Afghanistan: Spring Floods Appeal No. 05EA005 Operations Update No. 3

Situation Report
Originally published


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In Brief

Period covered: 23 May to 28 August, 2005

Appeal coverage: 109.4%

Appeal history:

- Launched on 31 March 2005 for CHF 2,235,000 (USD 1,925,894 or EUR 1,451,770) for 6 months to assist 70,000 beneficiaries.

- Operations Update No. 2 revised the appeal budget down to CHF 1,648,032 due to the low appeal coverage at that time.

- This Operations Update No. 3 extends the operation to 15 January 2006 in order to complete the assistance provided to the Afghan Red Crescent Society, especially in building its logistics capacities. The extension is also to allow for the completion of the procurement and pre-positioning of non-food relief items for 70,000 people.

- Final report is due by 15 April 2006.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 200,000 has been reimbursed.

Outstanding needs: Nil.

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: Afghanistan Annual Appeal 05AA045, Severe Winter Emergency Appeal 05EA003

Operational Summary:

In mid-January 2005, Afghanistan experienced severe winter conditions including record snowfalls which were followed by heavy flooding throughout the country. A joint operation was established by the Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS), the Federation, and the ICRC in order to support the National Society in assisting 70,000 beneficiaries across the country.

An agreement has been reached during this reporting period with European Commission's Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO) to support the procurement, transportation and positioning of blankets, plastic tarpaulins, jerry cans, kitchen sets and kerosene stoves in Kabul, Jalalabad, Mazar-i-Sharif, Kandahar and Herat (positioning for 2,000 families in each region) in an operation running from June. Due to relocation of most of the Federation's personnel as a security precaution ahead of September's parliamentary elections, this objective required an extension and is now expected to complete by the end of the year.

The magnitude of the task in strengthening the capacity of the National Society in disaster management, including logistics, is significant. The ARCS warehousing facilities have been enhanced in the regions, non-food items have been dispatched, and distributions are ongoing based on the needs assessments professionally conducted by ARCS staff and volunteers. While some progress is being made, it will take a longer time to see the impact. Together with the delay in the second phase of the procurement of non-food items, an extension of at least three months is needed.

In addition to the organization of the response, the ARCS will assume the coordination role of relief distributions at national and provincial levels , with continuous technical support from the Federation delegation and the ICRC. A regional disaster response team (RDRT) member from the Pakistan Red Crescent Society was deployed in April to provide support to the operation.


Afghanistan experienced severe winter conditions in early 2005, resulting in heavy snowfalls, avalanches, and landslides throughout the country. On 21 February, the Federation launched the Severe Winter Emergency Appeal (05EA003) in order to support the ARCS in assisting internally displaced population in Kabul, whic h was particularly affected by the cold weather conditions.

The harsh winter was followed by spring rains which, together with melting snow, created the potential for flooding throughout most of the provinces in the country. The ARCS, the Federation and the ICRC jointly designed a floods contingency plan to map and further mobilise all available resources and to be prepared to respond as flooding occurred in a rapid and effective manner. Subsequently, the present emergency appeal was launched on 31 March 2005, focusing on the pre-positioning of non-food items for 2,000 families in each of the five regions - Kabul, Jalalabad, Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif and Kandahar - targeting a total number of 70,000 potential beneficiaries.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Afghanistan: Afghanistan Red Crescent Society: Fatima Gailani (Secretary General), mobile: +93 79 38 55 33

In Afghanistan: Afghanistan Federation Delegation contact (Jamila Ibrohim, Head of Delegation, email; , phone: +882 168 980 2643, (Sat phone) or +93 70 278 372 and +92 300 850 6861(mobile)

In Geneva: Asia and Pacific Department, Jagan Chapgain, email: , phone: +41 22 7304316; ,fax: +41 22 733 0395

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for a full description of the National Society profile, please access the Federation's website at

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