Afghanistan + 28 more

WFP Emergency Report No. 2 of 2005

Situation Report
Originally published

(A) Highlights

(B) Middle East,Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan

(C) East & Central Africa: (1) Burundi (2) Djibouti (3) Eritrea (4) Ethiopia (5) Kenya (6) Rwanda (7) Somalia (8) Sudan (9) Tanzania (10) Uganda

(D) West Africa: (1) Chad (2) Cote d'Ivoire (3) Guinea (4) Liberia

(E) Southern Africa: (1) Regional (2) Angola (3) Malawi (4) Mozambique (5) Namibia (6) Swaziland (7) Zimbabwe

(F) Asia: (1) Regional: Asia Tsunami (2) Indonesia (3) Korea (DPR) (4) Maldives (5) Myanmar (6) Sri Lanka (7) Thailand

(G) Latin America and Caribbean: (1) Bolivia (2) Colombia (3) Cuba (4) Guatemala (5) Haiti (6) Nicaragua (7) Peru

(A) Highlights

(a) WFP is providing food aid to 1,076,220 tsunami affected people. On 14 January, the Programme had delivered 10,553 tons of food.

(b) In Indonesia, WFP now provides food for at least 300,000 people in all affected areas of Aceh province.

(c) In Sri Lanka, WFP has dispatched more than 6,500 tons of food since the tsunami crisis struck. This quantity is enough to feed some 750,000 people. WFP’s Executive Director will arrive in the country on 15 January and will visit distribution sites in Kilinochchi (north) and Galle (south).

(d) In Somalia, WFP has distributed more than 300 tons of food commodities to some 21,000 beneficiaries affected by the tsunami.

(e) WFP is providing high protein biscuits to over 16,000 new refugees that have crossed from DRC into western Uganda since 11 January.

(f) With the Southern Sudan Peace Agreement signed, WFP appealed for USD 302 million to support its Emergency Food Assistance to Population Affected by War and Drought. (g) WFP is continuing the provision of food assistance to Kirundo and Muyinga provinces in northern Burundi, both declared as disaster areas by Presidential decree.

(B) Middle East,Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan

(1) Afghanistan

(a) The security situation remained relatively calm throughout most of the country. In Uruzgan, two men attacked the government security forces who were destroying the poppy crop near Dihrawud district. One soldier was killed while the gunmen were severely injured.

(b) From 6 to 12 January, some 468,560 beneficiaries received 2,670 tons of food.

(c) In Mazari Sharif, UN agencies including UNHCR, UNICEF, UN-HABITAT and WFP shared their achievements and lessons learnt during the implementation of the first three phases of the Ogata Initiative with the Government. The Ogata initiative is aimed at supporting the reintegration of the internally displaced persons and returnees into their places of origin.

(d) On 6 January, WFP and its partners in Kandahar discussed alternative income generation and skill development projects for women who work in bakeries that will be phased out completely in March 2005. Partners agreed to support the vulnerable women through vocational training and home-based nurseries in the cities.

(C) East & Central Africa: (1) Burundi (2) Djibouti (3) Eritrea (4) Ethiopia (5) Kenya (6) Rwanda (7) Somalia (8) Sudan (9) Tanzania (10) Uganda

(1) Burundi

(a) Based on the South African model, a Truth and Reconciliation Commission has been officially set up in Burundi. In addition, some of the former armed groups should soon become official political parties.

(b) A Presidential decree declared the Northern provinces of Kirundo and Muyinga ‘disaster areas’, due to the "famine" in these areas. Ambassadors, Donors, Heads of UN agencies and NGOs were called by the Minister of Foreign Affairs on Friday, 7 January 2005 to attend the ceremony announcing the official statement.

(c) In Kirundo province, from January to December 2004, WFP had distributed around 6,900 tons of food commodities to some 927,500 beneficiaries through various WFP activities. From September to December 2004 alone a total of 3,110 tons of food aid was released in this province, representing 45 percent of the total tonnage received during the year. The communes of Busoni, Bugabira and Kirundo, the most affected by food shortages, received more than 65 percent of the food dispatched in the province during the last trimester.

(d) Given the prevailing situation in Kirundo, WFP over the next two months plans to release, in addition to distributions it provides through other programs (nutritional centres, social centres, hospitals, etc), general distributions of 15-day rations, twice per month, in the most affected areas. During the first 15 days of January, some 1,485 tons of food aid will have been distributed to more than 176,000 beneficiaries in Busoni, Bugabira and Kirundo communes. In total, between 3 and 9 January, WFP distributed some 1,080 tons of food aid to over 169,000 beneficiaries in Burundi, through different programme activities.

(e) More targeted assistance is also planned for vulnerable groups, combined with other types of interventions under the Food for Work (FFW) scheme. This will be fine-tuned based on the findings of the joint food and crops assessment mission conducted by FAO/WFP/UNICEF/Ministry of Agriculture (MINAGRI). Lists of beneficiaries are being revised in the whole area together with local administrations, beneficiaries, civil society representatives and churches.

(f) In addition to the before mentioned activities, WFP provided returnee packages. A total of 867 returnees from Tanzania arrived through transit points in Muyinga, Ruyigi and Makamba provinces and received a three-month return package equivalent to 45 tons of food aid. Some 60 returnees also benefited from wet feeding while staying in transit camps.

(g) Stocks in the country remain short as compared to increasing requirements. There is a need to closely monitor the delivery of regional purchases and any food earmarked for Burundi transiting in the region. This will enable WFP to cover the increasing requirements due to the deteriorating food security situation in Northern Burundi. WFP is currently facing shortfalls in pulses.

(2) Djibouti

(a) The majority of pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in Djibouti will be facing a food deficit during the first quarter of 2005. This is due to a decline in animal production; a significant reduction in livestock prices; and an increase in staple food prices, caused by the delay in Karan and Dada rains observed since September last year.

(b) In response to the multi-agency evaluation mission conducted in the five Djibouti districts in November 2004, which recommended emergency food assistance to 3,010 households (15,050 people) severely affected by the rain shortfall, WFP distributed this week about 60 tons of cereals, pulses and vegetable oil to 2,000 families in Obock, 610 families in Dikhil and 400 families in Arta, identified as the most affected population.

WFP food assistance will cover their basic needs for the next three months.

