- Support the Bonn process: the Constitutional, Human Rights, and Judicial Commissions; the June 2004 elections; and a free and independent media.
- Improve government access to revenue (e.g., customs).
- Build capacity to carry out other legitimate government functions and support; reconstruction of health, judicial, education, economic, agricultural and transportation infrastructure.
Customs Reform: The Ministry of Finance agreed to a strategy for regionalizing customs reform. The customs modernization model tested at the Kabul Customs House will be expanded to regional implementation sites in Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, and Herat.
Banking Sector: The National Bank of Pakistan began processing its application for a permit to open a branch in Afghanistan with the Central Bank. Afghan and American Financial Services, a group that includes President Karzai's brother and Jack Kemp (former HUD Secretary), began formal inquiries about a banking license for a bank they will call New Afghan Bank. The bank will concentrate on new construction lending and small/medium enterprise lending.
International Trade: A USAID advisor assisted in finalization of a multilateral agreement on trade, transit, and investment between Afghanistan and China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. The agreement was signed at the annual general meeting of the World Bank and IMF held in Dubai in late September.
Expanding Educational Opportunity
- 1,000 schools and at least 18 provincial women's centers rehabilitated or constructed.
- 10.2 million textbooks printed and distributed for 2003 school year
- 30,000 classroom teachers trained.
- 80,000 students enrolled in accelerated learning programs to reach their appropriate age level.
On September 27th, a ceremony was held to place the foundation stone for the Parwan Women's Center. In attendance were Habiba Sarabi, Minister of Women's Affairs for Afghanistan, Governor of Parwan province Zarar, and Parwan Director of Women's Affairs, Shah Jan. Minister Sarabi expressed her hope that these centers will be a place for women from the local population, government officials, and NGOs to meet, learn, and exchange ideas and information. Governor Zarar articulated how the centers open the door for discussions of education and rights of both men and women in Afghanistan. The Governor also emphasized his support for the security and protection of women's rights. Each center will be equipped with audiovisual equipment, computers, libraries, and a daycare center.
Excavation work began this week for a new model school in Kabul and two new schools in Ghazni province. Excavation work is almost complete on a fourth school in Qarabagh district of Kabul province.
Increasing Access to Basic Health Care
- 400 health centers renovated or constructed in rural areas
- 13 million women and children given access to basic health care through grants to NGOs to operate clinics.
- 3,300 new community health workers, 180 midwives, 4860 clinic staff trained.
- Make oral rehydration salts, iodized salt, contraceptives, mosquito nets, and other health products available at reasonable prices using existing trading and marketing system.
- Develop public health education program with the Ministry of Health (MOH); strengthen MOH capacity at the national, provincial and district levels for guiding health care.
Following official groundbreaking ceremonies on September 13th, excavation for nine new clinics is now underway in Kabul and Ghazni provinces.
Sector Snapshot: Capacity Building at the Afghan Ministry of Health (MOH)
In addition to building clinics and providing grants to NGOs to provide health services, USAID helps to strengthen MOH capacity. Accomplishments to date include:
Revitalizing Agriculture/Creating Jobs
- 100% increase in average productivity for 500,000 farm families through improved technologies, better infrastructure, and access to markets.
- 615 irrigation projects repaired/constructed to increase water use efficiency by 50% and agricultural productivity by 20%.
- 1000 km of improved village feeder roads rehabilitated.
- 1000 village agricultural market centers built.
Throughout the Fall 2002 and Spring 2003, USAID funded a series of cash-for-work projects to draw labor away from the poppy harvest and build community infrastructure. In Nangarhar, Samangan, and Takhar provinces, known for poppy production, USAID funded 50 irrigation projects, which repaired canals, intakes, springs, and underground irrigation tunnels resulting in irrigation for over 30,000 hectares. 92,500 persondays of employment and cash payments of $280,000 to local laborers were generated.
Construction supervision of the Zana Khan Dam and Sardeh irrigation projects in Ghazni province has been suspended due to security concerns. Supervision will resume pending discussions with local officials regarding security conditions.