the hand-over of stocks to MOT on 15 June. During the past week, twelve hospitals in Baghdad received WFP food aid through implementing partners.

(c) WFP took part in an inter-agency mission to the lower southern governorate of Missan this week to review the situation of the Marsh Arabs. Preliminary findings include the recommendation that MOT address the issue of transportation costs for food agents (FA) and beneficiaries for this group of people. This is particularly important for the Marshlands as the distance to the nearest collection point of food for both, food agents and beneficiaries, is far. It is understood that some 50 per cent of Marsh Arabs are obliged to sell part of the PDS food to generate enough money to cover the ration fees of Iraqi Dinars 250 per person per month. In light of this, procurement of locally produced grain is very important, as agriculture is the only employment and income-generating activity for Marsh Arabs.

(d) This week, WFP chaired the first bi-weekly NGO-UN Food Sector Coordination meeting in Baghdad, which was attended by CARE International, Premiere Urgence, and Enfants du Monde. This is a particularly important forum for exchange of information and coordination of activities and resources with a view to assisting vulnerable groups. The meeting was also attended by a WFP Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping (VAM) expert, who explained WFP's planned VAM study, which is scheduled to take place in July/August. It is anticipated that WFP will work closely with, and draw on the experience of the NGO's for the survey.

2) Iran

(a) Tehran remains in Security Phase I, with the seven border areas with Iraq and Afghanistan remaining in Security Phase II, despite countrywide unrest in the previous week. WFP is working on setting up an internal movement tracking system of all international and national staff and WFP staff have been undergoing additional security training.

(b) From 13 to 19 June, 5,949 tons of food was dispatched to Iraq, bringing the total quantity of food to have been dispatched to various Iraqi destinations since the beginning of trans-border operations on 16 April to 41,397 tons. Dispatch of Oil for Food Programme (OFFP) commodities into Iraq has been continuing, with the remaining 5,260 tons of rice from one of the vessels to be fully dispatched by 22 June. WFP is dispatching its last quantities of food aid from BIK port to Iraq, as BIK port office is planned to close by early July.

(c) From 13 to 19 June, 5,444 Afghan refugees repatriated mostly through the Dogharoun border point, bringing the total number of refugees to have repatriated through Dogharoun and Milak since the beginning of the operation on 09 April 2002 to 466,966.

3) Afghanistan

(a) In the southern part of the country, fighting took place in and around Spin Boldak, Kandahar province. Attacks against the international assistance community were reported in Hilmand and Kandahar provinces. All road missions in the south are suspended until further notice due to the lack of escort vehicles.

(b) From 12 to 18 June, 344,978 beneficiaries in Fayz Abad, Mazari Sharif, Kabul, Kandahar and Hirat received 2,025 tons of food through various WFP projects, including Food For Work, Food for Asset Creation, Food For Education, Relief and Resettlement of IDPs and Refugees, Urban Vulnerable Bakeries and Supplementary and Institutional feeding projects.

(c) WFP met with NGO partners in Fayz Abad to discuss issues of concern, including the shortage of labour due to the poppy harvest and the high wages in the labour market. The Ministry of Education and WFP signed a Letter of Understanding on the second stage of the countrywide Argos pilot project beginning in July, in which WFP will train Government counterparts, implementing partners and concerned WFP staff in the functions of the school feeding monitoring devices and their appropriate installation at project schools throughout the country to ensure the collection of school feeding data. The Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) expressed its willingness to participate in monitoring and evaluation of WFP-supported activities implemented in Nangarhar province. A food security meeting was held in the Department of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (DRRD) office in Hirat during which WFP activities and the quantity of food programmed in the area were discussed. DRRD, WFP and other UN agencies are continuing to seek long-term solutions for the IDPs remaining in camps in Hirat.

B) East and Central Africa: (1) Republic of Congo, (2) DR Congo, (3) Burundi, (4) Uganda, (5) Tanzania, (6) Eritrea, (7) Ethiopia, (8) Somalia

1) Republic of Congo

(a) An Inter-Agency Assessment Mission for the Return of IDPs from Pool region was carried out. The purpose of the mission was to evaluate the feasibility of joint and coordinated humanitarian intervention, in order to support the return of the IDPs from the Pool region to their places of origin. This was the first time that access was granted in the region since March 2002. According to the preliminary mission findings, the very high level of destruction in villages, combined with massive displacements of population, lack of work in fields for more than a year and the uncertain security situation will seriously complicate the return of the displaced population and the resumption of normal life in the region. In this context, WFP plans to facilitate the return of the displaced population to their villages with the distribution of "return kits" to targeted groups. Rehabilitation of destroyed infrastructure will be supported through food for work activities. Vulnerable groups and the malnourished people will be assisted through targeted distributions and supplementary feeding together with the International Committee of the Red Cross and Médecins Sans Frontières.

