Return of Undocumented Afghans - Weekly Situation Report (18 - 24 November 2018)

Report
from International Organization for Migration
Published on 24 Nov 2018 View Original

Hightlights

738,743 total returns from Iran and Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018

708,668 total returns from Iran since 01 Jan 2018

30,075 total returns from Pakistan since 01 Jan 2018

17,031 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran

436 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan

3% of returnees from Iran (462 individuals) assisted

89% of returnees from Pakistan (388 individuals) assisted

Return from Iran

A total of 17,031 undocumented Afghans spontaneously returned or were deported from Iran through the Milak (Nimroz) and Herat (Islam Qala) border crossings between 18 - 24 Nov 2018, 40% less than in the previous week (28,360). This brings the total number of undocumented returnees from Iran since 01 January 2018 to 708,668.

IOM provided post-arrival humanitarian assistance to 462 (3%) undocumented Afghans deported from Iran at its Transit Centers in Nimroz and Herat, including 57 Unaccompanied Migrant Children (UMC), 32 Medical Cases (MC), 42 members of Single Parent Families (SP), 2 Single Females (SF), 7 Physically Disabled (PD), 51 Special Cases (SC), 7 member of Poor Families (PF) and 11 Unaccompanied Elderly (UE), 5 Drug Addicted (DA) and1 Mentally Ill (MI)

Situation Overview

Since 01 January 2018, IOM is responding to the return of over 730,000 undocumented Afghans from Pakistan and Iran. Undocumented returns from Iran in particular are seeing a massive increase of over previous years, largely driven by recent political and economic issues in Iran including massive currency devaluation. As Afghans primarily work in the informal economy in Iran the demand for this type of work is drastically reduced. Further as all Afghans typically send home their earnings in the form of monthly remittances, the Afghan economy itself, already evident in the drought affected provinces of Herat, Badghis and Ghor, is suffering direct and immediate effects.

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