Afghanistan: Weekly Humanitarian Update (30 September – 6 October 2019)
Northeast: Over 11,000 people displaced
Armed clashes continued between Afghanistan National Security Forces (ANSF) and Non-State Armed Groups (NSAG) in the Jadid, Dahana-e-Ghuri, and Chashma-e-Sher areas, Pule-e-Khumri district in Baghlan province, and Baharak, Yangi Qala and Khwanja Ghar districts in Takhar province. On 1 October, 11,270 people were displaced in Badakhshan, Baghlan, and Takhar provinces due to clashes between ANSF and NSAG. Inter-agency teams have assessed that all 11,270 internally displaced persons (IDPs) as being in need of humanitarian assistance.
During the reporting period, 7,252 IDPs who were affected by conflict were reached with food, relief items, and hygiene kits in Takhar and Kunduz provinces. The road connecting Mazar, Baghlan and Kunduz remained closed to civilian traffic.
North: 4,774 IDPs received humanitarian aid
Clashes between NSAG and ANSF in Balkh and Faryab provinces continued in the reporting period while humanitarian access in most northern districts remained restricted.
During the past week, inter-agency teams verified 637 IDPs who were previously displaced by conflict as being in need of humanitarian assistance in Faryab, Jawzjan, Samangan, Balkh and Sar-e-Pul provinces. During the reporting period, 4,774 IDPs who were affected by conflict were reached with food, relief items, and water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH) in Balkh and Jawzjan provinces.
East: 2,965 children reached with health services
Across the eastern part of the country, health cluster partners provided emergency health services reaching 2,965 returnees, IDPs and host communities through outpatient services during the reporting period. Also, 4,252 children received vaccinations in the east. However, 7,960 children under five remain unable to receive routine immunization services due to a ban in nine major areas in Kunar province.
Last week, 8 joint assessment teams verified 2,331 people as being in need of humanitarian assistance after being affected by conflict in Mazardara, Nurgal district, Kunar province. 5,432 people were reached with food, relief items, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) supplies in Kunar province during the past week.
Centre: 1,225 people received humanitarian assistance
On 4 October, the Maidan Shar-Jalriz road in Maidan Wardak Province was reopened by the ANSF after having been closed since 10 September. On 2 and 3 October, 1,225 people affected by conflict in Maidan Wardak, Paktika, Paktya and Kabul provinces, were reached with humanitarian assistance.
West: Increased need for protection, including for children
In the western part of the country, protracted displacement is contributing to increased protection issues at informal IDP sites such as child labour, child marriage and abuse. There is an urgent need for expanded Child Protection services. Some 84,516 people remain in 7 informal sites since they were displaced by drought and other factors in 2018 and early 2019. The vast majority of those remaining in displacement sites are in Hirat as most IDPs in Badghis have returned to their homes. While protection monitoring is ongoing, most humanitarian assistance stopped at these sites at the end of June. Many of those remaining in displacement sites are vulnerable and have needs, while some are living in the open air. As the temperatures has begun to drop, more sustainable solutions are urgently required.
396 IDPs affected by conflict were identified by inter-agency assessment teams to receive humanitarian aid in Farah province. Last week, around 1,245 people received humanitarian assistance in Hirat, Ghor and Farah provinces.
South: Temporary closure of health facilities
Around 1,169 people have reportedly been displaced to Zaranj in Nimroz province due to ongoing clashes and violence throughout the south and in neighbouring provinces. Also, ongoing ANSF military operations and airstrikes in Gizab, Khas Uruzgan and Tirinkot resulted in the displacement of people to Tirinkot city in Uruzgan province. Two children and one woman were reportedly killed and two other children were injured by a rocket in the same family in Tirinkot, Uruzgan province. Last week, two improvised explosive device detonations and rocket attacks reportedly injured three civilians in Qalat; and injured five and killed three other civilians in Shah Joy, Zabul province.
Following the reported closure of two health facilities in Shah Joy district on 30 September, an additional four other health facilities were closed due to threats in Shah Joy, Qalat, and Tarnak Wa Jaldak districts, Zabul province last week which resulted in more than 120,000 people being deprived of basic and emergency health services. The majority of these locations have resumed service provision. Similar closures have been reported in Dilaram, Khashrod district in Nimroz province.
Inter-agency assessments are ongoing in Nimroz, Uruzgan, and Hilmand provinces. So far, 485 people were identified by the assessment team in Spin Boldak in Kandahar province as being in need of humanitarian aid.