(3) Eritrea

(a) The Bank of Eritrea issued a Legal Notice on “Regulations regarding Foreign Currency Deposit Accounts, Settlement for Domestic Transactions, Currency Remittance and Exchange, […] and Importers” which states that unless the Bank of Eritrea specially authorizes receipt in foreign currency, all transactions in Eritrea shall be settled in Nakfa. Importers (individuals as well as institutions) will be obliged to complete forms prepared by the Bank of Eritrea. Goods for which (such) forms have not been completed shall not be allowed into the country. At the same time, the official exchange rate has been increased from 13.50 to 15.00 ERN per US dollar.

(b) More information has become available on the effects of the severe frost. One hundred eighty five hectares of potatoes, 134 hectares of tomatoes, 55 hectares of lettuce and 26 hectares of sweet green peppers were lost.

(c) WFP field offices reported household food shortages in November due to relief food not being distributed as a result of fuel shortages. December relief distributions have been completed as scheduled, and thus food availability has improved. Beneficiaries have requested a double ration in compensation for the skipped November distribution. (d) Even though the coupon system is still in place for obtaining fuel, the crisis has eased.

Food transporters did not experience difficulties in getting the fuel needed to deliver December rations, and WFP expects January distributions to continue without hindrance. WFP field offices have been supplied with enough fuel to undertake their regular monitoring visits.

(e) The resourcing situation for EMOP 10261.01 has remained unchanged. Commitment coverage stands at USD 29.45 million or approximately 85,000 tons of food commodities. This amount covers about 80 percent of this operation’s total resource requirements. The PRRO commitment coverage increased to approximately USD 27.

Slightly more than 50 percent of its food requirements are now covered.

(4) Ethiopia

(a) Concerns persist for the Afar region where short season Dadaa rains, which normally fall for a short period in November/December, have failed to start and unusual migration of herders and livestock deaths continue. This week, the regional Afar Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau (DPPB) declared an emergency situation as a result of the dry conditions and its impact on livestock and people. About 6,000 tons of cereals, oil and blended food have been allocated to cover emergency needs in the region for January, and dispatches are underway, with 800 tons already moved.

Meanwhile, the regional DPPB is preparing assistance of blankets and ready to eat food for pastoralists who have migrated, while a request has been issued to NGOs for supplementary feeding and provision of medication to the most vulnerable people in the affected areas.

(b) Overall food requirements for Ethiopia in the first quarter of 2005 (January – March) stands at approximately 150,000 tons of cereals, pulses, vegetable oil and blended food combined. Requirements for pulses, oil and blended food are covered for this period by carry over stocks and pledges from 2004, and the operation faces a serious shortfall for cereals with only 40 percent of the commodities covered (so far, only pledges for 46,000 tons of cereals have been received). Cereals can be quickly mobilised through the Emergency Food Security Reserve if new contributions can be confirmed.

(c) The number of beneficiaries in need of emergency food assistance will rise from 2.4 million in January to 2.9 million by the month of March. The number of beneficiaries is expected to reach a peak in May and June 2005, when it is estimated that as many as 3.2 million people will be in need of emergency assistance respectively. In addition, approximately five million people considered chronically food insecure will be covered by the government’s Productive Safety Net Programme, through either cash or food transfers. WFP aims to assist approximately two million of these chronically food insecure people through recovery activities.

(5) Kenya

(a) The security situation in Mandera District has been tense over the past couple of weeks as two clans engaged in revenge attacks that have left 25 people dead thus far, mainly women and children. Although relative calm has returned after intervention by the Provincial Security committee and the area Members of Parliament, food distributions under WFP’s Emergency Operation (EMOP) have been put on hold in the affected areas, but will continue in the rest of the district. In addition, an estimated 13,000 people have been displaced from their homes, some of whom are targeted beneficiaries under the EMOP.

(b) Food security is expected to improve in most pastoral areas but will deteriorate in some marginal agricultural areas. This is due to mixed performance of the 2004/05 short rains; heavy rainfall was received in most pastoral districts, but below normal rainfall was received in the marginal agricultural districts of Eastern, Coastal and Central Provinces. The food security situation, particularly in Kajiado District, which is predominantly pastoral, is of significant concern as it received less than 20 percent of normal rainfall during the entire short-rains season. Reports continue to indicate that pastoralists from the district are migrating to Nairobi and Tanzania, as livestock mortality is high. The onset of the short rains has reportedly increased mortality among livestock, especially goats, in some north eastern districts. Livestock diseases remained a problem in these areas as well. Sustained recovery in pastoral areas will require successive good seasons that would moderate the negative impacts of several poor seasons.

(c) WFP, during the past week, continued to distribute food to over two million drought-affected people in Kenya.

(d) The Kenya Food Security Steering Group is currently conducting multi-sectoral (food and non-food needs) assessments in 20 pastoral and marginal agricultural districts. The joint assessment teams consist of UN agencies (including WFP), Government of Kenya, FEWS net, and NGO participants. Recommendations from the assessments will determine to what extent relief food assistance will still be needed in Kenya after January 2005.

(6) Rwanda

(a) On 11 January 2005, a truck transporting 8 tons of peas to Kiziba camp was involved in an accident, which caused the death of three refugees, destroyed two shelters and wounded 13 refugees, who were immediately transported to Kibuye Hospital. The police are investigating the cause of the accident.

(b) The influx of refugees continues. The total number of Congolese and Burundian refugees now stands at 46,609 including 179 new arrivals. On 10 January 2005 UNHCR reported a total of 1,777 refugees in Nkamira refugee camp. Since last week 114 new arrivals have been registered. On the other hand, a total of 96 refugees voluntarily returned to Congo from Nyagatare camp. WFP was informed by UNHCR that the Ministry of Local Government, Community Development & Social Affairs (MINALOC) is in the process of identifying new sites in Ruhengeri and Kigali Ngali, for the refugees' relocation. UNHCR also informed WFP that plans are underway to relocate 231 refugees from Kigeme to Nyamure camp. In addition, the relocation of 942 refugees from Gikonko camp to Nyamure has started and is scheduled to be completed by 14 January.

(c) UNHCR additionally reported that the 103 refugees at Gihembe camp in Byumba, who were not recognized by the National Council of Refugees, will soon receive ration cards.

(7) Somalia

(a) WFP, under the Tsunami Emergency Operation (EMOP) has distributed over 300 tons of rice, maize, pulses and vegetable oil to some 21,000 identified beneficiaries affected by the tsunami in Somalia.

