How do labour programmes contribute to social inclusion in Afghanistan?

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This research report “How do labour programmes contribute to social inclusion in Afghanistan?" examines the impacts of BRAC’s life skills education training and livelihoods training in Kabul and Parwan provinces in Afghanistan. It urges development interventions to contribute to long-term wellbeing and broader societal goals of equity, social justice and empowerment, in order to generate sustainable change.

Barriers to women’s employment may be different depending on a specific sector and occupation. While this study sought to assess factors that affected the outcomes of BRAC’s interventions in the specific areas of its focus, it also solicited evidence on general constraints and opportunities to female employment.

Perceptions of young women about constraints to female employment more generally revealed that, besides knowledge and skills, ability to set up a business depends on a range of factors. Respondents indicated that education, access to financial capital and productive resources and restrictions on female mobility were the key barriers to female employment. While most of these factors present constraints to both men and women, they appear to be more limiting for women.