Afghanistan Seasonal Monitor: April 12, 2019
Abundant seasonal water available for normal growth of crops and pastures
• Weak El Nino conditions that led to above-average precipitation in March across the country are expected to generate heavy rains in the north, northeast and central basins through the 2nd week of April.
• Most basins in the central highlands, north, and northeast are continuing to show record maximum levels of snow water volumes. While average snow water volumes have been observed in the Khanabad and Khokcha-Ab-I-Rustaq basins, belowaverage snow water volume is being highlighted in the Panj basin as of reporting date.
• Seasonal snow accumulation in all the basins is in the recession phase.
• The above-average rainfall and abundant water availability are expected to be beneficial for healthy growth of standing wheat crop. Further, these conditions will also be beneficial for ongoing land preparation/sowings/emergence of spring wheat in the country.
• The above-average cumulative rainfall, the record maximum levels of snow water volumes in most of the basins and greater probability of above-average air temperatures for April-June may lead to more snowmelt runoff and thereby increase the risk of flooding.