(b) Some 30,000 people in Somalia are estimated to have been affected by the tsunami and WFP teams are further assessing the coastline. Based on their assessment, food is being dispatched. However, since all most affected areas and places in the northeast of the semi-autonomous State of Puntland (some 500 km of the Indian Ocean coastline from Hafun to the southern town of Gara'ad) have been visited already, the number identified is rising only slowly. The area north of Hafun, a stretch of some 200 km, is being assessed by WFP and only one small place near Hafun seems to be severely affected. Further north the damage by the tsunami is apparently relatively minimal (although there has been substantial damage caused by the flashfloods and mudslides due to the rains of Oct/Nov 2004, and therefore a number of places received or will receive relief assistance under the PRRO). More information on that assessment will be available in a couple of days. The coastal area in the central zone south of Puntland is not accessible at the moment because of the insecurity, especially near Hobyo.

(8) Sudan


(b) The security situation in En Nahud, West Kordofan remains tense with a reported increase in government troops. Main roads out of Nyala, South Darfur to the north and northwest remain closed to the UN due to insecurity. At least three security incidents, involving harassment and looting, were reported during the week.

(c) Training in registration procedures, in collaboration with the International Organization of Migration (IOM), took place in North Darfur. The revised methodology will provide more comprehensive and reliable data on displaced population size, household and individual profiles.

(d) A campaign to immunise nearly six million children against polio in Sudan started on 11 January in Darfur. The UN Resident Coordinator/High Commissioner said that he hoped the days of tranquility for the polio immunization, as well as the recently signed comprehensive peace agreement for south Sudan, would build a momentum towards peace in Darfur.

(e) WFP dispatched a total of around 8,800 tons of food to an estimated 500,700 beneficiaries (based on dispatches), from the three Darfur State capitals to cooperating partners (CP) from 1 to 12 January.

(f) In South Darfur, during the past week, WFP provided high-energy biscuits to almost 4,000 new arrivals in Kalma camp. More than 20,000 new arrivals have entered the camp since the beginning of December 2004, following fighting in Labado locality and areas east of Nyala. In the meantime, World Vision undertook a needs assessment to identify new IDP locations in Rehed El Birdie, Id Elfursan and Shaeria localities. WFP included these new areas of coverage in its operational plan for this month.

(g) In North Darfur, a joint UN/NGO mission, including WFP, visited Taweila to assess the situation with a specific focus on gaps in humanitarian assistance following the withdrawal of Save the Children-UK. WFP and CPs agreed to register the affected population in Gara Farajaweiya following an assessment of this area on 6 January. A joint OCHA/WFP assessment mission visited the areas of Tine, on the border with Chad, and Kornoi, northwest of El Fasher to verify the existence of IDPs and any humanitarian needs in these areas.

(h) In West Darfur over 900 tons of cereals and pulses have been airdropped into Geneina town since the beginning of the month.

(i) Confirmed contributions received to date against the EMOP 10339.1 amount to USD 232,671,321, representing 53 percent of the total requirement. However, cash contributions are urgently required for the purchase of non-cereals, to balance the food basket.


(k) On 9 January, 2005 the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) signed a Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Nairobi, bringing an end to a 21-year civil war. In view of the peace agreement, a representative from the Nuba Mountains Programme Advancing Conflict Transformation (NMPACT) provided WFP with a brief on the Naivasha protocols and implications for South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains.

(l) WFP appealed for USD 302 million to support its emergency operation (EMOP 10048.3) for 3.2 million people affected by the war and drought. WFP is working with NGOs and other partners to develop project proposals for the implementation of its operation.

(m) During the first week of January, over 3,200 tons of food commodities were dispatched from three hubs in El Obeid, Port Sudan and Kosti to Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS) areas in the Northern Sector.

(n) Findings from a joint WFP/Save the Children (SC)-US/Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC)/MEDAIR/Ministry of Health (MOH) nutrition assessment mission in Nuba Mountains were in line with Annual Needs Assessment (ANA) recommendations for food interventions to commence in April. However, the assessment highlighted that immediate intervention is required for sanitation and health.

(o) While in Bahr El Ghazal, the security situation in Wau and surrounding areas was reported to be stable, movement restrictions in the region were reported in Gogrial, imposed by both SPLA and GoS. Unconfirmed reports suggested that internally displaced persons (IDPs) were not allowed to go to their farms. An increase of 12.5 percent in market prices of sorghum was observed during the reporting week. However, there are indications that sorghum prices will drop with trucks arriving to Wau via Raja in the coming week. WFP provided a one-week ration to 174 malnourished children in Wau-town and in IDP camps through its Cooperating Partners.

(p) In Unity State, the nutritional status of the IDPs in Bentiu was reported to be normal during the week. However, sanitation in Bentiu, particularly around residential areas, is extremely poor. Most people drink directly from the river, which could lead to water-borne diseases. Meanwhile, CARE handed over its operations in feeding centres to Action Contre la Faim (ACF), and will remain responsible for operations with pregnant and lactating women and the blind.

(q) In Upper Nile, the security situation in Malakal town and its surroundings remained calm during the past week. Various NGOs will provide relief assistance to 7,000 returnees in Khorpar and 521 IDPs in Melut. WFP, OXFAM and FAO will coordinate logistical aspects for the assistance. No significant change was noted in the nutrition status of children under 5 during the week. Malaria and Kalazar cases have decreased as a result of reduced stagnant water and presence of mosquitoes.

(r) The security situation in Bahr El Jabel was calm during the week. The population of Rejaf East, who were displaced due to an attack by the Lord’s Resistance Army, continues to reside in Juba and Island. Market prices of cereals and groundnuts remained high in Juba town and Torit town during the week. A commercial barge is scheduled to leave next week from Kosti to transport 850 tons of commodities to Juba in order to pre-position food.

(s) Sudan’s EMOP 10048.3 requires a total of some 267,900 tons of food or USD 301,591,414. Confirmed contributions, to date, amount to USD 10,860,428 which represents over 10,700 tons of commodities. The change in ration scales under this EMOP has significantly increased requirements for sugar. Cash contributions are therefore urgently needed to overcome gaps in this commodity. Contributions to this EMOP are required to maintain an adequate level of response during this phase of the operation and to enable pre-positioning of commodities by March, before the onset of the rainy season.

(9) Tanzania

(a) A total of 2,264 refugees returned from Tanzania to Burundi in December 2004. This is a moderate increase compared to 1,652 in November 2004, but is still far below mid-2004 levels which averaged just below 10,000 per month. The slight increase may be related to recent public statements by the Government of Tanzania calling for tighter enforcement of restrictions on refugee movement.