2) DR Congo

(a) On 12 June, a delegation of Ambassadors from the 15 Member States of the UN Security Council fielded a mission to Bunia, where the deployment of 1,500 soldiers from the Multi-national Interposition Forces is expected to be effective by mid-July. The prevailing insecurity in the eastern part of the country continues to hamper the humanitarian access and beneficiaries right to food. Armed solders killed two WFP assisted beneficiaries who refused to share their rations with the soldiers. WFP had to suspend the delivery of 240 tons of food commodities to Kitutu, in Mwenga territory, due to heavy fighting between the combating forces. The northern part of North Kivu province was affected by violent confrontations between the armed groups. Massive displacements of populations between Kanyabayonga, Kayna and Krumba were reported. As a result of the lack of access, WFP was not able to carry out planned needs assessments. According to the specialist from Goma Volcanological Observatory, the Nyiragongo Volcano poses a serious threat to the populations living nearby in respect to food security and the availability of drinking water. The alert level remained yellow.

(b) During the week, WFP distributed 652 tons of food to 58,944 beneficiaries. Due to shortfalls of sugar and corn-soya blend, the two major commodities for the implementation of nutritional activities are currently missing from WFP's food basket. Overall, the pipeline remains a cause of concern. Repatriation of the first set of Angolan refugees encamped in Bas-Congo and Katanga province is due to start on 20 June.

3) Burundi

(a) The UN Security Council delegation visited Burundi and met with different political authorities and fighting factions to discuss the progress of the peace process in the Great Lakes region and in Burundi in particular. In Dar-Es-Salaam, the delegation met with the fighting wing of FDD to persuade it to join the Arusha peace process underway in Burundi. A government delegation left Bujumbura for Dar-Es-Salaam where a session of talks with FDD was expected to take place. However, it has been reported that the real talks were not held but rather some preliminary consultations to facilitate the meeting of both delegates were organized. Insecurity and looting on roads and in households continued in different provinces. Attacks and skirmishes between the army and the rebel movements were reported in Gitega, Muramvya, Mwaro, Bujumbura Rural and Kayanza provinces while acts of robbery were reported in Bubanza and Bujumbura Rural provinces. One ambush was reported in Makamba province. During last week, 13 bombs were launched on Cankuzo province slightly injuring on person and leaving a house damaged.

(b) During the week WFP distributed 1,336 tons of food, including 1,033 tons of targeted rations to 63,450 persons in Bujumbura Rural, Karusi, Makamba and Ruyigi provinces, 122 tons of food to social centres with HIV/AIDS victims, 56 tons to Food For Work projects, 73 tons for nutritional and hospital feeding and 52 tons to returnees.

4) Uganda

(a) In northern Uganda, WFP food aid distribution continued, albeit amidst extremely heightened insecurity. WFP was with heavy military escort able to distribute 1,532 tons of food to displaced persons in six IDP camps. On 17 June, Lord's Resistance Army rebels attacked Anaka IDP camp, killed and abducted civilians, and burned over 380 houses, further traumatizing the displaced population. The civilian population throughout the northern districts continues to be physically assaulted, tortured and maimed. In another incident, LRA rebels attacked Katakwi District in northeastern Uganda on 15 June. The rebels killed and abducted civilians, torched over 100 houses and looted property. The recent LRA rebel attacks, coupled with seasonal Karimojong cattle raids, have left over 80,000 people displaced in 58 IDP camps in the District.

(b) Due to the deteriorating humanitarian conditions within IDP camps in Katakwi District, WFP conducted a rapid assessment mission from 16 to 20 June. The objectives of the mission were to explore the differences between IDP camps; establish the degree of access to agricultural land; assess the acreage cultivated and proximity of fields; establish current food consumption and analyse the food gaps and requirements. A joint mission was also conducted, including the Government of Uganda donors and UN agencies for the relocation of the 16,000 former Achol-Pii refugees to Arua and Yumbe Districts in northeastern Uganda. The mission recommended that basic infrastructure should be put in place first and that the relocation should take place after consultations with the refugees and after addressing some of the security and transport issues.

