Global Polio Eradication Initiative Monthly Situation Report - July - August 2010

Report
from Global Polio Eradication Initiative
Published on 18 Aug 2010 View Original
Pakistan - polio infrastructure supports flood relief effort: Polio eradication staff and resources are being used to help in the response to the devastating floods affecting Pakistan. Polio epidemiologists and surveillance officers in the worst-affected areas of North West Frontier Province (NWPF, now known as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) and Punjab are equipped with vehicles, radio equipment, satellite phones, vital medicines and potable water tanks. The immediate focus has been on conducting a thorough and rapid assessment of the extent of the devastation, and communicating these findings back to Provincial and Federal Authorities to enable more effective relief planning. Staff have also been engaged in helping establish early warning systems for diseases, are part of mobile medical teams and are helping with broad immunization services in internally-displaced persons camps. The UN has launched a flash appeal for the flood relief effort, and as part of this, funds would go to support an emergency measles/polio campaign.

Horn of Africa outbreak stopped: The outbreak which had affected the Horn of Africa appears to have been successfully stopped, as no new cases due to wild poliovirus (WPV) have been reported in more than 12 months. The outbreak began in 2008, following the re-appearance of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in the border area of southern Sudan and Ethiopia. In early 2009, the outbreak then spread to northern Sudan and to nearby Kenya and Uganda. A combination of a series of multicountry immunization campaigns, scale-up of technical support, and strong political engagement by the affected countries proved to be the backbone behind the successful outbreak response. Efforts are continuing to strengthen AFP surveillance to achieve certification-standard, including at the level of individual states.