Afghanistan

Canada's Engagement in Afghanistan - Quarterly Report to Parliament for the Period of April 1 to June 30, 2010

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Situation Report
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Summary

- Canada continued to make progress on its six priorities and three signature projects in this quarter, in the face of increasing insurgent violence. Two more 2011 targets were achieved: the amount of land released as free of mines surpassed 500 square kilometres; and remaining infrastructure projects at Sarpoza prison were completed.

- Building the capacity of Afghan institutions to deliver basic, essential services to the Afghan people is pivotal to the country's future. Canada further advanced its first signature project, the repair of the Dahla Dam and its irrigation system to provide a secure supply of irrigation water to Kandaharis, by removing over 52,000 cubic metres of silt.

- Canada progressed on its second signature project, to build, repair or refurbish 50 schools in key districts of Kandahar by 2011, by completing another three schools. Twenty-four schools are under construction and contracts are in place for the remaining seven schools.

- Canada continued to implement its third signature project, focused on the eradication of polio. More than 390,000 children in Kandahar received vaccinations during the quarter.

- The Emergency Micronutrient Initiative funded by Canada aims to reduce nutritional deficiencies and health complications among pregnant women and children under the age of five: 140,000 children received packets of multiple micronutrient powders, while 78,000 pregnant or lactating women received iron and folic acid supplements.

- Afghan and coalition forces, together with rule of law, governance and development experts from the Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team focused on the development of Hamkari (cooperation), an Afghan-led effort to enhance the presence of the Afghan government across Kandahar province and enable the provision of basic services that are essential to building the confidence of Afghans in their institutions.

- The Afghan National Army (ANA) security forces doubled in the district of Zhari, increasing its capacity for security operations. The Canadian-supported ANA Junior Staff Officer Course graduated 47 students, using ANA instructors mentored by the Canadian Forces.

- The Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team Training Centre provided basic training to 87 Afghan National Police (ANP) officers; 19 officers graduated from its Leadership and Management Course; and an additional 19 officers graduated from a train-the-trainer course.

- In Kabul, the Canadian-supported Afghan Customs Academy graduated another 45 students and the new Canadian-supported Afghan Border Police Faculty was inaugurated in June.

- Canada remained active in supporting preparations and electoral reform for the September 18 parliamentary elections, and supported a UN program addressing the needs of female parliamentary candidates.