5) Tanzania

Note: Please refer to the Southern Africa section of the Emergency Report.

6) Eritrea

(a) The drought situation in Eritrea continues to have serious consequences throughout the country. Adequate water sources are becoming increasingly scarce, with rural populations forced to travel long distances in search of available water points. In the Gash Barka region, residents of the former Shelab IDP camp have recently been relocated to the village of Gerenfit. This influx of 10,000 new people into the community has placed severe strain on the already scarce water supply. Reports have also been received from the Debub, Anseba and Northern Red Sea regions indicating that water tables are exceptionally low for this time of the year.

(b) Parts of the country are preparing agricultural land in anticipation of the Azmera (short) rains. The rains should have commenced in April, but so far the amount received has been well below average. In the Anseba region, the Ministry of Agriculture reported that it has distributed seeds to local farmers, but that little planting has taken place due to the lack of rainfall. The Ministry also noted that the lack of fodder over the past months has left farm animals emaciated, resulting in them being too weak to effectively undertake agricultural work.

(c) WFP continues to provide rations to some 850,000 drought and war affected beneficiaries. This represents 61 percent of the planned figure; the gap is due to a lack of available resources. WFP now has pledges for 123,239 tons (49 percent) of the commodities needed for its 2003 operations in Eritrea. However, it still faces a food shortfall of 136,000 tons. Pipeline breaks are already predicted for as early as July, and could last until August or September 2003. Additional resources and timely delivery of the pledged commodities are of critical importance.

7) Ethiopia

(a) Responding to the severe drought in Ethiopia and Eritrea, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan on 18 June named former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari as his Special Envoy for the humanitarian crisis in the Horn of Africa. Mr. Ahtisaari -who has also served as a Special Representative to Namibia and the former Yugoslavia - previously served as Under-Secretary General for Administration and Management.

(b) The government-led Belg (short season) Needs Assessment will start on 22 June, with the participation of WFP, other UN agencies, NGOs and donors. The main focus of this seasonal exercise is to analyse the food security situation in areas, which are dependent on Belg season crops, harvested by August. The state of long-cycle crops planted earlier in the year will also be looked at. The fourteen assessment teams will also report on the state of land preparation and planting of Meher (main season) crops, which depend on the current rainy season (the Kiremt rains). A mixed picture for the Belg crops is expected to result in additional needs among some of the Belg-dependent farming population.

(c) The UN Country Team has opened a support office in Awasa, the capital of the badly hit Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region. Coordination meetings on SNNPR continue in the Region and at the federal level. With the encouragement of the federal Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Commission, NGOs are expanding their operations, taking over further responsibilities for general food distributions in Wolayita and Sidama zones of the Region. Some 52 percent of the food deliveries in SNNPR are already handled by NGOs, who also operate targeted supplementary food distributions at several locations, and most of the fifteen therapeutic feeding centres currently assisting some 1,050 children in the Region. Further nutritional surveys are taking place, and Therapeutic Feeding Centres and targeted supplementary food distributions will be put in place, as required, based on the findings of these surveys. It is hoped that wider involvement by NGOs will help to improve targeting of food aid among the communities.

(d) Grain food aid deliveries to all targeted districts in SNNPR have been regular and more or less timely since March this year. Some of the most seriously affected woredas have received the May allocation on the basis of 15 kg of cereal per person per month. Deliveries of supplementary food in the months of March and April heavily focused on the most severely affected woredas of Guraghe, Silti, Sidama and Wolayta zones. In May, however, the coverage significantly increased and most of the affected woredas received supplementary food. Vegetable oil dispatches started towards the end of May and beginning of June to woredas of Wolayta and Sidama zones.

(e) Countrywide food aid deliveries in May totalled 153,200 tons distributed to just over 11 million beneficiaries, 54 percent of which were covered by NGOs.

8) Somalia

(a) The security situation remained fluid in Somalia following the recent inter-factional fighting that led to the death of 20 people in Middle-Shabelle Region in Southern Somalia. The fighting was a breach of the cease-fire agreement reached in October last year by Somali Parties participating in the peace conference currently going on in Nairobi, Kenya. Other areas remained relatively calm.

