Afghanistan Seasonal Monitor, April 14, 2018
Seasonal water availability remains low in Afghanistan
Moderate (30-60 mm) to locally heavy (130-160 mm) precipitation, beneficial to spring wheat planting, occurred over central, northwestern, and eastern parts of the country during the month of March. However, cumulative seasonal precipitation deficits still remain quite large, especially in the north and southern parts of the country.
Water storage in the winter snowpack continues to be well below average in most basins. Since snow water volume is in the recession period over most basins, current deficits are of concern.
The average daily temperature has been above both the long-term and short-term average since mid-season in most areas, and is expected to be above average in the coming months. With abnormally high temperatures, snowpack is expected to deplete sooner than normal, resulting in possible irrigation water shortages in April and May.
Precipitation forecasts indicate average to below-average conditions for the remainder of the spring wet season, creating increased risk of extended periods of dryness during the spring.