Afghanistan + 1 more

Assistance to Tajikistan OCHA Monthly Situation Update No. 8

Situation Report
Originally published
Immediately after the terrorist attacks in the US (11 September), the work, schedules, priorities of the HC and the UNCT were reorganized thoroughly in view of the emerging crisis in Afghanistan. The IACP Update, amended following Massoud's assassination two days prior to the events in the USA, was redrafted and the final version, approved by the UNCT on 25 September, forwarded to Michael Sackett, RHC, OCHA/Geneva and OCHA/New York. Meetings on Inter-Agency Contingency Planning for cross-border assistance to Afghanistan, with the participation of the Red Cross/Red Crescent movement and the major international NGOs, are now scheduled on a weekly basis.

Weekly coordination meetings are also being held on the Afghan IDPs stranded on the Tajik-Afghan border.

Merlin medical team set up a mobile clinic on site 13/14 on September 28. On 5 and 8 October WFP/ACTED distributed 23.175 MT of food (one month ration) on the same site. A joint mission of UNHCR, MERLIN and CARE visited site 9 on 5 October, 2001 and noted an overall deterioration in conditions compared to last Spring and an increase in humanitarian needs in the sectors of medical care, WES, shelter, clothing and education.

OCHA Field Office established and developed working contacts with foreign correspondents arriving in Dushanbe to report on the crisis in Afghanistan. The RSG and the RC/HC held a press conference on 24 September for foreign and local journalists on the humanitarian situation in Tajikistan where approximately 60 journalists attended. Bilateral contacts with the media have also increased with the RC/HC alone giving 36 interviews to the press and many Heads of UN Agencies also meeting frequently with media representatives. While responding to the natural interest focused on Afghanistan, media relations were used to keep the attention on the humanitarian situation in Tajikistan

On October 1, 2001 Matthew Kahane, UN RC/HC, met with Yuri Brajnikov, Deputy Minister of Emergencies of Russia to discuss the situation related to the possible influx of Afghan refugees to Tajikistan


Update on CAP 2001

Appealing Org.
Original Requirements
Revised Requirements
Carry Over
Total resources available
Unmet Requirements
% Covered

Assistance to/through Tajikistan in view of the crisis in Afghanistan

The Japanese Government has allocated US $ 2 mln. to Tajikistan in view of a potential refugee influx.

DfID is to provide US$ 1 million and 1 million GBP towards Afghanistan-related needs in neighbouring countries;

US$ 3 million was released by UNICEF Central Emergency Fund to be used by UNICEF Tajikistan on Afghanistan related needs including cross-border operations;

The Russian MES (EMERCOM) has continued to provide assistance. From 1 October, it has sent deliveries of food and non-food items worth a total of US$ 4 million through its ongoing humanitarian operation via Tajikistan: almost 80 tonnes of food, 320 tents and 10 tonnes of medicine have been dispatched. Since the beginning of October, two MES representatives are also in Dushanbe with the intention of establishing an office from which they will operate with a budget of US$400,000.


WFP Tajikistan updated its contingency plan following the repercussions of the death of Commander Ahmed Shah Massood and the expectation of an increase in the offensive activities of the Taliban, but also to reflect the events of September 11 and the potential fall-out of retaliation.

As in both cases an influx of Afghans towards the Tajik border is considered to be likely, the WFP Regional Afghan Emergency Operation, approved at the beginning of October, included the requirements for a potential caseload of 50,000 IDPs/Refugees either displaced into Tajikistan or stranded on its southern border. This Regional EMOP, which will be managed by the WFP Regional Office in Islamabad, outlines a unified approach for all countries in the region assisting Afghan refugees. Several logistics assessments were carried out in October in view of the need for increased cross border operations to stock pile sufficient quantities of food in Northern Afghanistan.

As of the end of September, WFP Tajikistan has in stock 14,235 Mt of food commodities, including 12,215 Mt Wheat Flour. Although these commodities are to support regular WFP programmes in Tajikistan, stocks could be diverted on loan basis if needed to meet the immediate food requirements of the possible Afghan refugee population. Most recently this occurred in response to the floods and mudslides in Istaravshan, Ghonchi and Nov districts, Sughd Province, at the end of August, when WFP provided immediate food assistance to 2,160 flood affected persons.

