WFP Afghanistan Country Brief, March 2019
Three instances of severe flooding across 11 provinces affected more than 175,000 people across the country, according to recent assessments.
US$74.51 million is the net funding requirement for the next six months (April – September 2019), with a US$40 million contribution anticipated from the US.
WFP assisted more than 2 million people with 18,650 mt of food and US$359,900 in cash transfers to cover their food needs in March.
• In March, WFP reached 1.82 million women, men, girls and boys in 24 provinces with emergency assistance, based on initial field reports. WFP and partners distributed 18,500 mt of food and transferred US$180,000 to cover families’ food needs.
• Nearly 1.7 million people affected by drought, 56,000 people displaced by conflict and 3,000 vulnerable returnees from Pakistan and Iran were assisted.
• Heavy rains caused flash floods across the country and more than 175,000 people have been identified as needing food assistance. WFP’s response began the day after the first flood and has reached 78,000 people in nine provinces, with assessments and distributions ongoing. The floods have struck 11 provinces, many of them drought-affected where the ground was too dry to absorb rainwater.
• In March, assistance to flood-affected families in urgent need was prioritized, and WFP’s drought assistance will begin scaling down through the end of June.
• Nearly 2,000 drought-affected people in Farah Province received cash transfers of US$153,400. In addition, 300 people in Kabul received US$26,500 as seasonal support to cover their food needs. Cash transfers reached fewer people than planned in March due to lack of funding and new agreements being signed with partners.
• WFP provided nutritious food to treat malnutrition for 120,000 children and 50,000 pregnant and nursing mothers and delivered food for the prevention of malnutrition to another 100,000 children. Some malnutrition treatment programmes faced shortages in March due to delays in delivering the specialized nutritious food from Pakistan.
• In Kandahar, participants of an asset creation project completed 300 meters of flood protection walls, which protect nearby houses and roads from flooding.
A nearby bridge was also rehabilitated, connecting 12 villages to the main road. Nearly 35,000 people will benefit from these assets.
In Kapisa Province, WFP helped to inaugurate a new Food Security and Nutrition Agenda at provincial level, a collaborative effort with the Government of Afghanistan, UNICEF and FAO. Fifteen provinces have now established an agenda, affirming their support in ensuring zero hunger is a development priority. WFP aims to reach all 34 provinces by the end of 2019.
• Post-distribution monitoring among displaced families in Herat City, Herat, and Qala-e-Naw, Badghis, showed a poor food consumption score of 27 and 39 percent of the population, respectively. More than half of the people are undecided if they want to return to their areas of origin, mainly due to insecurity. Displaced people living in sites will need continued livelihood support in case they cannot return to their villages.
• Thanks to WFP’s digital assistance platform SCOPE, 30,000 displaced families in Herat received food baskets tailored to their household size. In Badghis, 19,000 households have been registered and food distribution is ongoing.
• The United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) transported 2,015 passengers from 95 different agencies and organizations to 19 locations across the country