(b) Malnutrition amongst children and women remains a major challenge in several parts of Somalia. WFP continues to support Supplementary Feeding Programmes alongside other partners, to improve the nutritional levels of the vulnerable groups. A recent assessment indicates that over 80 percent of those attending the supplementary feeding programme at Belet-Weyne town in South Somali were residents of the poorer parts of the town. The causes of malnutrition were related to illnesses such as diarrhoea, malaria, bronchitis and tuberculosis. Difficulties in accessing adequate food also contributed to the high levels of malnutrition in female-headed households.

(c) WFP is negotiating with authorities in the Northwest region of Somalia where it intends to launch a school-feeding programme. The education system in much of Somalia has been left in serious disarray after over a decade of civil war leading to low enrolment levels over the years. The first phase of the WFP school feeding programme targets 23 schools in West Galbeed, Awdal and Sahil Districts and intends to reach about 4,456 school going children, including 3,324 boys and 1,132 girls. The schools targeted are mainly in the rural pastoral and agricultural zones where enrolment is highly affected by the large distances from home to school, greater domestic workloads on family farms and seasonal migration during the dry seasons. A total of 134 tons of food will be distributed to the 23 schools. WFP will also spend about USD 44,579 to cover infrastructure costs such as the construction of kitchens and eating areas.

(d) In the month of May, WFP distributed 1,355 tons of food, of which 24 tons was for relief food aid, 454 tons was distributed through the social sector support and 877 tons to rehabilitation activities.

C) West Africa: (1) Regional, (2) Côte d'Ivoire, (3) Sierra Leone, (4) Guinea, (5) Mauritania

1) Regional

(a) A joint WFP/UNHCR assessment mission took place from 09 to 19 June in Guinea and Sierra Leone (Liberia field visit had to be cancelled), aiming at reviewing food aid strategies and level of food assistance in the West Africa Coastal region. The conclusions of the mission will be used as the basis for the year 2004 food aid assistance and related refugee and IDP programmes in the region.

2) Côte d'Ivoire

(a) WFP has continued distributing food to the new refugee caseloads through Caritas in southwestern areas. The WFP has carried out distribution to some 381Guineans still waiting for repatriation. The total number of beneficiaries assisted since the beginning of the new influx of Liberians is 9,744. So far 6 of the 8 accessible entry points have been served and 42 percent of the beneficiaries have received food distributions. WFP also distributed 212,5 kg of High Energy Biscuits to 425 Third country Nationals who were to be repatriated by IOM.

(b) From 12 to 18 June, WFP completed food distributions in all primary schools benefiting some 11,000 children. A FAO/WFP food security assessment mission visited Man on 13 and 14 June and held meetings with community leaders. WFP is planning food distributions to 52,000 IDPs in the western areas. Logistics problems, including insufficient trucks available, led to a slow-down in food movements out of Yamoussoukro to Man. As a result the under-five feeding programme in Man implemented by Action Contre la Faim (ACF) was on hold for over a week and food distributions to IDPs in Danane and Man were delayed. The problems have now been resolved and food movements continue with reinforced logistics capacity to meet increased needs.

(c) UNHCR assessed the refugee population at the NICLA refugee camp outside the town of Guiglo to number some 4,575 people. During the week, WFP distributed food for the month of June to 4,578 people. In Bouaké, WFP and implementing partners continued distributions this week to some 34,900 beneficiaries. For security reasons, IDP sites in Sakassou and Béoumi were not served. IDPs supported through Care in rural Bouaké numbers 9,655. WFP Korhogo has been undertaking registrations of food insecure households both in Djedana and Nielle. Agreements have been drafted with 5 different partners. Current caseload in Korhogo is more than 15,000 people.

(d) Schools in areas not affected by the crisis will close at the end of June. However, it has been agreed that the school year in the north and south will be extended until 20 August to allow children to make up for school days missed because of insecurity. School lunch programmes will continue in this period. Only 43 percent of teachers remained in areas affected by conflict and have not received their salaries. They and volunteer teachers are therefore provided with a food incentive by WFP pending the normalization of the situation.

(e) WFP is facing a break in the pipeline for pulses. This will negatively affect general food distributions to IDPs in the western part of the country.

3) Sierra Leone

(a) The recent unstable security situation in Liberia, despite the ongoing peace talks in Accra, Ghana, has triggered influxes of both refugees and combatants into Sierra Leone border towns, particularly through the Zimmi and Kailahun axes. One influx of Liberian refugees into northern Kailahun began on 13 June. Several hundred people, mostly women and children, were transferred from the bush areas to the Kailahun way station, where they received wet feeding and accommodation.

