Afghanistan: Spring Floods; Appeal no. 05EA005; Final Report


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In Brief

Final Report; Period covered: 16 January - 28 February 2006; Final Appeal coverage: 110.1%.

Appeal history:

- Launched on 31 March 2005 for CHF 2,235,000 (USD 1,925,894 or EUR 1,451,770) for an initial period of six months to assist 70,000 beneficiaries.

- Operations update no.2 revised the appeal budget downwards to CHF 1,648,032 due to low coverage of the original appeal.

- Operations update no. 5 of 24 January extended the operational framework to 28 February 2006.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 200,000 has been reimbursed.

- All pending issues have been settled and the final balance from this operation stands at CHF 269,060 (USD 216,024 or EUR 169,260). Following the interim report issued on 12 July and with no objection from the donors, the suggested reallocation of the balance to Afghanistan annual disaster management programme was successfully completed on 30 October.

Related Emergency or Annual Appeals: Afghanistan Annual Appeal 05AA045, Afghanistan 2006-07 Appeal (MAAAF001), South Asia 2006-07 Appeal (MAA52001)

Background and summary

Afghanistan experienced severe winter conditions in early 2005 which included record snowfalls and avalanches. This was followed by heavy rainfall and the melting of the snow in mid-March resulting in flash-flooding across Afghanistan, causing widespread damage to infrastructure and livelihoods in the central highlands, and in the southern and north-eastern parts of the country. A joint operation was established by the Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS), the Federation and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in order to support the national society. Earlier pre-positioned disaster preparedness stocks were used during the emergency phase of the operation.

To maintain the ARCS's capacity to respond to future disasters, a Federation spring floods emergency appeal (05EA005) was launched on 31 March 2005 for support, primarily for procuring and pre-positioning a new stock of non-food items sufficient for 2,000 families in each of the five regional centres - Kabul, Herat, Jalalabad, Kandahar and Mazar-i-Sharif - targeting a total of 70,000 potential beneficiaries.

In addition to organizing the Red Cross response to the disaster, the ARCS, with support from the Federation, played a major role in coordinating relief operations, having been given the mandate by the Afghan government. The Pakistan earthquake in October and fresh floods in December caused delays in the procurement of non-food items. As a result, the operation was twice extended for a total of five months until 28 February 2006. The experience from the operation helped to strengthen the ARCS's disaster response capacity, particularly in logistics.

Support for the appeal included contributions from the Humanitarian Aid Department of the European Commission (ECHO), British Red Cross, Finnish Red Cross, Icelandic Red Cross, Japanese Red Cross, Monaco Red Cross, Netherlands Red Cross, Norwegian Red Cross and Swedish Red Cross (please refer to the financial report for further information).

At the close of the operation, there was an unspent balance of CHF 323,820. In the interim final report issued on 12 July, it was proposed that this balance be reallocated to the annual disaster management programme, supported through the Federation Appeal 2006-2007. There being no objections from the donors and after necessary reductions were made, the final amount to be reallocated totalled CHF 269,060. This reallocation was processed and successfully completed on 30 October 2006.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

Afghanistan Red Crescent Society: Fatima Gailani (president); email:; Mobile: +93.79.385.533

Federation country delegation in Afghanistan: Davood Pourkhanali (head of delegation); email:; mobile: +; fax: +87.33.8228.0534

Federation South Asia regional delegation in India: Anitta Underlin (head of regional delegation); email:; phone: +91.11. 2411.1125; fax: +91.11. 2411.1128

Federation Secretariat in Geneva (Asia Pacific department): Hiroto Oyama (regional officer); email:; Phone: +41.22.730.4273; Fax: +41.22.733.0395 or Nelly Khrabraya (senior assistant); email:; phone: +44.22.730.4429; fax: +41.22 733.0395

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for funding information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at