WFP Emergency Report No. 10 of 2005

Report
from World Food Programme
Published on 04 Mar 2005
(A) Highlights

(B) Middle East,Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan (2) Iran (3) Iraq

(C) East & Central Africa: (1) Burundi (2) Congo (3) Congo, DR (4) Djibouti (5) Ethiopia (6) Rwanda (7) Sudan (8) Tanzania (9) Uganda

(D) West Africa: (1) Chad (2) Cote d'Ivoire (3) Liberia (4) Sierra Leone

(E) Southern Africa: (1) Regional (2) Angola (3) Lesotho (4) Malawi (5) Swaziland (6) Zambia (7) Zimbabwe

(F) Asia: (1) Regional (2) Bangladesh (3) Indonesia (4) Korea (DPR) (5) Maldives (6) Myanmar (7) Sri Lanka

(G) Latin America and Caribbean: (1) Bolivia (2) Guatemala (3) Haiti (4) Nicaragua

(A) Highlights

(a) Despite heavy snowfalls and poor road access, WFP has provided relief food distributions of thousands of families affected by the consequences of Afghanistan's harsh winter.

(b) With the tsunami-struck countries in Asia moving into the reconstruction phase, WFP is launching post-emergency humanitarian activities in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Myanmar.

(c) In February, the number of WFP beneficiaries reached in Sudan's Darfur Region was estimated at 1.35 million.

(d) Insecurity has been increasingly hampering humanitarian operations in many areas in DR of Congo and southern Sudan.

(e) WFP launched emergency school feeding activities in conflict devastated Lofa County, Liberia.

(f) Following the collapse of a railway in Republic of Congo, WFP is facing difficulties in moving food to beneficiaries.

(g) WFP plans to provide short-term emergency assistance to 280,000 vulnerable people in drought-stricken Swaziland.

(h) WFP is distributing emergency food rations to families affected by floods in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

(B) Middle East,Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan (2) Iran (3) Iraq

(1) Afghanistan

(a) The security situation remained relatively calm in most of the country. The continued harsh weather created a need for relief food aid for many affected families. However, heavy snowfall and poor road access are hindering humanitarian operations in the north, centre and south of the country.

(b) Due to these constraints, the delivery of emergency food to around 14,000 people in different parts of central Uruzgan province was delayed. Over 230 tons of food, dispatched to Gizab, Chora and Khas Uruzgan districts on 24 February, have reportedly passed Uruzgan's capital Tirinkot, but have still not reached the hands of almost 2,300 families in need.

(c) WFP and the Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) are struggling to supply food assistance to vulnerable communities in winter affected districts of Tulak and Saghar of Ghor province. On 28 February, 12,000 people received a total of nearly 95 tons of greatly needed food assistance in severely affected areas in the Sharak, Kemenj, Dara-e-Takh, Chesht-e-Sharif and Obehs districts of Ghor.

(d) Some 100 affected families received relief food assistance in Hirat. They were among 166 households who lost their homes to heavy snowfall. Authorities asked for immediate assistance to some 70 villages in Adraskan and 10 in Pashtun Zarghon districts of Hirat, isolated due to heavy snows. Catholic Relief Services (CRS), WFP and the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development will soon send a mission to carry out an assessment in the area.

(e) Afghanistan's Government, the UN, PRT and NGOs will jointly organize a disaster mitigation response unit to respond in the event of flooding or landslides. Snow has already begun to melt and caused several avalanches. More floods, landslides and avalanches are expected as the temperatures rise.

(f) Besides the above mentioned relief food distributions, regular activities continued. In total, some 422,000 beneficiaries received 2,250 tons of WFP provided food, during the period from 24 February to 2 March.

(2) Iran

(a) After the 22 February earthquake in Zarand, Kerman Province, an inter-agency mission comprising WFP, WHO, UNICEF, UNDP, OCHA and UNFPA, travelled to the affected area to assess the situation. During the mission, the team had several meetings with the Government and IRCS authorities and visited some of the most damaged villages such as Dahouyeh, Hootkan, Sarebagh, Sekokan, and Dehghazi and Sousefid. It was noted that in addition to affecting properties, the earthquake also affected crops and livestock.

(b) National authorities and the Iran Red Crescent Society (IRCS) have distributed 8000 meals every day. IRCS is also distributing dry rations and is planning food distribution for three months. WFP was requested to assist with vegetable oil, to be distributed among 35,000 beneficiaries for 3 months. WFP provided distributions of rice and beans are also being considered.

(3) Iraq

(a) Border closures, related to the announcement of election results, has led to long queues at crossing points and delayed the import of some food commodities into Iraq.

(b) Available information indicates that there are significant country-wide shortfalls in ghee, sugar and milk. Some governorates report serious shortfalls of nearly every Public Distribution System (PDS) commodity.

(c) The first quantities of high energy biscuits, to be distributed as part of WFP's current emergency operation, have arrived in Iraq. The biscuits will be distributed to primary school children as part of WFP's school feeding activities. The delivery of commodities had been previously delayed due to the closure of the Iraq/Syria border.

(d) Training continues at the governorate and local levels on the implementation of a school feeding project being undertaken by WFP and the Ministries of Education and Health. WFP also continues to work with the Word Bank on the identification and analysis of safety net options with a view to possible PDS reform.

(e) The Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation is reported to be considering a pilot project in Dohuk to monetize the PDS ration. A meeting is expected to be held in April with WFP and the World Bank to further consider this project.

(f) Vulnerability and Assessment Mapping (VAM) Training was conducted for the second group of 15 staff members of the Iraqi Central Office of Statistics and Information Technology (COSIT), Ministry of Planning, Government of Iraq.

(g) The training is a first step in the establishment of a Food Security Analysis and Monitoring Unit within COSIT and is designed to equip participants with the necessary analytical tools to undertake the follow-up to the baseline food security analysis launched in Iraq last year as well as other surveys that were conducted by COSIT in collaboration with other UN agencies.

For information on resources, donors are requested to contact:

Valerie Sequeira
Valerie.Sequeira@wfp.org
tel: +39 06 6513 2009
Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome - Italy

Media queries should be directed to:

Brenda Barton
Brenda.Barton@wfp.org
tel: +39 06 6513 2602
Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68, Parco dei Medici, 00148 Rome - Italy

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