ERM Household Assessment Report: HEAT Assessment for conflict IDPs in Bamyan, 12-15 November 2018

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2. Assessment Finding and Recommendation in brief:

Around 760 (as of 15th November 2018) families have been displaced to Bamyan resulting from the conflict in Jaghuri and Malistan districts. According to the reports more families are coming to Bamyan, AOGs had blocked the main access routes leading from affected districts to Bamyan, therefore, displaced families are using a longer route. More than 1000 families have been displaced to Kabul and Ghazni center. Govt. forces are trying to retain the control of the areas which is resulting into more and more displacements. At the moment situation in most of the areas of Jaghori and Malistan is chaotic, social life has been suspended, majority of the schools, health facilities and market are closed. Govt. departments, community and aid agencies have started the relief operations however needs and gaps are more than the capacity on ground. ACF with joint assessment team at the first phase of assessment identified 81 HHs eligible for assistance. Assessment is ongoing; ACF is deploying more staff to Bamyan to help operations in Bamyan. From 18th Novemeber, ACF would be in full capacity in terms of human resource to expedite the response.

Assessment findings:
Household compositions (total individuals: 455 Individuals)  All 81 HHs displaced during the month of November 2018.  68 HHs (84%) are temporarily hosted by the host community who have provided them their used and unused rooms for free of charge. According to the assessment findings and direct observation of the team, their living conditions are critical as several families are sharing one room, which is a serious protection concern as no one could maintain the privacy, safety and security of the HH members and their belongings.
Initially some families were living in hotels but due to the financial situation, they are trying to find shelters with native communities. IDPs have to comprise on their dignity, as they are not paying rent to the host communities temporarily provided to them by hosting communities. Host community does not have much capacity to accommodate them for long time.

  • 41 IDP HH 51% are using hand pump, 26 households (32%) using dug well, 14 families (14%) using pipe water as their source of water. The data indicates that women were fetching the water from the water sources.

  • Out of 81 HHs, 80 IDP HH (99%) were having access to latrines only one family not having access to latrine.

  • All 81 IDPs families (100%) reported that because of the conflict they have lost their resources, moreover they could not bring a lot of items required for daily life needs. Reportedly the coping mechanism of IDPs is relying on the support by host community. Before displacement, 100% of them had different livelihood sources and average monthly income before shock was about 8451 AFN, however, after the displacement, they do not have any livelihood source and they are earning nothing. IDPs are trying to adjust themselves in the areas where they have been displaced to.

  • All 81 HH (100%) reported that they have no food stock.

  • 43 HH (53%) has over 8000 AFN debt, 33 HH (43%) has debt between 2000-8000 AFN, 4 HH (5%) has no debt and only 1 family has less than 2000 AFN debt.

  • 100% of the HHs mentioned that they already received NFI kits from UNICEF distributed by ANDMA and 5 blanket by ARC since the displacement period; and they are receiving support from the host community.

  • Based on the scoring criteria 55 household will receive full package and 26 families will receive half SMEB according to their scores.
    Food, NFI kits, rental/shelter support, transportation and provision of hygiene items are their immediate needs. As compared to in kind-support, people preferred to receive cash support to address their immediate needs. Some families also shared that they were waiting for their relatives who are in the way to Bamyan or they are struck in their villages, once they reach Bamyan, these families would travel to Kabul. It has been found that families who have some resources would be further displaced to Kabul, the rest would stay in Bamyan unless the situation becomes normal in their native areas.

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