UNICEF Afghanistan Humanitarian Situation Report 3 (12 October 2016)
Afghanistan is currently facing an escalating humanitarian crisis with the staggering influx of Afghan returnees from Pakistan. UNHCR and IOM estimate that by the 15 March 2017 deadline imposed by the Government of Pakistan for voluntary return and repatriation, the country will receive between 1 – 1.5 million returnees, combined with IDP movement in its the Eastern, Southern and Central regions. An estimated 60 per cent of the returning population are children. UNICEF is scaling up its humanitarian response with IOM, WFP and UNHCR.
4,350 returnee children were screened for malnutrition, with 160 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) referred to health centres for treatment.
5,848 children under 10 years of age received oral polio vaccine (OPV).
630 vulnerable families were assisted with hygiene kits.
1,120 returnees received water and sanitation in two receiving communities.
Situation Overview and Humanitarian Needs
Over one million people are expected to return to Afghanistan by the end of March 2017 due to political and security developments from both the Pakistan and Afghanistan sides of the border. Although the voluntary repatriation of Afghan returnees was long announced, negotiations with humanitarian actors have delayed the actual return process. Due to a change of dynamics in Pakistan-Afghanistan relations, especially with an intensifying spread of terrorism, the presence of the so-called Islamic State (IS)/ Da’esh in both countries, as well as Afghanistan’s deepening ties with India, the issue of returns is again at the forefront, this time with more pressure from the Government of Pakistan to speed up the process. During the reporting week, an average of 7,400 Afghan returnees have been crossing the border into Afghanistan on a daily basis.