Afghanistan: Spring Floods Appeal No. M05EA005 Interim Final Report


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In Brief

Interim Final Report; Period covered: 31 March 2005 - 28 February 2006; Final Appeal coverage: 111.5%

Appeal history:

- Launched on 31 March 2005 for CHF 2,235,000 (USD 1,925,894 or EUR 1,451,770) for an initial period of six months to assist 70,000 beneficiaries.

- Operations update no. 2 revised the appeal budget downwards to CHF 1,648,032 due to low coverage of the original appeal.

- Operations update no. 5 extended the operational timeframe to 28 February 2006.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 200,000. This has been reimbursed.

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: Afghanistan 2006-07 Appeal (MAAAF001); South Asia 2006-07 Appeal (MAA52001)

Background and summary

Afghanistan experienced severe winter conditions in early 2005 which included record snowfalls and avalanches. This was followed by heavy rainfalls and the melting of the snow in mid-March resulting in flash floods across Afghanistan, causing widespread damage to infrastructure and livelihoods in the central highlands, the southern and north-eastern parts of the country. A joint operation was established by the Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS), the Federation and ICRC to support the national society. Earlier pre-positioned disaster preparedness stocks were used during the emergency phase of the operation. To maintain the ARCS's capacity to respond to future disasters, a Federation spring floods emergency appeal (05EA005) was launched on 31 March 2005 for support, primarily for procuring and pre-positioning a new stock of non-food relief items sufficient for 2,000 families in each of the five regional centres - Kabul, Herat, Jalalabad, Kandahar and Mazar-i-Sharif - targeting a total of 70,000 potential beneficiaries.

In addition to organizing the Red Cross response to the disaster, the ARCS, with support from the Federation, played a major role in coordinating relief operations, having been given the mandate by the Afghan government.

The Pakistan earthquake in October and fresh floods in December caused delays in the procurement of non-food items. As a result, the operation was twice extended for a total of five months until 28 February 2006.

The experience from the operation helped to strengthen the ARCS's disaster response capacity, particularly in logistics.

Support for the appeal included contributions from the Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission (ECHO), British Red Cross, Finnish Red Cross, Icelandic Red Cross, Japanese Red Cross, Monaco Red Cross, Netherlands Red Cross, Norwegian Red Cross and Swedish Red Cross. (Please refer to the financial report for further information.)

At the close of the spring floods operation, there was an unspent balance of CHF 323,820. One reason for this was the launching of the severe winter (05EA003) emergency appeal a month before the spring appeal, which resulted in the capacity of the ARCS volunteers and staff members being overstretched from the simultaneous handling of two emergency operations. Another reason was the overfunding of the revised appeal by 11.5%, The Federation delegation has continued to maintain the running cost of warehouses storing the new stock of pre-positioned nonfood items procured through the spring floods appeal, as well as related expenses incurred under the under-funded Federation disaster management programme.

It is therefore proposed that the unspent balance of funds is reallocated to the Federation delegation disaster management programme. Donors who do not agree with this proposal are requested to respond through the desk officer within two weeks from the publication of this report.


Supported by the Federation delegation, the ARCS served as the lead organization for the coordination of relief operations at both headquarters and branch levels.

Regular sectoral coordination meetings were held between all parties involved including the ARCS, the Federation, ICRC, the Ministry of Refugees and Returnees, the International Humanitarian Forum and other major stakeholders. All operational relief activities were coordinated jointly, particularly with the Department for Disaster Preparedness (DDP) and the Ministry of Rural and Rehabilitation Development (MRRD). The ARCS, with a country-wide volunteer network, was recognized at grass roots and community as well as headquarters level as the biggest and most active humanitarian organization in the country.

The ARCS disaster management department and the Federation delegation actively participated in the interagency coordination meetings, where relevant humanitarian issues were discussed and exchanged with UN agencies, non-government organizations (NGOs) and governmental representatives. During the operation lifespan, the ARCS leadership maintained good contact with the local media, which provided good coverage of the relief distributions. Being the lead agency in the relief operation, the ARCS enjoyed significant support from the government, local communities and the Movement components. Information on the operation was conveyed through five operations updates which were published on the Federation website, and in monthly reports to the regional delegation.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Afghanistan Red Crescent Society: Fatima Gailani (president);email:; Mobile: +93.79.385.533

Federation country delegation in Afghanistan: Davood Pourkhanali (head of delegation);email:; Mobile: +

Federation regional delegation in India: Bob McKerrow (head of regional delegation); email:; Phone: +91.11.2411.1125; Fax: +91.11.2411.1128

Federation Secretariat in Geneva: Jagan Chapagain (regional officer, Asia Pacific department); email:; Phone: +41.22.730.4316; Fax: +41.22.733.0395 or Nelly Khrabraya (senior assistant, Asia Pacific department); email:; Phone: +41.22.730.4306; Fax: +41.22.733.0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at

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