(b) The Tanzanian Ministry of Home Affairs announced that Karago refugee camp in western Tanzania would close in February 2005. Following the closure, twelve refugee camps will remain open in the region.

(c) The Tanzanian Ministry of Home Affairs Camp Commandant in Kibondo, western Tanzania, has called for the immediate repatriation of all Burundians from regions other than Bujumbura Province. The official made this statement while speaking to refugees in Kibondo. He said that an exception could be made for Bujumbura Province as it was still considered to be unsafe. Following this statement, many refugees were concerned that the Government of Tanzania might force them to repatriate. UNHCR emphasized, however, that while a number of camps may be closed or consolidated in 2005, repatriation to Burundi would continue to take place on a purely voluntary basis.

(10) Uganda

(a) On 9 January, the chief mediator between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) Rebels, Ms Betty Bigombe, personally delivered a hard copy of a proposed cease-fire agreement to a representative of the LRA leadership. A response from the LRA is anticipated by 16 January. If accepted, a cease-fire would pave the way for further dialogue between the government and the LRA. The comprehensive peace accord signed between the Sudanese government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLA/M) may provide an impetus for the resolution of the 19 year long conflict in northern Uganda.

(b) Despite the efforts towards a peaceful resolution of the conflict in the northern Acholi sub-region, the security situation in Gulu, Kitgum, Pader and Lira districts remains fluid and dangerous. Military operations have resumed and the LRA has continued to commit atrocities against civilians including ambushing of vehicles, chopping off of fingers, assassinations and looting.

(c) Over 16,000 new refugees have crossed from DRC into western Uganda since 11 January. More are expected. WFP is providing the new arrivals with high protein biscuits. UNHCR is preparing to move the new arrivals to Kyaka II refugee settlement in Kyenjojo district, where WFP will begin to provide monthly rations.

(d) WFP food distribution continues to reach some 1.4 million displaced persons, 154,000 refugees and other vulnerable persons. During the holiday period from 18 December 2004 to 9 January 2005, some 600 tons of WFP relief food assistance was distributed to over 46,000 persons including IDPs sheltering in camps in Gulu and children in nutrition centres in Adjumani district. Regular monthly WFP ration distributions to beneficiaries sheltering in 112 IDP camps and 66 refugee settlements re-commenced on 6 January.

(e) WFP is preparing to commence, in January, a large-scale drought relief operation under the PRRO for 200,000 drought-affected agro-pastoralists in the Karamoja region bordering Turkana in Kenya. It is anticipated that the number of beneficiaries will increase steadily over the coming months in order to reach 500,000 affected people by June, prior to the next harvest in September 2005.

(D) West Africa: (1) Chad (2) Cote d'Ivoire (3) Guinea (4) Liberia

(1) Chad

(a) A significant number of security incidents was reported around the refugee camps during the past week, with rising movement of unidentified armed groups. So far, this does not have a major negative impact on WFP operations in the area. The presence of the head of the new Sudanese rebel group National Movement for Regrouping and Development (MNRD) was reported in the Biltine region. The rebel group apparently does not want to return to Sudan, which may pose problems for the Chadian authorities.

(b) The estimated caseload reported by UNHCR remains unchanged as of 24 December, totalling some 203,235 refugees registered in camps. The 3,000 spontaneous arrivals reported last week in the Touloum refugee camp are still undergoing verification and interviews by UNHCR and the national commission in charge of assisting refugees (CNAR), with WFP participation. Preliminary results suggest that the majority are Chadian nationals.

(c) ACF-USA has released the results of its nutritional survey in Treguine and Oure Cassoni and their neighbouring local communities. Acoording to the results, in Treguine, moderate malnutrition varies between 11.3 and 14.2 percent, and severe malnutrition between 1.1 to 1.2 percent. In Bahai, the percentage of moderate malnutrition ranges from 20.5 to 21.4 percent. About 1.7 percent of people in Bahia suffer from severe malnutrition. MSF Holland has completed its nutritional survey in Bredjing camp and is proceeding in Farchana. Results are expected to be released by the end of the month. The organization also signalled three cases of meningitis in Bredjing and Treguine camps, raising fears for an epidemic.

(d) From 5 to 11 January, under the Blanket Supplementary Feeding programme of Emergency Operation (EMOP) 10327.0, Emergency Assistance to Sudanese Refugees in Eastern Chad, WFP provided some 34 tons of food to 7,620 beneficiaries in Touloum and Am Nabak camps. Distributions are ongoing in other camps. WFP has been experiencing delays while using the Libyan transport corridor. The main problem seems to be linked to Libyan truck drivers making frequent stops during the journey and are being stopped by local authorities for customs formalities related to export of live stock. WFP is taking steps to meet with relevant authorities to avoid unnecessary delays and to speed up food deliveries.

(e) Given these delays, WFP has agreed with UNHCR to provide a 15-day reduced ration (1,812 Kcal) to refugees in northern camps, and a 30-day ration without oil to refugees in central and southern camps (1,680 kcal). Partners have begun distributions in the camps.

(f) Following discussions that took place last week, WFP and UNHCR have agreed that respective partners Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED); Action Contre la Faim (ACF)-USA; and Premiere Urgence, will be replacing World Vision International with respect to Blanket Supplementary Feeding distribution. NGOs specializing in nutrition will also participate. ACF-USA and Première Urgence will take over Food Basket Monitoring and Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) activities in the camps. PDM activities are set to begin as soon as training of staff -with WFP participation- is completed.

(g) WFP’s EMOP in Chad still has a shortfall of USD 13.9 million (i.e. 23 percent) and 8,146 tons (i.e. 14 percent). Regarding WFP’s Special Operations (SO), SO 10338.0 covering WFP Humanitarian Air Service is sufficiently resourced with 83 percent of the required resources confirmed. On the contrary, SO 10390.0, Logistics Augmentation in Support of the EMOP, is only resourced for 29.5 percent so far. WFP is currently preparing for the extension in time of both SO’s until December of this year.

(2) Cote d'Ivoire

(a) The African Union discussed the crisis in Cote d’Ivoire at a summit on 10 January, and noted that a referendum to change the eligibility laws on the presidency is an option.

