DTM Afghanistan: Drought Response Situation Report - Herat (9 September - 26 October 2018)


In response to critical levels of internal displacement, caused by what is being described as the worst drought in Afghanistan in decades, IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) monitors inflows of drought-affected IDPs arriving in Herat City, identifying and registering only the newly arriving IDP caseload, and reports/ shares the information with humanitarian partners to facilitate onward registration of newly arriving IDPs into humanitarian assistance programmes. DTM also tracks the outflow of IDPs returning to their places of origin or into secondary displacement.

Over the reporting period, IOM maintained three strategically placed flow monitoring points (FMPs), where DTM teams monitor inflows and outflows of IDPs, identify and register drought-affected IDP families, and provide newly arriving families with IDP Cards to facilitate their registration for humanitarian assistance. Since the incept of this activity on 9 September 2018, three FMPs were closed in Shedaye, Band Pashtun and Karokh.

*Please note, IDPs were not monitored or registered on 19–21 October 2018, due to parliamentary elections.


3 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs)
at checkpoints on major routes connecting to Herat City at Armalek, Kamar Kulagh, and Chaharsoy Guzara
IDPs enumerated across all FMPs (inflow + outflow)
arriving IDPs displaced by drought (91% of all IDPs)
arriving IDPs displaced by conflict (9% of all IDPs)
arriving IDPs’ intended destination is Injil district (84%), mainly in informal settlements in Shedaye
arriving IDPs are from Badghis province (61%)
arriving IDPs intend to live in tents or in the open air (73%)
arriving IDPs do not intend to return home (68%)