Afghanistan: Protection Cluster Factsheet (May 2018)
Internal displacement: From 1 January to 31 May 2018, some 120,000 individuals fled their homes due to conflict. 29 out of 34 provinces had recorded some level of forced displacement, while another 32 provinces are hosting IDPs. Fifty six per cent IDPs are children, facing additional risks due to the flight and plight of the displacement, including child recruitment, child labour and increased GBV risks. According to OCHA, 18% IDPs are displaced in hard to reach areas. Top hosting provinces are: Kunduz (18,788 ind.), Faryab (17,997 ind.), Kunar (9,540 ind), Badakhshan (9, 527ind) and Laghman (7,364 ind.)1 .
Return to Afghanistan: UNHCR resumed voluntary repatriation on the 1 March after a winter pause: 7,144 refugee returnees have returned and were assisted (as of 31 May 2018). 14,860 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan and 299,158 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran from 1 January to 26 May 2018. 95% undocumented returnees from Iran and only 5% from Pakistan were assisted by IOM3.
ProCap deployee, Senior Protection Advisor, who joined the Afghanistan operation in order to draft the HCT Protection Strategy, submitted a draft to the HCT, following the workshop with the participation of the HCT members, for further endorsement.
KEY PROTECTION CONCERNS
Protection risks at glance
37% of IDP HHs that were displaced within the last 6 month encountered armed fighting during their displacement, while 28% non-recent IDP HHs encountered armed fighting during displacement.(REACH PACAP)
26% IDPs and 18% returnees report having a child under 14 years of age working (UNHCR protection monitoring)
While 29% of female-headed HHs state ‘harassment or bullying’ as the main concern of women in the HH, 22% of male-headed households note ‘harassment or bullying’ as the main concern of women
62% of HHs fear imminent eviction (REACH JENA)
Child Bread winners (REACH PACAP): On average, 16% of female-headed HHs rely on breadwinners under the age of 16, compared with 10% of male-headed HHs
Protracted IDPs fear forced recruitment (25.6%) more than recent IDPs (9.4%) or returnees (17.5%) (REACH JENA)