The Forces Nouvelles have warned that this issue could be a catalyst for a return to hostilities. UN resolution 1572, imposing a travel ban and freeze on funds and financial assets of individuals blocking the peace process, has been put on hold to allow South Africa President Thabo Mbeki, mandated by the African Union, more time to work out a deal between the Government and Forces Nouvelles.

(b) Ethnic clashes continue in the west of the country and along the confidence zone between government and Forces Nouvelles territories, resulting in sporadic displacements. All six WFP sub-offices in Cote d’Ivoire are functioning as normal with no security restrictions beyond usual Phase IV procedures.

(c) The food security of the affected population is not immediately at risk, thanks to the recent harvest. It is however expected that certain populations will experience severe problems during the forthcoming lean season in May-August, due to combined effects of reduced stock availability and lack of monetary resources.

(d) There has been no formal announcement by the Government of the opening of schools in the north. (Schools in the south opened on 3 January). However, a committee has been put in place in Bouake to open the schools. WFP at its sub-offices in the north is pre-positioning food stocks for the school canteens, including food for work rations to assist volunteer teachers in the north who receive no salary.

(e) From 5 to 11 January, WFP has distributed some 130 tons of assorted food commodities to 7,400 people (refugees and IDPs in camps, patients in social institutions and beneficiaries of food-for-work activities). WFP is currently piloting a number of HIV/AIDS projects involving food assistance to infected individuals in institutions and/or their families. WFP has successful partnerships with the French Red Cross and UNICEF. WFP is also providing food assistance to support orphans and their families through informal education activities managed by a network of local NGOs.

(f) Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation 10372.0, Cote d'Ivoire crisis and regional impact, which comes as a continuation of EMOP 10244.1, started activities on 1 January 2005. However, to date only one contribution worth USD 0.8 million (2.8 percent of the total requirements) has been confirmed. A complete break in maize meal in April is expected if contributions are not confirmed soon.

(3) Guinea

(a) The situation was reported as generally calm throughout the country, but the Forest Region remains tense. Gunshots are frequent during the night in Kissidougou and N’Zerekore, even in residential areas.

(b) Only one month after taking up his duties, Guinea's Prime Minister, Cellou Dalein Diallo, offered to legalise private radio stations. This is an important signal to the opposition and to the international community which has been withholding aid, demanding more transparency and democracy.

(c) The facilitated repatriation process of refugees in Guinea was interrupted in mid-December and is expected to resume in mid-January. Some 1,390 Liberian refugees have been repatriated since the beginning of the process in November 2004.

The facilitated repatriation has met very little enthusiasm in the Kola camp, where no candidate has been registered yet. A total of about 75,935 refugees are currently being assisted. Of these, some 4,000 are from Ivory Coast; around 2,000 are from Sierra Leone; and the remainder are from Liberia.

(d) From 27 December to 10 January, WFP Guinea distributed 170 tons of food commodities to some 54,200 beneficiaries, mostly Liberian refugees. Delivery to refugee camps in the N’Zerekore region has become very challenging due to poor road conditions and food shortages. It currently takes seven days for the trucks coming from Conakry to reach the EDPs in Kouankan, Kola and Laine.

(e) WFP Guinea continues to face a critical food shortage of 4600 tons between January and June. The general ration distributed is still maintained at 1,600 kcal in order to avoid a complete pipeline break. The second delivery for all schools in the emergency school feeding (ESF) programme, which was originally scheduled for December, has been delayed until mid-February, due to lack of resources.

(f) In the framework of a food security project, FAO started the distribution of tools and seeds to some 10,000 beneficiaries, of whom about 5,575 are returnees from Côte d'Ivoire. In partnership with WFP, FAO will also provide 100 kg of seeds and 2,135 tools to support the school gardens implemented within the Emergency School Feeding programme.

(g) Discussions with local NGOs in N’Zerekore are ongoing to prepare the implementation of a HIV/AIDS pilot project for infected and affected people. The N’Zerekore hospital's HIV testing and counselling centre is scheduled to open in late January. WFP will then meet with partners to elaborate a list of beneficiaries based on voluntary HIV tests.

(4) Liberia

(a) In preparation for commencement of the repatriation of Liberian refugees from Cote d’Ivoire to the south –east of Liberia, UNHCR organized a cross border meeting in Toe’s town on 4 January, involving representatives of the Ivorian Government, Liberian Government, UNHCR, WFP and GTZ. UNHCR informed the meeting that the repatriation would start on 11 January.

(b) WFP and partners are continuing with the registration of IDPs for the resettlement process. Due to the slow pace of the process, the comprehensive verification of IDPs in camps that was planned to be undertaken in January 2005 by WFP, UNHCR and IOM has been postponed.

(c) From 2 to 9 January, WFP distributed about 350 tons of food commodities to 24,410 IDPs, of which some 4,405 areIDP returnees. As of 9 January, the total number of IDPs resettled back to their areas of origin had reached almost 13,000 people since the beginning of the exercise in November 2004. WFP distributed a total of some 205 tons of assorted commodities to 7 IDP camps located in Montserrado Country, benefiting some 20,004 beneficiaries.

(d) With a private donation of USD 47,600 , WFP procured cooking and eating utensils to benefit some 35,000 school children in support of the Emergency School Feeding program in Liberia . WFP is continuing with assessments of schools to expand the school feeding activities to all parts of the Liberia. The current school feeding caseload in Liberia stands at 290,000 beneficiaries located in 10 out of the 15 Counties in the Country.

(e) Between January and June 2005, WFP Liberia requires additional pledges and resources estimated at USD 16 million to avert food shortfalls and to make repayments of loans /advances received. WFP has been providing reduced rations to IDPs since June 2004, due to resource constraints.

(E) Southern Africa: (1) Regional (2) Angola (3) Malawi (4) Mozambique (5) Namibia (6) Swaziland (7) Zimbabwe

(1) Regional

(a) The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) announced that it would focus on a Strategic Action Plan, which seeks to boost food availability and accessibility, promote food emergency preparedness and regional trade, and also contains long-term investment programmes to improve economic performance. SADC secretary-general Dr. Ramsamy said that the initiative follows the organisation's Dar es Salaam Declaration on Agriculture and Food Security, adopted by heads of state at a meeting in Tanzania in May 2004. WFP is working closely with SADC to improve regional food security.

