Afghanistan + 2 more

The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security - Report of the Secretary General (A/73/624–S/2018/1092)

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Introduction

  1. The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 68/11 and Security Council resolution 2405 (2018), in which the Secretary-General was requested to report every three months on developments in Afghanistan.

  2. The report provides an update on the activities of the United Nations in Afghanistan, including political, humanitarian, development and human rights efforts, since the issuance of the previous report, on 10 September 2018 (A/73/374-S/2018/824).

Relevant Developments

  1. Parliamentary elections were held as scheduled on 20 October. In response to long delays and widespread operational difficulties, the Independent Election Commission extended voting in some polling centres for an additional day. Violence peaked on election day, causing the highest number of civilian casualties in any single day in 2018. In Kandahar Province, elections were delayed for one week following the death of two high-ranking security officials in a Taliban attack. Controversy over the use of biometric voter verification dominated both the pre-election and post-election phases, as the electoral management bodies and political parties debated whether to count ballots cast without the use of the technology. Political leaders began negotiations to form tickets for the presidential elections, scheduled for 20 April 2 019. The appointment of Zalmay Khalilzad as the United States Special Representative on Afghanistan Reconciliation reinvigorated peace efforts. The Russian Federation hosted an international meeting on Afghanistan, attended by representatives of the High Peace Council of Afghanistan and the Taliban. Relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan remained largely cordial. Preparations accelerated ahead of the Geneva Ministerial Conference, held on 28 November. The humanitarian situation remained grave, characterized by high levels of displacement, an increase in conflict-related trauma cases, and drought conditions causing food insecurity for millions of Afghans. The return of refugees from the Islamic Republic of Iran continued at high levels, placing further pressure on resources in western Afghanistan.