Key issues in the past week:
- In Ghazni City, an estimated 270,000 residents are caught in a city that has turned into a battlefield.
- The drought has led to further displacement in Badghis, Farah and Ghor provinces.
- Humanitarian agencies provided assistance to 17,000 people in need in the past week.
3,660 New IDPs reported in the past week
175,850 Total verified IDPs in 2018
17,000 People assisted in the past week
Countrywide conflict displacement
A total of 175,850 people has been verified as having been displaced by conflict in 2018, according to OCHA’s Displacement Tracking System (DTS). This is up by 3,659 displaced people compared to the previous week. The DTS tracks displacements based on humanitarian assessments.
Conflict Displacement Alerts (see map)
Central and South-Eastern Region: More than 600 people arrived in Kabul, according to authorities, from insecure districts notably in Nangarhar and Samangan.
North- and North-Eastern Region: A total of more than 3,700 people have reportedly been displaced in Badakhshan, Faryab, Jawzjan, Samangan, Sar-e-Pul and Takhar provinces during the reporting period.
Eastern Region: Armed clashes between members of an armed group and Afghan military forces reportedly displaced 2,600 people from three districts of Kunar within the province. Some 430 people were displaced within Nuristan, according to authorities, due to insecurity.
Southern Region: Nearly 1,200 people have been displaced from Farah, Hilmand, Kandahar, Uruzgan and Zabul province to Kandahar City, according to initial reports.
Ghazni City Update
On 10 August, members of the Taliban attacked Ghazni City, Ghazni, with an estimated 270,000 residents. Fighting has been reported from the city throughout the past four days. Communications networks and the electricity supply are currently down, resulting in water shortages due to non-functional pumps. Markets and shops in contested areas are reportedly closed and prices for food and water have reportedly multiplied.
There are reports of displacements from the city, only few people have however yet reached safe areas. The main hospital remains operational and eight surgeons are working in shifts. Medical organisations have been able to resupply the hospital and bring 20 critically injured out of the city for treatment in Kabul. OCHA published a Situation Update with more comprehensive information on 13 August. Drought Update (see response section)
Some 1,400 families reportedly arrived in the centre of Abkamari district, Badghis, from villages affected by the drought in the district. In Farah City, Farah, assessment teams identified nearly 600 people displaced by the drought from within the province. Further, around 280 displaced people were identified as having been displaced from their villages in Shahrak district, Ghor, due to the drought. In Qala-e-Naw, Badghis, authorities designated a new site for 1,700 families who arrived recently in the city due to the drought. First families have been relocated and assistance has commenced on the new site.
Returns to Afghanistan
From 5 to 11 August, a total of 24,048 Afghan citizens returned to their home country. According to UNHCR, 409 Afghan refugees returned from Pakistan, 334 from Iran, 74 from Iran and 1 from another country. According to IOM, 587 Afghan citizens returned from Pakistan on their own and 44 were deported; from Iran, 12,954 people returned on their own and 10,054 were deported by the authorities.
The sub-Cluster Gender Based Violence (GBV) reached nearly 30,000 people with services in two weeks, including nearly 2,400 survivors of GBV. In the Eastern Region, the Health Cluster provided consultations to more than 3,800 returnees and displaced people.
Ongoing Response Activities (see page 2 for details)
During the past week, nearly 17,000 people affected by conflict and drought received humanitarian assistance or participated in sensitisation activities in eight provinces.
Assistance included cash, food, NFIs, shelter and WASH packages. Activities were reported by organizations including ADA/Oxfam, APA, IMC, Medair, Mission East, NCRO, PU-AMI, RI, SI, UNHCR, UNICEF and WFP.
In response to the needs of people who moved to Hirat City due to the drought, DACAAR jointly with UNICEF built 87 latrines and delivered hygiene kits to more than 600 families; IRC distributed 400 tents and IOM distributed 1,000 tents and 2,300 NFI kits. Eight mobile health teams from ARCS, HI, UNICEF, UNFPA and WVI started working on ten informal sites and provide integrated response of health, nutrition, psychosocial support and ante-natal care.
In addition to the assistance mentioned above, ANDMA distributed 100 kilograms of wheat to each of 2,100 drought-affected families or more than 14,000 people in Kunar.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.