Following the landing of a hijacked Indian Airlines plane in the Kandahar airport on Sunday 26th December 1999, a three-member UN team, headed by Mr Erick de Mul, the UN Coordinator for Afghanistan flew to Kandahar to help end the crisis.
Besides provision of humanitarian assistance, the UN was also providing communication and medical facilities to the passengers.
The plane left Afghan territory on 31 December 99.
The second round of the National Immuni-zation Days (NIDs), which was postponed due to security problems in Jurm, Baharak and Wardoje districts of Badakhshan has been completed.
WHO team transported pipes and fittings for the construction of Faizabad Water Supply (phase II) and flood protection projects, and facilitated regular monthly Health Co-ordination Committee meetings, attended by UN agencies and health NGOs in Ghazni, Kandahar, Kunduz and surrounding areas.
WHO in close collaboration with the ARCS is undertaking ARI control/management and training courses for female and male doctors and Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs) in Mazar, Ghazni and Gardez (Paktia) provinces to accelerate the activi-ties of the AFP surveillance system. MoPH and WHO are to prepare a one-week training course on Safe Mother-hood for 25 female health personnel from various health facilities in Kandahar. WHO provided training materials to the newly established library of the Southern Regional Public Health Department, and has devel-oped simple guidelines for surveying cer-tain diseases in local languages for field staff in Herat.
Senior Health Trainers conducted a two-week training course for 6 trainers from Provincial EPI Management Team (PEMT) in Badakhshan and EPI section of SCA Takhar.
WHO organized a one-day training workshop on Safe Motherhood Needs As-sessment in WHO support office in Islama-bad for WHO National Health Coordinators from Northern, Southern and Western re-gions.
WHO team visited Jaghato, Maqor, Gardez and Zurmat districts in Ghazni and Paktia provinces and monitored the AFP Surveil-lance System and EPI programmes.
A joint mission of WHO, UN agen-cies and NGOs paid a visit to Hairatan bor-der to assess the situation to co-operate with the inhabitants of that area.
Various meetings were held on loan beneficiaries and Village Development Committee and Technical Support Team of the Basic Development Needs (BDN) pro-gram in Guzzarah, Karokh and Enjeel dis-tricts of Herat province to improve the WHO-initiated BDN programme in the Western region.
WHO provided medical and non-medical supplies to some clinics and hospitals in Herat, Badakhshan, Baghlan, Baghlan, Ghazni, Kandahar and Zabul, Fariyab and Paktika provinces.
The Multi Activity Rural Rehabilitation Foundation (MARUF) completed short term Health Education programmes in-cluding mine awareness, targeting 1,000 families in Jalalabad, Kunduz and IDPs in the ex-Soviet Union embassy (Kabul). The project was funded by Trans' ART.
The MARUF NGO completed a water sup-ply project in District 16 of Kabul benefit-ing 750 families. 30 hand-dug shallow wells, equipped with handpumps, have been improved under the project, supported by Canada Fund through Care International.
Over 70 wells (equipped with hand-pumps) were dug and 600 baths and latrines built under Water and Environmental Sanitation projects, carried out by the Dan-ish Committee for Aid to Afghan Refugees (DACAAR) in Ghazni. The project bene-fited 1,700 families in the area.
FAO is working towards improving food security in various regions using locally produced improved wheat seed. Fruit seeds were also distributed among private nursery growers for further sustainability of horti-culture programmes in a number of districts in Ghazni, Kabul, Logar and Nangrahar provinces.
The seed multiplication programme is ongoing in more remote areas such as Uruzgan and Ghor.
Recently, FAO irrigated wheat research trials and wheat multiplication plots in Mazar, Taloqan and Jalalabad, and com-pleted all preliminary small-scale irrigation sub-projects in the eastern region.
FAO Livestock carried out urea-straw treatment demonstration in 66 villages, conducted a six-month house-to-house training for 100 families, and is monitoring poultry forms in Dand and Arghandab dis-tricts of Kandahar. Another training course for 13 veterinarians on Animal Health and Production Improvement Module was also carried out in the region.
Anthrax and Sheep Pox vaccines were distributed among various veterinary field units of the southern region. In addi-tion, 2,400 kg of mineral powder was sent to Jalalabad for further distribution among farmers.
Nearly 1,000 animals were exam-ined before slaughtering by responsible veterinarians in Kandahar.
The 2nd issue of Afghanistan Outlook, a bi-annual publication by the Office of the United Nations Coordinator for Afghani-stan, United Special Mission for Afghanistan (UNSMA) and the World Bank is ready for distribution.
As a collection of analytical reports, the Afghanistan Outlook attempts to enhance the understanding of the in-country crisis context.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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