Afghanistan

Response to the Afghan crisis

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Fact Sheet
Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
Washington, DC
Afghan refugees and conflict victims have been receiving assistance from the United States since millions fled Afghanistan in 1978. Afghanistan has been experiencing a severe humanitarian crisis with 3 years of drought overlaid on 20 years of conflict. With the fall of the Taliban, and the creation of an interim administration to guide the country toward a permanent broad-based government, Afghanistan's future is looking brighter. However, much remains to be accomplished. In the short term, extraordinary efforts still are necessary to respond to the urgent humanitarian needs of the Afghan people.

In response to the crisis, the Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM) has provided resources to support Afghan refugees, returnees, internally displaced persons, and other vulnerable persons. The Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration has committed or obligated a total of $168 million* since the beginning of the current Afghan emergency in September 2001.

Primary implementing partners for PRM are the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent societies (IFRC), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), and other UN agencies. The Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration also provides funding to Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to fill critical protection and assistance gaps in Afghanistan and for Afghan refugees in neighboring countries.

PRM's funding in Afghanistan supports the voluntary return and reintegration of refugees and IDPs to their homes in Afghanistan. To this end, PRM supports critical activities in the sectors of shelter, water and sanitation, primary, reproductive, maternal and child healthcare, food and nutrition, primary education, mine education and awareness, economic assistance, and capacity building.

Type of Contribution
Amount
TOTAL PRM CONTRIBUTIONS
$168 million*
Total PRM Contributions to IOs
$146.5 million
Total PRM Contributions to NGOs
$21.5 million

* Of this amount, $23.5 million has been obligated or committed in Fiscal Year 2003.

PRM CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
FISCAL YEAR 2003

Agency
Amount
Purpose
TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO IOs
$22.0 million
Emergency Assistance, Return, and Reintegration Assistance
UNHCR TOTAL
$21.0 million
Support for Voluntary Return and Reintegration for Returning Refugees; Assistance and Protection to Afghan Refugees in Pakistan, Iran, and Central Asia
UNDP
$1.0 million
Support for the Afghan Conservation Corps pilot project, which provides cash-for-work environmental rehabilitation activities for returning refugees, IDPs, and demobilized fighters

PRM CONTRIBUTIONS TO NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS
FISCAL YEAR 2003

Agency
Amount
Purpose
TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO NGOs
$1.5 million
Emergency winterization assistance for returning refugees
Shelter for Life
$1.35 million
Shelter and winterization assistance for returnees, IDPs, and other vulnerable Afghans in Kabul City, Takhar and Kunduz Provinces
Community Housing Foundation
$1.5 million
Emergency winterization assistance for returnee families in Kabul City

PRM CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
FISCAL YEAR 2002
(Plus contributions to UNHCR, ICRC, and other IOs following September 11, 2001)

Agency
Amount
Purpose
TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO IOs
$124.5 million
Contingency Planning, Emergency Assistance, Return, and Reintegration Assistance
UNHCR TOTAL
$67.3 million
Emergency Response to Afghan Refugees and IDPs; Support for Voluntary Repatriation and Reintegration for Returning Refugees
ICRC TOTAL
$24.5 million
Emergency Response for Conflict Victims in Afghanistan and neighboring countries
IFRC TOTAL
$5.0 million
Emergency Assistance to Afghans in Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, and Iran
IOM TOTAL
$7.8 million
Emergency Assistance, Logistics, Assistance to IDPs and Returning Refugees in Afghanistan; Internal Transportation Network for Returning Refugees and IDPs
OCHA TOTAL
$3.6 million
Inter-Agency Coordination in Pakistan and Afghanistan
UNDP TOTAL
$0.66 million
Support for the Project Management Information System in Afghanistan (ProMIS) and the Donor Assistance Database
UNFPA TOTAL
$0.6 million
Safe Motherhood Program for Afghan Refugees in Pakistan
UNICEF TOTAL
$8.0 million
Emergency Health, Education, Water/Sanitation Assistance to Afghan Refugees and IDPs; Support for UNICEF's Back-to-School Program for Returning Afghan Refugees
WFP TOTAL
$6.0 million
Logistics, Food Mgmt & Supply in Afghanistan and Pakistan
WHO TOTAL
$1.0 million
Support for the Provision of Basic Health Services for Returning Refugees

PRM CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
FISCAL YEAR 2002

Agency
Amount
Purpose
TOTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO NGOs
$2.0 million
Emergency Assistance for Refugees and IDPs, Return and Reintegration Assistance for Returnees
Aga Khan Foundation
$.5 million
Shelter assistance and construction training for returnees and IDPs in six regions in Baghlan and Bamian provinces
Catholic Relief Service
$1.2 million
Support for multifaceted reintegration project for returnees to Hirat and Kandahar provinces
Church World Service
$.17 million
Program to support health services to refugees in Mansehra, Pakistan and Nangarhar, Afghanistan
Church World Service
$.68 million
Supports income generation project targeting female returnees in Kabul
Community Housing Foundation
$2.16 million
Program to address the humanitarian needs of extremely vulnerable Afghan returning refugees and IDPs to Bamian and Kabul provinces
International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC)
$0.52 million
Program to Identify and Coordinate Social Service Delivery to Vulnerable Urban Afghans in Peshawar and Quetta, Pakistan
ICMC
$.86 million
Support for project identifying and providing care to extremely vulnerable individuals (returnees, IDPs) in Kandahar and Hirat provinces, Afghanistan
Int'l Medical Corps (IMC)
$1.2 million
Support for project providing healthcare, primary education, non-formal education, and micro-credit for Afghan refugees in Haripur and Baluchistan, Pakistan
IMC
$.68 million
Support for basic health services with an emphasis on maternal and child health in refugee camps in NWFP, Pakistan for old caseload population; training of healthcare workers
IMC
$1.6 million
Rehabilitation of clinics in 3 provinces in eastern Afghanistan; training of healthcare workers
International Rescue Committee (IRC)
$2.5 million
Support for multifaceted reintegration project for returnees in southern , central, and western Afghanistan
IRC
$.37 million
Healthcare and drought response project for old and new caseload refugees in NWFP, Pakistan
IRC
$.9 million
Continued support for Afghan refugee girls in primary and secondary schools in refugee camps in NWFP, Pakistan; health education for girls and their parents; teacher training
IRC
$.23 million
Support to maintain operational capacity inside Afghanistan
MCI
$0.16 million
Support to Maintain Operational Capacity Inside Afghanistan
MCI
$0.38 million
Program to Support Health Services and Capacity-Building for Vulnerable Afghan Refugees in Quetta, Pakistan
MCI
$1.5 million
Assistance to stabilize at-risk communities and facilitate potential returns to Helmand Province, Afghanistan
MCI
$2.0 million
Support for program providing healthcare, microcredit, and drought relief to refugees in camps and urban settings in Baluchistan, Pakistan
Plan International
$.53 million
Establishment of mobile clinics and training facilities for new caseload refugees in Chaman-area camps, Pakistan
Save the Children - US
$1.83 million
Program to support assistance in health, education, and administrative services to Afghan refugees in Haripur and Baluchistan, Pakistan