(b) Countrywide, WFP supported a total of 154,555 beneficiaries with 1,785 tons of food from 02 to 15 June. WFP continued to provide food support to returnees at the Kailahun way station. Also, 1,832 returnees from Guinea received a two-months resettlement ration amounting to 27.81 tons of food. Pre-positioning of food items in various refugee camps commenced during the first week of June. The monthly distribution began in the second week for the eight WFP-supported camps and was expected to provide over 830 tons of assorted food commodities for approximately 48,000 Liberians. Preparations also began for WFP to provide the second two-month food ration supply to those Sierra Leoneans who repatriated during the month of April. The majority of the 13,000 Sierra Leonean returnees, returned to WFP operational areas in Kailahun District.

4) Guinea

(a) The security situation was reported as generally calm in Kankan, N'Zérékoré, Labé and Kissidougou. Repatriation of Sierra Leoneans from Kissidougou came to a halt last week as a result of a funding shortfall for GTZ, which manages the logistics of the operation. UNHCR plans to use the disruption as an opportunity to step up its relocation of refugees from Kouankan to the Albadariah camps, with three convoys per week. The relocation of Kouankan continues, with 2,400 Liberian refugees relocated to the Albadariah camps. Since the operation began on 09 May, 4,066 Liberian refugees have been relocated. UNHCR and its partners plan to reinforce its operations to relocate 1,500 people per week.

(b) In the Lainé and Kola camps, 25,138 refugees received 419 tons of food through WFP's general distribution. 1,324 new arrivals in Lainé and Nonah were also provided more than 6 tons of food. In Kissidougou, 15,426 refugees in Boréah, Télikoro and Madina received monthly rations totalling 160 tons of food. WFP Kissidougou's partners also distributed 21 tons of rations to 2,470 new arrivals in these camps.

5) Mauritania

(a) Free food distributions, subsidized sales and associated measures have curtailed the downward trend of many countrywide nutritional indicators. However, household food security remains poor. Surveys indicate that severe malnutrition rates remain well above the 10 percent alarm threshold in vulnerable areas. According to Medecins Sans Frontieres, acute malnutrition is reappearing in Guidimakha prefecture despite WFP food assistance there in early 2003. WFP partners report that cattle in the hard-hit Aftout region are in such poor shape that they have little market value. This implies that the sale of livestock, a key coping mechanism for vulnerable households, may no longer be a viable survival strategy. Many of these weakened animals will die from exposure as the rainy season starts. The first significant rains have occurred in the Southeastern corner of Mauritania. The agricultural campaign may be difficult for lack of seed and other farm inputs.

(b) A combined tranche of distributions of the last EMOP 10147 commodities of 3,000 tons and the first EMOP 10249 stocks of 9,500 tons started in late May and will continue for the rest of June. The ongoing tranche of distributions is intended to reach all 420,000 planned EMOP beneficiaries. Targeted households are to receive a 2-month ration. In light of the hardship-induced migration of beneficiaries and even entire villages, the total number for the operation might be higher, as new beneficiaries are identified in subsequent food distributions. The operation is suffering from serious shortfalls in vegetable oil and wheat soya blend. It is likely that future distributions may go forward without those essential commodities.

D) Southern Africa: (1) Madagascar, (2) Lesotho, (3) Swaziland, (4) Mozambique, (5) Tanzania, (6) Malawi, (7) Zimbabwe, (8) Zambia, (9) Angola, (10) Namibia

1) Madagascar

(a) WFP has extended its emergency operation for food aid in Madagascar until the end of 2003 due to the country's prevailing drought and recent cyclones that destroyed large tracts of infrastructure and affected thousands of people. In addition, the emergency operation, which was designed to help stabilize communities adversely affected by last year's cyclone season and drought, has not been fully funded.

(b) In the south of the country, consequences of the worst drought in ten years are still prevailing. There has not been a normal harvest in the past two years and the number of severely malnourished children arriving at government-run nutrition centres in the south has increased. In southern Androy region, cactus fruits, typically eaten as a last resort, are now exhausted. Harvesting of sweet potatoes is now underway, however the lack of rain and recent strong winds are expected to adversely impact maize harvests next month, and any reserve stocks of sweet potatoes could be quickly eroded.

