Afghanistan

Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA): Afghanistan: Floods and Landslides DREF Operation n° MDRAF002

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A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Heavy and continuous rainfall since 24 April has caused flooding and flash floods on 25 April in nine provinces in northern Afghanistan (refer to map). According to United Nations (UN) figures, the flooding has claimed 159 lives with many more still missing. At least 12,967 families (90,000 people) have been severely affected by floods and around 16,000 people have been displaced when their homes were destroyed. The affected areas stretch from Herat province in the west to Badakhshan province in the north-east region, with the heaviest impact in the northern region.

The province of Jawzjan is the most severely impacted with 25,900 people affected and the provinces of Balkh, Faryab and Sari Pul have also seen heavy damage to homes, public infrastructure and thousands of hectares of agricultural lands. Initial joint assessments have been undertaken by Afghanistan National Disaster Management Agency (ANDMA), Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) and UN agencies. They indicate that the district of Khwajadukoh,
Jawzjan province, has been the most severely affected by the disaster. In that district alone, 16,000 people have been affected across 21 villages. Limited access to some of the worst affected areas still remains a key challenge for humanitarian agencies. The Afghan National Army (ANA) is conducting search and rescue operations in the affected areas and around 14,000 people have been evacuated from the flooded areas.

On 2 May, following heavy rains, a mountainside has collapsed on the village of Abi Barik, Agro district in Badakhshan province, northern Afghanistan. As of 4 May 2014, 256 people have been confirmed dead and 100 injured. The number killed in the landslides is likely to increase, but the authorities now expect that the final number will not surpass 500. Although the landslides destroyed 300 houses, many of the inhabitants, initially reported missing and feared dead, were working on their farmland when the disaster struck and thus survived. Initial reports from provincial authorities and ARCS suggest that 300 houses have been totally buried. A total of 1,000 families lived in the Argo district which is located 60 kilometres from Fayzabad, the capital of Badakhshan province.

According to the provincial authorities, up to 700 families have left their homes due to the risk of more landslides. They are now at a neighbouring village In Abi Barik village in Argo district, in humanitarian need of shelter, food, health assistance and various relief items such as tents, drinking water. ARCS and other humanitarian organisations’ resources have been committed to meet these needs and distributions are started on 3-4 May and are ongoing. There is still a need for manpower in the area of search and rescue in the landslide-affected area. A summary of damages and losses suffered in northern Afghanistan as a result of the floods and landslide is provided below.