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Portfolio of Mine Action Projects 2006

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This ninth edition of the Portfolio of Mine Action Projects embodies the concrete steps being taken to eliminate the threat of landmines and explosive remnants of war and to meet pertinent treaty obligations. It also reflects the mine-action community's willingness to work together to get the job done.

What was once a collection of mine-action project proposals developed by a handful of United Nations organizations is now a comprehensive package of initiatives developed jointly by 14 different UN entities, national authorities, and a record number of nongovernmental organizations. The earliest editions of the Portfolio were assembled at the headquarters level. Now, the Portfolio is the product of cooperation at the field level. Each country's Portfolio submission also reflects and reinforces nationally approved strategic plans for addressing the threat of landmines and explosive remnants of war.

All organizations featured in the Portfolio recognize the importance of creating partnerships, coordinating responsibilities, avoiding duplication, and ensuring the greatest impact from donor resources.

This level of cooperation in mine action today is unprecedented and may serve as a model in other areas where the United Nations and nongovernmental organizations are working toward a common goal.

While the Portfolio is spearheaded and published by the United Nations, it is anything but a UN product. All actors in the mine-action arena play an important role in compiling the Portfolio, as well as in clearing mines, assisting victims, teaching people how to avoid danger, advocating for laws and treaties that will stop the suffering caused by landmines and unexploded ordnance, and destroying stockpiled mines so they may never be used again.

With continued cooperation among mine-action partners and sustained support and commitment from mine-affected and donor countries the objectives embodied in the national plans of landmine and ERW-affected countries can and will be achieved.

Jean-Marie Guéhenno
United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations

2006 Portfolio Highlights

Record-level participation

An unprecedented number of national authorities, nongovernmental organizations, civil society organizations and United Nations agencies and departments participated in the Portfolio Country Teams that planned and developed this ninth edition of the Portfolio for 2006. A record 103 appealing agencies submitted proposals for this Portfolio, compared to 91 in 2005 and 83 in 2004.

Record number of projects

The 2006 Portfolio includes 350 projects, compared with 303 submissions in 2005 and 287 in 2004. Approximately half of the projects were submitted by nongovernmental organizations. Record budgets, funding requests and shortfalls The combined budgets of all projects in the 2006 Portfolio total $442 million. Of this amount, approximately $51 million in funding has already been secured by appealing agencies, leaving a shortfall of $391 million, or 88 percent of the total. The total funds requested for 2006 are about $97 million, or 24 percent, greater than the $294 million requested in 2005 (at the time of publication).

Changes in country/territory representation

Nepal is participating in the Portfolio for the first time and Serbia and Montenegro (Kosovo) has returned after a one-year absence. Two countries that participated last year (Georgia and Nicaragua) however, have not submitted proposals this year. A total of 30 countries, 3 territories and a set of Global projects by United Nations entities are featured in this year's Portfolio.

Nearly half of the Portfolio appeal is for mine clearance

Mine clearance projects account for the largest share of the combined funding shortfall in the 2006 Portfolio, at 48 percent, while having only 40 percent in 2005. Projects covering more than one pillar of mine action (labeled as "multiple") account for the largest share of all projects this year at 36 percent, which is a one percent decrease from a year earlier. In 2006, mine risk education and victim assistance saw the largest increase in the number of projects in the Portfolio.

Regional distribution

Africa leads this year's Portfolio with the most projects-172-but has the second-highest funding shortfall: $148 million. Asia has the largest funding shortfall, $207 million, and the second-highest number of projects: 117. The region with the smallest appeal in the Portfolio is Latin America: 19 projects with a funding shortfall of $5 million.

Some projects already funded

For the first time, the Portfolio includes a number of projects that have already been fully funded. The inclusion of these projects nevertheless ensures that the Portfolio represents as comprehensive a picture as possible of mine action efforts.

Portfolio of Mine Action Projects:

Questions and Answers

What is the Portfolio?

