Afghanistan Weekly Field Report (8 - 14 October 2018)

Key issues in the past week:

• The number of people displaced by conflict this year has surpassed a quarter of a million.

• More than 263,330 people are currently displaced due to the drought across four provinces.

• According to the latest IPC report, the number of people in emergency phase of food insecurity has almost doubled to 3.3 million in the past year.

11,200 New IDPs reported in the past week

524,800 Total verified IDPs in 2018

44,000 People assisted in the past week

Countrywide Conflict Displacement

A total of 254,796 people is verified as having been displaced by conflict in 2018, according to OCHA’s Displacement Tracking System (DTS). This is up by more than 5,500 people from the past week and accounts for 75 per cent of conflict displacement in the same period of 2017. Conflict Displacement Alerts (see map & remark on p.2) Central Region: More than 1,600 displaced people reportedly arrived in Maydanshahr, Wardak, from insecure districts within the province. Over the past few weeks, more than 700 displaced people arrived in the Kabul, from different provinces, according to authorities.

Northern and North-Eastern Region: More than 30,000 people have reportedly displaced to Pul-e-Khumri City, Baghlan, and surroundings due to military operations in the province. An estimated 6,000 of them are expected to be vulnerable and meet the eligibility criteria for assistance. Eastern Region: Authorities in Nangarhar reported the cumulative displacement of 1,550 people from multiple districts within the province during the reporting period.

Southern Region: Around 900 people were displaced from Nad-e-Ali to Lashkargah, Hilmand, due to conflict, according to authorities. In Uruzgan, military operations around Tirinkot displaced an unknown number of people to the city.

Western Region: Authorities in Lal Wa Sarjangal district, Ghor, reported the recent displacement of some 420 people due to military operations against a local militia commander.

Health Alerts

Health authorities reported the case of a four-year-old boy in Nawzad district, Hilmand, who was paralysed by polio. This latest case brings the number of polio cases in Afghanistan to a total of 16 this year.

Drought Update (see response section)

Currently, a total of 263,330 people are displaced due to the drought in Badghis, Ghor, Hirat and Daykundi provinces, according to OCHA’s DTS for natural disasters. Humanitarian assistance to drought-affected communities continues and throughout the month of October, UN agencies and NGOs intend to reach 2.5 million drought affected people, including almost 300,000 in the areas of displacement and 1.3 million in rural areas of origin. According to the latest IPC report, the number of people in emergency phase (IPC 4) has almost doubled in the past year to 3.3 million. The number of people living in a crisis situation has also increased to 8.3 million.

Returns to Afghanistan

From 7 to 13 October, a total of 17,362 Afghan citizens returned to their home country. According to UNHCR, 302 Afghan refugees returned from Pakistan, 90 from Iran and 5 from other countries. According to IOM, 8,609 Afghan citizens returned spontaneously from Iran and 7,817 were deported; from Pakistan, 533 people returned and 6 were deported.

Cluster Updates

Partners of the Health Cluster led by WHO provided consultations to more than 49,000 people in 17 districts of 5 provinces in the past week. The sub-Cluster Gender Based Violence (GBV) led by UNFPA reached nearly 8,200 women and men with services including health education, trauma counselling and psychosocial assistance.

Security Incidents as Humanitarian Access

Due to active conflict, Charsadra district in Ghor Province is not accessible for humanitarian partners, reportedly hampering food distributions for drought-affected communities in rural areas. An IED explosion in Khogyani district, Nangarhar, on 4 October reportedly killed at least two staff members of an NGO working in the development sector.

Ongoing Response Activities (see page 2 for details)

During the past week, some 44,000 people affected by conflict and natural disasters including drought and returnees received humanitarian assistance. Aid included cash, food, hygiene kits for families and women, emergency household items, emergency shelter and winter kits for children as well as sanitation services, provision of sustained access to safe drinking water and sensitisation and training.

Activities were reported from Badakhshan, Badghis, Daykundi, Ghor, Hilmand, Hirat, Kunar, Laghman, Nangarhar and Sar-e-Pul provinces by organisations including ACF, ACTED, ARCS/IFRC, DACAAR, DRCDDG, IMC, IRC, NRC, OHW/DRA, Oxfam via AHEAD, PUAMI, SCI, UNHCR, UNICEF and WFP.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.