Afghanistan + 2 more

Return of Undocumented Afghans - Weekly Situation Report (26 August - 1 September 2018)

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Situation Report
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Highlights

530,578 total returns from Iran and Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018

507,811 total returns from Iran since 01 Jan 2018

22,767 total returns from Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018

15,468 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran

705 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan

4% of returnees from Iran (577 individuals) assisted

76% of returnees from Pakistan (535 individuals) assisted

Return from Iran

A total of 15,468 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Iran through the Milak (Nimroz) and Herat (Islam Qala) border crossings between 19—25 August 2018, 78% more than in the previous week; an anticipated increase after Eid AlAdha.
This brings the total number of undocumented returnees from Iran since 01 January 2018 to 507,811.

Due current funding gaps, IOM was only able to provide post-arrival humanitarian assistance to 577 (4%) undocumented Afghans deported from Iran at its Transit Centers in Nimroz and Herat, including 34 Unaccompanied Migrant Children (UMC), 20 Medical Cases (MC), 64 members of Single Parent Families (SP), 2 Single Female (SF), 2 Physical Disabled (PD), 4 Unaccompanied Elderly (UE), 18 Special Cases (SC), 67 member of poor families (PF) and 1 Drug Addicted (DA).

High Level UN Mission To Assess Situation of Drought Affected Afghans in Herat

A high-level delegation of the heads and deputy-heads of WHO, UNICEF, IOM and OCHA have travelled from Kabul to Herat to visit IDP camps of Afghans who have been displaced by drought. The delegation has also met with the deputy Governor of Herat province and the Humanitarian Regional Team to better understand what is needed to assist drought affected people. According to UN reports, the ongoing drought has been the worst in decades and has caused more than 50,000 Afghans to leave their homes in rural areas and settle in camps in Herat city.

Situation Overview

Since 01 January 2018, IOM is responding to the return of over 530,000 undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran.
Undocumented returns from Iran in particular are seeing a massive increase of more than 200,000 in 2018 to over 460,000 total versus 187,000 in 2017, largely driven by recent political and economic issues in Iran including massive currency devaluation. As Afghans primarily work in the informal economy in Iran the demand for this type of work is drastically reduced. Further as all Afghans typically send home their earnings in the form of monthly remittances, the Afghan economy itself, already evident in the drought affected provinces of Herat, Badghis and Ghor, is suffering direct and immediate effects