Integrated approach to primary and secondary education for the formation of a contemporary Afghanistan
Today, education is increasingly being perceived, and rightfully so, as an essential factor in promoting economic development and reducing poverty. Beyond this, it is the natural incubator and safeguard of contemporary citizenship and democratic values. One of the most important factors that influence a country's ability to become economically competitive, is the quality of human resources produced by its education and training.
"At the dawn of a new century the prospect of which evokes both anguish and hope, it is essential that all people with a sense of responsibility turn their attention to both the aims and the means of education. While education is an ongoing process of improving knowledge and skills, it is also perhaps primarily an exceptional means of bringing about personal development and building relationships among individuals, groups and nations." 'Learning: The Treasure Within', Jacques Delors.
Education begins with the inborn qualities of each child: boundless curiosity, a profound interest in meaningful activity, self-expression, courage, laughter, and love. Education prizes these qualities. A rich and balanced curriculum offers many opportunities for the students' qualities to take shape, grow, and help them to make their connection to the wider world.
The most important feature of today's basic education is to contribute to the economic and social growth of societies by implementing a model of sustainable development based on the specific characteristics of each country. Therefore, adopting flexible systems in the developing countries would allow greater curricular diversity and builds bridges between traditional and modern education, which is vital.
In Afghanistan, where decades of religious conservatism have left a mark on the society, any reform in the educational system must be introduced with a proper understanding of the sociopolitical, cultural, and religious context of the Afghan society.
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