(b) The regional Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 10310, Assistance to Populations in Southern Africa Vulnerable to Food Insecurity and the Impact of AIDS, immediately requires about USD 74 million to help families and individuals that are vulnerable to food insecurity and HIV/AIDS survive the 'hunger season' from January to March 2005. WFP plans to reach a monthly average of 4.3 million beneficiaries in Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

(2) Angola

(a) A WFP mission to Quimbele and Cangola municipalities in northern Uige and Zaire provinces reported that about 4,800 spontaneous returnees had recently arrived from the Democratic Republic of Congo. They are currently residing in Quimbele Sede, Alto Zaza and Ikoka. WFP plans an urgent Rapid Needs Assessment (RNA) of the returnees in order to provide targeted food assistance.

(b) A RNA, recently carried out in the Cangamba municipality, eastern Moxico province, indicated that the nutritional situation of the local population has significantly worsened during the past months, with 17 percent of the child population being severely or moderately malnourished. WFP and partners will start a seed protection project and a general food distribution for the returnees, in addition to the existing Food for Work projects. The project will assist 3,500 families, with the primary goal of helping them stay in their home area. Otherwise there is a serious risk of people leaving home in search of food.

(c) PRRO 10054.2, Support to Return and Resettlement, urgently requires USD 50 million, equivalent to 88,000 tons of food, for distribution to returnees through 2005.

(3) Malawi

(a) Heavy rainfall continued during the week in most parts of the southern region. In Nsanje, the Shire River was reported to have overflowed, cutting off access to Mlolo through the bridge on the road between Bangula and Chiromo. An FAO, WFP, UNDP and UNICEF flood rapid assessment team is in Phalombe, Zomba and Nsanje districts in the south, from 12 to 15 January, to assess the impact of the floods. According to preliminary estimates by the District Assembly Assessment, 86 houses were damaged and 427 people have been affected. WFP scaled up food distributions under the PRRO 10310 to conform to the increased food needs forecast by the Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee in 2004. WFP plans to assist a peak number of 1.17 million drought-affected people in southern Malawi who are unable to meet their food needs through to the next harvest.

(4) Mozambique

(a) The Government released its contingency plan for 2005.

(5) Namibia

(a) In Namibia overall, an estimated 200,000 (21 percent) adults are living with HIV. Some 57,000 children were orphaned due to AIDS by the end of 2004. WFP’s EMOP 10334.0, Targeted Food Assistance Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by Food Insecurity and Impact of HIV/AIDS, currently assists orphans and vulnerable children in the four most food insecure regions in northern Namibia. Some 8,000 orphans and vulnerable children have received 125 tons of food in Kavango, Caprivi and Oshikoto and Ohangwena regions through the EMOP.

(b) African Humanitarian Action (AHA) has been engaged as UNHCR‘s new cooperating partner and WFP’s implementing partner for EMOP 10145.1 “Assistance to Angolan Refugees in Namibia”.

(6) Swaziland

(a) About 376 hectares of maize and bean crops of 600 homesteads were damaged by a severe hailstorm in the southern Shiselweni region on 3 January. The damage is a major setback to farmers who expected an improved harvest this year. According to the National Disaster Task Force, the damage is estimated at about E500, 000 (USD 89,000). WFP plans to provide food to 165,000 vulnerable people with short-term emergency food aid until the harvest in April 2005.

(7) Zimbabwe

(a) In December, WFP completed a 29,000-ton “one-off” food distribution to 1.6 million vulnerable people in 33 of Zimbabwe's 57 districts following a Government agreement in November.

(b) WFP plans to provide about 18,000 tons of food from the ‘unallocated emergency window’ provision of PRRO 10310, to cover needs during the lean season from January to March. From April, Zimbabwe is expected to be fully incorporated into the regional PRRO 10310, to assist vulnerable groups, including supplementary feeding for malnourished children and home based care support programmes for HIV and AIDS affected households. Donor contributions are urgently needed to meet additional food requirements in the country.

(F) Asia: (1) Regional: Asia Tsunami (2) Indonesia (3) Korea (DPR) (4) Maldives (5) Myanmar (6) Sri Lanka (7) Thailand

(1) Regional: Asia Tsunami

(a) WFP is providing food aid to 1,076,220 tsunami affected people. On 14 January, the Programme had already delivered some 10,555 tons of food commodities.

(2) Indonesia

(a) The UN started to deploy additional security officers in Aceh province early this week.

(b) It was reported that government permission is needed for all movement in and out of Banda Aceh. In addition, all aid workers (UN/NGO) are asked to register at the foreign affairs desk in Banda Aceh in order to put in place a coordination mechanism for assistance. WFP has not yet received any official notification of these new requirements.

(c) WFP is now providing food to at least 300,000 people in all of Aceh province, including 160,000 tsunami affected people along the northeast coast. WFP hopes to reach 400,000 people by the end of this week. A cumulative total of 3,216 tons have been dispatched since 1 January.

(d) Assessments by NGOs, in coordination with WFP, are identifying new needs in and around Medan. On 13 January, WFP began its first food distributions in Medan, giving more than 1,260 patients in a dozen hospitals a one week ration. The food was provided in coordination with Save the Children, and channelled through local NGOs. (e) Beneficiaries in both Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar are receiving rations of rice, noodles and fortified biscuits. Distribution of non cereals (fish and oil) will commence as soon as commodities are available.

(f) WFP plans to distribute food to some 57,000 people in three remote locations along the western coast, in collaboration with WFP implementing partner Action Contre la Faim (ACF). These beneficiaries are part of the total of 130,000 people along the western coast that were targeted for food aid, and that are assisted under divided responsibility by CARE and ACF.

(g) WFP is completing security and logistical assessments to reinforce a badly damaged logistical corridor to Meulaboh, where Catholic Relief Services is ready to accept food and commence distribution. Some 60,000 people in need of food aid have been identified in Meulaboh.

(h) Local purchase of 835 tons of various commodities is underway, as well as the purchase of 1,200 tons of vegetable oil at the regional level. In addition, the Government of Indonesia has agreed to make available to WFP up to 20,000 tons of rice for local purchase.

(3) Korea (DPR)

(a) The Public Distribution System (PDS) ration in January has gone down to 250 gr./p/day despite the slight increase in agricultural production of the 2004 harvest. This is the lowest ration recorded since January 2001. No explanation for the decrease has been given to WFP. WFP analysis show that PDC rations in 2004 contained on average only 30 percent of rice- the main staple food in the DPRK- while the rest was made up of wheat, barley, maize and potatoes. At the same time rice prices in 2004 increased considerably, thus leaving many PDS- dependents unable to buy rice in the markets.