During September, WFP Tajikistan distributed in total 7,850 Mt of food commodities: 7,001.838 Mt of Wheat Flour, 124.261 Mt of Salt, 514.923 Mt. of Vegetable Oil, 52.754 Mt of Sugar and 156.486 Mt. of Peas to 315,423 beneficiaries. In addition to that WFP Tajikistan delivered a total of 1,825 Mt of food commodities during the first two weeks of October.

Due to delayed arrival of 25,000 Mt of Wheat Flour, which was expected to arrive in installments as of mid September, WFP Tajikistan was forced to postpone the planned Vulnerable Group Feeding distribution in RRS region, implemented in cooperation with CARE International.

At the moment, the shortfall for the drought Emergency Operation (EMOP 6288.00) stands at 39 percent. Out of the total requirement of 127,821 Mt, 78,403 Mt of different food commodities have been pledged so far; these include 50,111 Mt already received in country. Meanwhile, the Protracted Recovery and Relief Operation (PRRO 06087.01), which started in July 2001 and planned to last 2 years, faces a shortfall of 81 percent on its total requirement for 86,213 MT in different food commodities.

WFP signed agreements with IFRC and Mission Øst for EMOP Relief Food distributions in Kulyab area (Khatlon Province). Relief food distributions in Kurgan Tyube area and GBAO are ongoing. Some 22,000 beneficiaries in GBAO, 431,000 beneficiaries in Khatlon and 224,000 beneficiaries in RRS will be supplied with the EMOP relief food ration before the end of the year, provided food consignments will arrive in time. The distribution of relief food in Aini district to 45,000 persons, was completed in September 2001.

The drought affecting Tajikistan for the second year in a row has resulted, inter alia, in a serious shortage of wheat seeds. In response to this, FAO distributed relief kits to 200 seriously affected households in the Muminabad district: these consist of 100 kg of winter wheat seeds, 200 kg of fertilizer, 1 sickle and detailed growing instructions in Tajik. FAO identified the beneficiaries in collaboration with NGO Mission Øst. The wheat seeds will be planted in October/November and harvested next year with the objective of improving household food security.

The FAO radio broadcasting project funded by SDC celebrated on 27 September the first anniversary of the FAO radio programs called "Farmer to Farmer". Under this title every Wednesday the Tajik State Radio broadcasts programs of interest to farmers, prepared by the FAO radio team. The topics broadcast during September included hints on the procurement of fuel for farms, grape wine growing and storage, the activities of farmers associations and issues related to legal registration of private farms. To commemorate the 10th anniversary of independence of Tajikistan the National Museum in Dushanbe staged a permanent exhibition showing accomplishments made by the country since 9 September 1991. In its agricultural section the exhibition displayed also photographs and objects related to the support provided by FAO for the rehabilitation of the country's veterinary services.

On 10 October FAO inaugurated one more pumping station rehabilitated under the FAO irrigation rehabilitation program in Tajikistan. The pumping station, which broke down in 1994 and is located in the Kabodian district on the territory of private (dehkan) farm Kungurat, has been rehabilitated by FAO with SIDA funding and will now supply irrigation water to 223 hectares of arable land to the benefit of some 250 families. With irrigation water now being available an additional 30 families are expected to migrate to the area from Uzbekistan while the dehkan farm plans to bring an additional 100 hectares of land under cultivation.

UNHCR continued its reintegration programme for returnees through promotion of income generation and capacity building activities. In an effort to make the returnees self-sufficient, livestock banks and veterinary services have been set up to be run by the communities of returnees including women. Under UNHCR/AAH project 64 goats were distributed to 32 vulnerable returnee households in Shaartuz district and five ducks each to 20 families in Kolkhozabad district. UNHCR has also sponsored the establishment of two complex cattle farms in Kokhozabad and Shaartuz. The offspring of the livestock will be distributed to the returnees.

UNHCR provided funds to Counterpart Consortium for capacity building of NGOs in Tajikistan. Counterpart Consortium conducted trainings through established Civil Society Support Centers (CSSC) in Khatlon region. The trainings were held on various topics related to development of the capacity of local NGOs: "NGO Management", "Strategic Planning", "Social Partnership", "Project Design", "Fundraising".

