Afghanistan + 3 more

UNHCR Afghan refugee statistics 10 Sep 2001

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published


Main Populations of Afghan Refugees & Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)

Location of Refugees
Number
Location of IDPs* From
Number
Iran
1,500,000
Badakshan Nearby areas
94,000
Pakistan
** 2,000,000
Northern region Nearby areas
387,000
Russia
° 100,000
Hazarajat region Hazarajat/nearby areas
75,000
Central Asian Republics
29,000
Herat North west
200,000
Europe
36,000
Southern Provinces Various
200,000
Nth. America/Australia
# 17,000
India
13,000
TOTAL
3,695,000
TOTAL
956,000
* * Includes 1.2 million refugees residing in refugee villages & c. 800,000 other Afghans (inc. at least 170,000 new arrivals)

° UNHCR estimate. Includes asylum-seekers pending temporary asylum.

# Includes: Canada - 9,300; USA - 4,300; Australia - 3,600.

Only includes recognized refugees, not asylum-seekers.

* Source: UNOCHA. Only includes 'new' IDPs created since the summer of 2000. Does not include sizeable numbers displaced earlier - e.g. into Kabul or the Panjshir Valley from the Shomali region.

Afghan Repatriation Statistics

From:
Pakistan
(assisted)
Pakistan
(spontaneous)
Pakistan
Subtotal
Iran
(assisted)
Iran
(spontaneous)
Iran
Subtotal
Grand Total
1988/89
200,000
200,000
200,000
1990
63,000
87,000
150,000
150,000
1991
174,000
26,000
200,000
200,000
1992
1,274,000
1,274,000
7,000
287,000
294,000
1,568,000
1993
133,000
225,000
358,000
337,000
269,000
606,000
964,000
1994
32,000
71,000
103,000
121,000
106,000
227,000
330,000
1995
77,000
76,000
153,000
92,000
103,000
195,000
348,000
1996
101,000
20,000
121,000
8,000
6,000
14,000
135,000
1997
71,000
13,000
84,000
2,000
2,000
87,000
1998
93,000
93,000
14,000
14,000
107,000
1999
92,000
92,000
9,000
152,000
161,000
253,000
2000
77,000
77,000
184,000
31,000
216,000
293,000
Total °°
2,187,000
718,000
2,905,000
775,000
954,000
1,730,000
4,635,000
°° Some totals may not add up due to rounding

Afghan Refugee Populations, 1980-2001 (as of 1 January)

Year
Pakistan
Iran
India
Russian F.
Kazakstan
Kyrgystan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Total
1980
400,000
200,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
600,000
1981
1,400,000
500,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
1,900,000
1982
2,375,000
800,000
3,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
3,178,000
1983
2,700,000
1,200,000
4,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
3,904,000
1984
2,800,000
1,500,000
5,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
4,305,000
1985
2,900,000
1,800,000
6,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
4,706,000
1986
2,700,000
2,000,000
6,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
4,706,000
1987
2,878,000
2,221,000
6,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
5,105,000
1988
3,156,000
2,700,000
5,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
5,861,000
1989
3,255,000
2,900,000
5,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
6,160,000
1990
3,272,000
2,940,000
8,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
6,220,000
1991
3,185,000
3,000,000
12,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
6,197,000
1992
3,077,000
2,900,000
10,000
--
--
--
--
--
--
5,987,000
1993
1,627,000
2,700,000
11,000
12,000
--
--
--
--
--
4,350,000
1994
1,477,000
1,850,000
24,000
16,000
--
--
--
--
--
3,367,000
1995
1,053,000
1,623,000
22,000
17,000
--
--
--
--
--
2,715,000
1996
*1,200,000
1,420,000
20,000
19,000
2,000
1,000
1,000
2,000
30,000
2,695,000
1997
*1,200,000
1,400,000
19,000
20,000
2,000
1,000
1,000
2,000
30,000
2,675,000
1998
*1,200,000
1,400,000
20,000
17,000
2,000
1,000
2,000
1,000
3,000
2,646,000
1999
*1,200,000
1,400,000
16,100
° 16,000
2,100
600
3,600
1,100
1,100
2,646,000
2000
*1,200,000
1,326,000
14,500
° 100,000
2,300
700
4,500
1,400
1,000
2,650,000
2001
*2,000,000
1,482,000
12,800
° 100,000
2,500
800
15,400
1,500
8,300
3,623,000
* From 1996 to 2000, estimates of the Afghan refugee population in Pakistan included all those residing in refugee villages -- whether registered or unregistered. Prior to 1996, Pakistan statistics only include registered refugees. Unregistered Afghans living outside refugee villages were excluded from all Pakistan statistics. The figure for 2001 is a government estimate and includes Afghans living outside refugee villages.

° Figures for Russian Federation up until 1999 only include asylum-seekers registered with UNHCR. The figures for 2000 and 2001 include asylum-seekers pending temporary asylum and are a UNHCR estimate.

1999 figures for the Central Asian Republics include only recognized Afghan refugees registered by UNHCR or by the relevant Government. Asylum-seekers were not included.

All figures for the Islamic Republic of Iran are based on government estimates. A very small proportion of Afghan refugees in Iran live in camps.

Tens of thousands of Afghan refugees live in countries other than those listed. However, no accurate estimate of their total number exists.

Afghan Asylum-Seekers Arriving in Europe and Other Industrialized Countries

The numbers of Afghan asylum-seekers spreading out beyond the neighbouring asylum countries has climbed dramatically, especially over the past four years as conditions inside Afghanistan have continued to deteriorate. In 2000, Afghans were arriving in countries as diverse as Australia, Cambodia, Cuba and Iceland. In all, during 2000, Afghans applied for asylum in at least 68 countries across the world. Europe, in particular, has seen a very steep increase in numbers with the arrival rate almost doubling in the past two years.

Numbers of Asylum Applications by Afghans in Europe Over Past Ten Years, 1991-2000

1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
Total
Total in 20 European Countries*
8,500
8,000
8,100
9,400
11,700
12,300
16,000
18,300
23,100
34,000
149,600
Total in 14 EU Countries
8,200
7,700
7,900
9,200
11,200
11,300
14,500
15,100
16,800
28,900
130,800
* Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Rep., Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK

During the period 1991-2001, the average number of monthly applications of Afghan asylum-seekers submitted in Europe increased almost five-fold. During the same period, the total number of applications, including all nationalities , fell by almost half [see box].




The number of Afghan asylum applications in industrialized countries continues to rise. Europe received some 100,000 Afghan asylum-seekers during the past five years. Most Afghans applied for asylum in Germany (30%), the Netherlands (25%) and the United Kingdom (13%) [see box].
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
Total
Germany
6,200
6,000
3,800
4,500
11,100
31,600
Netherlands
3,000
5,900
7,100
4,400
5,100
25,500
UK
700
1,100
2,400
4,000
5,200
13,400
Other
2,400
3,000
5,100
10,300
12,600
33,400
Europe
12,300
16,000
18,300
23,100
34,000
103,700

OECD member countries received some 35,700 Afghan asylum-seekers in 2000. Germany received the largest share of Afghan asylum-seekers (31%), followed by the United Kingdom (15%), the Netherlands (14%), Austria (12%) and Hungary (6%).