(c) The most recent cyclone to hit the country, tropical storm 'Manou' killed more than 70 people in May, severed roads and bridges and caused extensive damage to agricultural land. Southern Madagascar has experienced a chronic food deficit since the major drought of 1992. The country is wrecked by chronic poverty, with most of the population living on less than one USD a day.

2) Lesotho

(a) From 03 to 10 June, WFP distributed 1,787 tons of food to 115,347 people in collaboration with implementing partners. During the period the weather was partly cloudy and very cold with frost overnight. Temperatures as low as minus 3 degrees Celsius have been reported in the mornings.

3) Swaziland

(a) From 10 to 16 June, WFP distributed 429 tons of food to 28,015 people. Following a severe water shortage, resulting from the ongoing dry spell in the Lowveld, the Swaziland Red Cross Society supplied 285 households from Mafucula community with 5,000 litres of water for household consumption. According to WFP Food Aid Monitor sources, a lack of school funds is keeping children from school in the Lowveld area. At Tsambokhulu Primary school 54 children are reported to have dropped out of school due to a lack of funds to pay fees. This represents 14 percent of the total enrolment.

4) Mozambique

(a) Significant decreases in maize prices are being reported from Quelimane, provincial capital of maize-surplus producing Zambezi Province. Maize prices dropped approximately 35 percent between March and June this year. Nationally, maize prices in the north are below their levels of last year. In the southern markets maize is only available at prices significantly higher than in the north. High transportation costs involved with moving the maize from the North to the South, coupled with reduced export opportunities, due to improved cereal harvests in neighbouring Zambia and Malawi, result in larger stocks in the northern and central regions, compared to last year.

(b) From 10 to 16 June, WFP and implementing partners distributed 4,051 tons of food to beneficiaries.

5) Tanzania

(a) A two-week WFP general food distribution was carried out in all refugee camps from 02 to 15 June. Cereal rations will be reinstated at 100

percent beginning in July. The message on the change in cereal rations will be delivered to the refugee leaders in a special meeting to be organized by WFP and UNHCR during the coming week.

(b) The second phase of the Food for Training programme ended on 31 May. The end of project evaluation indicated a 54 percent increase in enrolment. The number of girls attending increased by 69 percent due to the continuation of the programme and further community education on the importance of educating both girls and boys. It has been recommended that the project be extended for one year with the possibility of extending similar assistance to other folk development colleges.

6) Malawi

(a) From 12 to 18 June, WFP distributed 742 tons of food in collaboration with implementing partners. WFP and C-SAFE will jointly implement the Community Household Surveillance system. WFP will conduct interviews in 49 villages in the northern and southern regions and C-SAFE will work in selected villages in the central region.

7) Zimbabwe

(a) The annual inflation rate rose to 300 percent during May, compared to 269 percent in April. The figures were released this week by the Government and take into account across-the-board price increases as a result of the 210 percent fuel increase in mid-April. Despite the harvest, food insecurity continues in parts of Midlands Province. District authorities in Kwekwe report they receive an average of ten people at their office each day begging for food. Grain Marketing Board (GMB) depots have scant supplies, often delivering about 30 tons of food every other two or three months for one ward with thousands of people. For those with cash, food availability also remains problematic, as almost nothing is available through formal retail channels. People are relying on the parallel market where prices are up to three times higher. In drought-struck Matabeleland, the food security situation remains precarious. Villagers in Hwange District are eating Tende, a wild plant known to cause joint problems. In Simanginai, some adults and children were eating raw corn-soya blend soon after distributions. The GMB is unable to distribute its limited supply of food to the rural areas due to transportation problems. The food security situation in Mashonaland West Province is worsening and the incidence of malnutrition is rising, according to figures from the provincial hospital. The majority of farm workers in Makonde District are in need of assistance, as they were not allocated land when the farms they were working on were resettled. In Manicaland Province, coping mechanisms have gradually shifted from a reduction of meals to begging. GMB depots in some parts of the province have supplies of white maize, but the recent price increase has put the commodity out of reach for the poor. Incidences of fish poaching in dam areas have escalated.

(b) From 01 to 17 June, WFP and implementing partners distributed 4,876 tons of food to 387,942 people. Beneficiaries include 4,760 malnourished children below the age of five receiving food rations at clinics in Harare and Bulawayo cities. The urban supplementary feeding programme for under-five children is progressing well and has been expanded to cover three additional clinics. The majority of children referred for supplementary feeding at the clinics are orphans left in the care of elderly grandparents. Food distributions are ongoing in all six districts of Masvingo Province, where WFP is covering 59 wards and targeting 234,362 beneficiaries this month. The GMB has stocks of yellow maize in Zaka, Chivi and Bikita Districts, but has recently increased grain retail prices five-fold. The GMB has no stocks in Mwenezi and Masvingo Districts.