(b) With the exception of the Huichon factory in Chagang Province, all Local Food Production factories operated from 8 to 14 January. Production however was slow, owing to the low frequency of the supplied electrical power. The production for the first week of January was 920 tons, equivalent to 60 percent of the EMOP weekly requirement. Shipment of rice has been delayed till mid-January, thus creating a gap in cereals distribution to all west coast beneficiaries for about 15 days. Another constraint was caused by access limitations, due to which operations in Chagang Province, in Sinchon county (South Hwanghae Province) and in one district in Pyongyang have been suspended. This affects 8 counties and one district where WFP previously had access.

(c) Substantive new pledges will allow WFP to continue its support to feed all 6.5 million targeted beneficiaries until May 2005 with all planned rations, with the exception of oil that will run out this month for some beneficiary groups Also new donations of milk powder are urgently needed to ensure continued production of biscuits and blended foods. The current stock of dried skimmed milk will only last until March 2005.

(4) Maldives

(a) The UN is participating in the Government/World-Bank joint needs assessment in the Maldives. Food needs are among the assessed areas. Preliminary findings from a previous inter-agency field assessment (OXFAM-UK, WFP, UNDP and CARE) to two of the three most affected atolls had indicated no immediate food needs. Atoll Chiefs and islanders indicated the need for livelihood support, such as the reconstruction of homes, which would allow for income generating activities to begin once people have a place to live.

(b) WFP has identified office facilities in Maldives, and moved in on Thursday.

(c) During an initial assessment, WFP has identified the most vulnerable people among the population. Overall planning continues for the distribution of a school feeding snack for 25,000 children, which will be linked to the distribution of UNICEF school kits with the reopening of schools on 25 January.

(d) The overall logistics of small quantities of humanitarian aid remains a serious problem in the country, as the population of 340,000 is dispersed over 200 islands scattered over 900 kms. WFP is planning a logistics assessment mission to review food distribution systems.

(5) Myanmar

(a) From 29 December to 4 January, WFP conducted rapid assessments of tsunami affected areas in the delta region of Ayeyawaddy Division and Kawthoung district in the south coast. The missions observed minimum damage in those areas, with a death toll of 64 people, 520 houses destroyed and 15,000 people affected by the tsunami. (b) A joint UN assessment mission, lead by WFP, has been meeting with the Government, IFRC, ICRC, NGOs and UN agencies in Yangon. This mission will be developing a common Emergency Needs Assessment, taking into account the sectorial needs. A report by the mission is expected on 24 January.

(c) WFP distributed emergency food rations to the affected populations through IFRC and ADRA in the delta and through World Vision in the coastal area. The total amount of food provided is 40 tons, with the number of beneficiaries increasing to 3,720. WFP plans to distribute 1,300 tons of relief food to 15,000 beneficiaries for a period of 6 months.

(d) Under PRRO 10066.2, WFP carried out a vulnerability ranking exercise in 6 townships of Magway Division in central dry zone. Eight Cooperating Partners submitted project proposals to implement WFP food assistance in that area.

(e) Under EMOP 10345.0, implementation of 16 Food for Work projects have been completed, out of 41 projects in 12 villages of northern Shan state. Some 80 tons of food were delivered to the northern villages of Kokang through cross-border via Chinese territory.

(f) The HIV/AIDS awareness programme was carried out to WFP beneficiaries in all the food distribution centres in Kokang region.

(6) Sri Lanka

(a) James Morris, WFP’s Executive Director, will arrive in Sri Lanka on Saturday, 15 January for two days and will visit distribution sites in Kilinochchi (north) and Galle (south). WFP is also expecting a visit from WFP honorary spokesperson Lauren Bush to visit areas where WFP is supporting people stricken by the tsunami.

(b) WFP has now completed two security missions in Sri Lanka to help establish new WFP area offices while also assessing the security situation. The missions included the northern districts of Jaffna, Killinochi, Mullaitivu and Vavuniya, controlled by the LTTE (Tamil Tigers) and the eastern districts (Government and LTTE controlled areas) of Batticaloa, Ampara and Trincomalee. Given the current emergency situation, the LTTE has given WFP permission to set up a field office in Mullaithivu area. This is the first time that a UN agency has been allowed to establish a permanent presence in this area. WFP has worked in LTTE controlled areas for years prior to the tsunami.

(c) A technical survey carried out by the UNDP mine action teams reported that all mine fields identified before the tsunami are still intact. However, there have been reports of displaced people moving into areas previously thought to have few or no landmines but where landmines are now being discovered. UN agencies and WFP have moved out of the affected areas until they are cleared. Some landmine incidents occurred in Muthur (Trincomalle district). On Wednesday, WFP visited the area for the first time since the tsunami hit. Logistic challenges in the area were noted.

(d) WFP has dispatched enough food in Sri Lanka to feed 750,000 people. The Programme has dispatched more than 6,875 tons of food since the tsunami struck. (e) A team of WFP is now visiting the newly created Galle sub-office, which covers the three districts of Galle, Hambantota, Matara, and the southern part of Kalutara district. (f) Although WFP food was dispatched in the Muthur area, there are significant problems with transport from the warehouses to the beneficiaries in remote areas. There are currently only two trucks available for transport. WFP has discussed this issue with local officials, and the Government has been asked for additional transport. The additional transport needed is not expected to be available until next week, if at all.

(g) Overall, there is currently an average of 30 trucks, carrying 300 tons of commodities, which are moving out of Colombo on a daily basis. The transport is a mixture of Government and WFP-provided trucks. Unilever and TNT trucking support has been crucial to WFP.

(h) A major challenge for WFP will be to ensure the continued delivery of food rations to a growing number of beneficiaries who have started to leave the camps for displaced people, which means that WFP will have to deal with an increasingly dispersed population.

(7) Thailand

(a) Based upon a review of needs of vulnerable populations impacted by the tsunami in southern Thailand, WFP plans to extend its food distribution to as many as 2,000 vulnerable families in the region from 15 to 120 days. Cooking oil will be added to the currently planned distributions of canned fish and rice.

(G) Latin America and Caribbean: (1) Bolivia (2) Colombia (3) Cuba (4) Guatemala (5) Haiti (6) Nicaragua (7) Peru

(1) Bolivia

(a) From 2 to 8 January, WFP food distributions were interrupted by social conflicts, including a transportation strike that took place in an area where WFP has operations.

