Aid Effectiveness in Afghanistan

Evaluation and Lessons Learned
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Project Background

Oxfam and SCA, with the support of CAFOD have sought to commission a report assessing the level of aid effectiveness in Afghanistan. Broadly, the purpose of this report is to assess to what extent the international community and the government are fulfilling their commitments in terms of aid effectiveness, aid promises and disbursement. SCA and Oxfam intend to use the findings of this assessment to conduct evidence-based advocacy.

Although there have been some reports written on aid effectiveness in Afghanistan over the past decade, there has been no comprehensive evaluation on aid effectiveness since Oxfam and ACBAR’s report in 2008.1 Therefore, this report has aimed to be the most comprehensive literature on this important subject, in the hope of attracting considerable attention amongst the aid community within Afghanistan and beyond. The report has focused on providing quality, accurate information and analysis, presented in a manner which maximizes audience engagement, in order to best support advocacy and lobbying work throughout 2018.

Close to 10 years after the Oxfam report on aid effectiveness the context has drastically changed in Afghanistan. First, domestic revenues increased from around USD 750 million in 2008 to USD 2.1 billion in 2016. Despite this massive increase in revenue generation, Afghanistan remains heavily dependent on international aid. Second, one of the major aid actors, the international military (mostly through the Provincial Reconstruction Teams – PRTs), which invest in the development sector was heavily criticized by civil society has almost completely disappeared, with the departure of most foreign military troops in 2014. Third, considerable efforts have been made by the Afghan government and the donor community to better align and coordinate aid, with the development of national priority programs (NPPs) and the strengthening of the JCMB. On a more negative aspect, the Afghan economy has badly suffered from the troops withdrawal, leading to unemployment and uncertainties for investors.

This report has been prepared by ATR Consulting, in Kabul, Afghanistan, the views and recommendations presented in this report are those of ATR, and do not necessarily reflect those held by SCA, Oxfam or CAFOD.