(c) WFP held a two-day workshop with implementing partners to discuss planned activities under the new WFP emergency operation. The discussions focused on programming, targeting and an evaluation of operational procedures. Participants highlighted the need for increased monitoring to avoid possible political interference in the distribution process. A HIV/AIDS presentation was given, as the new EMOP will pay increased attention to this aspect of the crisis in Zimbabwe.

8) Zambia

(a) As reflected in the FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission report, the recent harvest has improved the food security situation. However, small pockets of food vulnerability remain in certain districts and continued food assistance, monitoring and contingency planning will be necessary. Districts, which will continue to require food assistance, are Chama, Itezi-Itezi, Kazungula, Luangwa, Monze and Sinazongwe. Districts, which will require monitoring and contingency planning are Gwembe, Kalabo, Shangombo and Zambezi.

(b) From 12 to 18 June, WFP and implementing partners distributed 1,369 tons of food to beneficiaries. A WFP/Ministry of Education pilot school-feeding programme will commence on 01 July in 30 schools in three districts. A total of 8,694 children will receive nourishing mid-morning snacks. As an additional incentive for girls and vulnerable children, a monthly take home ration of 4.5 litres of vegetable oil will be given to those pupils who have attended a minimum of 20 days during the month.

9) Angola

(a) In Moxico Province, the road between Cazombo and the Zambian border, which was closed to all UN personnel last week following the discovery of an anti-tank landmine, was re-opened following an assessment of the road by the humanitarian demining NGO Mine Advisory Group. WFP has pre-positioned over 320 tons of food in Cazombo and Luau for the organised repatriation, and 170 tons in Lumbala N'Guimbo in case of spontaneous returnees. In total, in Moxico Province, WFP has pre-positioned food for an estimated 6,500 returnees. In Bie Province, approximately 34,000 IDPs in Kuito and Camacupa were phased out of general food assistance based on results of the food vulnerability assessment finalised in May. The people were assisted for two harvest seasons and have developed separate coping mechanisms. Based on vulnerability indicators, in Cunje commune, emergency food assistance for 7,200 returnees in remote areas has been phased out after three months of food assistance. Monitoring of the nutritional situation will continue through nutritional screening.

(b) In Benguela Province, the preliminary results of a nutritional screening exercise of almost 200 children in Elongo (Balombo Municipality), undertaken during a joint WFP, Ministry of Social Affairs and Reintegration and German Agro Action returnee registration mission, reveal that children are in poor health and at risk of malnutrition. Most of the children surveyed are suffering from scabies, intestinal parasites, whopping cough and malaria. The malnourished are receiving supplementary feeding rations through mobile teams supported by WFP. In Bengo Province, the NGO Instituto Portugues de Medicina preventive (IPMP) reported that Caculo Cahango area (Caquengue commune) has approximately 8,000 vulnerable people at risk of food insecurity. The situation is reported critical and warrants urgent humanitarian intervention. Due to poor road conditions, access to the area was not possible in the rainy season. WFP is planning a food security assessment to identify the vulnerable and determine what form of food assistance may be needed. In Huila Province, WFP, Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and the local government administration registered 18,820 internal returnees in Chicomba Municipality from 11 to 18 June. This brings the total number of people being assisted by WFP through NRC to 29,000 in the municipality.

10) Namibia

(a) The monthly WFP food distributions for June to 19,800 refugees in Osire refugee camp were completed. UNHCR has reported that the first pilot repatriation of around 150 Angolan refugees from Namibia is now scheduled for 01 July. As per WFP's agreement with UNHCR, WFP will provide food to UNHCR's implementing partners for distribution to the refugees in transit, both in Namibia and upon their arrival in Angola.

E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea

1) DPR Korea

(a) Heavy rains in Rakwon County, South Hamgyong province, destroyed infrastructure, crops and houses on 15 June, when more than 90 mm of rain fell in one half hour. As reported by provincial authorities, 5 bridges, portions of a main road, water pipes, electric poles and 137 hectares of planted fields were damaged, while 230 families were affected due to damage to their houses. On request from the provincial Flood Damage Rehabilitation Committee (FDRC), WFP visited the county to assess the damage and food needs for the affected families. The WFP response is now being formulated. Reports have been received of similar damage in Kowan County.

