The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security - Report of the Secretary General (A/73/777–S/2019/193)

Report
from UN Security Council, UN General Assembly
Published on 28 Feb 2019 View Original

Introduction

  1. The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 68/11 and Security Council resolution 2405 (2018), in which the Secretary-General was requested to report every three months on developments in Afghanistan.

  2. The report provides an update on the activities of the United Nations in Afghanistan, including political, humanitarian, development and human rights efforts, since the issuance of the previous report, dated 7 December 2018 (A/73/624– S/2018/1092).

Relevant developments

  1. Efforts towards a negotiated settlement to the conflict intensified, with progress reported in talks between the United States of America and the Taliban. The Government of Afghanistan also continued its preparations for an intra -Afghan peace dialogue, although no formal talks between the Government and the Taliban were held. The aftermath of the October 2018 parliamentary elections remained contentious, amid delays in the counting process, widespread irregularities and allegations of corruption. The Independent Election Commission postponed the 2019 presidential elections by three months until 20 July. Nominations of candidates for the presidential elections concluded on 20 January, with 18 candidates registered, including incumbent President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah. Security remained volatile, with a slight decrease in violent incidents in line with seasonal trends. Civilian casualties continued at record high levels. The Government of Afghanistan and the United Nations co-hosted the Geneva Ministerial Conference on Afghanistan, resulting in the adoption of the Geneva Mutual Accountability Framework for development assistance. The humanitarian situation remained grave, compounded by ongoing drought and high levels of displacement.