The Portfolio of Mine Action Projects is a resource tool and reference document for donors, policy-makers, advocates, national and international mine action implementers. The countryspecific proposals in the Portfolio reflect the strategic response developed in the field to the problem of landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW). This country-based approach aims to present as comprehensive a picture as possible of the full range of mine action needs in a particular country or thematic issue related to mine action. Each submission is also reflective of a national strategic plan and is endorsed by national authorities, where relevant. Also in the Portfolio are "global" mine action project proposals by various United Nations headquarters entities.

A Country Portfolio Coordinator (CPC) leads each Country Portfolio Team and coordinates the submission of proposals to the Portfolio's Headquarters Team for compilation. While the majority of the CPCs are UN officials, the number of national authorities taking over that role is gradually increasing. The United Nations looks forward to moving from a "management" role to "support" role in preparing the Portfolio. The Country Portfolio Teams include representatives from national and local authorities, nongovernmental organizations, the United Nations, and the business community. Representatives of donor countries based in mine/ERW-affected countries are also invited to attend Country Portfolio Team meetings. Country Portfolio Team members represent various pillars in mine-action: clearance and marking, mine-risk education, victim assistance, advocacy, and stockpile destruction.

The Headquarters Portfolio Team is based in New York and consists of representatives from the UN Mine Action Service (as Coordinator), the UN Development Programme, and UNICEF. This team compiles all submissions from the field into this annual publication and makes the contents available online at the Electronic Mine Information Network, or E-MINE, at

Each Portfolio country/territory chapter contains a synopsis of the scope of the landmine/ERW problem, a description of how mine action is coordinated, and a snapshot of mine action strategies developed by the Country Portfolio Teams. Many of the strategies complement or are integrated within broader development and humanitarian frameworks such as national development plans, the UN Development Assistance Frameworks, and national poverty-reduction plans. Each year a number of countries that are featured in the Portfolio are also included in the annual UN Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP). Because the development of the 2006 CAP was still under way at the time this publication went to press, the print version of the 2006 Portfolio does not fully indicate which projects are also included in the CAP. This information will appear in the electronic version of this Portfolio on the E-MINE website.

What's an "appealing agency"?

Appealing agencies are the national authorities, nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, and United Nations entities that appeal for funding for mine action operations.

What's an "appealing agency"?

Appealing agencies are the national authorities, nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, and United Nations entities that appeal for funding for mine action operations.

What's an "implementing partner"?

Implementing partners include national authorities, national and international nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, United Nations entities, commercial companies, and military institutions that conduct mine action operations and activities on behalf of appealing agencies. Implementing partners are listed in each project submission.

What's in a typical project proposal?

Each project proposal in the Portfolio is limited to one page and includes a description of objectives, goals, planned activities and expected outcomes. It also includes the name of the appealing agency, a list of implementing partners, the total budget and the amount of funding requested for 2006. Project codes for ongoing projects remain the same from year to year. New projects receive new codes reflecting the year first submitted. Projects are identified by mine action pillar. Contact details for each project are provided for ease of reference and for ease of follow-up by interested donors.

How current is the information in the Portfolio?

Country Portfolio Teams submitted project proposals to a New York -based review team in August 2005. After verifying the budgets and project descriptions, all submissions were compiled into a single volume and sent to press in October. In most cases, overviews for countries and funding needs for individual projects were current as of late September 2005. After the Portfolio is published, the country overviews and project proposals are posted online at the Electronic Mine Information Network at A revision of the 2006 edition of the Portfolio will be conducted at the end of the first quarter of 2006 and be made available online only. Funding updates are posted online quarterly.

How can a new country/territory be added to the Portfolio?

Countries that are not currently in the Portfolio may find information about participating in it by contacting the Headquarters Portfolio Country Team at

Which part of the United Nations produces the Portfolio?

Fourteen UN agencies, programmes, departments and funds are involved in mine action, and each may choose to submit project proposals to the Portfolio. However, three UN entities-the UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS), the UN Development Programme (UNDP), and UNICEF-take the lead in the Portfolio's coordination, development, publication and dissemination. UNMAS is a division of the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and is the focal point for mine action in the United Nations system. UNDP provides comprehensive support to national mine action programmes in the full range of mine action activities, at the request of mine-affected states. UNICEF has central to its mandate the protection and promotion of the rights of children affected by armed conflict.

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