WFP expects to resume distributions by 14 January.

(2) Colombia

(a) The security environment remains uncertain and volatile. During the previous week, at least 28 rebels were killed in different confrontations with government troops in the provinces of Antioquia, Sucre, Casanare, and Magdalena (b) Ever since two months ago, the municipality of Quibdo, capital city of the province of Choco, is facing a sanitary emergency due to the interruption of water supply. WFP develops more than 160 activities in this region in the context of PRRO 10158.

(c) On 11 January, a radio journalist, known for denouncing corruption and for his staunch support for President Alvaro Uribe, was shot in the city of Cucuta. Colombia is one of the most dangerous countries in the world for journalists; at least 156 reporters were killed between 1977 and 2004, according to government figures. WFP Colombia opened a sub-office in Cucuta as part of PRRO 10158.

(3) Cuba

(a) The year 2004 has been considered the driest in the last 74 years in Cuba. The situation in the eastern part of the country, particularly in the provinces of Villa Clara, Santi Spiritus, Camaguey, Las Tunas, Holguín and Granma, is critical as the availability of water in reservoirs/dams is very low.

(b) In the capital cities of Las Tunas, Camaguey, Holguín and Havana, where water supply sources are most affected, the Government continues to distribute water through water tank trucks to nearly 700,000 people. In addition, around 488 wells have been dug during the last few months.

(c) As a consequence of the persistent drought, losses of more than 834 millions of dollars have been reported in the agricultural sector due to partial or total damage in the different crops and due to the loss of 127,600 cattle heads. For instance, the production of rice has decreased to slightly more than 260,000 tons compared to the 320,000 in 2003.

(d) WFP Emergency Operation 10369, Cuba Drought in the Eastern Provinces, has already finalized, but the ongoing regular Project Cuba 10032 , Food Aid to Vulnerable Groups in the Five Eastern Provinces, continues to support a small vulnerable group in the area.

(4) Guatemala

(a) Losses in agriculture and human lives continue as a result of low temperatures. During the previous week, one person died in Quetzaltenango. A total of 11 people had died of hypothermia in November and December 2004. The Municipal governments and the National Coordination Committee for Disaster Reduction set up temporary shelter centers to assist homeless people and prevent hypothermia cases.

(b) According to police reports, a total of 4,346 people were killed in 2004 of which 527 were women. This represents a 31 percent increase over the previous year. On average, 12 people were killed every day.

(c) Residents of the municipality of San Sebastián, in the province of Retalhuleu, occupied the Municipal Building and took the members of the Municipal Council as hostages to demand the Mayor’s resignation.

(d) Inflation rates reached 9.23 percent during 2004, the highest rate since 1996. The price of the basic food basket increased by 9.49 percent, possibly hindering access to food among the poorest and most vulnerable households. Preliminary results of a recent study commissioned by the Bank of Guatemala show that the country’s GNP has been overestimated by 15 percent, which means a lower per capita income than previously estimated.

(e) The Government’s school feeding program will provide milk to 100,000 children in Alta Verapaz, the Chortí region, and marginal areas in Guatemala City. This is in addition to the regular cash disbursement of 1 quetzal (approx. USD 0.13) per child per day that school councils receive to buy, prepare and distribute school rations. WFP already includes milk in the food basket of its school feeding programme, which assists over 75,000 children in those municipalities with the highest chronic malnutrition rates.

(5) Haiti

(a) The entire country continues in UN security phase III. The security environment remains uncertain and volatile. Common crime and/or political violence continue to be reported in several areas of Port-au-Prince. The situation in Gonaives continues to be relatively calm despite demonstrations of municipal personnel demanding payment of 14 months of salary overdue. Lesser violence was reported in other areas of the country. However, insecurity continues to hamper humanitarian activities.

(b) A total of about 360 tons of WFP food commodities was distributed by implementing partner CARE to some 6,460 beneficiaries in localities that had been heavily affected by the floods in Gonaïves. Distributions were held at a rate of 1to 2 distribution sites per day.

(c) On 7 January, the Prime Minister of Haiti chaired a coordination meeting with members of the Government, the Special Representative of the Secretary General, representatives of donors, UN agencies and other partners to discuss the rehabilitation of Gonaïves. During the meeting, the Government identified priority areas to ensure a rapid and sustainable rehabilitation of Gonaïves.

(d) Despite difficulties to access many areas of the North due to heavy rains, WFP delivered some 120 tons of food aid to health institutions in the Northeast. Also health centers in West and North Departments received WFP provided food.

(e) New stocks of CSB, vegetable oil, and sugar arrived at the seaport of Port-au-Prince.

WFP continued to move the food containers that arrive at this seaport. The lack of trailers at the terminals to haul the containers is seriously delaying the process. Some 328 food containers are still at the port.

(6) Nicaragua

(a) According to the Ministry of Agriculture, the coffee harvest ended early this season increasing unemployment and worsening the precarious situation of the coffee workers.

In addition, local prices of beans increased again as most of the harvest was exported making it more difficult for rural families to have access to this important commodity of the basic food basket. WFP is monitoring the situation.

(b) In 2004, WFP distributed 3,550 tons of food in the context of PRRO 10212.0, benefiting a total of some 10,655 pregnant and lactating women, 11,490 children under 2 years old, and 78,960 school children. Furthermore, a total of 2,000 poor rural families in the northern and central regions of the country were assisted with Food for Work activities. WFP will resume food distributions to vulnerable women and children in February and Food for Work activities in March.

(c) WFP in Nicaragua will face shortfall for its PRRO 10212.0 through June 2005. If no commodities are announced in the coming months or those that are announced arrive late, this PRRO will face serious pipeline breaks during the second quarter of 2005.

(7) Peru

(a) Stockbreeders’ demonstrations against taxes-related issues blocked the road from Puno to Juliaca since 10 January posing a problem as the airport and the commercial sector is located in Juliaca. No solution is expected in the short term. WFP will face difficulties regarding mobility and personnel safety during the implementation of EMOP 10393 in the near future.

(b) Heavy rains in the Andean highlands are affecting the population of Cuyocuyo (Province of Sandia, Department of Puno). Some 89 families were affected of which 39 lost their houses, crops and animals.

(c) WFP Peru is expecting to start implementation of EMOP (PER 10393) in Puno and Apurimac by mid-January. The signature of the letter of understanding between the Government and WFP is still pending.

Note: All tonnage figures in this report refer to metric tons

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