Resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 7 October 2021: 48/1. Situation of human rights in Afghanistan (A/HRC/RES/48/1)

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Human Rights Council
Forty-eighth session
13 September–11 October 2021
Agenda item 2
Annual report of the United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights and reports of the Office of the
High Commissioner and the Secretary-General

The Human Rights Council,

Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations,
Reaffirming the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and recalling relevant international human rights treaties,

Reaffirming also that all human rights are universal, indivisible, interrelated, interdependent and mutually reinforcing, and that all human rights must be treated in a fair and equal manner, on the same footing and with the same emphasis,

Recognizing that the promotion and protection of human rights should be based on the principles of cooperation and genuine dialogue and aimed at strengthening the capacity of Member States to comply with their human rights obligations for the benefit of all human beings,

Recognizing also that development, peace and security and human rights are interlinked and mutually reinforcing,

Reaffirming its strong commitment to the sovereignty, political independence, territorial integrity and unity of Afghanistan, and that the Afghan people are entitled to freely determine their political status and to freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development,

Recalling the thirty-first special session of the Human Rights Council on the serious human rights concerns and situation in Afghanistan, and Council resolution S-31/1 adopted thereat on 24 August 2021,

Recalling also all relevant resolutions adopted by the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Human Rights Council on the situation in Afghanistan,

Recalling further the statements made by the Secretary-General, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission, and those by several special procedures of the Human Rights Council and treaty bodies on reports of human rights violations and abuses and violations of international humanitarian law in Afghanistan committed by the Taliban and other parties to the conflict,

Deeply concerned about the situation of human rights in Afghanistan, in particular the continued allegations of human rights violations and abuses and violations of international humanitarian law, including those involving summary or extrajudicial executions, arbitrary detentions, violence against peaceful protesters and journalists, reprisals, raids on offices of non-governmental organizations and civil society groups, violations and abuses of the human rights of all women and girls, committed by the Taliban and other parties to the conflict, and recalling the importance of protecting cultural heritage from looting,

Deeply concerned also about the human rights implications of the dire security situation in Afghanistan, in particular for all women and girls, and for older persons and persons belonging to ethnic and religious minorities, journalists, media workers, human rights defenders and members of their families, internally displaced persons, those who have worked for the Government and for former military personnel, and persons in vulnerable situations, and about the ongoing deterioration of the humanitarian situation and the looming food security crisis,

Recognizing that the effective exercise of the right to freedom of opinion and expression is an important indicator of the level of protection of other human rights and freedoms, and underlining the important role played by local journalists and media workers in continuing to carry out essential work, including by documenting and reporting, in challenging circumstances,

Deeply deploring the suffering of the people of Afghanistan, reaffirming its profound solidarity with them and stressing the importance of providing them with proper support and assistance, as well as the urgent and imperative need to ensure accountability by bringing perpetrators of crimes involving violations and abuses of international human rights law and international humanitarian law to justice,

Recalling the obligations of Afghanistan under international human rights law as expressed in the treaties and conventions to which it is a party, including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child,

Recalling also that Afghanistan has been a State party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court since 1 May 2003,

Acknowledging the efforts of numerous States to evacuate and relocate Afghans wishing to leave the country, and emphasizing the need to support neighbouring countries that are sheltering large numbers of Afghan refugees,

Acknowledging also the efforts of neighbouring and other countries in facilitating the delivery of humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan, in collaboration with the United Nations and other international agencies and partners,

Emphasizing that sustainable peace in Afghanistan can only be achieved through an inclusive, just, durable and realistic political settlement that upholds the enjoyment of human rights, including for all women, girls, children and persons belonging to minorities,

Reaffirming the importance of the full, equal and meaningful participation of women in planning and decision-making with regard to mediation, confidence-building, conflict prevention and resolution, and of their involvement in all efforts to maintain and promote peace and security, and the need to prevent and redress human rights violations, such as all forms of violence against women and girls, especially sexual and gender-based violence,

Reaffirming also that human rights, democracy and the rule of law create an environment in which countries can promote development, protect individuals from discrimination and ensure equal access to justice for all,

Recognizing that terrorism has devastating consequences for the enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms of victims and their families, in particular women and girls, and reaffirming the importance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan, while fully respecting human rights, to ensure that the territory of Afghanistan is not used to threaten or attack any country, and that neither the Taliban nor any other group or individual can support terrorists operating on the territory of any other country,

Underlining the need to preserve and build on the political, economic and social achievements of the Afghan people made over the past 20 years, and for further improvement in this regard, in particular to address poverty and the delivery of services, stimulate economic growth, create employment opportunities, tackle corruption, enhance transparency, increase domestic revenue and promote and implement its obligations under international law to protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Reiterating its support for the work of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Afghanistan and the Personal Envoy of the Secretary-General on Afghanistan with a view to facilitating an inclusive peace and reconciliation process in Afghanistan,

Emphasizing the importance of the safety and security of United Nations personnel, including of those working on human rights, and of diplomatic and consular personnel of States Members of the United Nations and of humanitarian personnel, including female workers,