Hunger's global hotspots: 21 Aug 2008
Rome, 21 August 2008 - Facts, figures and the lastest updates from WFP's high profile emergencies.
The CO is facing critical shortfalls, where total 95,000 mt of mixed commodities are required until the end of 2008. Of which, 25,000 mt are urgently required for prepositioning for winter.
In early August, WFP released about 79 mt of food commodities to assist some 880 HIV/AIDS affected people in Moundou. The assistance targeted patients under ARV treatment covering their food needs for 30 days. In order to address the nutritional impact of food shortages caused by the increase in food prices on the local markets, WFP has been requested to provide, during the lean season, food assistance to 500 orphans and street children in a rehabilitation centre in N'Djamena. Provision was made to cover beneficiaries' nutritional needs in August and September 2008.
A near-total pipeline break in August will force further cuts in rations and prioritizing of beneficiaries. The situation is expected to improve marginally in October and November and then return to high shortfalls. Withdrawal of some actors in the peace process in North Kivu and the continued reports on the number of abuses in various areas have led the humanitarian community to assess, as a likely scenario in the latest contingency plan, an additional 100,000 to 300,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) over the next six months. With a depleted pipeline, this would lead to additional pressures for WFP. Thanks to the SNCC (Congo National Railway Society) locomotive and wagons rehabilitated by WFP, prices of the food and NFI transported from Kalemie to Kindu have decreased. Conversely, due to lack in infrastructure, prices of goods from Goma in North Kivu to Kindu are skyrocketing.
The prioritization process for August food allocations is still ongoing. Last week, WFP, the Government and donors reached a preliminary agreement: a reduced cereal ration will be provided to the 4.6 million relief beneficiaries as well as new relief needs emerging in hotspot areas. No decision has been made yet on blended food. The Productive Safety Net Programme proposes to assist 3.3 million beneficiaries with food in August, but will need to borrow the remaining balance of 20,000 mt from the Emergency Food Security Reserve Administration (EFSRA). Although food from several stakeholders (WFP, USAID, Ethiopian Grain Trade Enterprise, Food Security and Coordination Bureau) is now arriving in Djibouti, resources are still not sufficient to cover all the needs. On 12 August, WFP officially requested the EFSRA to defer repayment of outstanding WFP loans (79,000 mt). WFP's proposed reimbursement scheme is 20 percent in September, 15 percent in October and the balance by end 2008. WFP remains concerned about humanitarian food assistance in the Somali Region. While relief food dispatches for July are more than 90 percent complete in most of the regions, in Somali Region they are less than 30 percent. WFP special operation for a Hubs and Spokes logistics system in Somali Region has now been approved and budget released in WINGS. However, implementation is still delayed due to administrative bottlenecks at government levels despite the green light from the Deputy Prime Minister received on 16 July 2008. From January 2008 to date, about 183,963 mt of relief food have been allocated to some 4.6 million beneficiaries and about 153,212 mt delivered.
Members of the Kenya Food Security Meeting, the national decision-making body, are scheduled to meet on 19 August to review and endorse the findings of the long rains assessment. Preliminary results indicate that the number of people in need of food assistance due to drought and post-election violence is likely to increase slightly, up to 1.4 million from the current 1.2 million starting September. Timely arrival of food commodities from the regional procurement in South Africa, scheduled for 26 August, is critical for maintaining the pipeline. This will ensure that the cereals pipeline is covered until October 2008. Effective planning is required to ensure that the emergency operation is well resourced beyond October/November 2008. The Country Programme also eagerly awaits the shipment from South Africa in order to move food to schools in remote locations, in time for the third school term that starts early September. WFP has made two CERF applications (US$1.2 million each) to cater for the needs of the internally displaced persons as well as those worst affected by poor performance of the rains.
WFP has been providing rations to over 130,000 displaced people in Kilinochchi and Mullaitivu. The limited livelihood opportunities due to multiple displacements and restrictions on importing materials into the Vanni - LTTE controlled northern districts - are affecting the IDP and non-displaced population.
A first tranche of 14mt of food was air lifted to Gogrial, South Sudan, where hunger-related deaths have been observed. This is part of 527mt of food assistance to be air-lifted in support of 30,000 people for one month. The distribution in this otherwise inaccessible region, due to poor road conditions, is expected to be completed by the end of August. Affected households will receive sorghum, pulses, vegetable, salt, sugar and corn-soya blend. Children will be screened for inclusion into the Blanket Supplementary Feeding Programme (BSFP) planned to start in the near future.
Heavy rains in Northern Bahr El Ghazal and Warrap states, both in southern Sudan, have reportedly displaced close to 100,000 residents. Inter-agency assessments are ongoing to confirm numbers of people affected and to determine their immediate needs.
CSB - Corn-soya blend
CD - Country Director
CP - Country Programme
EMOP - Emergency Operation
Fewsnet - Famine EarlyWarning System Network
FSAU - Food Security and Analysis Unit
GFD - General Food Distribution
IDPs - Internally Displaced People
MCHN - Mother and Child Health and Nutrition
MT - Metric tonnes
PRRO - Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation
VGF - Vulnerable Group Feeding