Two WHO coordination health meetings (49 participants from 20 UN agencies, NGOs and MoH) took place focusing on the following priority problems: malaria prevalence in the South and Common Contingency plan for humanitarian health assistance to displaced Afghan population. Malaria epidemicity and endemicity in the districts of Sanoat and Pakhtaaral were analysed on the basis of data presented by WHO Roll Back Malaria (RBM) field office in Kurgan-Tjube. RBM international and local partners accepted WHO new proposals concerning primary prevention early diagnostics, efficient treatment and reporting of malaria cases. In view of the recent developments in Afghanistan and the expected influx of IDPs on Afghan/Tajik border risk scenarios and modalities of a first response to the Central Asia crisis were discussed. WHO proposed a table format for the needed additional resources of international organizations. For the next meeting MSF and ACTED will provide information about the present health situation in Northern Afghanistan and MERLIN will report on morbidity rates of the IDPs on the Tajik/Afghan border. ECHO clarified its donor position for allowing ECHO partners to use drugs and other medical supplies designated for Tajikistan for the displaced Afghan people.

WHO is continuing to support MoH in the implementation of the health care reform. Under the guidance of a WHO consultant, the Somoni team carried out an assessment of the productivity of each profession/specialty in the PHC settings. The development of job descriptions of the general hospital personnel has been initiated. Consultative assistance is provided for WB in the establishment of Family Medicine Department of the Dangara Central District Hospital. In cooperation with ADB, comprehensive work is being carried out on the specifications of medical and laboratory equipment lists. The common initiative of the Somoni team and Care Int. led to the successful realization of an obstetrics/gyneocology project in the Bokhtar pilot district. The setting up of a human resources database is continuing for the further retraining of local health personnel.

WHO Communication Group continued its analyses of the impact of health messages in mass media and visited the regions of Khatlon and GBAO to collect information.

The WHO National Pharmaceutical Taskforce prepared the plan for the restructuring of the pharmacy in Dangara and Varzob rayons. During September the work on development of the National Drug Policy of RT as well as the Operational implementation plan for the pharmaceutical sector were finalized. WHO/MoH elaborated the National Strategic Plan on reproductive health and family planning. The Monitoring form for assessment of reproductive health services and Form ¹5 "Report on reproductive health service activity" were introduced as well.

WHO conducted a number of training courses for increasing the professional capacity of MoH specialists: through WHO fellowships for 5 nurses in Moscow and Bishkek, 2 family physicians in Bishkek, 1 manager in Ireland, and 12 managers participated in WHO internationals meetings on health statistics, gender issues, TB, malaria, polio and tobacco control. Five WHO/MERLIN workshops for 78 local staff were organized about prevention, early diagnoses and treatment of malaria in Dushanbe and Sogd oblast. According to WHO RBM programme fish gambusia is rearing in rice fields of 7 districts, Khatlon Region (632 reservoirs were covered with 123,5 hca2). WHO also participated in the September session of the Republican Task Force of MoH on malaria control in Gharm district. Presentation of WHO/MoH report "Rapid assessment of the reproductive health state in RT" was carried out in the Conference Hall "Kohi Vakhdat" for 24 local representatives, 10 UN agencies and NGOs as well as TV and other mass media journalists.

The presentation of the first series of Islam and Family Planning workshop organized by Safe Motherhood Association for female students of Islamic University took place. Funded by the United Nations Population Fund, the workshop provided students with brochures titled "Islam and Family Planning", translated into Tajik and printed by UNFPA. Issues of family planning concerns were presented to the young students of Islamic Universities. The event is considered to be very useful since religious leaders are the most influential persons in rural area, in particular on the issues of RH/FP.

Within UNFPA Advocacy sub-programme a project with Public TV Company "Poitaht" was initiated. The purpose of the project is to create TV broadcasts "Your opinion" on discussion of the State Program "Main Directions of the State Policy on Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men" and mechanism of its execution among representatives of Government, NGOs, mass media. Topics of TV broadcasts are as follows:

1. Gender expertise of legislation. Discussion of the State Program "Main Directions of the State Policy on Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men" among rural and urban population. (2 broadcasts)

2. Demographical aspects of population - problem of employment in rural and urban areas. (2 broadcasts)

3. Sexual education of adolescents. Dialogue with adolescents and youth. (1 broadcast)

CAP 2002

The Consolidated Appeal Process 2002 has been completed. The UNCT agreed upon and cleared the final draft on 27 September. The Appeal was last edited thereafter by the RC/HC/OCHA and was submitted to OCHA/Geneva on 7 October.

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