(b) Almost 3 million beneficiaries will not receive cereal distributions in July due to the delay in the arrival of the recent maize contribution of 100,000 tons. This distribution gap will affect children in nurseries, kindergartens and primary schools, pregnant and nursing women, the elderly and caregivers in child institutions in most provinces. Children in orphanages and paediatric hospitals across the country will be covered during July. The second 50 percent instalment for Food For Work projects completed in the spring will also be delayed.

(c) Pipeline shortfalls of about 84,000 tons are projected for the remainder of the year. Expected arrivals include afore mentioned 100,000 tons maize, 11,000 tons of rice and 40,500 tons of wheat. Commodities yet to be resourced to avoid pipeline breaks include 63,000 tons of cereals, 7,000 tons of pulses, 7,000 tons of corn-soya milk, 3,000 tons of sugar and 3,000 tons of oil.

F) Latin America and the Caribbean: (1) Nicaragua, (2) Guatemala

1) Nicaragua

(a) The first delivery of food assistance under PRRO 10212.0: "Targeted food assistance for persons affected by shocks and the recovery of livelihoods" took place during the first week of June. Some 59 tons of food was delivered through 20 health units of the municipalities of Matagalpa, San Ramon, El Tuma-La Dalia and Rancho Grande. Food rations included maize, beans, corn-soya blend and vegetable oil. A total of 2,996 expectant and nursing women and 2,511 boys and girls between the ages of 6 months and 2 years received 30-day rations and in a nutritional recovery centre 60 days rations were distributed to children below the age of 5. This food assistance is being complemented with training to women on topics related to nutrition, hygiene, breast-feeding and reproductive health. WFP is working in joint coordination with the Ministry of Health and UNICEF, which provides the technical assistance.

(b) WFP opened a sub-office and warehouse in Matagalpa in order to more efficiently respond to the deteriorating nutritional situation of the most vulnerable groups in this Department.

2) Guatemala

(a) On the night of 13 to 14 June, a landslide was reported in the area of San Lucas Tolimán. No injuries or casualties have been reported, but there were material damages. On 15 June, six tremors with magnitudes between 1 and 4 degrees on the Richter scale were felt in Guatemala. The epicentre was located in Retalhuleu, near Guatemala City. There are no reports of material damage or injuries. Also, heavy rains during the weekend caused several accidents, tree falls, and floods in the interior and some areas of the capital. It was reported that floods and tree falls obstructed access to the municipalities of Quetzaltenango, Suchitepéquez, and San Marcos. Heavy rains and weak tremors are expected to continue for the next days.

(b) On 12 June, a truck with 25 tons of beans for PRRO 10212.0 was assaulted on its way from the port to the warehouse in Chimaltenango. The truck was found empty the following day. Action is being taken to follow up on the incident, including follow-up on the police report and on reimbursement.

G) Eastern Europe and the Caucasus: (1) Russian Federation

1) Russian Federation

(a) The security situation in Chechnya continues to be tense. Since the beginning of June, there have been 49 fatalities (civilian and military) in several attacks by rebel forces, including suicide attacks, landmine explosions and an ambush on a government convoy. The military has carried out sweep operations and bombing raids. Amnesty was approved for rebels who gave-up their weapons and renounced armed separatism. Due to security issues, UN agencies have very limited access to Chechnya.

(b) The escalation of violence in Chechnya continues to adversely affect the return of IDPs to Chechnya. According to Vesta/UNHCR, 157 IDPs returned to Chechnya during the first half of June. Danish Refugee Council (DRC) registered 87,246 IDPs in Ingushetia. There are 138,562 WFP beneficiaries in targeted areas of Chechnya. The total distribution in Ingushetia and Chechnya during the first half of June was 1800 tons of food. Due to summer vacations, School Feeding has been temporarily suspended.

(c) WFP has resumed the distribution of the full basic food basket for relief distribution in Chechnya and Ingushetia, including 10 kg wheat flour, 1 litre vegetable oil, 0.6 kg sugar and 0.15 kg iodized salt. 1515 tons edible oil and 537 tons white sugar were delivered and 700 tons sugar, 589 tons edible oil and 559 tons rice have been dispatched for Nazran. Some 754 tons of sugar is undergoing customs clearance.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons.

(End WFP Emergency Report No 25).